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B.C. Reg. 144/2004
M71/2004
Deposited March 26, 2004
This consolidation is current to June 21, 2022.
Link to consolidated regulation (PDF)
Link to Point in Time

Community Charter

Spheres of Concurrent Jurisdiction —
Environment and Wildlife Regulation

[Last amended July 26, 2021 by B.C. Reg. 219/2021]

Contents
Part 1 — Interpretation
1Definition
Part 2 — Pest Management
1.1Definitions for Part 2
2Municipal jurisdiction in relation to the environment and wildlife
Part 3 — Plastic Waste Reduction
3Definitions for Part 3 and interpretation
4Application of this Part
5Authority of municipality
6Exemptions to be considered and plan for implementation and enforcement
7Charge not a fee payable to municipality
Schedule

Part 1 — Interpretation

Definition

1   In this regulation, "Act" means the Community Charter.

[en. B.C. Reg. 219/2021, s. 1.]

Part 2 — Pest Management

Definitions for Part 2

1.1   In this Part:

"alien invasive species" means the species listed in sections 1 and 2 of the Schedule;

"dangerous wildlife" has the same meaning as in the Wildlife Act;

"excluded pesticide" has the same meaning as in the Integrated Pest Management Regulation, B.C. Reg. 604/2004.

[en. B.C. Reg. 219/2021, s. 1.]

Municipal jurisdiction in relation to the environment and wildlife

2   (1) For the purposes of section 9 (4) (a) (i) of the Act, a municipality may,

(a) under section 8 (3) (j) of the Act, regulate, prohibit and impose requirements in relation to polluting or obstructing, or impeding the flow of, a stream, creek, waterway, watercourse, waterworks, ditch, drain or sewer, whether or not it is located on private property,

(b) regulate, prohibit and impose requirements in relation to,

(i) under section 8 (3) (j) of the Act, the sale of wild flowers,

(ii) subject to subsection (2), under section 8 (3) (j) of the Act, the application of pesticides, except excluded pesticides, for the purpose of maintaining outdoor trees, shrubs, flowers, other ornamental plants and turf on a parcel or a part of a parcel if the parcel or part is used for residential purposes, or on land vested in the municipality,

(iii) under section 8 (3) (j) and (k) of the Act, the control and eradication of alien invasive species, and

(iv) under section 8 (3) (k) of the Act, the control of wildlife species listed in Schedule B or C to the Designation and Exemption Regulation, B.C. Reg. 168/90, and

(c) under section 8 (3) (k) of the Act, regulate, prohibit and impose requirements respecting the feeding or attracting of dangerous wildlife or members of the family Cervidae.

(2) For the purposes of section 9 (4) (b) of the Act, a municipality may not exercise the authority under subsection (1) (b) (ii) of this regulation in relation to the application of pesticides

(a) for the management of pests that transmit human diseases or impact agriculture or forestry,

(b) on the residential areas of farms,

(c) to buildings or inside buildings, or

(d) on land used for agriculture, forestry, transportation, public utilities or pipelines unless the public utility or pipeline is vested in the municipality.

(3) For the purposes of subsection 9 (4) (b) of the Act, the exercise of the authority under subsection (1) (c) is subject to the condition that the bylaw must exempt from its application all the following:

(a) a person who is engaging in hunting or trapping wildlife in accordance with the Wildlife Act and its regulations;

(b) a farm operation, as defined in section 1 of the Farm Practices Protection (Right to Farm) Act, that

(i) is conducted on, in or over land anywhere in British Columbia, and

(ii) meets the requirements set out in section 2 (2) (a) and (c) of that Act;

(c) a facility for the disposal of waste that is operated in accordance with the Environmental Management Act by a municipality, a regional district, an improvement district that has as an object the disposal of sewage or refuse or the provision of a system for the disposal of sewage or refuse or the Greater Vancouver Sewerage and Drainage District.

[am. B.C. Regs. 326/2005, s. (b); 235/2008, ss. 2 to 4.]

Part 3 — Plastic Waste Reduction

Definitions for Part 3 and interpretation

3   (1) In this Part:

"accessible straw" means a drinking straw made wholly of plastic that is not compostable or biodegradable, has a corrugated section that allows the straw to bend and maintain its position and is individually wrapped in paper;

"checkout bag" means a paper or plastic single-use supplementary bag;

"introductory period" means a period that may be set by a municipality during which there is a reduced minimum charge for the provision of a recycled paper bag or a reusable bag;

"item" means the applicable of the following:

(a) a bag;

(b) a service ware container;

(c) a utensil;

(d) a drinking straw;

"plastic" includes compostable and biodegradable plastic;

"polystyrene foam", when used in reference to an item, means an item made primarily of polystyrene foam;

"recycled paper bag" means a paper checkout bag that meets the criteria described in subsection (2);

"reusable bag" means a bag that is designed and manufactured to be used and machine-washed at least 100 times;

"service ware container" means a container that is ordinarily provided for service of prepared food or beverages and includes a cup, plate, bowl, tray, carton or lidded container;

"single-use", when used in reference to an item, means the item is provided for a single use or a short-term purpose;

"small paper bag" means a paper bag that is less than 15 cm by 20 cm when flat;

"stir stick" means an item that is designed and manufactured to stir beverages;

"supplementary", when used in reference to an item, means an item that is provided to a customer by a business to facilitate the transport of a purchase from the business, or consumption of a product, including prepared food that is purchased for take-out or delivery;

"used bag" means a checkout bag or a reusable bag that has been previously used and is being reused;

"utensil" includes a spoon, fork, knife, chopstick or stir stick.

(2) In order to be considered recycled for the purposes of this Part, a paper checkout bag must contain at least 40% recycled paper content, and have a reference printed on the outside of the bag to the applicable amount of recycled content with the word "recyclable".

[en. B.C. Reg. 219/2021, s. 2.]

Application of this Part

4   The authority to make a bylaw under section 5 to regulate, prohibit and impose requirements in relation to the protection of the natural environment does not apply to the sale of single-use items that are sold as a product, ordinarily in sets of multiple items.

[en. B.C. Reg. 219/2021, s. 2.]

Authority of municipality

5   (1) For the purposes of section 9 (4) (a) (i) of the Act, a municipality may, by bylaw, regulate, prohibit and impose requirements in relation to the protection of the natural environment under section 8 (3) (j) of the Act as set out in this section and in accordance with this Part.

(2) Subject to subsections (3), (4) and (5), a municipality may, by bylaw, do any of the following:

(a) prohibit a business from providing any of the following single-use supplementary items:

(i) checkout bags other than

(A) recycled paper bags, or

(B) used bags;

(ii) polystyrene foam service ware containers;

(iii) plastic utensils;

(iv) plastic drinking straws;

(b) if the municipality has prohibited a business from providing checkout bags under paragraph (a) (i), require that a business provide a recycled paper bag or a reusable bag to a customer only on payment of a minimum charge for each bag, as follows:

(i) subject to subparagraph (ii), a charge of at least

(A) $0.25 for each recycled paper bag, and

(B) $2 for each reusable bag;

(ii) if the municipality sets an introductory period, a charge during the introductory period of at least

(A) $0.15 for each recycled paper bag, and

(B) $1 for each reusable bag;

(c) if paragraph (a) (iii) or (iv) does not apply, require that a business provide the following, as applicable, to a customer only on request by the customer:

(i) a single-use utensil;

(ii) subject to the exemption under subsection (4), a drinking straw made of a material other than plastic;

(d) set out exemptions to the bylaw, including the exemption under subsection (4), if applicable, to the prohibitions and requirements under this subsection;

(e) require that a business report to the municipality the distribution of items governed by a bylaw made under this section.

(3) If a municipality makes a bylaw prohibiting a business from providing checkout bags other than recycled paper bags under subsection (2) (a) (i),

(a) the bylaw must provide for the payment of a minimum charge for recycled paper bags or reusable bags under subsection (2) (b), and

(b) the bylaw must include an exemption from the payment of the minimum charge for the following:

(i) used bags;

(ii) small paper bags;

(iii) in the case of prescribed pharmaceutical drugs or devices, recycled paper bags.

(4) If a municipality makes a bylaw prohibiting plastic drinking straws under subsection (2) (a) (iv), the bylaw must have an exemption so that businesses would not be prevented from providing an accessible straw on request by a person with disabilities or due to medical reasons.

(5) The authority of a municipality to make a bylaw under this section does not include the authority to permit businesses to collect, use or disclose personal information for considering a person's entitlement to an exemption in respect of the bylaw.

[en. B.C. Reg. 219/2021, s. 2.]

Exemptions to be considered and plan for implementation and enforcement

6   A municipality that intends to make a bylaw under section 5 must

(a) consider appropriate exemptions in respect of the bylaw, including exemptions for

(i) persons with disabilities,

(ii) medical reasons,

(iii) a hospital or any facility licensed as a community care facility under the Community Care and Assisted Living Act, and

(iv) in the case of a charge referred to in section 5 (2) (b), reasons of financial hardship,

(b) establish a plan for

(i) implementation of the bylaw, which may include setting an introductory period of not more than 12 months for the charge referred to in section 5 (2) (b) (ii), and

(ii) enforcement of the bylaw, and

(c) set a date for the bylaw to come into force that is at least 6 months after the date the bylaw is adopted by council.

[en. B.C. Reg. 219/2021, s. 2.]

Charge not a fee payable to municipality

7   An amount charged in accordance with the authority referred to in section 5 (2) (b) must not be collected by the municipality as a fee payable to the municipality.

[en. B.C. Reg. 219/2021, s. 2.]

Schedule

1 The following species are, for the purposes of this regulation, alien invasive species.

Plants

Annual Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus)

Canada Thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Common Crupina (Crupina vulgaris)

Common Toadflax (Linaria vulgaris)

Dalmatian Toadflax (Linaria dalmatica)

Diffuse Knapweed (Centaurea diffusa)

Dodder (Cuscuta spp.)

Gorse (Ulex europaeus)

Hound's-tongue (Cynoglossum officinale)

Jointed Goatgrass (Aegilops cylindrica)

Leafy Spurge (Euphorbia esula)

Perennial Sow Thistle (Sonchus arvensis)

Purple Nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus)

Rush Skeletonweed (Chondrilla juncea)

Scentless Chamomile (Matricaria maritima)

Spotted Knapweed (Centaurea maculosa)

Tansy Ragwort (Senecio jacobaea)

Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti)

Wild Oats (Avena fatua)

Yellow Nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus)

Yellow Starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis)

Terrestrial Vascular Plants

Smooth brome grass

Downy brome grass

Orchard grass (coast)

Scotch broom

Spurge laurel

Common barnyard grass

English ivy

St. John's wort

Himalayan blackberry

Yellow salsify

Common Crupina

Bull thistle

Nodding thistle

Giant knotweed

Kudzu

Japanese knotweed

Giant knotweed

Giant hogweed

Poison hemlock

Yellow toadflax

Carpet burweed

Baby's breath

Parasitic Dodder

Himalayan Balsam

Saltcedar

Garlic Mustard

Fresh Water/Riparian Vascular Plants

Flowering rush

Purple loosestrife

Eurasian watermilfoil

Common reed

Curly pondweed

Reed canary grass

Yellow flag

Hydrilla

Invertebrates

Gypsy Moth

Blueberry Maggot

Balsam Woolly Adelgid

Japanese Cedar Longhorn Beetle

Japanese Beetle

Pine Shoot Beetle

Asian Long-horned Beetle

Cereal Leaf Beetle

Daylily Midge

European Chafer

European Brown Garden Snail

Oriental Fruit Moth

Apple Maggot

Plum Curculio

Vertebrates

Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

Green Frog (Rana clamitans)

Rock Dove (Columba livia)

European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

North American Opossum (Didelphis virginiana)

European Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

Nutria (Myocastor coypu)

Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)

Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger)

2 The species set out in column 1 of Table 1 are, for the purposes of this regulation, alien invasive species in a regional district set out opposite in column 2.

Table 1

Column 1
Species
Column 2
Area of the Province
Blueweed (Echium vulgare)Cariboo, Central Kootenay, Columbia-Shuswap, East Kootenay, Okanagan-Similkameen, Thompson-Nicola
Burdock (Arctium spp.)Bulkley-Nechako, Cariboo, Columbia-Shuswap, Fraser-Fort George, Kitimat-Stikine, North Okanagan, Okanagan-Similkameen, Peace River, Thompson-Nicola
Cleavers (Galium aparine)Peace River
Common Bugloss (Anchusa officinalis)Kootenay-Boundary
Common Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)Bulkley-Nechako, Central Kootenay, Columbia-Shuswap, East Kootenay, North Okanagan
Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis)Bulkley-Nechako, Kootenay-Boundary, Thompson-Nicola
Green Foxtail (Setaria viridis)Peace River
Hoary Alyssum (Berteroa incana)Kootenay-Boundary
Hoary Cress (Cardaria spp.)Columbia-Shuswap, North Okanagan, Thompson-Nicola
Kochia (Kochia scoparia)Peace River
Marsh Plume Thistle (Cirsium palustre)Bulkley-Nechako, Fraser-Fort George
Meadow Knapweed (Centaurea pratensis)Columbia-Shuswap
Night-flowering catchfly (Silene noctiflora)Peace River
Orange Hawkweed (Hieracium aurantiacum)Bulkley-Nechako, Cariboo, Central Kootenay, Columbia-Shuswap, East Kootenay, Thompson-Nicola
Oxeye Daisy (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum)Cariboo, North Okanagan, Peace River, Thompson-Nicola
Perennial Pepperweed (Lepidium latifolium)East Kootenay, Thompson-Nicola
Plumeless Thistle (Carduus acanthoides)Central Kootenay
Puncturevine (Tribulus terrestris)Okanagan-Similkameen
Quackgrass (Agropyron repens)Peace River
Russian Knapweed (Acroptilon repens)North Okanagan
Russian Thistle (Salsola kali)Peace River
Scotch Thistle (Onopordum acanthium)North Okanagan
Sulphur Cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)Columbia-Shuswap, North Okanagan, Okanagan-Similkameen, Thompson-Nicola
Tartary Buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum)Peace River
White Cockle (Lychnis alba)Peace River
Wild Chervil (Anthriscus sylvestris)Fraser Valley
Wild Mustard (Sinapsis arvensis)Peace River

[Provisions relevant to the enactment of this regulation: Community Charter, S.B.C. 2003, c. 26, s. 9 (4).]