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"Point in Time" Regulation Content

Workers Compensation Act

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation

B.C. Reg. 296/97

NOTE: Links below go to regulation content as it was prior to the changes made on the effective date. (PIT covers changes made from September 19, 2009 to "current to" date of the regulation.)
SECTIONEFFECTIVE DATE
Section 1.1 February 1, 2011
October 16, 2012
August 4, 2015
May 1, 2017
September 1, 2021
December 1, 2021
August 22, 2022
Section 2.1 April 6, 2020
Section 3.4 February 1, 2016
Section 3.12 August 22, 2022
Section 3.12.1 August 22, 2022
Section 3.13 April 6, 2020
August 22, 2022
Section 3.26 April 6, 2020
Section 3.27 April 6, 2020
Section 3.28 April 6, 2020
Section 4.1.1 February 1, 2011
February 1, 2015
Section 4.17 August 4, 2015
Section 4.18 February 1, 2011
Section 4.19 August 22, 2022
Section 4.22.1 February 1, 2011
April 15, 2012
Section 4.23 April 15, 2012
Section 4.24 August 22, 2022
Section 4.27 August 22, 2022
Section 4.42 February 1, 2011
Section 4.43.1 January 1, 2018
Section 4.54 February 1, 2011
Section 4.56 May 1, 2017
Section 4.58 February 1, 2011
Section 4.69 February 1, 2015
Section 4.80.1 May 1, 2017
Section 4.81 May 1, 2017
Section 4.82 May 1, 2017
Section 4.87 August 22, 2022
Part 4 Schedule 4-A February 1, 2011
Section 5.1 August 4, 2015
Section 5.1.1 February 1, 2011
Section 5.2 August 4, 2015
Section 5.3 February 1, 2015
August 4, 2015
Section 5.4 August 4, 2015
Section 5.5 August 4, 2015
Section 5.6 August 4, 2015
August 22, 2022
Section 5.7 August 4, 2015
August 22, 2022
Section 5.8 August 4, 2015
Section 5.9 August 4, 2015
Section 5.10 August 4, 2015
Section 5.11 August 4, 2015
Section 5.12 August 4, 2015
Section 5.13 August 4, 2015
Section 5.14 August 4, 2015
Section 5.15 August 4, 2015
Section 5.16 August 4, 2015
Section 5.16.1 August 4, 2015
Section 5.17 August 4, 2015
Section 5.18 August 4, 2015
Section 5.19 August 4, 2015
Section 5.27 February 1, 2015
May 1, 2017
June 3, 2019
December 1, 2021
Section 5.28 December 1, 2021
Section 5.32 December 1, 2021
Section 5.50 February 1, 2012
Section 5.71 May 1, 2017
Section 5.76 August 4, 2015
Section 5.77 August 4, 2015
Section 5.78 August 4, 2015
Section 5.79 August 4, 2015
Table 5-2 August 4, 2015
Section 5.98 August 4, 2015
Section 6.1 February 1, 2012
Section 6.2 February 1, 2012
Section 6.4 February 1, 2012
May 1, 2017
August 22, 2022
Section 6.5 May 1, 2017
Section 6.6 February 1, 2012
May 1, 2017
Section 6.7 February 1, 2012
Section 6.9 February 1, 2012
Section 6.10 February 1, 2012
Section 6.12 February 1, 2012
Section 6.16 February 1, 2012
Section 6.18 February 1, 2012
Section 6.20 February 1, 2012
Section 6.24 February 1, 2012
Section 6.27 February 1, 2012
Section 6.29 February 1, 2011
Section 6.32 February 1, 2012
May 1, 2017
Section 6.34 February 1, 2011
Section 6.37 August 4, 2015
Section 6.58.1 May 1, 2017
Section 6.59 May 1, 2017
Section 6.59.1 May 1, 2017
Section 6.60 May 1, 2017
Section 6.60.1 May 1, 2017
Section 6.61 February 1, 2011
May 1, 2017
Section 6.61.1 May 1, 2017
Section 6.62 May 1, 2017
Section 6.63 May 1, 2017
Section 6.64 May 1, 2017
Section 6.65 May 1, 2017
Section 6.66 May 1, 2017
Section 6.70 September 1, 2021
Section 6.73 September 1, 2021
Section 6.75 August 4, 2015
Section 6.76 September 1, 2021
Section 6.77 February 1, 2012
September 1, 2021
Section 6.89 September 1, 2021
Section 6.90 September 1, 2021
Section 6.90.1 September 1, 2021
Section 6.91 September 1, 2021
Section 6.108 August 4, 2015
Section 6.110 May 1, 2017
Section 6.111 May 1, 2017
Section 6.112 May 1, 2017
Section 6.112.1 May 1, 2017
Section 6.112.2 May 1, 2017
Section 6.112.3 May 1, 2017
Section 6.112.4 May 1, 2017
Section 6.112.5 May 1, 2017
Section 6.112.6 May 1, 2017
Section 6.112.7 May 1, 2017
Section 6.114 May 1, 2017
Section 6.115.1 May 1, 2017
Section 6.116 August 4, 2015
Section 6.127 February 1, 2011
Section 6.128 February 1, 2012
Section 7.19 December 1, 2021
August 22, 2022
Section 8.1 February 1, 2011
September 1, 2021
Section 8.5 February 1, 2011
Section 8.6 February 1, 2011
Section 8.11 June 3, 2019
September 1, 2021
Section 8.12 September 1, 2021
Section 8.14 June 3, 2019
Section 8.15 June 3, 2019
Section 8.16 June 3, 2019
Section 8.17 June 3, 2019
Section 8.18 June 3, 2019
Section 8.21 February 1, 2011
Section 8.24 September 1, 2021
Section 8.29 June 3, 2019
Section 8.32 February 1, 2011
Section 8.33 February 1, 2011
Section 8.34 February 1, 2011
Part 8 Schedule 8-A February 1, 2011
Section 9.1 August 4, 2015
Section 9.18 February 1, 2011
Section 9.18.1 February 1, 2011
Section 9.22 February 1, 2011
Section 9.25 February 1, 2012
Section 9.26 February 1, 2012
Section 9.29 February 1, 2011
Section 10.7 August 22, 2022
Section 10.8 August 22, 2022
Section 10.9 August 22, 2022
Section 10.10 September 1, 2021
Section 11.1 April 1, 2013
Section 11.2 February 1, 2015
Section 11.6 April 1, 2013
Section 11.10 April 1, 2013
Section 12.11 September 1, 2021
Section 12.14 August 4, 2015
Section 12.17.1 September 1, 2021
Section 12.60 February 1, 2013
Section 12.70 February 1, 2012
Section 12.80.2 February 1, 2011
Section 12.83.1 May 1, 2017
Section 12.89 December 1, 2021
Section 12.91 September 1, 2021
Section 12.111 February 1, 2011
Section 12.124 February 1, 2011
Section 12.135 February 1, 2011
Section 12.173 and 12.174 February 1, 2013
Section 12.175 to 12.183 February 1, 2015
Section 12.178 August 22, 2022
Section 13.5 February 1, 2015
Section 13.11 May 1, 2017
Section 13.20 February 1, 2013
Section 13.23 February 1, 2013
Section 13.30 February 1, 2013
Section 13.32 February 1, 2011
February 1, 2015
Section 14.1 February 1, 2012
May 1, 2017
Section 14.2 February 1, 2012
May 1, 2017
December 1, 2021
Section 14.5 May 1, 2017
Section 14.11 May 1, 2017
Section 14.30 September 1, 2021
Section 14.81 May 1, 2017
Section 14.116 February 1, 2012
Section 14.117 February 1, 2012
Section 14.119 February 1, 2012
Schedule 14-A February 1, 2012
Section 15.6 February 1, 2011
Section 15.9 February 1, 2011
Section 15.23 February 1, 2012
Section 15.30 February 1, 2011
Section 16.1 September 1, 2021
Section 16.2 September 1, 2021
Section 16.3 February 1, 2013
September 1, 2021
Section 16.4 September 1, 2021
Section 16.5 September 1, 2021
Section 16.6 September 1, 2021
Section 16.7 February 1, 2013
September 1, 2021
Section 16.8 February 1, 2011
September 1, 2021
Section 16.8.1 February 1, 2011
September 1, 2021
Section 16.9 September 1, 2021
Section 16.10 September 1, 2021
Section 16.11 September 1, 2021
Section 16.12 September 1, 2021
Section 16.13 September 1, 2021
Section 16.14 September 1, 2021
Section 16.15 September 1, 2021
Section 16.16 September 1, 2021
Section 16.17 September 1, 2021
Section 16.18 September 1, 2021
Section 16.19 September 1, 2021
Section 16.20 September 1, 2021
Section 16.21 September 1, 2021
Section 16.22 September 1, 2021
Section 16.23 September 1, 2021
Section 16.24 September 1, 2021
Section 16.25 September 1, 2021
Section 16.26 September 1, 2021
Section 16.27 September 1, 2021
Section 16.28 September 1, 2021
Section 16.29 September 1, 2021
Section 16.30 September 1, 2021
Section 16.31 February 1, 2012
September 1, 2021
Section 16.32 September 1, 2021
Section 16.33 September 1, 2021
Section 16.34 September 1, 2021
Section 16.35 September 1, 2021
Section 16.36 September 1, 2021
Section 16.37 September 1, 2021
Section 16.38 September 1, 2021
Section 16.39 September 1, 2021
Section 16.40 September 1, 2021
Section 16.41 September 1, 2021
Section 16.42 September 1, 2021
Section 16.43 September 1, 2021
August 22, 2022
Section 16.44 to 16.55 September 1, 2021
Schedule 16-A September 1, 2021
Schedule 16-B September 1, 2021
Schedule 16-C September 1, 2021
September 1, 2021
Section 18.1 December 1, 2021
Section 18.2 December 1, 2021
Section 18.3 December 1, 2021
Section 18.3.1 December 1, 2021
Section 18.3.2 December 1, 2021
Section 18.3.3 December 1, 2021
Section 18.4 December 1, 2021
Section 18.5 December 1, 2021
Section 18.6 December 1, 2021
Section 18.6.1 December 1, 2021
Section 18.6.2 December 1, 2021
Section 18.6.3 December 1, 2021
Section 18.8 December 1, 2021
Section 18.9 December 1, 2021
Section 18.10 December 1, 2021
Section 18.11 December 1, 2021
Section 18.13 December 1, 2021
Section 18.14 December 1, 2021
Section 18.16 December 1, 2021
Section 18.17 December 1, 2021
Appendix Figure 18-1 December 1, 2021
Appendix Figure 18-2 December 1, 2021
Section 19.1 February 1, 2011
Section 19.9 February 1, 2013
Section 19.10 February 1, 2013
Section 19.15 February 1, 2011
Section 19.24 February 1, 2011
Section 19.24.1 February 1, 2011
Section 19.24.2 February 1, 2011
Section 19.25 February 1, 2011
Section 19.26 February 1, 2011
February 1, 2012
Section 19.29 February 1, 2011
Section 19.30 February 1, 2011
Section 19.32 February 1, 2011
Section 19.33 February 1, 2011
Section 19.34 February 1, 2013
Section 19.34.1 February 1, 2013
Section 20.1 February 1, 2012
June 3, 2019
Section 20.1A April 6, 2020
Section 20.2 February 1, 2012
May 1, 2017
Section 20.2.1 May 1, 2017
Section 20.16 June 3, 2019
Section 20.16.1 June 3, 2019
Section 20.16.2 June 3, 2019
Section 20.17 June 3, 2019
Section 20.18 June 3, 2019
Section 20.19 June 3, 2019
Section 20.20 June 3, 2019
Section 20.21 June 3, 2019
Section 20.22 June 3, 2019
Section 20.23 June 3, 2019
Section 20.24 June 3, 2019
Section 20.25 June 3, 2019
Section 20.26 February 1, 2015
June 3, 2019
Section 20.26.1 February 1, 2012
Section 20.26.2 February 1, 2012
Section 20.26.3 February 1, 2012
Section 20.26.4 December 1, 2021
Section 20.26.5 December 1, 2021
Section 20.26.6 December 1, 2021
Section 20.27 February 1, 2012
Section 20.28 February 1, 2012
Section 20.29 February 1, 2012
Section 20.30 February 1, 2012
Section 20.30.1 February 1, 2012
Section 20.31 February 1, 2012
Section 20.32 February 1, 2012
Section 20.36 February 1, 2012
Section 20.40 February 1, 2012
Section 20.41 February 1, 2012
Section 20.47 February 1, 2012
June 3, 2019
July 14, 2020
Section 20.48 February 1, 2012
Section 20.48.1 February 1, 2012
Section 20.50-20.52 February 1, 2012
Section 20.79 February 1, 2011
Section 20.112 February 1, 2012
February 1, 2015
Section 20.113 February 1, 2011
Section 21.1 June 3, 2019
December 1, 2021
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.2.1 December 1, 2021
Section 21.3 June 3, 2019
Section 21.4 December 1, 2021
Section 21.5 December 1, 2021
Section 21.6.1 December 1, 2021
Section 21.6.2 December 1, 2021
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.8 December 1, 2021
Section 21.8.1 December 1, 2021
Section 21.12 August 22, 2022
Section 21.13 December 1, 2021
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.16 December 1, 2021
Section 21.17 December 1, 2021
Section 21.18 December 1, 2021
Section 21.19 December 1, 2021
Section 21.20 December 1, 2021
Section 21.21 December 1, 2021
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.22 December 1, 2021
Section 21.23 December 1, 2021
Section 21.24 June 3, 2019
December 1, 2021
Section 21.25 February 1, 2012
December 1, 2021
Section 21.27 December 1, 2021
Section 21.29 December 1, 2021
Section 21.30 December 1, 2021
Section 21.31 December 1, 2021
Section 21.34 December 1, 2021
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.36 December 1, 2021
Section 21.37 December 1, 2021
Section 21.39 December 1, 2021
Section 21.41 December 1, 2021
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.42 December 1, 2021
Section 21.43 December 1, 2021
Section 21.44.1 December 1, 2021
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.46 December 1, 2021
Section 21.52 December 1, 2021
Section 21.54 December 1, 2021
Section 21.55 June 3, 2019
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.57 December 1, 2021
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.58 June 3, 2019
Section 21.59 June 3, 2019
December 1, 2021
Section 21.60 June 3, 2019
Section 21.61 June 3, 2019
Section 21.62 June 3, 2019
Section 21.63 June 3, 2019
Section 21.63.1 June 3, 2019
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.66 December 1, 2021
Section 21.67 June 3, 2019
December 1, 2021
Section 21.69 June 3, 2019
December 1, 2021
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.71 June 3, 2019
December 1, 2021
Section 21.72 June 3, 2019
December 1, 2021
Part 21 Division 12 December 1, 2021
Section 21.73 June 3, 2019
December 1, 2021
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.74 December 1, 2021
Section 21.74.1 December 1, 2021
Section 21.74.2 December 1, 2021
Section 21.75 December 1, 2021
Section 21.76 December 1, 2021
Section 21.76.1 December 1, 2021
Section 21.77 December 1, 2021
Section 21.78 December 1, 2021
Section 21.79 December 1, 2021
Section 21.80 December 1, 2021
Section 21.81 December 1, 2021
Part 21 December 1, 2021
Section 21.82 December 1, 2021
Section 21.84 June 3, 2019
December 1, 2021
Section 21.85 December 1, 2021
Part 21 Division 14 Section 21.86 to 21.93 December 1, 2021
Section 22.1 May 1, 2017
December 1, 2021
Section 22.7 April 6, 2020
Section 22.12 May 1, 2017
April 6, 2020
Section 22.12.1 May 1, 2017
Section 22.54 December 1, 2021
Section 22.63 May 1, 2017
August 22, 2022
Section 22.67 May 1, 2017
Section 22.70 December 1, 2021
Section 22.71 December 1, 2021
Section 22.72 December 1, 2021
Section 22.73 December 1, 2021
Section 22.80 December 1, 2021
Section 22.80.1 December 1, 2021
Section 23.1 August 1, 2017
Section 23.6 August 1, 2017
Section 23.10 December 1, 2021
Section 23.15 February 1, 2012
February 1, 2013
Section 23.16 February 1, 2013
Section 23.22 June 3, 2019
Section 23.26.1 August 1, 2017
Section 23.63 June 3, 2019
Section 23.69 August 1, 2017
Section 23.69.1 August 1, 2017
Section 23.69.2 August 1, 2017
Section 23.69.3 August 1, 2017
Section 23.70 August 1, 2017
Section 23.72 August 1, 2017
Section 23.78 December 1, 2021
Section 23.83 February 1, 2011
Section 24.1 June 3, 2019
Section 24.20 August 22, 2022
Section 24.21 June 3, 2019
Section 24.34 February 1, 2016
April 6, 2020
Section 24.69 June 3, 2019
Section 24.69.1 June 3, 2019
Section 24.69.2 June 3, 2019
Section 24.69.3 June 3, 2019
Section 24.70 December 1, 2021
Section 24.128 June 3, 2019
Section 24.96.1 June 3, 2019
Section 24.96.2 June 3, 2019
Section 24.96.3 June 3, 2019
Part 25 December 1, 2021
Part 26 Table 26-8 June 3, 2019
Section 26.1 May 1, 2017
April 6, 2020
December 1, 2021
December 1, 2021
Section 26.1.1 April 6, 2020
Section 26.2.1 December 1, 2021
Section 26.7.1 December 1, 2021
Part 26 December 1, 2021
Section 26.12.0.1 to 26.12.0.6 December 1, 2021
Section 26.12.1 September 1, 2021
Section 26.13.4 May 1, 2017
Section 26.17.1 September 1, 2021
Section 26.18 February 1, 2011
Section 26.54.1 September 1, 2021
Section 26.61 December 1, 2021
Part 26 December 1, 2021
Section 26.65 February 1, 2015
Section 26.66 December 1, 2021
Section 26.67 December 1, 2021
Section 26.68 December 1, 2021
Section 26.68.1 December 1, 2021
Section 26.68.2 December 1, 2021
Section 26.69 December 1, 2021
Section 26.76 December 1, 2021
Section 26.77 September 1, 2021
Section 26.83 February 1, 2013
Section 26.83.1 February 1, 2013
Section 28.6.1 September 1, 2021
Section 28.9 May 1, 2017
Section 28.12 February 1, 2015
Section 28.33 to 28.42 September 1, 2021
Section 28.41 February 1, 2012
Section 28.42 September 1, 2021
Section 28.47 August 22, 2022
Section 28.49 September 1, 2021
Section 28.50 September 1, 2021
Section 29.16 June 3, 2019
Section 30.1 February 1, 2011
Section 30.12 February 1, 2011
Section 30.13 January 1, 2001
February 1, 2011
Section 30.14 February 1, 2011
Section 30.15 February 1, 2011
Section 30.16 February 1, 2011
Section 30.17 February 1, 2011
Section 30.19 February 1, 2011
Section 30.26 February 1, 2011
Section 31.1 April 6, 2020
Section 31.2 April 6, 2020
Section 31.3 April 6, 2020
Section 31.30-31.31 September 1, 2021
Part 34 February 1, 2015
Section 34.2 December 1, 2021
Section 34.4 June 3, 2019
Section 34.14 June 3, 2019

 Section 1.1 definition of "qualified registered professional", paragraph (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(b) in relation to a forestry operation, a person referred to in paragraph (a) or a professional forester or holder of a special permit under the Foresters Act;

 Section 1.1 definition of "utility service" was added by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 1.1 BEFORE renumbered as 1.1 (1) and definition of "resource road", and subsections (2), (3) and (4) were added by BC Reg 305/2012, effective October 16, 2012.

 Definitions

1.1  In this Occupational Health and Safety Regulation:

"administrative controls" means the provision, use and scheduling of work activities and resources in the workplace, including planning, organizing, staffing and coordinating, for the purpose of controlling risk;

"Board" means the Workers' Compensation Board;

"combustible liquid" means a substance which meets the criteria for WHMIS Class B Division 3 combustible liquid (a flash point of 37.8° C (100° F) or more but less than 93.3° C (200° F));

"contaminant" means a harmful or irritant material, or nuisance dust, foreign to the normal composition of a substance, or a material that varies the normal proportions of components in a mixture such as air;

"controlled product" means a product, material or substance specified by regulations made pursuant to section 15 (1) (a) of the Hazardous Products Act (Canada) as products, materials and substances included in any of the classes listed in Schedule II of that Act;

"engineering controls" means the physical arrangement, design or alteration of workstations, equipment, materials, production facilities or other aspects of the physical work environment, for the purpose of controlling risk;

"flammable liquid" means a substance which meets the criterion for WHMIS Class B Division 2 flammable liquid (a flash point less than 37.8° C (100° F));

"hazard" means a thing or condition that may expose a person to a risk of injury or occupational disease;

"hazard area" means an area in a workplace where a hazard exists, or is created, due to a condition in the area or the activities conducted in it;

"HEPA" means, in reference to air filtration, a high efficiency particulate air filter meeting the specifications of a nuclear grade filter, providing a 99.97% filtration efficiency at a 0.3 micrometre particle size;

"IDLH atmosphere" means an atmosphere containing a substance at a concentration which is immediately dangerous to life or health (IDLH) because the concentration is greater than that from which one could escape without any escape-impairing symptoms or irreversible health effects, and includes an atmosphere with an unknown concentration with the potential to be immediately dangerous to life or health;

"incident" includes an accident or other occurrence which resulted in or had the potential for causing an injury or occupational disease;

"material safety data sheet" or "MSDS" means a document disclosing the information referred to in section 13 (a) (i) to (v) of the Hazardous Products Act (Canada) and section 12 (1) to (3) of the Controlled Products Regulations (Canada);

"mg/m3" means milligrams of a substance per cubic metre of air;

"oxygen deficient" means, in relation to air, a condition in which there is less than 19.5% oxygen by volume, or the partial pressure of oxygen is less than 16.3 kPa (122 mm Hg);

"ppm" means parts of a vapour or a gas per million parts of contaminated air by volume at a temperature of 25 degrees Celsius and an atmospheric pressure of 760 millimetres of mercury;

"practicable" means that which is reasonably capable of being done;

"professional engineer" means a person who is registered or licensed to practice engineering under the provisions of the Engineers and Geoscientists Act;

"professional geoscientist" means a professional geoscientist or licensee under the Engineers and Geoscientists Act;

"qualified" means being knowledgeable of the work, the hazards involved and the means to control the hazards, by reason of education, training, experience or a combination thereof;

"qualified registered professional" means

(a) a professional engineer or professional geoscientist, and

(b) in relation to a forestry operation, a person referred to in paragraph (a) or a registered professional forester, registered forest technologist or holder of a special permit under the Foresters Act;

"rated capacity" or "rated load" means the load that machinery or a piece of equipment is, in accordance with its design, rated to bear under section 4.8;

"risk" means a chance of injury or occupational disease;

"sensitizer" means a substance that has been shown to elicit an allergenic type of response in humans after an initial exposure, resulting in development of symptoms upon subsequent exposure at much lower concentrations;

"supervisor" means a person who instructs, directs and controls workers in the performance of their duties;

"utility service" means a petroleum pipeline, sanitary sewer line, enclosed storm sewer, water line, steam line or electrical cable;

"working load limit" or "WLL" means the maximum load which a product is authorized by the manufacturer to support in a particular service.

[am. B.C. Regs. 185/99, s. 1; 253/2001, s. 1; 312/2003, App. C, s. 1; 315/2003, App. A, s. 1; 20/2008, App. A, s. 59; 258/2008, App. A, s. 1; 312/2010, Apps. A and D, s. 1.]

 Section 1.1 (1) definitions of "controlled product" and ""material safety data sheet" or "MSDS"" BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

"controlled product" means a product, material or substance specified by regulations made pursuant to section 15 (1) (a) of the Hazardous Products Act (Canada) as products, materials and substances included in any of the classes listed in Schedule II of that Act;

"material safety data sheet" or "MSDS" means a document disclosing the information referred to in section 13 (a) (i) to (v) of the Hazardous Products Act (Canada) and section 12 (1) to (3) of the Controlled Products Regulations (Canada);

 Section 1.1 (1) definitions of "hazardous product", ""safety data sheet" or "SDS"" and "WHMIS" were added by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

 Section 1.1 (1) definitions of "combustible liquid" and "flammable liquid" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

"combustible liquid" means a substance which meets the criteria for WHMIS Class B Division 3 combustible liquid (a flash point of 37.8°C (100°F) or more but less than 93.3°C (200°F));

"flammable liquid" means a substance which meets the criterion for WHMIS Class B Division 2 flammable liquid (a flash point less than 37.8°C (100°F));

 Section 1.1 (1) definition of "B.C. Electrical Code" was added by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 1.1 (1) definitions of "mobile equipment", "rollover", "rollover hazard area" and '"rollover protective structure" or "ROPS"' were added by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 1.1 (1) definition of "flammable liquid" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

"flammable liquid" means a liquid that has a flash point below 37.8 degrees Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit);

 Section 1.1 (1) definitions of "professional engineer", "professional geoscientist" and "qualified registered professional" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

"professional engineer" means a person who is registered or licensed to practise engineering under the provisions of the Engineers and Geoscientists Act;

"professional geoscientist" means a professional geoscientist or licensee under the Engineers and Geoscientists Act;

"qualified registered professional" means

(a) a professional engineer or professional geoscientist, and

(b) in relation to a forestry operation, a person referred to in paragraph (a) or a registered professional forester, registered forest technologist or holder of a special permit under the Foresters Act;

 Section 2.1 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

Scope of application

2.1   This Occupational Health and Safety Regulation applies to all employers, workers and all other persons working in or contributing to the production of any industry within the scope of Part 3 of the Workers Compensation Act.

[am. B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 2.]

 Section 3.4 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 195/2015, effective February 1, 2016.

Incident investigation reports

3.4   (1) An employer must ensure that an incident investigation report required by Division 10 of Part 3 of the Workers Compensation Act contains

(a) the place, date and time of the incident,

(b) the names and job titles of persons injured in the incident,

(c) the names of witnesses,

(d) a brief description of the incident,

(e) a statement of the sequence of events which preceded the incident,

(f) identification of any unsafe conditions, acts or procedures which contributed in any manner to the incident,

(g) recommended corrective actions to prevent similar incidents, and

(h) the names of the persons who investigated the incident.

(2) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 14.]

[am. B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 14.]

 Section 3.12 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(2) A worker who refuses to carry out a work process or operate a tool, appliance or equipment pursuant to subsection (1) must immediately report the circumstances of the unsafe condition to his or her supervisor or employer.

 Section 3.12 (3) (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(b) if in his or her opinion the report is not valid, must so inform the person who made the report.

 Section 3.12.1 was enacted by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

 Section 3.13 (1) and (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

(1) A worker must not be subject to discriminatory action as defined in section 150 of Part 3 of the Workers Compensation Act because the worker has acted in compliance with section 3.12 or with an order made by an officer.

(2) Temporary assignment to alternative work at no loss in pay to the worker until the matter in section 3.12 is resolved is deemed not to constitute discriminatory action.

 Section 3.13 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(2) Temporary assignment to alternative work at no loss in pay to the worker until the matter in section 3.12 is resolved is deemed not to constitute prohibited action.

 Section 3.26 (1) and (1) (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

(1) In this section, a reference to a joint committee does not include a joint committee established and maintained under section 126 of the Workers Compensation Act, if

(a) an order under section 126 (1) of the Workers Compensation Act respecting the joint committee provides for a variation as set out in subsection (2) (b) of that section of that Act, and

 Section 3.26 (3) (a) (i) to (xi) and (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

(a) whether or not, throughout the period of time that is the subject of the evaluation,

(i) the joint committee met the membership requirements under section 127 (a) to (d) of the Workers Compensation Act,

(ii) worker representatives on the joint committee were selected in accordance with section 128 of the Workers Compensation Act,

(iii) employer representatives on the joint committee were selected in accordance with section 129 of the Workers Compensation Act,

(iv) the joint committee fulfilled each of its duties and functions under section 130 of the Workers Compensation Act,

(v) the joint committee met regularly as required under section 131 (2) of the Workers Compensation Act,

(vi) the employer met the requirements under section 133 of the Workers Compensation Act in respect of the written recommendations sent to the employer by the joint committee with a written request for a response from the employer, if any,

(vii) each member of the joint committee received the time off from work the member was entitled to receive under section 134 of the Workers Compensation Act,

(viii) each member of the joint committee attended the occupational health and safety training courses the member was entitled to attend under section 135 of the Workers Compensation Act,

(ix) the employer provided to the joint committee the equipment, premises, clerical personnel and information the employer was required to provide under section 136 of the Workers Compensation Act,

(x) the joint committee prepared reports of its meetings and provided copies to the employer as required under section 137 (1) of the Workers Compensation Act,

(xi) the employer met the requirements of posting and keeping posted committee information as set out in section 138 of the Workers Compensation Act, and

(b) an assessment of the effectiveness of the joint committee's rules of procedure as established under section 131 (1) of the Workers Compensation Act;

 Section 3.27 (1) and (1) (a) and (10) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

(1) In this section, a reference to a joint committee does not include a joint committee established and maintained under section 126 of the Workers Compensation Act, if

(a) an order under section 126 (1) of the Workers Compensation Act respecting the joint committee provides for a variation as set out in subsection (2) (b) of that section of that Act, and

(10) For greater certainty, the instruction and training required under subsection (2) or (3) of this section is not educational leave as set out in section 135 of the Workers Compensation Act.

 Section 3.27 (4) (a) to (c) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

(a) the duties and functions of a joint committee under section 130 of the Workers Compensation Act;

(b) the rules of procedure of the joint committee as established under or set out in section 131 of the Workers Compensation Act;

(c) the requirements respecting investigations under sections 173 to 176 of the Workers Compensation Act;

 Section 3.28 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

Participation by employer or representative of employer and worker representative

3.28   For the purposes of section 174 (1.1) (c) of the Workers Compensation Act, the following activities are prescribed:

 Section 4.1.1 definition of "qualified avalanche planner" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

"qualified avalanche planner" means a person

(a) who has training and experience in the development and implementation of active avalanche safety programs and is

(i)  a professional member of the Canadian Avalanche Association,

(ii)  a certified guide and a member of the Association of Canadian Mountain Guides,

(iii)  a certified guide and a member of the Canadian Ski Guide Association, or

(iv)  a qualified registered professional, and

(b) who, on and after September 1, 2011, meets the requirements of the CAA Recommended Minimum Training and Experience for Qualified Avalanche Planners published by the Canadian Avalanche Association in August 2008.

 Section 4.1.1 (2) (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(a) for workplaces involving buildings, construction, logging, transportation corridors or other work areas that will be occupied by any person working in the workplace on a permanent, seasonal or scheduled basis, by a qualified registered professional and a qualified avalanche planner;

 Section 4.1.1 (9) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(9)  On and after September 1, 2011, every active avalanche safety program approved before September 1, 2011 must have been prepared by, or reviewed and approved by, a qualified avalanche planner who meets the requirements of the CAA Recommended Minimum Training and Experience for Qualified Avalanche Planners published by the Canadian Avalanche Association in August 2008.

 Section 4.1.1 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

Snow avalanche assessment

4.1.1   (1) In this section:

"active avalanche safety program" means a program for monitoring daily, or more frequently if conditions warrant, the weather, snow and avalanche conditions, determining temporal fluctuations of avalanche hazards and implementing safety measures, closures or other methods specified in the program to reduce avalanche risk that has not been mitigated through use of passive measures;

"avalanche" means snow avalanche;

"avalanche risk assessment" means an assessment, done in accordance with CAA guidelines, of the terrain in and surrounding a workplace to determine if any person working at the workplace is at risk from a snow avalanche;

"avalanche risk zone" means a workplace or part of a workplace where an avalanche risk assessment determines that avalanches pose a risk to any person working at the workplace and risk control measures are required to make the area safe for work to be conducted;

"avalanche safety plan" means a documented plan meeting CAA guidelines, specifying passive measures to mitigate or reduce the avalanche risk to any person working at the workplace and any active avalanche safety program necessary to monitor and manage any avalanche risk that has not been mitigated through use of passive measures;

"CAA guidelines" means the Canadian Avalanche Association guidelines for risk determination, mapping and mitigation for snow avalanche risks as specified in the Guidelines for Snow Avalanche Risk Determination and Mapping in Canada and the Land Managers Guide to Snow Avalanche Hazards in Canada, published by the Canadian Avalanche Association in 2002;

"passive measures" means the application of CAA guidelines and other relevant standards and practices in engineering, geoscience and forestry to worksite and facility planning, location, design and use to mitigate or reduce the risk from avalanches without reliance on an active avalanche safety program, and may include the design and construction of physical defenses against avalanches;

"qualified avalanche planner" means either of the following:

(a) a qualified registered professional;

(b) a person who

(i) has training and experience in the development and implementation of active avalanche safety programs and is

(A) a professional member of the Canadian Avalanche Association,

(B) a certified guide and a member of the Association of Canadian Mountain Guides, or

(C) a certified guide and a member of the Canadian Ski Guide Association, and

(ii) on and after September 1, 2011, meets the requirements of the CAA Recommended Minimum Training and Experience for Qualified Avalanche Planners published by the Canadian Avalanche Association in August 2008.

(2) Before work commences in a workplace where there is or may be a risk from an avalanche to a person working in the workplace, an avalanche risk assessment must be prepared as follows:

(a) for workplaces involving buildings, construction, logging, transportation corridors or other work areas that will be occupied by any person working in the workplace on a permanent, seasonal or scheduled basis, by a qualified registered professional;

(b) for wilderness operations where any person working in the workplace undertakes short-duration activities in undeveloped terrain, by a qualified avalanche planner.

(3) If an avalanche risk assessment conducted under subsection (2) identifies an avalanche risk zone, no work may be conducted in the avalanche risk zone at any time when snow conditions have the potential to create an avalanche unless an avalanche safety plan has been developed and implemented.

(4) If any part of an avalanche safety plan

(a) requires passive measures, that part must be prepared by a qualified registered professional, and

(b) requires an active avalanche safety program, that part must be prepared by a qualified avalanche planner.

(5) If the avalanche safety plan required by subsection (3) includes an active avalanche safety program, a copy of that active avalanche safety program must be readily available to each person who administers or implements the avalanche safety program for the workplace.

(6) An avalanche safety plan must be reviewed to ensure that the plan is appropriate and relevant to the conditions and activities for the workplace as follows:

(a) whenever there is a significant change to the workplace activities contemplated by the plan;

(b) whenever there is a significant change to the surface terrain or forest cover in or surrounding the workplace.

(7) An active avalanche safety program must be reviewed to ensure that the program is appropriate and relevant to the conditions and activities for the workplace at least once every 60 months.

(8) The review required under subsection (6) or (7) must have any passive measures reviewed by a qualified registered professional and any active avalanche safety program reviewed by a qualified avalanche planner, and following the review the avalanche safety plan must be amended as necessary by the person or persons who conducted the review.

(9) On and after September 1, 2011, every active avalanche safety program approved before September 1, 2011 must have been prepared by, or reviewed and approved by,

(a) a qualified registered professional, or

(b) a qualified avalanche planner who is not a qualified registered professional but who meets the requirements of the CAA Recommended Minimum Training and Experience for Qualified Avalanche Planners published by the Canadian Avalanche Association in August 2008.

(10) If an avalanche safety plan specifies procedures to be followed by persons working in an avalanche risk zone, each person working in the risk zone must be trained in, and comply with, any procedures applicable to that person's work.

[en. B.C. Reg. 258/2008, App. A, s. 3; am. B.C. Reg. 312/2010, App. C, s. 1.]

 Section 4.17 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

(1) An employer having at a workplace controlled products covered by WHMIS, explosives, pesticides, radioactive material, consumer products or hazardous wastes in quantities which may endanger firefighters, must ensure the local fire department is notified of the nature and location of the hazardous materials or substances and methods to be used in their safe handling.

 Section 4.18 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Notification of utilities

4.18  An employer whose work activities result in a hit or damage to a pipeline, buried electrical cable or other such utility must notify the owner of the utility without delay.

 Section 4.19 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(1) A worker with a physical or mental impairment which may affect the worker's ability to safely perform assigned work must inform his or her supervisor or employer of the impairment, and must not knowingly do work where the impairment may create an undue risk to the worker or anyone else.

 Section 4.22.1 (1) definition of "late night hours" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

"late night hours" means any time between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;

 Section 4.22.1 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 230/2011, effective April 15, 2012.

 Late night retail safety procedures and requirements

4.22.1  (1)  In this section:

"late night hours" means any time between 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;

"late night retail premises" means

(a) a gas station or other retail fueling outlet, or

(b) a convenience store or any other retail store where goods are sold directly to consumers

that is open to the public for late night hours.

(2)  If a worker is assigned to work alone or in isolation in late night retail premises and there is any risk of harm from a violent act to the worker, then, in addition to any other obligations the employer has under sections 4.20.2 to 4.23,

(a) the employer must develop and implement a written procedure to ensure the worker's safety in handling money, and

(b) when that worker is assigned to work late night hours, the employer must also do either or both of the following:

(i)  ensure that the worker is physically separated from the public by a locked door or barrier that prevents physical contact with or access to the worker;

(ii)  assign one or more workers to work with the worker during that worker's assignment.

(3)  A worker described in subsection (2) must be trained in the written procedure referred to in that subsection.

[en. B.C. Reg. 318/2007, s. 4; am. B.C. Reg. 312/2010, App. B.]

 Section 4.23 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 230/2011, effective April 15, 2012.

 Annual reviews of procedures

4.23  The procedures referred to in sections 4.21 and 4.22.1 must be reviewed at least annually, or more frequently if there is

(a) a change in work arrangements which could adversely affect a worker's well-being or safety, or

(b) a report that the procedures are not working effectively.

[en. B.C. Reg. 318/2007, s. 5.]

 Section 4.24 (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(a) the attempted or actual exercise by a worker towards another worker of any physical force so as to cause injury, and includes any threatening statement or behaviour which gives the worker reasonable cause to believe he or she is at risk of injury, and

 Section 4.27 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

Definition

4.27   In sections 4.28 to 4.31, "violence" means the attempted or actual exercise by a person, other than a worker, of any physical force so as to cause injury to a worker, and includes any threatening statement or behaviour which gives a worker reasonable cause to believe that he or she is at risk of injury.

 Section 4.42 (4) (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(b) appropriate respiratory and eye protection is worn, and

 Section 4.43.1 was enacted by BC Reg 143/2017, effective January 1, 2018.

 Section 4.54 definition of "guardrail" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

"guardrail" means a guard consisting of a top rail 102 cm to 112 cm (40 in to 44 in) above the work surface, and an intermediate rail located approximately midway between the underside of the top rail and the top of the toeboard, if one is provided, or the work surface if no toeboard is provided.

 Section 4.56 (c) was added by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 4.58 (3) and (4) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(3)  Unless otherwise permitted by subsection (4), guardrails must be installed to withstand a load applied horizontally and normal to the span of the rail, of 550 N (125 lbs) applied at any point along the rail, and a vertical, downward load of 1.5 kN per m (100 lbs per ft) along the top rail, but the horizontal and vertical loads need not be considered to act simultaneously.

(4)  Guardrails temporarily installed during the construction, demolition or renovation of a work area must

(a) be able to withstand a load of 550 N (125 lbs) applied perpendicular to the span in a horizontal or vertically downward direction at any point on the top rail, or be built to the criteria of subsection (5), and

(b) not be made of fibre or wire rope without the prior approval of the Board.

 Section 4.58 (4.1) was added by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 4.69 (4) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

(4) The emergency lighting system must be inspected, tested and maintained to meet the requirements of section 6.8 (Emergency Power Systems and Unit Equipment for Emergency Lighting) of the BC Fire Code.

 Heading above Section 4.80.1 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Environmental Tobacco Smoke

 Section 4.80.1 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 4.81 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Controlling exposure

4.81   The employer must control the exposure of workers at any workplace to environmental tobacco smoke by

(a) prohibiting smoking in the workplace,

(b) restricting smoking to a safe outdoor location that is a minimum of 3 metres from a doorway, window or air intake of an indoor workplace, subject to section 4.22 (3) of the Tobacco Control Regulation, B.C. Reg. 232/2007, and

(c) prohibiting working in an indoor area where smoking is allowed under section 4.23 (2) (a) or (b) of the Tobacco Control Regulation, except as permitted in section 4.82 of this regulation.

[am. B.C. Reg. 258/2008, App. B, s. 1.]

 Section 4.82 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Exceptions

4.82   (1) An employer must ensure that a worker does not work in an indoor area where smoking is permitted under section 4.23 (2) (a) or (b) of the Tobacco Control Regulation, B.C. Reg. 232/2007, unless

(a) the worker must enter the area to respond to an emergency endangering life, health or property,

(b) the worker must enter the area to investigate for illegal activity, or

(c) the tobacco smoke has been effectively removed.

(2) If necessary to prevent tobacco smoke from entering a workplace, a room where smoking is permitted under section 4.23 (2) (a) of the Tobacco Control Regulation, B.C. Reg. 232/2007, must be provided with a separate, non-recirculating exhaust ventilation system that

(a) is designed in accordance with expected occupancy rates,

(b) maintains adequate air flows from non-smoking to smoking areas,

(c) discharges directly to the outdoors, and

(d) meets all other requirements for a smoking lounge

specified in the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers Standard 62-1989, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality.

[en. B.C. Reg. 258/2008, App. B, s. 2.]

 Section 4.87 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

Unsafe water

4.87   The employer must display at every plumbed non-potable water source from which a person might reasonably believe he or she can safely drink, a notice that the water is unfit for human consumption.

 Part 4, schedule 4-A was by added BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 5.1, definitions of "commission" and "risk phase" BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

"commission" means the Hazardous Materials Information Review Commission established under the Hazardous Materials Information Review Act (Canada);

"risk phrase" means, for a controlled product or a class, division or subdivision of controlled products, a statement identifying a hazard that may arise from the nature of the controlled product or the class, division or subdivision of controlled products;

 Section 5.1, definitions of "bulk shipment", "compressed gas", "flammable gas", "fugitive emission", "hazard information", "hazardous waste", "label", "manufactured article", "product identifier", "readily available", "supplier label" and "workplace label" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

"bulk shipment" means a shipment of a controlled product that is contained, without intermediate containment or intermediate packaging, in

(a) a vessel with a water capacity of more than 454 litres (100 imp gal),

(b) a freight container, a portable tank, a road vehicle, a railway vehicle, a ship, a barge or other type of vessel or an aircraft, or

(c) a pipeline;

"compressed gas" means a substance which meets the criteria for WHMIS Class A compressed gas;

"flammable gas" means a substance which meets the criteria for WHMIS Class B Division 1 flammable gas, (a compressed gas with an upper flammable limit of 13% or less or with an explosive range of 12% or more);

"fugitive emission" means a gas, liquid, solid, vapour, fume, mist, fog or dust that escapes from process equipment, emission control equipment or from a product;

"hazard information" means information on the proper and safe use, storage and handling of a controlled product and includes information related to its toxicological properties;

"hazardous waste" means a controlled product that is intended for disposal, or is sold for recycling or recovery;

"label" includes a mark, sign, device, stamp, seal, sticker, ticket, tag or wrapper;

"manufactured article" means an article that is formed to a specific shape or design during manufacture, the intended use of which, when in that form, is dependent in whole or in part on its shape or design, and that, under normal conditions of use, will not release or otherwise cause a person to be exposed to a controlled product;

"product identifier" means, for a controlled product, the brand name, code name or code number specified by a supplier, or the chemical name, common name, generic name or trade name;

"readily available" means, when used in connection with an MSDS, available in a place where a person can easily access and study the information it contains;

"supplier label" means a label provided by a supplier that complies with the requirements, discloses the information and displays the hazard symbols referred to in section 13 (b) of the Hazardous Products Act (Canada), sections 16, 17, 19, and 20 of the Controlled Products Regulations (Canada), and section 5.13 of this Regulation;

"workplace label" means a label that discloses a product identifier and information for the safe handling of a controlled product, and that indicates that an MSDS, if supplied or produced, is available.

 Section 5.1, definitions of "CAS registry number", "container", ""Hazardous Materials Information Review Act" or "HMIRA"", ""Hazardous Products Act" or "HPA"", ""Hazardous Products Regulation" or "HPR"", "laboratory sample" and "significant new data" were added by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

 Section 5.1.1 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

5.1.1  For the purposes of sections 5.2 and 6.33 to 6.40, the following biological agents are designated as hazardous substances:

(a) a liquid or solid material that is contaminated with a prion, virus, bacterium, fungus or other biological agent that has a classification given by the World Health Organization or Health Canada, as amended from time to time, as a Risk Group 2, 3 or 4 human pathogen that causes an adverse health effect;

(b) a biological toxin that causes an adverse health effect.

 Section 5.2 (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

(a) the identity of the chemical agent or biological agent, its possible effects on worker health and safety and any precautions required to protect the health and safety of the worker are clearly indicated by labels, MSDSs, or other similar means,

 Section 5.3 (2) (d) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

(d) a prescribed substance within the meaning of the Atomic Energy Control Act (Canada) or any successor legislation, or

 Section 5.3 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Application

5.3   (1) Sections 5.3 to 5.19 (the WHMIS Requirements) apply to employers and workers with respect to controlled products used, stored or handled at a workplace, except as provided in subsections (2) to (4).

(2) The provisions concerning a supplier label and MSDS do not apply if the controlled product is

(a) an explosive within the meaning of the Explosives Act (Canada),

(b) a cosmetic, device, drug or food within the meaning of the Food and Drugs Act (Canada),

(c) a control product within the meaning of the Pest Control Products Act (Canada),

(d) a nuclear substance, within the meaning of the Nuclear Safety and Control Act (Canada), that is radioactive, or

(e) a product, material or substance packaged as a consumer product and in quantities normally used by the consuming public.

(3) The provisions do not apply if the controlled product is

(a) wood or a product made of wood,

(b) tobacco or a product made of tobacco,

(c) a manufactured article, or

(d) being transported or handled pursuant to the requirements of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992 (Canada) or the Transport of Dangerous Goods Act.

(4) The provisions do not apply to a hazardous waste, except that the employer must ensure the safe storage and handling of a hazardous waste generated at the workplace through the combination of worker education and the information required by this Regulation.

[am. B.C. Reg. 199/2014, App. C, s. 1.]

 Section 5.4 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Prohibition

5.4   (1) An employer must ensure that a controlled product is not used, stored or handled in a workplace unless all the applicable WHMIS Requirements concerning labels, identifiers, MSDSs and worker education and training are complied with, except as provided in subsection (2).

(2) An employer may store a controlled product in a workplace while actively seeking information required by subsection (1).

 Section 5.5 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

WHMIS program

5.5   If controlled products are used in the workplace the employer, in consultation with the joint committee or health and safety representative, as applicable, must establish and maintain an effective WHMIS program, as part of the overall workplace health and safety program, which

(a) addresses applicable WHMIS Requirements including education and training, and

(b) is reviewed at least annually, or more frequently if required by a change in work conditions or available hazard information.

 Section 5.6 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Worker education

5.6   (1) An employer must ensure that general WHMIS education, as it pertains to the workplace, is provided to workers on the

(a) elements of the WHMIS program,

(b) major hazards of the controlled products in use in the workplace,

(c) rights and responsibilities of employers and workers, and

(d) content required on labels and MSDSs, and the significance of this information.

(2) The employer must ensure that a worker who works with or in proximity to a controlled product received from a supplier has access to all hazard information received from the supplier concerning that controlled product as well as any further hazard information of which the employer is aware or ought to be aware concerning the use, storage and handling of that product.

(3) If a controlled product is produced in a workplace, the employer must ensure that a worker who works with or in proximity to that controlled product has access to all hazard information of which the employer is aware or ought to be aware concerning that product and its use, storage and handling.

 Section 5.6 (2) and (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(2) The employer must ensure that a worker who works with a hazardous product or may be exposed to a hazardous product in the course of his or her work activities is informed about all hazard information received from the supplier concerning that hazardous product as well as any further hazard information of which the employer is aware or reasonably ought to be aware concerning the use, storage and handling of that hazardous product.

(3) If a hazardous product is produced in a workplace, the employer must ensure that a worker who works with or in proximity to the hazardous product or may be exposed to the hazardous product in the course of his or her work activities has access to all hazard information of which the employer is aware or reasonably ought to be aware concerning the use, storage and handling of that hazardous product.

 Section 5.7 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

(1) An employer must ensure that a worker who works with or in proximity to a controlled product is instructed in

(a) procedures for the safe use, storage, handling and disposal of the controlled product,

(b) the safe use, storage, handling and disposal of a controlled product contained or transferred in

(i) a pipe or a piping system including valves,

(ii) a process or reaction vessel, or

(iii) a tank car, tank truck, ore car, conveyor belt or similar conveyance,

(c) procedures to be followed if the controlled product escapes from equipment, or from another product, and

(d) procedures to be followed in case of an emergency involving a controlled product.

 Section 5.7 (1) (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(1) An employer must ensure that a worker who works with a hazardous product or may be exposed to a hazardous product in the course of his or her work activities is trained in the following:

 Section 5.8 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Supplier label

5.8   (1) An employer must ensure that the container of a controlled product or a controlled product received at a workplace is labelled with a supplier label.

(2) Subject to sections 5.8 (3) and 5.18, as long as any amount of a controlled product remains in a workplace in the container in which it was received from the supplier, an employer must not remove, deface, modify or alter the supplier label.

(3) If a label applied to a controlled product or a container of a controlled product becomes illegible or is accidentally removed from the controlled product or the container, the employer must replace the label with either a supplier label or a workplace label.

(4) An employer who has received a controlled product in a multicontainer shipment where the individual containers have not been labelled by the supplier must apply to each container a label that meets the requirements of the Controlled Products Regulations (Canada).

(5) If a controlled product imported under section 23 of the Controlled Products Regulations (Canada) is received at the workplace without the supplier label, the employer must apply a label that meets the requirements of that regulation.

(6) An employer who has received a controlled product transported as a bulk shipment must

(a) apply a supplier label to the container of the controlled product or to the controlled product at the workplace, or

(b) where, pursuant to section 15 of the Controlled Products Regulations (Canada) the supplier is not required to label a controlled product transported as a bulk shipment, an employer must apply a workplace label to the container of the controlled product or to the controlled product at the workplace.

 Section 5.9 (1), (2) and (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

(1) If an employer produces a controlled product at a workplace, the employer must ensure that a workplace label is applied to the controlled product or the container of the controlled product.

(2) For purposes of subsection (1), "produces" does not include the escape of a controlled product from equipment or from another product.

(3) Subsection (1) does not apply when the controlled product is in a container that is intended to contain the controlled product for sale or distribution and the container is or is about to be appropriately labelled.

 Section 5.9 (4) was added by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

 Section 5.10 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Workplace label for decanted products

5.10   (1) If a controlled product in a workplace is in a container other than the container in which it was received from a supplier, the employer must ensure that the container has a workplace label applied to it.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a portable container that is filled directly from a container that has a supplier label or workplace label applied to it

(a) if the controlled product

(i) is under the control of and is used exclusively by the worker who filled the portable container,

(ii) is used only during the shift in which the portable container was filled, and

(iii) the content of the container is clearly identified, or

(b) if all of the controlled product is required for immediate use.

 Section 5.11 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Piping systems and vessels

5.11   If a controlled product in a workplace is contained or transferred in

(a) a pipe, or piping system including valves,

(b) a process or reaction vessel, or

(c) a tank car, tank truck, ore car, conveyor belt or similar conveyance,

the employer must ensure the safe use, storage and handling of the controlled product through worker education and the use of labels, placards, or colour coding or any other mode of identification.

 Section 5.12 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Placard identifiers

5.12   If the controlled product is not in a container or is in a container in a form intended for export, the employer may fulfill the labelling requirements under sections 5.8 to 5.10 by posting a placard which

 Section 5.13 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Laboratory label

5.13   (1) A label for a container of a controlled product that originates from a laboratory supply house and is packaged in quantities of less than 10 kg (22 lbs) for each container and that is intended for use in a laboratory must disclose

(a) a product identifier,

(b) where an MSDS is available, a statement indicating that fact, and

(c) the risk phrases, precautionary measures, and first aid measures applicable to the product.

(2) The employer must ensure that the contents of a container of a controlled product are clearly identified on the container if

(a) the container is not the container in which the controlled product was received from the supplier, and

(b) the employer intends to use the controlled product, or it is, in the normal course of business, used, exclusively in a laboratory.

(3) The employer must ensure that a controlled product undergoing analysis, tests or evaluations in a laboratory is clearly identified.

 Section 5.14 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Supplier MSDS

5.14   (1) An employer who acquires a controlled product for use at a workplace must obtain a supplier MSDS for that controlled product if the supplier is required to prepare an MSDS.

(2) When a supplier MSDS obtained under subsection (1) for a controlled product is 3 years old, the employer must, if possible, obtain from the supplier an up-to-date supplier MSDS for the controlled product if any of the product remains in the workplace.

(3) If the employer is unable to obtain an MSDS as required by subsection (2), the employer must add to the existing supplier MSDS any new hazard information of which the employer is aware or ought reasonably to be aware, applicable to that controlled product on the basis of the ingredients disclosed in that document.

(4) The employer may provide at a workplace an MSDS in a format different from the format provided by the supplier or containing additional hazard information if the MSDS provided by the employer

(a) subject to section 5.18, contains at least the content of the supplier MSDS, and

(b) the supplier MSDS is available at the workplace and the MSDS provided by the employer indicates that fact.

 Section 5.15 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Employer MSDS

5.15   (1) If an employer produces a controlled product in the workplace, the employer must prepare an MSDS for the product which discloses, subject to section 5.18, the information required under the Controlled Products Regulations (Canada).

(2) For the purpose of subsection (1), "produces" does not include the escape of a controlled product from equipment or from another product nor does it include intermediate products undergoing reaction within a reaction or process vessel.

(3) The employer must update the MSDS referred to in subsection (1)

(a) as soon as practicable after new hazard information becomes available to the employer, and

(b) at least every 3 years.

 Section 5.16 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Availability of an MSDS

5.16   (1) An employer must ensure that a copy of an MSDS required by sections 5.14 or 5.15 is made readily available

(a) at the workplace to workers who may be exposed to the controlled product, and

(b) to the joint committee or to the worker health and safety representative, as applicable.

(2) If an employer is required by subsection (1) to make an MSDS readily available, it may be made available on a computer system if the employer

(a) takes all reasonable steps to keep the system in active working order,

(b) makes the MSDS readily available on the request of a worker, and

(c) provides training in accessing computer-stored MSDS to

(i) one or more workers working at a workplace where the MSDS is available on a computer terminal, and

(ii) members of the joint committee or the worker health and safety representative, as applicable.

[am. B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 33.]

 Section 5.16.1 was enacted by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

 Section 5.17 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Deletions from an MSDS

5.17   If an employer claims an exemption under section 5.18, the employer may delete the information that is the subject of the claim from the MSDS required by sections 5.14 and 5.15 for the time period in section 5.19 (2), but may not delete hazard information.

 Section 5.18 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Confidential business information

5.18   If, under the WHMIS Requirements, an employer must disclose on a label or an MSDS

(a) the chemical identity or concentration of an ingredient of a controlled product,

(b) the name of any toxicological study that identifies an ingredient of a controlled product,

(c) the chemical name, common name, generic name, trade name or brand name of a controlled product, or

(d) information that could be used to identify a supplier of a controlled product,

the employer may consider such information to be confidential business information and claim an exemption from the requirement to disclose that information.

[am. B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 35.]

 Section 5.19 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Claims under the HMIR Act

5.19   (1) A claim under section 5.18 must be made to the commission established under the Hazardous Materials Information Review Act (Canada) and must be filed in accordance with the procedures established under that Act and the regulations made under it.

(2) Information that an employer considers to be confidential business information is exempt from disclosure from the time a claim is filed under section 5.18 until the claim is finally determined by the commission and for a period of 3 years after that if the claim is found to be valid.

(3) An employer who makes a claim under section 5.18 must abide by the decisions and orders of the commission.

(4) An appeal from a decision made by the commission under this section may be made under and in accordance with the provisions of the Hazardous Materials Information Review Act (Canada) and any regulations made under that Act.

[am. B.C. Reg. 185/99, ss. 34 and 35.]

 Section 5.27 (0.1) was added by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

 Section 5.27 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1) sources of ignition include open flame, spark-producing mechanical equipment, welding and cutting processes, smoking, static discharge and any electrical equipment or installation that is not approved for hazardous locations, as specified by the Electrical Safety Act.

 Section 5.27 (0.1) BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(0.1) In this section, "B.C. Electrical Code" has the same meaning as in the Electrical Safety Regulation.

 Section 5.27 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1) sources of ignition include open flame, spark-producing mechanical equipment, welding and cutting processes, smoking, static discharge and any electrical equipment or installation that is not approved in the B.C. Electrical Code for use in hazardous locations.

 Section 5.27 (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(3) If the work involves more than one employer, the principal contractor or, if there is no principal contractor, the owner must ensure that sources of ignition resulting from the work of one employer are eliminated or adequately controlled in any work area where a flammable gas or a flammable liquid is handled, used or stored by any other employer.

 Section 5.27 (1) and (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(1) When a flammable gas or a flammable liquid is handled, used or stored, all sources of ignition must be eliminated or adequately controlled.

(3) If the work involves more than one employer, the prime contractor or, if there is no prime contractor, the owner must ensure that sources of ignition resulting from the work of one employer are eliminated or adequately controlled in any work area where a flammable gas or a flammable liquid is handled, used or stored by any other employer.

 Section 5.28 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Grounding or bonding

5.28   Metallic or conductive containers used to transfer flammable liquids must be electrically bonded to each other or electrically grounded while their contents are being transferred from one container to the other.

 Section 5.32 (e) BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(e) the work procedures have been submitted to the Board.

 Section 5.50 (2) BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 188/2011 effective February 1, 2012.

(2)  For some substances with an extended biological half-life, with written permission from the Board, a factor other than those in subsection (1), or a time-weighted averaging period other than 8 hours may be used to accommodate extended work periods, provided that any such adjustment is based upon recognized occupational hygiene principles, and provides adequate protection from adverse health effects.

 Section 5.71 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(2) Electrical components of an exhaust ventilation system required by subsection (1) must comply with Class I Division I requirements of CSA Standard C22.1-94, Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1 if the components contact the air stream.

 Section 5.76 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Label

5.76   If an employer produces, stores, handles or disposes of a hazardous waste at a workplace, the employer must, except as provided in section 5.79, ensure that a workplace label is applied to each container of hazardous waste, or the information mandated by the Controlled Products Regulations (Canada) is provided, if applicable.

 Section 5.77 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

(2) If a fugitive emission that contains a controlled product is produced or disposed of, the employer must post a placard which complies with subsection (1), or ensure equivalent information is provided to workers through identification and training.

 Section 5.78 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

MSDS

5.78   If a hazardous waste or a fugitive emission that contains a controlled product is produced, stored, handled or disposed of in the workplace, the employer must prepare an MSDS for the hazardous waste or fugitive emission unless a hazardous waste profile sheet or its equivalent which addresses composition, hazards and safe measures for the waste or fugitive emission is readily available.

 Section 5.79 (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

(b) at the time of sale or disposal the employer transmits to the receiver an MSDS for the controlled products in the hazardous waste or a hazardous waste profile sheet which addresses the composition, hazards and safe measures for the hazardous waste.

 Table 5-2 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Table 5-2: Risk assessment

Risk LevelDescription of the workplaceExamples
High riskWorkplaces at which corrosive chemicals or other materials are used in a manner, concentration and quantity which present a risk of irreversible tissue damage to the eyes or skin, or of serious illness resulting from rapid absorption of a toxic substance through the eyes or skin, or where the work activity presents a risk of ignition of the clothing.Maintenance of ammonia refrigeration equipment or chlorine bleaching or disinfection equipment, handling corrosive (WHMIS Class E) materials such as corrosive cleaning products or chemical reagents where there is a high risk of skin or eye contact, filling chemical storage batteries.
Moderate riskWorkplaces at which chemicals or other materials are used in a manner, concentration and quantity which present a risk of irritation or other reversible harm to the eyes or skin, or of illness resulting from absorption of a toxic substance through the eyes or skin.Spraying automotive paints and finishes, operating solvent degreasing equipment, handling irritant materials (irritants classified as WHMIS Class D2B) such as cleaning products or chemical reagents where there is a moderate risk of skin or eye contact, handling dry-cleaning solvents and spotting agents.
Low riskWorkplaces at which chemicals or other materials are used in a manner and quantity which present a risk of mild eye or skin irritation.Using detergents, silicone-based mold-release agents, some hair-dressing solutions, rosin-cored solders, welding and grinding, working in dusty areas.

 Section 5.98 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Inventory

5.98   (1) An inventory must be maintained which identifies all hazardous substances at the workplace in quantities that may endanger workers in an emergency including controlled products covered by WHMIS, explosives, pesticides, radioactive materials, hazardous wastes, and consumer products.

(2) The inventory must identify the nature, location, and approximate quantity of all such substances, and the location of MSDSs.

 Section 6.1 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Definitions

6.1  In sections 6.2 to 6.32:

"asbestos-containing material" means any manufactured article or other material which contains 1% or more asbestos by weight at the time of manufacture, or which contains 1% or more asbestos as determined in the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Manual of Analytical Methods, Method 9002, Issue 2 (microscopy, stereo and polarized light, with dispersion staining) or other method acceptable to the Board;

"clean room" means a room in a high risk decontamination facility which is used by workers to change from street clothes into protective work clothing and equipment prior to entering the designated work area;

"clearance air sampling" means sampling to determine if the air inside a containment of a high risk work activity is sufficiently free of asbestos fibre to permit the dismantling of the containment;

"containment" means an isolation system designed to effectively contain asbestos fibre within a designated work area where asbestos-containing material is handled, removed, encapsulated or enclosed, and includes a glove bag;

"decontamination facility" means a series of rooms constructed so as to allow a person to enter and leave a containment without spreading asbestos fibre or waste material beyond the designated work area;

"designated work area" means an area for work with asbestos-containing material which is restricted to access by authorized persons by warning signs and by barricades, enclosures or other means of isolation, with due regard for the level of risk;

"encapsulation" means treatment of an asbestos-containing material or surface with a sealant which penetrates the material and binds the fibres together;

"enclosure" means isolation of asbestos-containing material from adjacent occupied areas in a building by physical barriers such as gyproc, plywood, or metal sheeting, to prevent the release of airborne asbestos fibres into these areas;

"friable material" means any material which, when dry, can be easily crumbled or powdered by hand pressure, or a material that is crumbled or powdered;

"high risk work activity" means work activity involving the handling of asbestos-containing material or working in proximity to friable asbestos-containing material, where there is a high level of control necessary to prevent exposure to excessive concentrations of airborne asbestos fibre;

"low risk work activity" means work activity in proximity to friable asbestos-containing material, where the material is not disturbed and there is no significant release of asbestos fibre;

"moderate risk work activity" means work activity involving the handling of asbestos-containing material or working in proximity to friable asbestos-containing material, not otherwise classified as low or high risk work activities.

[am. B.C. Regs. 312/2003, App. A, s. 7; 19/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 6.2 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Application

6.2  Sections 6.3 to 6.32 apply to a workplace where a worker is or may be exposed to potentially hazardous levels of asbestos fibre, including

(a) a workplace where asbestos-containing materials is present or is used,

(b) operations involving the abatement of asbestos-containing material, and

(c) an operation in which exposure to asbestos fibre, in excess of 50% of the exposure limits, may occur.

 Section 6.4 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Inventory

6.4  The employer must ensure that an inventory of all asbestos-containing materials present in the workplace is prepared and kept current.

 Section 6.4 (1) (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(1) The employer must ensure that a qualified person

 Section 6.4 (1) (c) was added by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.4 (2) and (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(2) If a qualified person suspects that an inaccessible material contains asbestos, the material must be treated as asbestos-containing material unless a qualified person determines, in accordance with subsection (1) (b), that it is not asbestos-containing material.

(3) The employer must

(a) ensure that a qualified person prepares an inventory of all asbestos-containing materials in the workplace,

(b) keep the inventory at the workplace, and

(c) keep the inventory current.

 Section 6.4 (4), (5), (6) and (7) were added by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.4 (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(3) The employer or the owner satisfies his or her obligations under subsection (1) if the employer or the owner ensures that an existing inventory of all asbestos­containing materials in the workplace meets the requirements of subsection (1).

 Section 6.5 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Identification

6.5   The employer must ensure that all asbestos-containing materials present in the workplace are identified by signs, labels or when these are not practicable, other effective means.

 Section 6.6 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Assessment and classification

6.6  (1)  The employer must ensure that a risk assessment is conducted by a qualified person on asbestos-containing material identified in the inventory, with due regard for the condition of the material, its friability, accessibility and likelihood of damage, and the potential for fibre release and exposure of workers.

(2)  The employer must ensure that a risk assessment has been conducted before any demolition, alteration, or repair of machinery, equipment, or structures where asbestos may be disturbed.

(3)  Before work involving asbestos takes place the employer must ensure that a qualified person assesses the work activity and classifies it as a low, moderate, or high risk activity.

(4)  The qualified person referenced in subsections (1) and (3) must be an occupational health and safety professional with experience in the practice of occupational hygiene as it relates to asbestos management.

 Section 6.6 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(1) The employer must ensure that a risk assessment is conducted by a qualified person on asbestos-containing material identified in the inventory referred to in section 6.4 (3), with due regard for the condition of the material, its friability, accessibility and likelihood of damage, and the potential for fibre release and exposure of workers.

 Section 6.7 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011 effective February 1, 2012.

 Control of friable asbestos

6.7  (1)  The employer must ensure that a friable asbestos-containing material in the workplace is controlled by removal, enclosure or encapsulation so as to prevent the release of airborne asbestos fibre.

(2)  The employer must not allow any work that would disturb friable asbestos-containing material unless necessary precautions have been taken to protect workers.

 Section 6.9 (4) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(4)  The employer must not permit the use of compressed air to clean up or remove asbestos-containing dust or debris, or dry sweeping or dry mopping of asbestos-containing waste.

 Section 6.10 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(1)  The employer must substitute material less hazardous than asbestos when practicable.

 Section 6.12 (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(3)  The employer must make the results of all air samples taken during a high risk activity available to the workers involved, within 24 hours of completing the collection of the samples.

 Section 6.16 (4) and (5) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(4)  If the high risk activity involves encapsulation of asbestos-containing material, the employer must ensure that the encapsulant penetrates the material and effectively binds the asbestos fibres together, and has not disturbed the bonding of the material to the supporting surface.

(5)  At the completion of a high risk activity and before dismantling the containment, the employer must

(a) visually inspect the area inside the containment to ensure that an effective cleanup has been completed, and

(b) treat all exposed surfaces inside the containment with a sealant to bind any remaining asbestos fibres and prevent them from becoming airborne.

 Section 6.18 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Local exhaust ventilation

6.18  The employer must provide local exhaust ventilation with exhaust air discharged through a HEPA filter for all dust-producing operations outside a containment where asbestos or asbestos-containing dust is handled or used.

 Section 6.20 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(1)  Before starting work where exposed, friable asbestos-containing material is present or asbestos-containing material has been handled, the employer must remove all asbestos dust from contaminated work surfaces with a damp cloth or similar material, or with a vacuum cleaner equipped with a HEPA-filtered exhaust.

 Section 6.24 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Friction materials

6.24  If automotive service procedures may involve asbestos-containing friction material or dust arising from such material, the employer must ensure that the following control measures are implemented:

(a) dry removal of friction material dust from automotive assemblies using compressed air, brushes, or other similar means is prohibited;

(b) service work areas where friction material is handled are posted with signs to advise workers of the hazards and required precautions;

(c) suitable work procedures are followed to minimize the generation of airborne dust;

(d) a worker handling equipment or assemblies contaminated with dust from friction material, outside of a HEPA-filtered vacuum enclosure system, wears suitable personal protective equipment, including disposable coveralls and at least a HEPA-filtered dual cartridge half face respirator;

(e) waste material that may be contaminated with asbestos is promptly collected and disposed of in accordance with applicable requirements;

(f) contaminated tools, equipment and work surfaces are cleaned after work is completed.

 Section 6.27 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Waste removal

6.27  The employer must remove all asbestos dust and debris from the work area with a vacuum cleaner equipped with a HEPA-filtered exhaust, or by other means acceptable to the Board, while the work is in progress, at the end of each work shift, and at the completion of work involving asbestos.

[am. B.C. Reg. 253/2001, s. 3.]

 Section 6.29 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(1)  The employer must supply, and ensure that workers within a designated work area wear, respiratory protection which is adequate for the anticipated level of exposure.

 Section 6.32 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(2)  The employer must maintain for at least 3 years, records of corrective actions to control fibre release, training and instruction of workers, written work procedures and written notification of the Board.

 Section 6.32 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Types of records

6.32   (1) The employer must maintain, for at least 10 years, records of asbestos-containing materials inventories and risk assessments, inspections and air monitoring results.

(2) The employer must maintain, for at least 3 years, records of corrective actions to control asbestos fibre release, training and instruction of workers, written work procedures and written notification of the Board.

[am. B.C. Reg. 188/2011, App. B, s. 12.]

 Section 6.34 (d) (iii) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(iii)  work procedures to ensure that laboratory or other samples containing a biological agent designated as a hazardous substance in section 5.1.1 are handled in accordance with the Laboratory Biosafety Manual issued by the World Health Organization, as amended from time to time, and the Laboratory Biosafety Guidelines issued by Health Canada, as amended from time to time;

 Section 6.37 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

(1) A container holding a known or suspected biological agent designated as a hazardous substance in section 5.1.1 must be clearly identified by the biohazard symbol as described in the Controlled Products Regulations (Canada) or by other means that indicates the presence of a biological agent.

 Section 6.58.1 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.59 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Application

6.59   Sections 6.60 to 6.69 apply to any workplace where a worker is or may be exposed to potentially hazardous levels of inorganic lead.

 Section 6.59.1 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.60 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Exposure control plan

6.60   The employer must develop and implement an exposure control plan meeting the requirements of section 5.54 if workers are or may be exposed to lead in excess of 50% of the exposure limits, or if exposure through any route of entry could result in elevated lead body-burdens, as defined by the Board.

 Section 6.60.1 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.61 (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(b) as necessary throughout the project to ensure that controls are effective and respiratory protection is adequate.

 Section 6.61 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Air monitoring in construction projects

6.61   If there is a potential for hazardous exposure to airborne lead in a construction project, the employer must ensure that air monitoring is conducted

(a) during the first shift of the construction project involving lead, and

(b) as necessary throughout the project to ensure that controls are effective and respirators are adequate.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2010, App. G, s. 3.]

 Section 6.61.1 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.62 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Warning signs

6.62   Warning signs must be posted at the boundary of any work area where hazardous lead exposures could occur.

 Section 6.63 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Personal hygiene

6.63   If exposure to finely divided lead or lead compounds results in the contamination of exposed skin or work clothing, the requirements for personal hygiene in Part 5 [Chemical Agents and Biological Agents] must be met.

 Section 6.64 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Work surfaces

6.64   All surfaces in the work area must be kept as free as practicable from accumulations of lead dust.

 Section 6.65 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Lead removal

6.65   Removal of lead dust must be done by a means which prevents the dispersal of finely divided lead into any work area.

 Section 6.66 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Instruction and training

6.66   The employer must ensure that a worker who is at risk of exposure to lead is adequately instructed and trained in

(a) the hazards of lead,

(b) the written work procedures to be followed,

(c) the correct operation and use of any required engineering controls and personal protective equipment,

(d) personal hygiene and decontamination procedures, and

(e) the purpose and significance of any health monitoring.

 Section 6.70 was renumbered as 6.70 (1) by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 6.70 (1) definitions of "label", "toxic" and "treated area" were added by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 6.70 definition of "restricted entry interval" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

"restricted entry interval" means the length of time representing a period of precaution that must elapse after the application of a pesticide, before an unprotected worker may be authorized to enter the treated portion of a building, structure, or field to which the pesticide has been applied;

 Section 6.70 definition of '"slightly toxic", "moderately toxic" or "very toxic"' BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

"slightly toxic", "moderately toxic" or "very toxic" means, in reference to a pesticide, one containing active ingredients which have acute mammalian toxicities determined by an authority acceptable to the Board, expressed as the Lethal Dose 50% (LD50) by oral or dermal routes of entry as follows:

CategoryOral LD50Dermal LD50
Very toxic0-50 mg/kg0-200 mg/kg
Moderately toxicover 50-500 mg/kgover 200-1 000 mg/kg
Slightly toxicover 500 mg/kgover 1 000 mg/kg

 Section 6.70 (2) was added by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 6.73 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Labels and signs for treated materials

6.73   If pesticide residues on treated seedlots, plants and similar materials supplied for planting may pose a hazard to workers, the employer must ensure labels, placards or signs are provided with the treated materials stating

(a) the pesticides applied,

(b) the date of last application, and

(c) the hazards and precautions required for handling these materials.

 Section 6.75 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

MSDS

6.75   The employer must make readily available to workers an MSDS or its written equivalent for all pesticides used at the workplace.

[am. B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 45.]

 Section 6.76 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Informing workers

6.76   The employer must ensure that workers occupying a building or structure where a pesticide is to be applied are informed of

(a) the intent to use the pesticide,

(b) the hazards associated with its use, and

(c) the precautions required during the operations.

[am. B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 45.]

 Section 6.77 (1) (b) and (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(b) holds a valid applicator certificate issued pursuant to the Pesticide Control Act and Regulation.

(3)  Workers involved in training for the purposes of obtaining a valid applicator certificate who are directly supervised by a qualified person are exempt from the requirement of subsection (1) (b) during the training period.

 Section 6.77 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

(2) Subsection (1) (b) does not apply to the use of biocides and slimicides in pulp and paper operations, or to antisapstain materials.

 Section 6.89 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Restricted entry intervals

6.89   (1) Except where entry is permitted by section 6.90 or 6.91, the employer must ensure that a person does not enter a workplace or portion of a workplace where a pesticide has been applied, until the restricted entry interval has elapsed.

(2) The length of the restricted entry interval required by subsection (1) is a minimum of

(a) 24 hours for a pesticide which is classified as slightly toxic,

(b) 48 hours for a pesticide which is classified as moderately or very toxic, and for any mixture in which a moderately or very toxic pesticide is present, or

(c) the interval specified on a pesticide label if that interval is longer than the interval determined in paragraphs (a) or (b).

 Section 6.90 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Authorization to enter

6.90   (1) If, before the expiry of the restricted entry interval, the employer authorizes a worker to enter a field, building or structure in which a pesticide has been applied the employer must ensure that

(a) the hazards to workers have been assessed by a qualified person,

(b) the worker is provided with and wears the proper personal protective clothing and equipment required by this Regulation, and

(c) the worker follows proper procedures.

(2) If the employer authorizes a worker to enter a building or structure in which a pesticide has been applied, the employer must ensure that

(a) where practicable, the treated area of the building is ventilated and the atmosphere has been tested or otherwise evaluated by a qualified person and declared safe to enter, and

(b) if a worker may be incapacitated after re-entry, provision has been made for rescue in a manner that meet the requirements of section 6.80.

 Section 6.90.1 was enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 6.91 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Exemptions

6.91   (1) In a structural pesticide application, the employer is exempt from sections 6.85 to 6.90 when small quantities of slightly toxic pesticides are applied in a manner that minimizes the release of aerosols and residues on work surfaces, or moderately toxic pesticides are safely applied in restricted exposure applications such as crack and crevice treatments provided that

(a) areas treated with these pesticides are clearly identified to workers,

(b) the treated indoor space has been adequately ventilated,

(c) safe work procedures are used, including applicable restricted entry intervals stated on pesticide labels or provided by an authority acceptable to the Board,

(d) a hazardous accidental release does not occur during the application, and

(e) a qualified person inspects the area following application to determine that paragraphs (a) to (d) have been complied with and notifies the employer of the applicable restricted entry intervals and any additional entry precautions, and the employer implements the instructions of the qualified person.

(2) For a system used to handle and apply biocides and slimicides, the employer is exempt from the requirements of sections 6.85 to 6.90 with respect to warning signs and restricted entry intervals, provided that

(a) the system minimizes the release of aerosols and residues on work surfaces,

(b) areas where these pesticides are handled or used are identified to workers, and

(c) entry into these work areas is restricted to authorized workers.

 Section 6.108 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

Records

6.108   The employer must keep records and MSDSs on all previously used antisapstain materials if a change of chemical has occurred and the equipment or work areas have not been adequately decontaminated, and this information must be readily available to workers.

 Heading above Section 6.110 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Rock Dust

 Section 6.110 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Application

6.110   Sections 6.110 to 6.115 apply to rock crushing, drilling, mucking, excavation, loading, transportation, road grading, road construction or conveying of rock or similar operations.

 Section 6.111 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Dust control

6.111   (1) The employer must ensure that dust concentrations to which a worker may be exposed are maintained at or below the established exposure limits, by one or a combination of

(a) mechanical ventilation,

(b) the use of water spray,

(c) other equally effective methods.

(2) When practicable, ventilation systems for removing dust must be equipped with effective filtration.

 Section 6.112 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Restricted access

6.112   The employer must ensure that only those properly protected workers who are necessary to perform the work are permitted in a dust hazard area.

 Section 6.112.1 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.112.2 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.112.3 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.112.4 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.112.5 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.112.6 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.112.7 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.114 (part) and (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Rock crushing plants

6.114   Rock crushing plants must be equipped with the following dust controls:

(a) rock crushers, including jaw, roll, cone, or hammer-mills must have an effective mechanical exhaust system;

 Section 6.115.1 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 6.116, definition of "toxic process gas", paragraph (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

(a) meets the WHMIS toxicity classification criteria for a class D Division 1 Subdivision A (very toxic acute health effect materials) or a class D Division 2 (very toxic and toxic chronic health effect materials) controlled product, and

 Section 6.127 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(2)  A worker performing a hazardous work procedure on equipment or machinery where there is the risk of toxic process gas being released directly into the breathing zone, such as cylinder changing, system or line purging or draining, and leak detection and repair, must wear appropriate respiratory protection.

 Section 6.128 (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(3)  Monitoring and alarm systems must be

(a) tested at least monthly for proper operation, and

(b) calibrated at least annually,

by authorized personnel using procedures acceptable to the Board.

 Section 7.19 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(1) A worker's exposure to ionizing radiation must not exceed any of the following:

(a) an annual effective dose of 20 mSv;

(b) an annual equivalent dose of

(i) 150 mSv to the lens of the eye,

(ii) 500 mSv to the skin, averaged over any 1 cm2 area at a nominal depth of 7 mg/cm2, regardless of the area exposed, or

(iii) 500 mSv to the hands and feet.

 Section 7.19 (2) (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(2) If a worker declares her pregnancy to the employer, her effective dose of ionizing radiation, for the remainder of the pregnancy, from external and internal sources, must be limited by the employer to the lesser of

 Section 8.1 was renumbered to 8.1(1) by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 8.1 (2) was added by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 8.1 definition of "no significant hazard of rollover" BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

"no significant hazard of rollover" means an area where there are no grades exceeding 10%, no operating areas with open edges, no open ramps, loading docks, ditches or similar hazards which might cause a rollover;

 Section 8.1 definition of "specific location" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

"specific location" means a yard, plant, or other clearly defined and limited area in which mobile equipment is operated, but does not include an entire municipality, district, transient forestry operation or construction site.

 Section 8.5 (d) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(d) for respiratory equipment, medical assessment of respirator wearers, when required,

 Section 8.6 (2) (d) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(d) for respiratory protection, assess the adequacy of exposure monitoring data and assess the need for further monitoring, and ensure the adequacy of the fit test program.

 Section 8.11 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(2) Safety headgear must meet the requirements of

(a) CSA Standard CAN/CSA-Z94.1-92, Industrial Protective Headwear,

(b) ANSI Standard Z89.1-1986, American National Standard for Personnel Protection — Protective Headwear for Industrial Workers Requirements, or

(c) Japanese Industrial Standard JIS T8131-1990, Industrial Safety Helmets, for Class AB or ABE headgear.

(d) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 8 (b).]

 Section 8.11 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

(1) Safety headgear must be worn by a worker in any work area where there is a danger of head injury from falling, flying or thrown objects, or other harmful contacts.

 Section 8.12 (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

(3) When an all-terrain vehicle is operated within a specific location, with no significant hazard of rollover or loss of control and at a speed not exceeding 20 km/h (13 mph), safety headgear meeting the requirements of section 8.13 may be used in place of headgear specified in subsection 8.12 (1).

 Sections 8.14 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Safety eyewear

8.14   (1) A worker must wear properly fitting safety eyewear appropriate to the conditions of the workplace if handling or exposed to materials which are likely to injure or irritate the eyes.

(2) Properly fitting safety eyewear appropriate to the conditions of the workplace must be worn if a worker

(a) has 20/200 or less vision in either eye, or is blind in either eye, or

(b) is working on or testing electrical equipment energized at a potential greater than 30 volts.

 Sections 8.15 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Prescription safety eyewear

8.15   (1) Prescription safety eyewear must meet the requirements of CSA Standard CAN/CSA-Z94.3-92, Industrial Eye and Face Protectors.

(2) Bifocal and trifocal glass lenses must not be used if there is danger of impact unless they are worn behind impact rated goggles or other eye protection acceptable to the Board.

(3) If the use of polycarbonate or plastic prescription lenses is impracticable, due to the conditions of the workplace, and there is no danger of impact, workers may use prescription lenses made of treated safety glass meeting the requirements of ANSI Standard Z87.1-1989, Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 5.]

 Sections 8.16 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Sideshields

8.16   Safety eyewear must be fitted with sideshields when necessary for the safety of a worker.

 Sections 8.17 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Face protection

8.17   (1) If there is a risk of face injury, suitable face protection must be worn.

(2) Face protectors and non prescription safety eyewear must meet the requirements of

(a) CSA Standard CAN/CSA-Z94.3-92, Industrial Eye and Face Protectors, or

(b) ANSI Standard Z87.1-1989, Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection.

(c) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 11 (c).]

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 11.]

 Sections 8.18 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Contact lenses

8.18   Adequate precautions must be taken if a hazardous substance or condition may adversely affect a worker wearing contact lenses.

[am. B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 51.]

 Section 8.21 (1) to (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(1)  Leg protective devices must be worn by a worker operating a chain saw if there is a danger of leg injury.

(2)  Leg protective devices must meet the requirements of WCB Standard, PPE 1-1997 Leg Protective Devices.

(3)  Every leg protective device must have a label permanently affixed to the outer surface of the device indicating the standard it meets.

 Section 8.24 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

High visibility apparel

8.24   (1) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 1 (a).]

(2) A worker exposed to the hazards of vehicles travelling at speeds in excess of 30 km/h (20 mph) must wear high visibility apparel meeting the Type 1 or Type 2 criteria of WCB Standard Personal Protective Equipment Standard 2-1997, High Visibility Garment.

(3) A worker whose duties on the work site result in exposure to the hazards of mobile equipment must wear high visibility apparel meeting at least the Type 3 criteria of WCB Standard Personal Protective Equipment Standard 2-1997, High Visibility Garment.

[am. B.C. Regs. 312/2003, App. A, ss. 4 and 5; 242/2006, s. 1.]

 Section 8.29 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Automatically inflatable lifejackets

8.29   If automatically inflatable lifejackets are used, the employer must keep a record of all inspections made and maintenance performed on them.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. B, s. 11.]

 Section 8.32 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 When required

8.32  The employer must provide appropriate respiratory protective equipment if a worker is or may be exposed to concentrations of an air contaminant in excess of an applicable exposure or excursion limit, or to an oxygen deficient atmosphere.

 Section 8.33 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(1)  The employer, in consultation with the worker and the occupational health and safety committee, if any, or the worker health and safety representative, if any, must select appropriate respiratory protective equipment in accordance with CSA Standard CAN/CSA-Z94.4-93, Selection, Use, and Care of Respirators.

(2)  Only respiratory protective equipment which meets the requirements of a standard acceptable to the Board may be used for protection against airborne contaminants in the workplace.

 Section 8.34 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Protection factors

8.34  A respirator must not be used for protection against concentrations of an air contaminant greater than the maximum use concentration, which is the concentration determined by multiplying the exposure limit for the air contaminant by the appropriate respirator protection factor selected from Table 8-1, or as otherwise determined by the Board.

Table 8-1: Respirator protection factors
Respirator typeProtection
factor
Air purifying
Half facepiece, non-powered10
Full facepiece, non-powered50
Full facepiece, powered (PAPR), equipped with
HEPA filters for exposure to asbestos
100
Full facepiece, powered (PAPR), equipped with
HEPA filters and/or sorbent cartridge or canister for exposure
to contaminants other than asbestos
1 000
Loose-fitting facepiece, powered (PAPR)25
Air supplying
Airline - demand (negative pressure)
Half facepiece10
Full facepiece50
Airline - continuous flow
Loose-fitting facepiece/hoods25
Half facepiece50
Full facepiece1 000
Helmet/hood1 000
Airline - pressure demand (positive pressure)
Half facepiece50
Full facepiece1 000
Full facepiece, with egress bottle10 000
Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)
Demand (negative pressure)50
Pressure demand (positive pressure)10 000
Other factors such as warning properties, IDLH levels, and cartridge/canister limitations
must also be taken into account when determining the maximum use concentration.
Refer to the manufacturer's instructions and standards acceptable to the Board for further information.

[am. B.C. Reg. 20/2006, s. 2.]

 Part 8 schedule 8-A was added by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 9.1, definition of "harmful substance" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

"harmful substance" means a WHMIS controlled product, a substance referred to under section 5.48, or a substance which may have a harmful effect on a worker in a confined space;

 Section 9.18 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Isolation

9.18  (1)  Except as provided in subsection (2), before a worker enters a confined space, adjacent piping which contains or has contained a harmful substance must be controlled by

(a) disconnecting, blanking or blinding, or equivalent engineered system, or

(b) if the adjacent piping contains a harmful substance that is not a gas or a vapour, nor a liquid of sufficient volatility to produce a hazardous concentration of an air contaminant in the discharge of the piping, a double block and bleed system.

(2)  If adjacent piping contains or has contained a substance that is hazardous only because of its pressure, temperature or quantity, before a worker enters the space, the pressure must be controlled

(a) to meet the requirements of subsection (1),

(b) provided there is no other pressure source or head pressure, by de-energizing and locking out the pressure source and depressurizing the line, or

(c) by other effective means.

(3)  Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 243/2006, s. 4 (d).]

(4)  Except when used in an acceptable double block and bleed system, the closing of one or more valves in a line is not an acceptable means of isolation.

(5)  Isolation of a confined space from gases found in a gravity-flow municipal or domestic sanitary or storm sewer system may be accomplished by a p-trap, provided that

(a) the integrity of the trap is ensured immediately upon entry, and

(b) the atmosphere is continuously monitored and shown to contain clean respirable air.

[am. B.C. Reg. 243/2006, s. 4.]

 Section 9.18.1 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Exemptions

9.18.1  (1)  In this section:

"public water supply system" includes valve and meter chambers and pressure reducing stations;

"dam water passageway" includes conduits, pipes, penstocks, power generating chambers, valves and related structures located within storage, diversion or other dams.

(2)  Section 9.18 (4) does not apply to water piping that is part of a public water supply system if the piping and associated equipment is designed, constructed, maintained and certified by a professional engineer to American Water Works Association standards.

(3)  Section 9.18 (4) does not apply to a dam water passageway if the structures of the passageway, including a gate valve or other flow control device, are certified by a professional engineer as being safe for workers to enter to perform the intended work.

[en. B.C. Reg. 320/2007, App. B.]

 Section 9.22 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(1)  If isolation using the measures specified in section 9.18 is not practicable, the employer may implement alternate measures acceptable to the Board.

 Section 9.25 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(1)  Except as stated in subsection (7), before a worker enters a confined space, the employer must ensure that the atmosphere in the confined space is tested.

 Section 9.26 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(2)  Each confined space test must be carried out by an adequately trained worker.

 Section 9.29 (3) (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(b) every worker entering the confined space must be equipped with supplied-air respiratory protection meeting the requirements of Part 8 (Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment),

 Section 10.7 (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(b) removing personal locks on the completion of his or her work, and

 Section 10.8 (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(3) A worker must be notified at the start of his or her next shift if the worker's personal lock(s) have been removed since the worker's previous shift.

 Section 10.9 (5) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(5) On completion of his or her work, each worker referred to in subsections (3) and (4) must remove his or her personal lock from the key securing system.

 Section 10.10 (1) (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

(b) in the case of mobile equipment as defined in Part 16 (Mobile Equipment), the requirements of that Part must be followed,

 Section 11.1 definitions of "anchor" and "personal fall protection system" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 404/2012, effective April 1, 2013.

"anchor" means a secure point of attachment for a lifeline or lanyard;

"personal fall protection system" means a worker's fall restraint system or fall arrest system composed of

(a) a safety belt or full body harness, and

(b) a lanyard, lifeline and any other connecting equipment individual to the worker

that is used to secure the worker to an individual point of anchorage or to a horizontal lifeline system;

 Section 11.1 definition of "anchorage" was addded by BC Reg 404/2012, effective April 1, 2013.

 Section 11.2 (4) and (5) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

(4) If subsection (3) is not practicable, the employer must ensure that a fall arrest system is used.

(5) If the use of a fall arrest system is not practicable, or will result in a hazard greater than if the system was not used, the employer must ensure that work procedures are followed that are acceptable to the Board and minimize the risk of injury to a worker from a fall.

 Section 11.6 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 404/2012, effective April 1, 2013 1, 2013.

(2)  Each personal fall protection system that is connected to an anchor must be secured to an independent point of anchorage.

 Section 11.10 (0.1) was added by BC Reg 404/2012, effective April 1, 2013.

 Section 12.11 (3) was added by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 12.14 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 30/2015, effective August 4, 2015.

(2) A piping system containing substances other than controlled products must be identified in a manner known to the affected workers.

 Section 12.17.1 was enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 12.60 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

 Kickback fingers, splitters and spreaders

12.60  (1)  Except as provided in subsection (2), a hand-fed circular saw with rip-type teeth must have kickback fingers and a splitter or spreader designed to prevent kickback.

(2)  Kickback fingers, splitters or spreaders are not required when grooving, dadoing or rabbeting.

 Section 12.70 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Driven-feed chippers

12.70  A driven-feed chipper must have a guard chute or apron extending at least 90 cm (3 ft) from the feed rollers and a panic bar to stop the feed rollers.

 Section 12.80.2 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Swing-arm restraint

12.80.2  (1)  If an automotive lift has swing arms, a swing-arm pivot restraint system must be used.

(2)  The swing-arm pivot restraint system must incorporate a means to prevent unintentional removal or disengagement.

[en. B.C. Reg. 17/2006, s. 7.]

 Section 12.83.1 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 12.89 (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(b) holes are not drilled within 15 cm (6 in) of any part of a bootleg, and

 Section 12.91 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Self-propelled drills

12.91   (1) The operator or other workers may only ride on a self-propelled drill if in a safe position inside a roll over protective structure (ROPS).

(2) If there is no ROPS, the drill must have controls for machine travel located to allow the operator to move the machine from a position off the machine and clear of any hazard should the drill roll or slide downhill.

 Section 12.111 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(2)  Unless the process is isolated from the operator in a separate cabinet, suitable respiratory protective equipment must be provided and worn whenever abrasive blasting or a similar operation is conducted.

 Section 12.124 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

12.124  Respiratory protective equipment must be provided and worn if an effective means of natural, mechanical or local exhaust ventilation is not practicable

 Section 12.135 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

12.135  Each worker who is or may be exposed to an airborne contaminant generated by a spray operation involving a sensitizing agent referred to in section 5.57 (1) must be provided with and wear air-supplied respiratory protection.

 Sections 12.173 and 12.174 were enacted by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

 Sections 12.175 to 12.183 were enacted by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

 Section 12.178 (2) (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(a) his or her employer;

 Section 13.5 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

Position and stability

13.5   A ladder must

(a) be placed on a firm and level base,

(b) be positioned so that the horizontal distance from the base to vertical plane of support is approximately ¼ of the ladder length,

(c) have sufficient length to project approximately 1 m (3 ft) above the upper landing to which it provides access, and

(d) if necessary, be secured to ensure stability during use.

[en. B.C. Reg. 422/2004, s. 1.]

 Section 13.11 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(1) A scaffold must be constructed, installed and used in accordance with the instructions of a professional engineer with respect to

(a) bracing, if the scaffold is enclosed by a tarpaulin or any other cover,

(b) a scaffold exceeding 38 m (125 ft) in height,

(c) a scaffold exceeding 25 m (80 ft) in height if stairways are included as part of the scaffold,

(d) a scaffold used to support a temporary floor,

(e) a scaffold suspended or cantilevered from a structure,

(f) a scaffold system supported by a catenary line,

(g) a needle beam scaffold, and

(h) an outrigger scaffold.

 Section 13.20 (1) (c) BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

(c) a work platform that is supported by a lift truck;

 Section 13.23 (2) to (4) BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

(2)  An insulated elevating work platform must be dielectrically tested at least annually in accordance with the edition of CSA Standard CAN/CSA-C225 Vehicle-Mounted Aerial Devices that the device was designed to meet, or the most recent edition, as the circumstances require.

(3)  The insulating capability of an insulated elevating work platform must be certified by the testing agency.

(4)  If an insulated elevating work platform does not pass the testing method required by subsection (2) and subsection (3),

(a) the platform must be considered non-insulated,

(b) any markings or identification on the device indicating insulated capability must be removed or effectively covered over, and

(c) the user must be informed of the non-insulated status of the device.

 Section 13.30 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

 Lift truck (forklift) mounted work platforms

13.30  (1)  A work platform supported by a lift truck may be used to support people only if other conventional means of access for the task, such as ladders, scaffolds and elevating work platforms, are not practicable.

(2)  A work platform supported by a lift truck must be designed and used in accordance with WorkSafeBC Standard 13.30 Work Platforms supported by Lift Trucks.

[en. B.C. Reg. 320/2007, App. D, s. 2.]

 Section 13.32 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

13.32  A swing stage, boatswain's chair and portable powered platform must not be used without prior permission of the Board if

 Section 13.32 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

13.32   Before a swing stage, boatswain's chair or portable powered platform is used in any of the following circumstances, a professional engineer must have certified in writing that the design, installation and proposed use of the swing stage, boatswain's chair or portable powered platform, as the case may be, meets the requirements of CSA Standard CAN/CSA Z271-98 (R2003) Safety Code for Suspended Elevating Platforms and CSA Standard CAN/CSA Z91-02 (R2008) Health and Safety Code for Suspended Equipment Operations:

 Section 14.1 definition of "miscellaneous material hoist" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 118/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

"miscellaneous material hoist" means a permanently installed material hoist not described elsewhere in this Regulation and not governed by the Elevating Devices Safety Act;

 Section 14.1 definitions of "miscellaneous material hoist" and "safe working load" BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

"miscellaneous material hoist" means a permanently installed material hoist not described elsewhere in this Regulation and not regulated under the Safety Standards Act;

"safe working load" means the load a crane or hoist may safely lift in a particular situation taking into account such factors as wind load, extremes of temperature and load sail area, and may be equal to or less than the rated capacity or rated load;

 Section 14.2 (9) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(9)  A chimney hoist must meet the requirements of WorkSafeBC Standard 14.116 Chimney Hoists.

 Section 14.2 (8) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(8) A construction material hoist must meet the requirements of CSA Standard CAN/CSA-Z256-M87, Safety Code for Material Hoists.

 Section 14.2 (7) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(7) A portal, tower or pillar crane must meet the requirements of ANSI Standard ASME B30.4-2003, Portal, Tower, and Pillar Cranes.

 Section 14.5 (1) and (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(1) Subject to subsection (3), the rated capacity of a crane or hoist system must be permanently indicated on the superstructure, hoist and load block of the equipment.

(2) The rated capacity of a monorail crane must be permanently marked on the hoist and at intervals not exceeding 10 m (33 ft.) on the monorail beam.

 Section 14.11 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Support structure

14.11   (1) The rated capacity of a hoist must not exceed the capacity of the structure supporting the hoist.

(2) Selector switches or other effective means must be provided to ensure that the supporting structure is not overloaded by simultaneous use of multiple hoists installed on the supporting structure.

[am. B.C. Reg. 320/2007, App. E, s. 8.]

 Section 14.30 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

(1) Cab windows on a mobile crane must be made of safety glazing materials meeting the requirements of ANSI/SAE Z26.1-1990, American National Standard for Safety Glazing Materials for Glazing Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment Operating on Land Highways — Safety Code.

 Section 14.81 (0.1) was added by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 14.81 (2) and (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(2) Subject to subsection (4), limit devices on a tower crane must be tested before the crane is first used on each work shift.

(3) Any malfunction of an automatic limit or safety device on a tower crane must be remedied before the crane is used.

 Section 14.116 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Permission to use

14.116  If it is not practicable to provide safe access to a work platform on a chimney or similar structure using stairs or other means acceptable under the BC Building Code or this Regulation, a chimney hoist meeting the requirements of WorkSafeBC Standard 14.116 Chimney Hoists may, with the prior permission of the Board, be used to provide access for any person.

[en. B.C. Reg. 320/2007, App. E, s. 67.]

 Section 14.117 (1) (b) (iii) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(iii)  the requirements of WorkSafeBC Standard 14.116 Chimney Hoists, and

 Section 14.119 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Load rating

14.119  The rated capacity of a chimney hoist must be conspicuously marked on the platform or cage and must not be exceeded.

[am. B.C. Reg. 320/2007, App. E, s. 68.]

 Schedule 14-A was added by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Section 15.6, table 15-1 was added after (1) by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 15.9, table 15-1 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

Table 15-1: Design factors for rigging

ComponentDesign factor
Nylon fibre rope sling9
Polyester rope sling9
Polypropylene rope sling6
Alloy steel chain sling4
Wire rope sling5
Metal mesh sling5
Synthetic web sling5
Chain fittings4
Wire rope sling fittings5
Other fittingsas specified by manufacturer
Nonrotating wire ropeas specified by manufacturer but not less than 5
Conventional wire rope5

 Section 15.23 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Wire rope splices

15.23  Wire rope splices made using wire rope clips must

(a) use double the number of clips specified by the manufacturer or Table 15-2 for a single loop termination, when forming a lap splice, or

(b) use the number of clips specified by the manufacturer or Table 15-2 for each loop termination, when forming a double loop splice.

 Section 15.30 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

15.30  Unless otherwise required by this Regulation, wire rope, alloy steel chain, metal mesh, synthetic fibre rope and synthetic fibre web slings must meet the requirements of ASME B30.9-1990, Slings.

 Section 16.1 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Definitions

16.1   In this Part:

"all-terrain cycle" means a motorized off-highway vehicle designed to travel on 3 low pressure tires, with a seat designed to be straddled by the operator and handlebars for steering;

"all-terrain vehicle" or "ATV" means a motorized off-highway vehicle, designed to travel on 4 or more low pressure tires with or without tracks added, with a seat designed to be straddled by the operator and handlebars for steering;

"mobile equipment" means a wheeled or tracked vehicle which is engine or motor powered, together with attached or towed equipment, but not a vehicle operated on fixed rails or tracks;

"no significant hazard of rollover" means an area in which there are no grades exceeding 10%, no operating areas with open edges, no open ramps, loading docks, ditches or other similar hazards which might cause a rollover;

"specific location" means a yard, plant or other clearly defined and limited area in which mobile equipment is operated, but does not include an entire municipality, district, transient forestry operation or construction site.

 Section 16.2 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Application

16.2   This Part applies to mobile equipment used by or around workers.

 Section 16.3 (7) and (8) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

(7)  In addition to complying with the applicable requirements in this Part, a class 7 variable reach lift truck must meet and be used in accordance with the requirements of sections 14.5, 14.7, 14.8, 14.12, 14.13, 14.15, 14.39, 14.43 and 14.69.

(8)  A record of inspections and maintenance meeting the requirements of section 4.9 must be kept by the operator of a class 7 variable reach lift truck and any other persons inspecting and maintaining that truck.

 Section 16.3 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Operation and maintenance

16.3   (1)-(2) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. J, s. 5.]

(3) Maintenance records for any service, repair or modification which affects the safe performance of the equipment must be maintained and be reasonably available to the operator and maintenance personnel during work hours.

(4) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. J, s. 5.]

(5) Servicing, maintenance and repair of mobile equipment must not be done when the equipment is operating, unless continued operation is essential to the process and a safe means is provided.

(6) Mobile equipment used off maintained roads must be appropriate and safe for the intended use considering factors such as the nature of the travel surface, the slope of the travel surface, and the activities to be undertaken.

(7) In addition to complying with the applicable requirements in this Part, a variable reach rough terrain forklift truck, as defined in section 2 of the standard adopted by reference under section 16.7 (e), must meet and be used in accordance with the requirements of sections 14.5, 14.7, 14.8, 14.12, 14.13, 14.15, 14.39, 14.43 and 14.69.

(8) A record of inspections and maintenance meeting the requirements of section 4.9 must be kept by the operator of a variable reach rough terrain forklift truck, as defined in section 2 of the standard adopted by reference under section 16.7 (e), and any other persons inspecting and maintaining that truck.

[am. B.C. Regs. 312/2003, App. J, s. 5; 320/2007, App. E, s. 70; 312/2012, App. E, s. 1.]

 Section 16.4 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Competency of operators

16.4   (1) A person must not operate mobile equipment unless the person

(a) has received adequate instruction in the safe use of the equipment,

(b) has demonstrated to a qualified supervisor or instructor competency in operating the equipment,

(c) if operating equipment with air brakes, has a valid air brake certificate or a driver's license with an air brake endorsement, or evidence of successful completion of a course of instruction on air brake systems by an organization acceptable to the Board, and

(d) is familiar with the operating instructions for the equipment.

(e) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. F, s. 6 (c).]

(2) Subsection (1) (a) and (c) does not apply if a trainee operates the equipment under the supervision of a qualified instructor, or a supervisor.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. F, s. 6.]

 Section 16.5 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Operator's responsibility

16.5   The operator of mobile equipment must operate the equipment safely, maintain full control of the equipment, and comply with the laws governing the operation of the equipment.

 Section 16.6 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Supervisor's responsibility

16.6   A supervisor must not knowingly operate or permit a worker to operate mobile equipment which is, or could create, an undue hazard to the health or safety of any person, or is in violation of this Regulation.

 Section 16.7 (a) and (c) to (g) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

(a) Articulating Boom Cranes: ANSI Standard ASME B30.22-1993, American National Standard for Articulating Boom Cranes;

(c) Mobile and Locomotive Cranes: CSA Standard Z150-1974, Safety Code for Mobile Cranes, or ANSI Standard ASME B30.5-1994, Mobile and Locomotive Cranes;

(d) Powered Industrial Trucks (low lift and high lift): ANSI Standard ASME B56.1-1993, Safety Standard for Low Lift and High Lift Trucks;

(e) Rough Terrain Forklifts: ANSI Standard ASME B56.6-1992, Safety Standard for Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks;

(f) Side Boom Tractors: ANSI Standard ASME B30.14-1991, Side Boom Tractors;

(g) Vehicles with Mounted Aerial Devices (except firefighting equipment): CSA Standard CAN/CSA-C225-M88, Vehicle Mounted Aerial Devices;

 Section 16.7 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Standards

16.7   The design, fabrication, use, inspection and maintenance of mobile equipment must meet the requirements of the following applicable standard:

(a) Articulating Boom Cranes: ANSI Standard ASME B30.22-2005, American National Standard for Articulating Boom Cranes;

(b) Four Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles: ANSI Standard SVIA-1-1990, American National Standard for Four Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles — Equipment, Configuration, and Performance Requirements;

(c) Mobile and Locomotive Cranes: CSA Standard Z150-1998, Safety Code for Mobile Cranes, or ANSI Standard ASME B30.5-2004, Mobile and Locomotive Cranes;

(d) Powered Industrial Trucks (low lift and high lift): ANSI/ITSDF B56.1-2009, Safety Standard for Low Lift and High Lift Trucks;

(e) Rough Terrain Forklifts: ANSI/ITSDF B56.6-2011, Safety Standard for Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks;

(f) Side Boom Tractors: ANSI Standard ASME B30.14-2004, Side Boom Tractors;

(g) Vehicles with Mounted Aerial Devices (except firefighting equipment): CSA Standard CAN/CSA-C225-10 Vehicle-mounted aerial devices or ANSI/SIA A92.2-2009 Vehicle-mounted elevating and rotating aerial devices;

(h) Vehicles with Mounted Aerial Devices (firefighting equipment): NFPA 1904, Aerial Ladder and Elevating Platform Fire Apparatus, 1991 Edition;

(i) Safety and hazard warnings: ISO Standard 9244:1995 Earth-moving machinery-safety signs and hazard pictorials — General principles;

(j) Lift Truck Operator training: CSA Standard B335-94, Industrial Lift Truck Operator Training.

[am. B.C. Regs. 312/2003, App. A, s. 4; 312/2012, App. E, s. 2.]

 Section 16.8 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Warning signal device

16.8  (1)  Mobile equipment in which the operator cannot directly or by mirror or other effective device see immediately behind the machine must have an automatic audible warning device which

(a) activates whenever the equipment controls are positioned to move the equipment in reverse, and

(b) if practicable, is audible above the ambient noise level.

(2)  Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 253/2001, s. 12 (b).]

[am. B.C. Reg. 253/2001, s. 12.]

 Section 16.8 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Warning signal device — backup alarm

16.8   If an operator of mobile equipment cannot directly or by a mirror or other effective device see immediately behind the mobile equipment, the mobile equipment must not be used unless the mobile equipment has an audio warning device that

(a) provides a signal to people in the vicinity that, if practicable, is audible above the ambient noise level in the workplace where the equipment is being used, and

(b) is activated automatically when the equipment controls are positioned to move the equipment in reverse.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2010, App. L, s. 1.]

 Section 16.8.1 was enacted by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 16.8.1 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Warning signal device — extended component

16.8.1   (1) If mobile equipment is used to collect, transport or compact waste material, recyclable material or both, the mobile equipment must have a visual or audio warning device that

(a) provides a signal to the operator of the mobile equipment when a lifting mechanism, top door cover, body, tilt frame or tailgate component of the mobile equipment is extended in a manner that

(i) is likely to contact an overhead obstruction when the mobile equipment is in use, or

(ii) creates a hazardous condition, and

(b) meets the requirements of subsection (2) or (3), whichever is applicable.

(2) If a visual warning device is provided under subsection (1), the visual warning signal from the device must display within the operator's field of vision when the operator is using the mobile equipment.

(3) If an audio warning device is provided under subsection (1), the audio warning signal from the device must make a distinct sound that is audible to the operator above the ambient noise level when the operator is using the mobile equipment.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2010, App. L, s. 2.]

 Section 16.9 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Lights

16.9   (1) Mobile equipment used during the period from 1/2 hour after sunset to 1/2 hour before sunrise, or when persons or vehicles are not clearly discernible at a distance of 150 m (500 ft), must have and use lights to adequately illuminate

(a) the direction of travel,

(b) the working area about the mobile equipment, and

(c) the cab instruments.

(2) A headlight and backing light required by subsection (1) (a) must meet the requirements of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J1029 MAR86, Lighting and Marking of Construction and Industrial Machinery.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 5.]

 Section 16.10 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Rear view mirrors

16.10   (1) Mobile equipment must have a mirror or mirrors providing the operator with an undistorted reflected view to the rear of the mobile equipment or combination of mobile equipment, except as provided in subsections (1.1), (1.2) and (2).

(1.1) If necessary to improve rear vision, parabolic mirrors in combination with flat mirrors may be used.

(1.2) A parabolic mirror, flat mirror or both may be used on a lift truck.

(2) A rear view mirror is not required on mobile equipment if the conditions of use or equipment structure makes the use of mirrors impracticable.

[en. B.C. Reg. 253/2001, s. 13.]

 Section 16.11 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Window standards

16.11   (1) Windows on mobile equipment must be made of safety glazing meeting the requirements of ANSI Standard Z26.1-1990, American National Standard for Safety Glazing Materials for Glazing Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment Operating on Land Highways — Safety Code.

(2) If the maximum travel speed of a machine is 40 km/h (25 mph) or less, tempered windscreen glazing meeting the requirements of ANSI/SAE Z26.1-1990, American National Standard for Safety Glazing Materials for Glazing Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment Operating on Land Highways — Safety Code, section 4, item 2 is permitted for use as the windshield on the front of the machine.

(3) If wipers are used on plastic glazing, the glazing surface must be hard coated.

(4) Each window on mobile equipment manufactured after February 1, 2002 or otherwise installed on mobile equipment after that date must be marked to identify the manufacturer, the standard to which the window conforms, and in the case of polycarbonate windows, the thickness and grade of material.

[en. B.C. Reg. 253/2001, s. 13; am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 5.]

 Section 16.12 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Maintenance

16.12   Windshields, side and rear windows, and rear-vision mirrors must be maintained to provide clear vision to the operator.

 Section 16.13 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Braking requirements

16.13   (1) Mobile equipment must have braking systems meeting the requirements of the following applicable standard:

(a) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1473 OCT90, Brake Performance — Rubber-Tired Earthmoving Machines;

(b) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1026 APR90, Braking Performance — Crawler Tractors and Crawler Loaders;

(c) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1178 ISO11169 DEC94, Machinery for Forestry — Wheeled Special Machines — Vocabulary, Performance Test Methods, and Criteria for Brake Systems;

(d) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1472 JUN87, Braking Performance — Roller Compactors;

(e) ANSI Standard ASME B56.1-1993, Safety Standard for Low Lift and High Lift Trucks;

(f) ANSI Standard ANSI/ASME B56.6-1992, Safety Standard for Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks;

(g) SAE J/ISO 11512 MAR96, Machinery for Forestry — Tracked Special Machines — Performance Criteria for Brake Systems.

(2) Mobile equipment manufactured before the publication of the standards listed in subsection (1) may remain in service using the brake system originally specified by the manufacturer unless, in the opinion of the Board, modification is necessary to ensure that the braking system is adequate.

(3) Mobile equipment used as an off-road transport vehicle on a slope greater than 20% must have a braking system meeting the performance requirements of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1178 ISO11169 DEC94, Machinery for Forestry — Wheeled Special Machines — Vocabulary, Performance Test Methods, and Criteria for Brake Systems.

(4) Mobile equipment must have a parking system that does not use gas or fluid pressure to maintain its application and the parking system control must be located so that the operator, in the operator's seat, can activate it.

(5) If mobile equipment depends on engine power for stopping and power failure will result in loss of adequate capability to stop, supplementary means must be provided to enable the operator to bring the equipment to a controlled stop.

(6) If the Board is satisfied that it is not practicable to comply with subsections (1) to (5), the Board may exempt the mobile equipment from their application subject to conditions the Board specifies.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 5.]

 Section 16.14 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Supplementary steering

16.14   (1) If wheeled mobile equipment depends on engine power for steering and power failure will result in loss of adequate directional control, a supplementary system must be provided to enable the operator to steer to a controlled stop.

(2) The supplementary steering system required by subsection (1) for equipment capable of a travel speed greater than 20 km/h (13 mph) must meet the requirements of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1511 ISO5010 FEB94, Steering For Off-Road, Rubber-Tired Machines.

(3) A rubber tired skidder manufactured after January 1, 2000 must have a supplementary steering system meeting the requirements of subsection (2).

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 5.]

 Section 16.15 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Steering wheel knobs

16.15   (1) A steering wheel knob is not permitted on mobile equipment if road wheel reaction forces to the steering wheel are hazardous to the operator.

(2) A steering wheel knob must be a low profile or mushroom type, and lie completely within the periphery of the steering wheel.

 Section 16.16 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Safe starting

16.16   Mobile equipment must be protected against engine starter engagement when the engine is coupled to the wheels or tracks.

 Section 16.17 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Escape from a cab

16.17   (1) Mobile equipment with a single cab entrance door, manufactured after January 1, 2000, must have an alternate means of escape that is clearly marked both inside and outside the cab and which

(a) is not located on the same surface as the cab entrance door,

(b) is usable regardless of the position of movable components or accessories of the machine,

(c) does not pose additional hazards to the operator,

(d) can be opened from both the inside and outside without the use of tools when the equipment is in use,

(e) requires a force of not more than 135 N (30 lbs) to open, and

(f) provides a clear opening of at least 65 cm (26 in) in diameter if circular, 60 cm (24 in) on each side if square, and 47 cm by 65 cm (19 in by 26 in) if rectangular, or the dimensions of which comply with ISO Standard 2867-1994, Earth-Moving Machinery — Access Systems.

(2) Mobile equipment with a single cab entrance door, manufactured before January 1, 2000, must meet the requirements for an alternate means of escape required at the date of manufacture, unless otherwise directed by the Board.

[am. B.C. Reg. 381/2004, s. 6.]

 Section 16.18 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Controls

16.18   (1) Operating controls for mobile equipment must meet the requirements of a standard acceptable to the Board for the type of equipment.

(2) Operating controls must be identified to show the function they serve and be located and maintained to allow safe operation of the equipment.

(3) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 381/2004, s. 7.]

[am. B.C. Reg. 381/2004, s. 7.]

 Section 16.19 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Load handling attachments

16.19   (1) Buckets, forks, booms, hoists and other load handling attachments must only be installed on mobile equipment as specified by the equipment manufacturer or when certified by a professional engineer for use on the equipment.

(2) The installation specified by the equipment manufacturer or certified by the professional engineer under subsection (1) for hoists or load handling attachments must

(a) include instructions for safe use of the equipment with the load handling attachment, and

(b) provide for the evaluation of the stability of the equipment, including the effect of load swing.

[am. B.C. Reg. 320/2007, App. E, s. 71.]

 Section 16.20 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Load ratings

16.20   (1) Mobile equipment designed and used for lifting, hoisting or similar operations must have a permanently affixed notation, legible and visible to the operator, stating the rated load of the equipment.

(2) A load chart must be displayed in the operator's cab if the rated load varies with the reach of the equipment.

(3) If the equipment is modified the employer must ensure that the rated load and load chart are changed as necessary to reflect the new load ratings.

(4) Mobile logging equipment is exempt from the requirements in subsections (1) to (3).

 Section 16.21 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Protective structures

16.21   (1) Operators of mobile equipment must be protected against falling, flying or intruding objects or material by means of suitable cabs, screens, grills, shields, deflectors, guards or structures.

(2) The means of protection must meet the requirements of the following applicable standard:

(a) WCB Standard — G601, Standard for Log Loader and Log Yarder Backstops;

(b) WCB Standard — G602, Standard for Log Loader and Log Yarder Raised Cabs;

(c) WCB Standard — G603, Standard for Log Loader and Log Yarder Window Guards;

(d) WCB Standard — G604, Standard for Light-Duty Screen Guards for Off-Highway Equipment;

(e) WCB Standard — G605, Standard for Mobile Equipment Half-Doors;

(f) WCB Standard — G607, Standard for Medium Duty Screen Guards — Front End Log Loader;

(g) WCB Standard — G608, Standard for Mobile Equipment Roof Structures — Heavy Duty;

(h) WCB Standard — G609, Standard for Mobile Equipment Roof Structures — Light Duty;

(i) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Recommended Practice J231 JAN81, Minimum Performance Criteria for Falling Object Protective Structure (FOPS);

(j) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1043 SEP87, Performance Criteria for Falling Object Protective Structure (FOPS) for Industrial Machines;

(k) ISO Standard 3449:1992, Earth-Moving Machinery — Falling-Object Protective Structures — Laboratory Tests and Performance Requirements;

(l) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Recommended Practice J1084 APR80, Operator Protective Structure Performance Criteria for Certain Forestry Equipment;

(m) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Recommended Practice J1356 FEB88, Performance Criteria for Falling Object Guards for Excavators.

(3) A worker must not remain in the cab of a vehicle while loads are elevated over the cab unless the cab is protected by an adequate overhead guard.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 5.]

 Section 16.22 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Rollover protective structures

16.22   (1) The following types of mobile equipment, weighing 700 kg (1 500 lbs) or more, must have rollover protective structures (ROPS):

(a) crawler tractors, loaders and skidders;

(b) wheel tractors, dozers, loaders and skidders;

(c) motor graders;

(d) self-propelled wheel scrapers;

(e) compactors/rollers;

(f) self-propelled rock drills moved by an on-board operator;

(g) wheeled trenchers manufactured after January 1, 1999;

(h) pipe layers or side boom tractors manufactured after January 1, 2000.

(2) The Board may require a ROPS to be installed on any mobile equipment if the design of the equipment or circumstances of use indicate the need.

(3) Mobile equipment listed in subsection (1) may be used without a ROPS if

(a) the equipment operates in a specific location where there is no significant hazard of rollover, and

(b) the surface in the area of operation is maintained free of ground irregularities which might cause a rollover.

 Section 16.23 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

ROPS standards

16.23   A ROPS must meet the requirements of one of the following applicable standards:

(a) CSA Standard B352.0-95, Rollover Protective Structures (ROPS) for Agricultural, Construction, Earthmoving, Forestry, Industrial, and Mining Machines — Part 1: General Requirements, and

(i) CSA Standard B352.1-95, Rollover Protective Structures (ROPS) for Agricultural, Construction, Earthmoving, Forestry, Industrial, and Mining Machines — Part 2: Testing Requirements for ROPS on Agricultural Tractors, or

(ii) CSA Standard B352.2-95, Rollover Protective Structures (ROPS) for Agricultural, Construction, Earthmoving, Forestry, Industrial, and Mining Machines — Part 3: Testing Requirements for ROPS on Construction, Earthmoving, Forestry, Industrial, and Mining Machines;

(b) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1040 MAY94, Performance Criteria for Rollover Protective Structures (ROPS) for Construction, Earthmoving, Forestry, and Mining Machines;

(c) ISO Standard 3471: 1994, Earth-moving Machinery — Rollover Protective Structures — Laboratory Tests and Performance Requirements.

(d) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 22.]

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 22.]

 Section 16.24 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

ROPS certification

16.24   (1) A ROPS must be certified by the ROPS manufacturer or a professional engineer as meeting a standard specified in section 16.23.

(2) Any addition, modification, welding or cutting on a ROPS must be done in accordance with the instructions of and be recertified by the ROPS manufacturer or a professional engineer.

 Section 16.25 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

ROPS identification

16.25   (1) The following information must be permanently marked upon a ROPS:

(a) the name and address of the manufacturer or the professional engineer who certified the ROPS;

(b) the model number or other effective means of identifying the machine for which the ROPS was designed;

(c) the serial number or other unique means of identifying the ROPS;

(d) the maximum weight of the machine for which the ROPS was designed;

(e) the standard to which the ROPS conforms.

(2) Modified ROPS must be permanently marked with the following information:

(a) an identification of the modifications effected;

(b) the date of recertification;

(c) the name and address of the recertifying engineer.

 Section 16.26 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Effect of ROPS on visibility

16.26   ROPS and other structures required by this Part for the protection of the operator must be designed and installed to provide an adequate view for the operator to safely use the machine.

 Section 16.27 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Shear hazards

16.27   Mobile equipment with moving parts close to the operator's compartment must be effectively guarded so that

(a) the controls inside the compartment cannot be operated from outside the compartment, unless there is no hazard, and

(b) no part of any person in the operating position inside the compartment can project into the hazard area created by the moving part.

 Section 16.28 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Guarding moving parts

16.28   Exposed moving parts on mobile equipment which are a hazard to the operator or to other workers must be guarded according to a standard acceptable to the Board, and if a part must be exposed for proper function it must be guarded as much as is practicable consistent with the intended function of the component.

 Section 16.29 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Operator's seat

16.29   (1) A safely located and securely mounted seat must be provided for the operator of mobile equipment unless the equipment is designed to be controlled by an operator in the standing position.

(2) The operator's seat must be of a design that allows the operator to safely operate the equipment with due regard for the type and intended use of the equipment, reach distances to controls and duration of use.

(3) Seating for equipment operated on rough terrain must provide adequate lateral restraint.

 Section 16.30 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Restricted access

16.30   Only authorized persons may be on mobile equipment while the equipment is in motion.

 Section 16.31 (1) BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(1)  The operator of mobile equipment is the only worker permitted to ride the equipment unless the equipment is a worker transportation vehicle meeting the requirements of Part 17 (Transportation of Workers), or when permitted by subsections (2) to (4).

 Section 16.31 (0.1), (3.1) and (3.2) were added by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Section 16.31 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Rider restriction

16.31   (0.1) In this section:

"barricade" means a barricade referred to as a class 1A, class 1, class 2 or class 3 barricade in chapter 2 of the traffic control manual;

"buffer vehicle" means a vehicle referred to as a buffer vehicle in the section entitled "Buffer Vehicles" in chapter 2 of the traffic control manual;

"flashing arrow board" means a traffic sign referred to as a flashing arrow board in the section entitled "Flashing Arrow Boards (FABs)" in chapter 2 of the traffic control manual;

"flexible drum" means a traffic control device referred to as a flexible drum in the section entitled "Flexible Drums" in chapter 2 of the traffic control manual;

"multilane roadway" means a roadway that has 2 or more lanes in which traffic flows in the same direction, including climbing and passing lanes, whether or not there are also lanes in which traffic flows in the opposite direction;

"ROPS" means a rollover protective structure that meets the requirements of sections 16.23, 16.24, 16.25 and 16.26;

"traffic cone" means a traffic cone or tubular marker referred to in the section entitled "Traffic Cones and Tubular Markers" in chapter 2 of the traffic control manual;

"traffic control manual" means the Traffic Control Manual for Work on Roadways (revised and consolidated, 1999), published by the government.

(1) The operator of mobile equipment is the only worker permitted to ride the equipment unless the equipment is a worker transportation vehicle meeting the requirements of Part 17 (Transportation of Workers), or as contemplated by subsection (2), subsections (3.1) and (3.2) or subsection (4).

(2) A worker who must ride on mobile equipment to carry out a job task may ride non-ROPS equipped mobile equipment on

(a) an appropriate seat, or

(b) other safe facilities provided by the equipment manufacturer or designed by a professional engineer, which include

(i) a footboard or platform upon which the worker stands or sits, located to protect the worker from contact with roadside objects or other vehicles,

(ii) hand-holds, and

(iii) a safety belt, harness, guardrail or other effective means of restraint, except where the worker is a swamper riding on the back of a garbage truck during short pickup runs at speeds of less than 20 km/h.

(3) Rear mounted footboards or platforms must not be occupied if the mobile equipment is backing up.

(3.1) A worker who is occupying a rear mounted platform on non-ROPS equipped mobile equipment as part of a method of retrieving traffic cones from a closed lane of a multilane roadway is not prohibited under subsection (3) of this section or under section 18.3 from occupying the platform when the mobile equipment is backing up if all of the following conditions are met:

(a) the mobile equipment is backing up in the closed lane;

(b) the employer has

(i) identified the hazards to the workers at the workplace, and

(ii) taken measures

(A) to eliminate the hazards, or

(B) if it is not practicable to eliminate an identified hazard, to minimize the risk to workers from the hazard to the lowest level practicable;

(c) a written safe work procedure that

(i) relates to that method of retrieving traffic cones, and

(ii) includes a description of the measures referred to in paragraph (b)

has been established by the employer and is being followed;

(d) the mobile equipment is not exceeding a speed of 15 km per hour;

(e) the mobile equipment has the following operating devices:

(i) two or more 360 degree flashing yellow lights;

(ii) a flashing arrow board pointing toward the open lane adjacent to the closed lane;

(f) the mobile equipment has an audio warning device that

(i) makes a distinct sound that is audible, above the ambient noise level in the workplace, to both the driver of the mobile equipment and the worker, and

(ii) operates automatically and at all times while the mobile equipment is backing up;

(g) there is an effective 2-way voice communication system between the driver of the mobile equipment and the worker while the worker is on the platform;

(h) one of the following requirements is met:

(i) behind the rear of the mobile equipment, barricades are placed across the closed lane or flexible drums are placed in the centre of the closed lane, in accordance with the following:

(A) the barricade or flexible drum closest to the mobile equipment is at all times located not more than 250 m from the rear of the mobile equipment;

(B) the barricades or flexible drums are located along the length and to the end of the closed lane at intervals of not greater than 250 m;

(ii) directly behind and at a safe distance from the rear of the mobile equipment, in the closed lane, there is a buffer vehicle that meets the following requirements:

(A) the buffer vehicle is at all times located not more than 100 m from the rear of the mobile equipment;

(B) the buffer vehicle has two or more 360 degree flashing yellow lights and the lights are operating;

(C) the buffer vehicle has a flashing arrow board pointing toward the open lane adjacent to the closed lane and the flashing arrow board is operating;

(D) there is an effective 3-way voice communication system among the driver of the buffer vehicle, the driver of the mobile equipment and the worker while the worker is on the platform;

(i) the worker is riding on safe facilities that meet the requirements of subsection (2) (b);

(j) the maximum load capacity established for the platform by the manufacturer or by the professional engineer who designed the platform is clearly marked on the platform and is not being exceeded.

(3.2) Unless otherwise provided in subsection (3.1), the equipment, arrangements and procedures referred to in that subsection must meet all applicable requirements in respect of equipment, arrangements and procedures that are set out for traffic control under Part 18.

(4) A worker other than the operator may only ride on mobile equipment with a ROPS for the purpose of training or maintenance, and only then if the equipment is operated in an area with no significant hazard of rollover.

[am. B.C. Regs. 253/2001, s. 14; 188/2011, App. H, s. 1.]

 Section 16.32 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Provision

16.32   (1) Mobile equipment with ROPS and side boom tractors must have seat belts which meet the requirements of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J386 JUN93, Operator Restraint System for Off-Road Work Machines.

(2) Seat belts must be maintained in good condition.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 5.]

 Section 16.33 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Use

16.33   (1) If mobile equipment has seat belts required by any law in British Columbia, the operator and passengers must use the belts whenever the equipment is in motion, or engaged in an operation which could cause the equipment to become unstable.

(2) The use of a seat belt is not required for

(a) a road grader operation that requires the operator to stand, in which case, an enclosed cab with closed cab doors or other effective restraining devices must be used,

(b) a side boom tractor without a ROPS, or

(c) ROPS equipped mobile equipment if the mobile equipment operates in a specific location where there is no significant hazard of rollover, and the surface in the area of operation is maintained free of ground irregularities which might cause a rollover.

 Section 16.34 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Start of shift inspection

16.34   (1) The operator must inspect the equipment before the start of operation on the shift and thereafter as required to ensure the safe operating condition of the equipment.

(2) The operator must report defects and conditions affecting the safe operation of the equipment to the supervisor or employer.

(3) Any repair or adjustment necessary for the safe operation of the equipment must be made before the equipment is used.

[am. B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 53.]

 Section 16.35 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Securing tools and equipment

16.35   The operator must maintain the cab, floor and deck of mobile equipment free of material, tools or other objects which could create a tripping hazard, interfere with the operation of controls, or be a hazard to the operator or other occupants in the event of an accident.

 Section 16.36 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Unattended equipment

16.36   (1) The operator of mobile equipment must not leave the controls unattended unless the equipment has been secured against inadvertent movement such as by setting the parking brake, placing the transmission in the manufacturer's specified park position, and by chocking wheels where necessary.

(2) Any grapples or tongs on mobile equipment must be landed in a safe position before the equipment controls are left unattended.

 Section 16.37 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Securing elevated loads

16.37   (1) An operator must not leave unattended any elevated load, part, extension or machine, unless it has been immobilized and secured against inadvertent movement.

(2) If a worker is required to work beneath an elevated part of mobile equipment, the elevated part must be securely blocked.

(3) Hydraulic or pneumatic jacks must not be used for blocking unless fitted with devices to prevent their collapse in the event of loss of hydraulic or pneumatic pressure.

(4) A dump truck with a chassis manufactured after January 1, 1999 must have a permanently affixed mechanical device capable of supporting the empty dump box in the raised position.

 Section 16.38 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Assistance on grades

16.38   (1) If the grade or condition of the travel surface may result in a piece of mobile equipment having insufficient braking capability to maintain adequate control the equipment must be snubbed by a cable, or a suitable vehicle must be used to ensure safety when negotiating the grade.

(2) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. D, s. 14.]

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. D, s. 14.]

 Section 16.39 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Swinging equipment

16.39   If a hazard is created by the swinging movement of the load, cab, counterweight or any other part of the mobile equipment a worker must not be within range of the swinging load or equipment, and the operator must not move the equipment when any worker is so exposed.

 Section 16.40 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Clearance

16.40   Equipment must be positioned so that no swinging portion of the equipment can come within 60 cm (2 ft) of any obstruction in any area accessible to workers, or entry to such areas must be prevented by barriers or other effective means.

 Section 16.41 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Boarding/leaving

16.41   A person must not board or leave any mobile equipment while it is in motion, except in an emergency.

 Section 16.42 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Obstructed view

16.42   If a mobile equipment operator's view of the work area is obstructed the operator must not move the equipment until precautions have been taken to protect the operator and any other worker from injury, including

(a) immediately before the movement, the inspection by the operator on foot of the area into which the equipment will be moved,

(b) direction by a signaller stationed in a safe position in continuous view of the operator and having an unobstructed view of the area into which the equipment will move, or

(c) direction by a traffic control or warning system.

 Section 16.43 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Pedestrian and equipment traffic

16.43   (1) Where practicable, designated walkways must be used to separate pedestrian traffic from areas of operation of mobile equipment.

(2) If it is impracticable to provide designated walkways, adequate safe work procedures to minimize the possibility of collision must be used in hazardous work areas, including

(a) the use of a traffic control system,

(b) enforcement of speed limits for mobile equipment,

(c) a requirement for the pedestrian and the mobile equipment operator to acknowledge each other's presence before the pedestrian proceeds through the hazardous area, or

(d) other effective means.

(3) In areas where lift truck use is separated from pedestrian traffic, a lift truck may travel forward with an elevated load if such operation will improve the operator's view of the path of travel, provided that operating conditions are maintained to ensure vehicle stability and the specifications of the equipment manufacturer are not compromised.

 Section 16.43 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(2) Operator training for lift trucks must meet the requirements of Part 6 of the standard referred to in subsection (1) (a).

 Section 16.44 to 16.55 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Securing loads

16.44   (1) When material or equipment is being transported it must be loaded or secured to prevent movement of the load which could create a hazard to workers.

(2) To protect the crew of a vehicle transporting a load which might shift on rapid deceleration of the vehicle, a means of load restraint must be provided which

(a) will prevent significant load shift relative to the carrier under emergency stopping conditions, and

(b) meets a standard acceptable to the Board.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to logging trucks operating in compliance with the requirements of Part 26 (Forestry Operations and Similar Activities).

Restraint for cylindrical objects

16.45   (1) Cylindrical objects transported on their sides must be effectively restrained against inadvertent movement during loading and unloading.

(2) If perimeter pins are used as part of the restraint system for cylindrical objects the pins must extend above the top of the uppermost lay adjacent to the pin by the diameter of the largest cylindrical object stacked above the uppermost lay adjacent to the pin, and have a minimum height of 46 cm (18 in).

(3) If cylindrical objects are individually blocked or otherwise effectively restrained by specialized dunnage, perimeter pins specified by subsection (2) are not required.

Lift truck loads

16.46   (1) A unitized load being transported on a lift truck must not project a distance greater than half its height above the fork carriage, back rest or back rest extension of the lift truck.

(2) No part of a load comprised of loose objects may project above the fork carriage, back rest or back extension of a lift truck.

(3) A load which could shift during transportation must be restrained if such shifting would result in the load or the lift truck becoming unstable.

(4) Subsections (1) to (3) do not apply if the load is assembled and handled in such a way that there is no possibility of any part of the load falling off.

Tire Servicing

Training

16.47   (1) The employer must establish and implement safe work procedures for servicing mobile equipment tires, rims and wheels, including safe procedures for

(a) inspecting tire, rim and wheel components,

(b) mounting a tire to the rim and wheel, and inflating a tire,

(c) installing and removing tire assemblies from mobile equipment, and

(d) demounting tires from the rim and wheel assemblies.

(2) Workers assigned to work on tires, rims and wheels must be trained in and follow the safe work procedures established under subsection (1).

Equipment and procedures

16.48   (1) A tire must be deflated before demounting, and deflation must be done in an area where ignition sources are controlled or removed.

(2) Each tire, rim and wheel part must be cleaned and inspected for damage before mounting, and cracked, broken, bent or otherwise damaged parts replaced.

(3) A tire must be inflated using a remote chuck with a sufficient length of hose and an inline, hand operated valve with a gauge so the worker is outside the likely trajectory should wheel components separate during inflation.

(4) A tire mounted on a multipiece rim wheel must be placed in a cage or other restraining device when it is being inflated.

(5) If a bead expander is used to seat the beads of a tire, it must be removed before the tire is inflated to more than 34.5 kPa (5 psi).

(6) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. B, s. 32.]

(7) Welding or heating on assembled rim or wheel parts is not permitted, except that limited heating to facilitate removal of a wheel from a hub is acceptable after the tire has been deflated by removing the valve core.

(8) A tire on a multipiece rim wheel must be deflated to atmospheric pressure by removing the valve core or by other effective means before demounting, and in the case of a dual wheel arrangement, both tires must be deflated to atmospheric pressure before loosening any wheel nuts.

(9) Multipiece rim and wheel components must not be interchanged except as permitted by rim/wheel charts from the appropriate rim/wheel manufacturer.

(10) Multipiece rim wheels which have been used at less than 80% of the recommended inflation pressure for that application must be deflated, disassembled and inspected before reinflation.

(11) Procedures other than those specified in subsections (1) to (10) that provide equivalent or better safety may be used if acceptable to the Board.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. B, s. 32.]

All-terrain Vehicles

Prohibited use

16.49   An all-terrain cycle must not be used in any occupational, industrial, or commercial workplace.

Modifications

16.50   A modification to an ATV which may affect its structural integrity or stability must be certified by a professional engineer.

Operator's manual

16.51   (1) The operator's manual for an ATV must be kept in a secure place with the vehicle or at another location readily accessible to the operator.

(2) The operator must use an ATV in accordance with the instructions in the operator's manual.

Use on sloping ground

16.52   (1) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. B, s. 33 (a).]

(2) If the manufacturer has not set limits for operation of the ATV on sloping ground, 5% is the maximum allowable slope unless the employer has developed and implemented written safe work procedures appropriate for any steeper slope on which the equipment is to be used.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. B, s. 33.]

Operator training

16.53   (1) The employer must ensure that each ATV operator is properly trained in the safe operation of the vehicle.

(2) The training program for an ATV operator must cover

(a) the operator's pretrip inspection,

(b) use of personal protective apparel,

(c) operating skills according to the ATV manufacturer's instructions,

(d) basic mechanical requirements, and

(e) loading and unloading the vehicle, if this is a job requirement.

Personal protective equipment

16.54   (1) An ATV operator and any passenger on an ATV must wear eye protection as required by Part 8 (Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment), and hearing protection meeting the requirements of Part 7 (Noise, Vibration, Radiation and Temperature).

(2) An ATV operator and any passenger on an ATV must wear

(a) clothing suitable for the environmental conditions, and

(b) when necessary to protect against the hazards presented at the worksite, suitable gloves and clothing which covers the ankles and legs and the arms to the wrists.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. D, s. 15.]

Loading and unloading

16.55   (1) Loading and unloading of an ATV onto or off a carrier vehicle must be done in a safe manner.

(2) If ramps are used when loading or unloading an ATV, they must be placed at a suitable angle, be sufficiently wide and have a surface finish which provides an adequate grip for the ATV's tires.

 Schedule 16-A was enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Schedule 16-B was enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Schedule 16-C was enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 17.10 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

(1) Vehicles operated by or on behalf of the employer primarily to transport workers must

(a) be of a design and construction acceptable to the Board,

(b) be suited to the type of use, terrain and weather,

(c) have bodies of strong and rigid construction, securely fastened to the vehicle chassis,

(d) have rear or side doors with latches operable from inside and outside, with side doors on the right side of the vehicle,

(e) be fitted with at least one emergency exit, on the left side or rear of the vehicle, operable from both inside and outside, and unlocked while the vehicle is in use,

(f) have safe means of entry and exit with non-slip steps and handholds,

(g) be fitted with adequate service brakes and a mechanical parking brake, and

(h) be equipped with appropriate first aid equipment determined under section 3.16 or 3.20, and with appropriate fire extinguishers in good working order.

 Section 18.1 definition of "traffic control" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

"traffic control" means the use of signs, flashing arrow boards, sign boards, buffer or shadow vehicles, barricades, cones, barriers, detours, traffic lights, traffic control persons (TCPs) or other techniques and devices to manage the flow of traffic;

 Section 18.1 definition of "traffic control person" or "TCP" BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

"traffic control person" or "TCP" means any person designated or assigned by the employer to direct traffic.

 Section 18.1 definitions of "barrier", "brief duration work", "emergency", "emergent work", "long duration work", "mobile work", "risk assessment", "short duration work", "temporary traffic control device", "traffic assistant", "traffic control person", "traffic control plan", "Traffic Management Manual" and "work zone" were added by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 18.2 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Responsibility

18.2   The employer must ensure that effective traffic control is provided and used whenever traffic could be hazardous to a worker.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 18.3 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Standards for traffic control

18.3   Traffic control equipment, arrangements and procedures must meet the requirements of the latest edition of the Traffic Control Manual for Work on Roadways (the "Traffic Control Manual") issued by the Ministry of Transportation, unless otherwise specified by this Regulation.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 18.3.1 was enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 18.3.2 was enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 18.3.3 was enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 18.4 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Supervision

18.4   (1) The employer must ensure that whenever traffic control is required, all of the following requirements are implemented:

(a) the traffic control arrangements and procedures for the work are made known to all the people involved in the work;

(b) the required traffic control devices and procedures are in place before the start of work and are removed when they are no longer required;

(c) any person assigned to be a traffic control person is adequately trained in a manner acceptable to the Board and effectively performs their role in the traffic control arrangements and procedures for the work;

(d) a traffic control person is positioned in a safe location clear of potential environmental hazards such as a slide or avalanche;

(e) if 2 or more traffic control persons are required to work as a team at the worksite, responsibility for coordination of changes in traffic flow is assigned.

(2) The employer must ensure that during traffic control operations a supervisor is designated to ensure the requirements of subsection (1) (b) to (e) are met.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 18.5 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Placement of traffic control signs and devices

18.5   (1) Traffic control signs and devices must be positioned and used as specified in the Traffic Control Manual and signs and devices must be located so as to allow traffic to move by or through the work area in a controlled manner and, if necessary, to come to a controlled stop with due regard for the prevailing weather and road conditions.

(2) Unless otherwise specified, all traffic control signs and devices must be installed and removed in a sequence which best protects workers during this phase of a traffic control operation.

(3) A sign advising of a traffic control person ahead must be placed in advance of each traffic control person's station, and this sign must be removed promptly when a traffic control person is no longer on duty at that station.

(4) Subsection (3) does not apply during emergency or brief duration work when it is not practicable to place such a sign, provided that sight lines and traffic speed allow oncoming traffic adequate warning of the work activity taking place.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 18.6 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Use of a traffic control person

18.6   (1) A traffic control person may be used only

(a) if the use of signs and other traffic control devices and procedures alone cannot provide effective traffic control, or

(b) during emergency or brief duration work if it is not practicable to control traffic with signs and other devices and procedures.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), one or more traffic control persons must be used if

(a) it is necessary to institute a one-way traffic system by or through a work zone and the circumstances do not allow self-regulating single lane traffic controlled by signs and other devices as specified in the Traffic Control Manual, and a traffic signal system is not used,

(b) work-related traffic cannot safely self-regulate to move in or out of the work area or safely coordinate with other traffic,

(c) an existing traffic control system, or an existing traffic signal light system, is not adequate to regulate traffic,

(d) the work encroaches into an intersection so as to interfere with regular traffic movement,

(e) traffic speed or volume is a hazard to workers while setting up or removing other traffic control devices, or

(f) other traffic control devices are not available in an emergency situation.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 18.6.1 was enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 18.6.2 was enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 18.6.3 was enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 18.8 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Location of traffic control persons

18.8   A traffic control person must

(a) stand in a safe position, preferably on the driver's side of the lane under the TCP's control, be clearly visible, and have an unobstructed view of approaching traffic, and

(b) be positioned at least 25 m (80 ft) away from the work area unless circumstances or space requirements, such as working at or near an intersection, dictate otherwise.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 18.9 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Operations during daytime

18.9   Each traffic control person must be provided with, and must use, all of the following:

(a) a traffic control paddle meeting the requirements for a C-27H Traffic Control Paddle as specified in the Traffic Control Manual and, if necessary to control fatigue, a non-conductive support staff for the paddle;

(b) high visibility apparel meeting

(i) the Type 1 or Type 2 criteria of WCB Standard Personal Protective Equipment Standard 2-1997, High Visibility Garment, or

(ii) the Class 2 or 3 garment criteria of CSA Standard Z96-02, High-Visibility Safety Apparel, with a fluorescent background colour;

(c) wrist and lower leg bands fitted with a minimum 5 cm (2 in) wide fluorescent retroreflective strip about their entire circumference, except that wrist and lower leg bands are not required for a traffic control person performing this function on an emergency or a temporary basis and not as part of their normal duties;

(d) safety headgear of a high visibility colour with a strip of retroreflective tape across the top from front to back and on the sides;

(e) an effective means of communication when traffic control persons are not visible to each other, which under no circumstances means a system of passing batons or similar items to indicate the last vehicle travelling through the zone under control.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 18.10 (0.1) and (3) were added by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 18.11 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Equipment maintenance

18.11   All traffic control equipment and devices, including signs, traffic control paddles and personal protective equipment, must be kept clean and in working condition.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 18.13 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Standard signals between traffic control persons

18.13   If manual signals are used between traffic control persons to initiate changes in the direction of traffic flow, the signals shown in Figure 18-1 must be used.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 18.14 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Standard signals for traffic

18.14   (1) All traffic control directions and signals made by a traffic control person for the purpose of controlling traffic must conform to the requirements of this Regulation and the Traffic Control Manual.

(2) A traffic control person must use the normal signals shown in Figure 18-2 when stationed on the driver's (left) side of the traffic lane under the TCP's control.

(3) The alternative signals shown in Figure 18-2 must be used only when the traffic control person is stationed on the passenger's (right) side of the traffic lane under the TCP's control.

(4) A traffic control person must not use their traffic control paddle to wave traffic on and must never display the paddle to traffic in other than a static manner.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 18.16 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Long periods of delay

18.16   If traffic control operations will result in long periods of traffic delay, appropriate signs or other effective means must be used to inform the traffic of the situation.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Section 18.17 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Towing and recovery operations

18.17   If the recovery of a disabled or damaged vehicle prevents the safe passage of other vehicles or if a passing vehicle is a danger to the workers engaged in the recovery operation, the person in charge must

(a) warn traffic of the recovery operation by displaying appropriate signs and a 360° flashing light,

(b) ensure that workers wear appropriate personal protective equipment, and

(c) ensure that any other procedures required by the Traffic Control Manual are followed if the activity exceeds the limits for emergency or brief duration work.

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Figure 18-1 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Figure 18-1: Arm signals between traffic control persons

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

 Figure 18-2 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Figure 18-2: Arm signals for traffic control

[en. B.C. Reg. 242/2006, s. 2.]

Figure 18-2 (continued): Arm signals for traffic control

Figure 18-2 (continued): Arm signals for traffic control

 Section 19.1 definitions of "approved" and "electrical worker" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

"approved" as applied to electrical equipment, means that the equipment meets the requirements of the Electrical Safety Act;

"electrical worker" means a person who meets the requirements of the Electrical Safety Act for installing, altering or maintaining electrical equipment;

 Section 19.1 definition of "exposed" was added by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 19.9 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

 Insulated aerial device

19.9  (1)  An insulated aerial device must be dielectrically tested at least annually in accordance with CSA Standard CAN/CSA-C225-M88 Vehicle Mounted Aerial Devices and its insulating capability certified by the testing agency.

(2)  An insulated aerial device which has not passed the testing required by subsection (1) must be considered noninsulated and any markings or identification on the device indicating insulated capability must be removed or effectively covered over and the user informed of the noninsulated status of the device.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 4.]

 Section 19.10 (2) (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

(a) require the use of appropriate electrical protective equipment, including rubber gloves and cover up, and other necessary live line tools,

 Section 19.15 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(2)  A ground fault circuit interrupter must not be used in place of grounding except as permitted by the Electrical Safety Act and the regulations made under it.

 Section 19.24 and heading BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

Working Close to Energized High Voltage Equipment and Conductors

 Minimum clearance

19.24  (1)  The employer must ensure that at least the minimum applicable distance specified in Table 19-1 is maintained between exposed, energized high voltage electrical equipment and conductors and any worker, work, tool, machine, equipment or material, unless otherwise permitted by this Part.

(2)  The employer must accurately determine the voltage of any energized electrical equipment or conductor and the minimum distance from it required by subsection (1).

Table 19-1: General limits of approach

VoltageMinimum distance
Phase to phaseMetresFeet
Over 750 V to 75 kV310
Over 75 kV to 250 kV4.515
Over 250 kV to 550 kV620

 Section 19.24.1 was added by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 19.24.2 were added by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 19.25 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(1)  If the minimum distance in Table 19-1 cannot be maintained because of the circumstances of work or the inadvertent movement of persons or equipment, an assurance in writing on a form acceptable to the Board and signed by a representative of the owner of the power system, must be obtained.

 Section 19.26 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(1)  If exposed high voltage electrical equipment and conductors cannot be isolated, rerouted or guarded, work must not be done within the minimum distance in Table 19-1 until approval is obtained from the Board and the following precautions are taken:

 Section 19.26 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(1)  If exposed high voltage electrical equipment and conductors cannot be isolated, rerouted or guarded, work must not be done within the minimum distance in Table 19-1A until approval is obtained from the Board and the following precautions are taken:

(a) the area within which equipment or materials are to be moved must be barricaded and supervised to restrict entry only to those workers necessarily engaged in the work;

(b) a safety watcher must be designated;

(c) a positive means must be provided for the safety watcher to give a clear, understandable stop signal to workers in the area, and the watcher must give the stop signal by no other means.

 Section 19.29 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

19.29  Qualified workers and workers under their direct supervision may work within the minimum distances to energized high voltage electrical equipment and conductors, as specified in Table 19-1 and Table 19-2, when authorized by the owner of the power system and using work procedures acceptable to the Board.

 Section 19.30 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(1)  Before commencing tree pruning or falling close to energized high voltage overhead conductors, the worksite must be inspected by a qualified person, authorized by the owner of the power system, to identify any hazardous areas, including situations where any part of a tree to be pruned or felled is within the applicable minimum distance from an energized conductor as specified in Table 19-1, or may fall within that distance.

 Section 19.32 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

19.32  Tree pruning or falling within the minimum distances in Table 19-1 from overhead energized high voltage conductors must be carried out by a worker authorized by the owner of the power system to do such work.

 Section 19.33 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Site crew requirements

19.33  Tree pruning or falling is not permitted within the minimum distances in Table 19-1 from overhead high voltage energized conductors, unless

 Section 19.34 (1), (3) and (6) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

(1)  A certified utility arborist and any conductive tool must not be closer to an energized high voltage conductor than the applicable limit of approach in column B of Table 19-3.

(3)  An apprentice utility arborist may work up to the limit of approach permitted for a certified utility arborist in subsections (1) and (5) when in the presence of and under the direct supervision of a certified utility arborist or a qualified electrical worker with tree pruning and falling training.

(6)  Vegetation touching an energized high voltage conductor or within the applicable limit in column A of Table 19-3 for a conductor at a potential of 75 kV or more must be removed only with the line isolated and grounded or by a qualified electrical worker using approved live line methods.

 Section 19.34.1 was enacted by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

 Section 20.1 the definition "asbestos-containing material" was added by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Section 20.1 the definitions "application drawings", "falsework" and "reshoring" were added by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 20.1 the definitions of "formwork" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

"formwork" includes the foundation, supporting structure, and mould into which concrete will be placed;

 Section 20.1 the definition "formwork designer" BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 14/2019, effective January 30, 2019.

"formwork designer" means the professional engineer responsible for the design of formwork;

 Section 20.1A BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

Qualified contractor

20.1A   If a person agrees with the owner to be the prime contractor as provided in section 118 of Part 3 of the Workers Compensation Act, then that person must be qualified.

[en. B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 55.]

 Section 20.2 (c) (i) and (ii) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(i)  the removal, encapsulation or enclosure of friable asbestos building materials, or

(ii)  the demolition, dismantling or repair of any building or structure, or parts thereof, in which insulating materials containing asbestos have been used, or in which asbestos products have been manufactured, or

 Section 20.2 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Notice of project

20.2   (1) The owner or, if the owner engages another person to be the prime contractor, then that person must ensure that the Board receives, in writing or by fax, a notice of project (NOP) at least 24 hours before starting a construction project if

(a) the total cost of labour and materials for the work exceeds $100 000, or

(b) all or part of the permanent or temporary works, except pre-engineered or pre-manufactured building and structural components, are required to be designed by a professional engineer, or

(c) the construction activity involves

(i) the removal, encapsulation or enclosure of friable asbestos-containing material, as that term is defined in section 6.1, or

(ii) the demolition, dismantling or repair of any building or structure, or parts thereof, in which asbestos-containing material has been used, or in which asbestos products have been manufactured, or

(iii) an abatement project or other activity involving significant disturbance of lead-containing coatings on buildings or structures, or

(iv) similar activities which may expose workers to a significant risk of occupational disease, or

(d) the construction project is a new erection, a major alteration, a structural repair or a demolition of

(i) a building more than 2 stories high or more than 6 m (20 ft) in height, or

(ii) a bridge, or

(iii) an earth or water retaining structure more than 3 m (10 ft) in height, or

(iv) a silo, chimney or similar structure more than 6 m (20 ft) in height, or

(e) workers will be working in a compressed air atmosphere or in a caisson, tunnel, underground working or cofferdam, or

(f) the construction project includes a trench more than 1.2 m (4 ft) in depth and over 30 m (100 ft) in length or includes another type of excavation more than 1.2 m (4 ft) in depth, which a worker may be required to enter.

(2) The notice of project required by subsection (1) must contain

(a) the name and address of the owner and, if applicable, any other person engaged to be the prime contractor for the project,

(b) the municipal address of the project, or its location in relation to the nearest highway,

(c) a description of the project including a list of the applicable items in subsection (1),

(d) the starting date and the anticipated duration of the project,

(e) the estimated total cost of labour and materials for the project, and

(f) if the project involves an activity listed in subsection (1) (c), detailed written work procedures which will be used to minimize the risk to workers who might be exposed to a hazardous material specified by that subsection.

(3) A copy of the notice of project must be posted at the construction site before work commences.

(4) If it is necessary to do immediate work in order to prevent injury to workers or damage to property, work on the project may commence immediately, and the nearest Board office must be provided with an NOP at the earliest possible time.

(5) If a shaft, tunnel, underground working, caisson or cofferdam is to be constructed, the notice of project must confirm that drawings for all temporary and permanent ground support will be available on site for the duration of the project.

[am. B.C. Regs. 185/99, s. 56; 188/2011, App. B, s. 14.]

 Section 20.2.1 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 20.16 heading BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Concrete Formwork and Falsework

 Section 20.16.1 was enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 20.16.2 was enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 20.17 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Specifications and plans

20.17   (1) The employer must ensure that a set of plans and specifications meeting the requirements of CSA Standard S269.1-1975, Falsework for Construction Purposes and CSA Standard CAN/CSA-S269.3-M92, Concrete Formwork is prepared for the formwork for each job and for all items of concrete work, the failure of which could cause injury.

(2) Erection drawings and supplementary instructions for concrete formwork, falsework and reshoring must be certified by a professional engineer and available at the site during erection, use and removal of the concrete formwork, falsework and reshoring.

(3) The following types of concrete formwork require erection drawings and supplementary information certified by a professional engineer:

(a) flyforms;

(b) gang forms;

(c) jump forms;

(d) vertical slip forms;

(e) formwork more than 4 m (13 ft) in height;

(f) suspended forms for slabs, stairs and landings;

(g) beam forms;

(h) single sided forms over 2 m (6.5 ft) in height;

(i) cantilever forms;

(j) bridge deck forms;

(k) shaft lining forms;

(l) tunnel lining forms;

(m) forms so designated by the designer of the structure.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 5.]

 Section 20.18 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Supervision

20.18   (1) A qualified supervisor experienced in the construction of temporary support structures must supervise the erection and use of formwork and falsework.

(2) Workers must be properly instructed on the hazards that they may be exposed to and on the precautions to be taken while around or on formwork and falsework.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. G, s. 1.]

 Section 20.19 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Erection drawing information

20.19   (1) Erection drawings and supplementary instructions must clearly show all information necessary to accurately and safely assemble the concrete formwork, falsework and reshoring to the design requirements.

(2) The documents required by subsection (1) must include at least

(a) erection drawings showing sufficient plan and section views and connection details, enlarged where necessary, to clearly describe the formwork and permit accurate assembly,

(b) the quality and grade of materials to be used for the components and their connection,

(c) an accurate description of proprietary items, including fittings, to permit field identification,

(d) the load bearing capacity required of the material upon which the sills are to be placed and, where necessary, details of procedures to be used to develop and maintain the required capacity,

(e) the minimum dimensions of sills or other foundation members,

(f) construction, erection and dismantling procedures which require special attention including, where applicable, handling multi-use formwork panels,

(g) details of supports necessary to maintain lateral stability and resist sidesway and racking, specifying the materials, dimensions and locations of external braces, ties, and other support devices,

(h) where structural components connect together, the connections detailed to prevent accidental displacement or rotation of the components,

(i) the reshore plan where applicable,

(j) details of the form or mould into which concrete will be placed,

(k) sufficient load and deflection information to permit a professional engineer to understand the design of the concrete formwork and falsework,

(l) the requirement for outstanding field design and detailing where applicable, and

(m) the sequence, method and rate of load placement to prevent overloading of any part of the formwork.

 Section 20.20 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Responsibility for design

20.20   (1) A professional engineer must be responsible for all field designs, details and changes including the effect they may have on the original design.

(2) Field designs and changes must be documented as required by section 20.19 and must be available at the site before and during placement of concrete or other significant loading of the formwork or falsework.

 Section 20.21 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Continuity of engineering

20.21   The employer, or if the formwork affects workers of more than one employer, the owner or principal contractor, must ensure continuity of design, construction and inspection in the event of a change of professional engineers, or if the separate work of 2 or more professional engineers is involved.

 Section 20.22 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Equipment requirements

20.22   (1) Equipment, materials and hardware which cannot be identified as meeting the standards specified in the professional engineer's drawings and specifications must not be used.

(2) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. B, s. 36.]

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. B, s. 36.]

 Section 20.23 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Concrete placing hazards

20.23   (1) Protruding ends of reinforcing steel which are hazardous to workers must be removed or effectively guarded.

(2) If a worker is required to be underneath the formwork during a concrete pour or placement of another significant load, the worker must be restricted from the areas where the loads are placed.

(3) If loads such as bundles of reinforcing steel are being placed on the formwork, or if concrete has just been placed on the formwork, workers must be restricted from the area under those portions of the formwork until it can be assured that the formwork will withstand the load.

(4) Placement of concrete or other loads must stop if any weakness, undue settlement or excess distortion of formwork of a type listed in section 20.17 (3) occurs, and may only restart after the formwork has been repaired or strengthened as specified by a professional engineer.

(5) Loads must not be applied to uncured concrete structures except as permitted by the erection drawings and supplementary instructions.

 Section 20.24 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Flyform drawings

20.24   (1) Erection drawings must be detailed to show

(a) a plan view, a longitudinal section, and a cross section for each type of flyform panel, and

(b) the weight, the calculated position of the centre of gravity and the position of the pickup points for each type of flyform panel.

(2) The design on the erection drawings and supplementary instructions for a flyform panel must provide that as soon as a flyform panel is landed on a supporting surface, before anyone climbs or walks on the panel, and before reinforcing steel or concrete is placed on the panel, the panel must

(a) be able to resist a minimum horizontal load of 3.6 kN (800 lbs) applied in any direction on the top edge,

(b) have a minimum safety factor against overturning about any possible axis of

(i) 1.6 when dead load plus most severe live load configuration plus horizontal loads are considered, and

(ii) 2.0 when dead load plus most severe live load configuration or dead load plus horizontal loads are considered,

(c) have a minimum safety factor of 1.5 against the panel sliding along the supporting surface, and

(d) have flyform legs placed as necessary to attain the required safety factor against overturning.

(3) If any of the requirements of subsection (2) cannot be obtained for a panel, the panel must, before being unhooked from the crane or hoist, be secured to the permanent structure or an adjacent panel in a manner specified by the formwork designer.

(4) When all flyform panels have been assembled to form a continuous piece of concrete formwork, the concrete formwork and falsework must meet the requirements of section 20.17 (1).

 Section 20.25 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Flyform handling

20.25   (1) The erection drawings and supplementary instructions for flyforms must show a step by step procedure for all phases of each cycle of assembly, flying, use, dismantling and reuse of each flyform panel, including special procedures for non-typical floors.

(2) If any flyform panel is not inherently stable for all possible conditions of load, special notation on the flyform design documents must draw attention to the procedure for obtaining stability.

(3) The erection drawings and supplementary instructions required by subsections (1) and (2), including special procedures required for non-typical floors, must be made available to workers involved in any part of the assembly, flying, use, dismantling and reuse of each flyform panel.

 Section 20.26 (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

(3) If a gangform is being reused on the same jobsite without modification, an inspection by a qualified person must be performed before each pour, in which case a new professional engineer's inspection certificate under subsection (1) is not required.

 Section 20.26 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Inspections

20.26   (1) Immediately before placement of concrete or other intended loading, the employer must ensure that the concrete formwork and falsework is inspected and an engineering certificate is issued by a professional engineer, which

(a) indicates the specific areas inspected,

(b) certifies that the concrete formwork and falsework has been erected in accordance with the latest approved erection drawings and supplementary instructions, and

(c) certifies that specified reshoring is in place.

(2) The certificate required by subsection (1) must be available at the site for inspection by an officer.

(3) If a gang form is being reused on the same jobsite with any modification to the gang form design or method of erection, subsection (1) applies in relation to the reuse of the gang form.

(4) If a gang form is being reused on the same jobsite without modification to the gang form design or method of erection certified under subsection (1), immediately before placement of concrete or other intended loading, the employer must ensure that the gang form is inspected by a qualified person who

(a) confirms that the gang form has been erected in accordance with the latest approved erection drawings and supplementary instructions, and

(b) documents the inspection and the confirmation under paragraph (a), including the specific location at which the gang form is being reused and the date of the inspection.

(5) The documents required by subsection (4) (b) must be available at the site for inspection by an officer.

[am. B.C. Reg. 199/2014, App. G, s. 1.]

  Section 20.26.1 was enacted by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

  Section 20.26.2 was enacted by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

  Section 20.26.3 was enacted by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Section 20.26.4 was enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 20.26.5 was enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 20.26.6 was enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 20.27 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(1)  A concrete pump, placing boom and mast must bear a legible identification plate specifying

 Section 20.27 (1) (d) and (2) BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(d) the maximum pressure the concrete pump can generate.

(2)  A concrete placing boom or mast not affixed to a concrete pump must bear an identification plate specifying

(a) the manufacturer's name,

(b) the model and serial number,

(c) the maximum allowable concrete pressure in the delivery pipe, and

(d) the maximum allowable pipe diameter and permitted wall thickness.

 Section 20.27 (1) (e) was added by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Section 20.28 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 188/2011 effective February 1, 2012.

 Manufacturer's manual

20.28  The manufacturer's operation and maintenance manual for a concrete pump, placing boom and mast must be readily accessible to the operator and to maintenance personnel.

 Section 20.29 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Inspection and maintenance records

20.29  Records of inspection and maintenance as required by Part 4 (General Conditions) must be made by the equipment operator and other persons inspecting and maintaining a concrete placing boom or mast.

 Section 20.30 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Pre-use inspection

20.30  (1)  The operator must inspect a concrete placing boom or mast and test its safety and control devices before use on each shift and record the results of the inspection and tests in accordance with section 20.29.

(2)  Any defects found in the concrete placing boom or mast must be recorded according to section 20.29 and reported immediately to the supervisor or employer, who must determine the course of action.

(3)  If a defect may affect the safe operation of the concrete placing boom or mast, the equipment must not be used until the defect has been remedied.

[am. B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 58.]

 Section 20.30.1 was added by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Section 20.31 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Controls

20.31  Controls for a concrete placing boom or mast must have their function clearly identified.

 Section 20.32 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(2)  Hydraulic holding valves must be used on a placing boom or mast if hydraulic hose or coupling failure could result in uncontrolled movement of mechanisms.

 Section 20.36 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Emergency shutoff

20.36  A concrete pump must have a clearly labelled emergency stop switch near the hopper which if activated will stop the pumping action.

 Section 20.40 BEFORE amended by Bc Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Outriggers

20.40  (1)  Outriggers must be used in accordance with the concrete placing boom or mast manufacturer's specifications.

(2)  Extendible outriggers for a concrete placing boom or mast must be marked to indicate maximum extension.

(3)  A concrete placing boom or mast manufactured after January 1, 1999 must have its outriggers or jacks permanently marked to indicate the maximum load they will transmit to the ground.

 Section 20.41 (3) BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(3)  A concrete placing boom or mast must not be used to drag hoses or other loads.

 Section 20.47 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Equipment inspection

20.47  A concrete placing boom and mast must be inspected in accordance with good engineering practice at intervals not exceeding 12 months, repaired as necessary, and certified safe for use by a professional engineer, the manufacturer or the manufacturer's authorized agent.

 Section 20.47 (2) (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(2) Despite section 20.26 of this regulation,

 Section 20.47 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 82/2020, effective July 14, 2020.

(2) Despite section 20.26.3 of this regulation,

(a) a reference to a "qualified person" in clauses 5.2.2.2.1 to 5.2.2.2.3 of CSA Standard Z151-09, Concrete pumps and placing booms, must be read as a reference to a person who is a professional engineer, and

(b) a reference to a "person qualified to the requirements of CSA W178.2" or to a "representative authorized by the manufacturer" in clause 5.2.2.2.2 of CSA Standard Z151-09, Concrete pumps and placing booms, must be read as a reference to a person who is a professional engineer.

 Section 20.47 (3) and (4) were added by BC Reg 82/2020, effective July 14, 2020.

 Section 20.48 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Repair certification

20.48  Replacement parts used for repair of a concrete placing boom or mast must meet or exceed the original manufacturer's specifications or be certified by a professional engineer.

 Section 20.48.1 was added by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Sections 20.50 to 20.52 BEFORE they were repealed by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 Restriction on use

20.50  A concrete placing boom or mast must not be used to hoist loads.

 Compressed air cleaning

20.51  (1)  A concrete delivery pipe system other than an individual section of pipe may be cleaned out using compressed air, but the system must be securely anchored before such cleaning is done.

(2)  Any flexible discharge hose must be removed before cleaning out concrete delivery pipes using compressed air.

(3)  Only workers essential to the clean out process may be in the vicinity of concrete delivery pipes when they are pressurized with air.

(4)  An air system being used to clean out concrete delivery pipes must have a shutoff valve.

(5)  A trap basket must be attached to the discharge end of the concrete delivery pipe to receive the clean out ball or go-devil.

(6)  A blowout cap must have a bleed valve to relieve air pressure in a delivery pipe being cleaned using compressed air.

(7)  Delivery pipes must be depressurized before clamps and fittings are released.

 Operator's duties

20.52  The operator of a concrete placing boom or mast must have full control of the pump and placing equipment controls whenever the equipment is operating and engage in no other duties while operating the concrete pump and placing boom or mast.

 Section 20.79 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Underground utilities

20.79  (1)  Before excavating or drilling with powered tools and equipment, the location of all underground utility services in the area must be accurately determined, and any danger to workers from the services must be controlled.

(2)  Excavation or drilling work in proximity to an underground service must be undertaken in conformity with the requirements of the owner of the service.

(3)  Pointed tools must not be used to probe for underground gas and electrical services.

(4)  Powered equipment used for excavating must be operated so as to avoid damage to underground utility services or danger to workers.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. E, s. 15.]

 Section 20.112 (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(a) inspect the site to identify any asbestos, lead or other heavy metal or toxic, flammable or explosive materials that may be handled, disturbed or removed,

 Section 20.112 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

Hazardous materials

20.112   Before work begins on the demolition or salvage of machinery, equipment, buildings or structures, the employer or owner must

(a) ensure that a qualified person inspects the site to identify any asbestos-containing materials, lead or other heavy metal or toxic, flammable or explosive materials that may be handled, disturbed or removed,

(b) have the inspection results available at the worksite, including any drawings, plans or specifications, as appropriate, to show the locations of any hazardous substances,

(c) ensure that any hazardous materials found are safely contained or removed, and

(d) if hazardous materials are discovered during demolition work that were not identified in the inspection required by paragraph (a), ensure that all work ceases until such materials are contained or removed.

[am. B.C. Reg. 188/2011, App. B, s. 15.]

 Section 20.113 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Disconnecting services

20.113  Demolition must not proceed until all electric, gas and other services which may endanger a worker have been disconnected as required by the owner of the applicable utility.

 Section 21.1 the definitions "electric detonator", "electric igniter", "electronic detonator", "initiating device" and "radio frequency transmitter" were added by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 21.1 definitions of "Misfire (mishole)", "primer" and "shunt" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

"misfire (mishole)" means a charge or part of a charge which, on initiation, failed to completely detonate or function, a dangerous condition;

"primer" means an explosive to which a detonator or other initiating device has been attached;

"shunt" means a metal (aluminum or brass) clip or foil used to short out an electric detonator by interconnecting the leg wires, or means the act of shorting out leg wires by twisting them together;

 Section 21.1 definitions of "blast site", "blasting accessory", "manufacturer-armed perforating gun", "mislight" and "perforating gun" were added by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.1 definitions of "blasting area" and "igniter cord" BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

"blasting area" means an area extending at least 50 m (165 ft) in every direction from a place where explosive materials are being prepared or fixed, or where an unexploded charge is known or believed to exist;

"igniter cord" means a small diameter wire coated with an incendiary composition used to ignite a series of safety fuse assemblies;

 Section 21.1 definitions of "blasting log", "blasting operation", "charge", "danger area", "day box", "detonator" or "detonator products", "explosive", "magazine" and "misfire" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

"blasting log" means a written record of loading details, and the site examination after the blast;

"blasting operation" includes preparing, placing and firing a charge, handling a misfire and destroying or disposing of explosive materials;

"charge" means explosive materials which may or may not contain a primer, and which are placed for the purpose of detonation;

"danger area" means an area in which there may be danger to persons or property from flying material or other hazardous condition resulting from a blast;

"day box" means a container used at a worksite to store and transport explosives that is

"detonator" or "detonator products" includes those explosives commonly called blasting caps, or electric caps, or other similar devices used to detonate commercial explosives;

"explosive" means a substance that is made, manufactured or used to produce an explosion or detonation, including but not limited to blasting explosives, pyrotechnic devices and accessories containing explosives;

"magazine" means a structure used for the unattended storage of either detonators or explosives, and which meets the regulations and standards of the Explosives Act (Canada);

"misfire" means a charge, or part of a charge, that failed to completely detonate or deflagrate, as applicable;

 Part 21, heading before section 21.2 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

General Requirements

 Section 21.2.1 was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.3 (2) (d), (e) and (f) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(d) the types of explosives, detonators, and blasting machine used,

(e) a factual account of events including the blaster's log records, and

(f) the action taken by the employer.

 Section 21.3 (2) (d.1) and (g) were added by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 21.4 (1), (2) and (4) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(1) The blaster of record must record in a log the preblast loading details and the results of the postblast site inspection.

(2) Blasting logs must be maintained at the blasting site, available for inspection by an officer, workers and worker representatives.

(4) The blaster must maintain a personal log of all blasting work that the blaster has performed.

 Section 21.5 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) All work within the blasting area must be done under the authorization of the designated blaster of record responsible for that area.

 Section 21.6.1 was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.6.2 was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Part 21, heading before section 21.8 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Certification

 Section 21.8 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Qualifications

21.8   A candidate for a blaster's certificate must

(a) be at least 18 years of age,

(b) demonstrate a satisfactory knowledge of the English language, both written and spoken,

(c) be physically capable of safely carrying out the duties of a blaster, and

(d) forward written proof acceptable to the examining officer that

(i) the candidate has had at least 6 months experience in blasting operations as an assistant to a blaster, and/or

(ii) the candidate's character, knowledge, qualifications and experience would make the candidate competent to handle explosives.

 Section 21.8.1 was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.12 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(1) A blaster must retain his or her certificate and must keep it in a safe place at the worksite while carrying out the duties of a blaster.

 Section 21.13 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Suspension of duties

21.13   If, in the opinion of the employer, the holder of a blaster's certificate has failed to comply with any of the blasting requirements in this Regulation, manufacturer's recommendations or recognized safe blasting practices, the employer must immediately investigate the incident and may suspend the blaster from performing the duties of a blaster.

[am. B.C. Reg. 185/99, s. 61.]

 Part 21, heading before section 21.16 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Storage

 Section 21.16 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Detonators

21.16   (1) Detonator products must not be kept in a store or receptacle in which explosives or safety fuses, fuse lighters, igniter cords or connectors are stored.

(2) At the loading site, detonator products must be stored separately from other explosives, and in a crush resistant box which is clearly identified.

 Section 21.17 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Worksite storage

21.17   Explosives at the worksite must be guarded or contained in secured day boxes until used or returned to storage magazines.

 Section 21.18 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) A day box and receptacle used for day storage of explosives on a work site must, when they contain explosives, display signs indicating the presence of explosives in a conspicuous manner, and the signs must be removed when they are empty.

 Section 21.19 (1) to (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(1) The interior of an explosives magazine must be kept scrupulously clean and must be constructed, covered or lined to prevent the exposure of any ferrous metals or gritty materials.

(2) Precautions must be taken to exclude moisture from an explosives magazine.

(3) Any article or substance likely to cause a fire or explosion must be kept out of and at a safe distance from an explosives magazine.

 Section 21.20 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Cord

21.20   (1) Detonating cord must be stored separately, or with explosives other than detonators.

(2) Igniter cord must be stored separately from fuses, detonators, or explosives.

 Section 21.21 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Separate handling

21.21   Blasting explosives and detonator products must be kept and handled separately until the last most practicable moment, before bringing them together.

 Part 21, heading before section 21.22 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Transportation

 Section 21.22 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(1) A vehicle being used to transport explosives must be in sound mechanical condition, suitable for, and capable of, safely transporting explosives.

 Section 21.22 (3) to (6) were added by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.23 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Flammable materials

21.23   Reasonable quantities of flammable or combustible materials may be carried by a conveyance transporting explosives at the workplace provided such materials are contained in a manner which will not cause or transmit a fire or explosion, and are adequately separated from any explosives containers on the conveyance.

 Section 21.24 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(2) Electric detonators must be transported in their original containers, with their leg wires shunted, as shipped by the manufacturer.

 Section 21.24 (1) and (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(1) Explosives carried in a vehicle must be in a fully enclosed, locked, fire resistant fixed container or compartment, separate from the passenger compartment.

(3) Detonators must be adequately separated from other explosives during transport.

 Section 21.24 (4) was added by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.25 (b) (v) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(v)  attended by the blaster of record, or a qualified person designated by the blaster, at all times when explosives are being carried, unless the prior permission of the Board has been obtained.

 Section 21.25 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Mobile drill rigs

21.25   The transportation of explosives on a mobile drilling rig is only permitted if

(a) explosives and detonators are carried in separate containers built to type 6 or type 10 magazine standard and capacities, with 2 hooded locks, and

(b) the explosives and detonator containers are

(i) located at least 60 cm (2 ft) apart, with the doors or lids facing at least 90° apart,

(ii) located above the vehicle deck in a manner which protects the containers from contact with roadside objects and the drilling equipment,

(iii) located so the contents are not endangered by any heat source on the drill unit,

(iv) kept locked when outside the blasting area, and securely closed when in the blasting area, except when opened for depositing or removing their contents, and

(v) attended by the blaster of record, or a qualified person designated by the blaster, at all times when explosives are being carried.

[am. B.C. Reg. 188/2011, App. L, s. 8.]

 Section 21.27 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Contact with metal

21.27   Contact between packages containing explosives and exposed ferrous metal in a conveyance must be prevented by the use of wood, tarpaulin, or other suitable dunnage materials.

 Section 21.29 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Safe operation

21.29   A person operating a vehicle that is transporting explosives

(a) must operate the vehicle in a safe manner, consistent with prevailing road and weather conditions, and

(b) must not drive faster than 90 km/h (55 mph).

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. E, s. 18.]

 Section 21.30 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Vehicle load limit

21.30   A vehicle transporting explosives must not be operated or permitted to operate if the load to be transported exceeds 80% of the manufacturer's rated carrying capacity for the vehicle.

 Section 21.31 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Firefighting equipment

21.31   (1) A conveyance transporting explosives must be equipped with at least 2 fire extinguishers, of a type capable of quickly extinguishing gasoline, oil, or electrical fires.

(2) The fire extinguishers must be readily available for use and must have

(a) a minimum 5 BC rating for a vehicle with up to 2 000 kg (4 400 lbs) gross vehicle weight (GVW) rating, and

(b) a minimum 10 BC rating for a vehicle with more than 2 000 kg (4 400 lbs) GVW rating.

 Section 21.34 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Prior servicing

21.34   Explosives must not be loaded on or in a vehicle unless the vehicle has been fully serviced.

 Part 21, heading before section 21.36 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Handling Explosives

 Section 21.36 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

General

21.36   Explosive materials must be stored, transported, handled and used in the manner recommended by the manufacturer.

 Section 21.37 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Defective explosives

21.37   Explosive materials or accessories which have deteriorated, or are believed to be defective, must not be used and must be handled and disposed of in a safe manner following the manufacturer's recommendations.

 Section 21.39 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Abandoned explosives

21.39   Explosive materials and accessories must not be abandoned, but must be placed in suitable storage or disposed of in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

 Section 21.41 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) All empty explosives containers must be disposed of by burning or as recommended by the manufacturer.

 Part 21, heading before section 21.42 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Drilling

 Section 21.42 (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(a) in a previously blasted area, the surface to be drilled must be exposed and examined for misfired explosives,

 Section 21.43 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Drilling prohibitions

21.43   Drilling must not take place within

 Section 21.44.1 was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Part 21, heading before section 21.45 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Loading

 Section 21.46 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Carrying

21.46   Persons must not carry explosive materials in their clothing.

 Section 21.52 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Springing holes

21.52   After a hole is "sprung" ample time must be left for the hole to cool before further loading or placing of explosives or explosive accessories takes place.

 Section 21.54 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(1) Non-electric shock tubes loaded into holes must not be pulled or snapped.

 Section 21.54 (2) BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) Shock tube starters must not be fastened to the firing line until all holes are loaded and ready to be blasted.

 Section 21.55 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(2) Prior written permission of the Board must be obtained before any pneumatic loading is carried out at a hole which contains an electric detonator.

 Part 21, heading before section 21.56 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Safety Fuse Initiation

 Section 21.57 (2) and (3) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) When multiple safety fuses are to be lit, a suitable safety fuse lighting device must be used to ensure that a minimum 90 cm (3 ft) fuse length safety factor is maintained.

(3) When multiple safety fuse assemblies are to be lit, a suitable lighting device, such as igniter cord, must be used, and once the igniter cord is lit the blast area must be vacated.

 Part 21, heading before section 21.58 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Electrical Initiation

 Section 21.58 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(1) Precautions must be taken to prevent premature detonation of electric detonators from sources of electricity.

(2) Blasting circuits must be kept on the ground with bare connections sufficiently elevated to prevent current leakage.

 Section 21.59 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Extraneous currents

21.59   Electric detonators must not be used when extraneous current exceeds 50 milliamps.

 Section 21.59 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Extraneous currents

21.59   Electric detonators or electric igniters must not be used when extraneous current exceeds 50 milliamps.

[am. B.C. Reg. 14/2019, App. D, s. 6.]

 Section 21.60 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(1) Precautions must be taken during handling of electric detonators to prevent premature detonation caused by static electricity.

 Section 21.61 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(1) During electrical blasting, minimum distances from radio frequency transmitters as detailed in Institute of Makers of Explosives, Safety Guide for the Prevention of Radio Frequency Radiation Hazards in the Use of Commercial Electric Detonators (Blasting Caps) Safety Library Publication No. 20, 1988 as amended from time to time, must be maintained.

(2) If the minimum distance has not otherwise been determined, electrical blasting circuits are not permitted within

(a) 100 m (330 ft) of a CB or other mobile or portable radio frequency transmitter, and

(b) 1 000 m (3 300 ft) of an AM, FM, TV, or other fixed radio frequency transmitter.

 Section 21.61 (1.1) was added by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 21.62 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(2) When electric blasting circuits are being connected, traffic control persons must be posted to instruct vehicle operators to turn radio frequency transmitters off.

 Section 21.63 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Testing circuits

21.63   Each electrical circuit must be tested before firing using an instrument acceptable to the Board, and the measured resistance must be recorded in the blasting log.

 Section 21.63.1 was enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Part 21, heading before section 21.66 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Firing

 Section 21.66 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) The blaster must ensure that the danger area is clear of workers and is kept clear during the blasting period.

 Section 21.66 (6) was added by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.67 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Firing lines

21.67   The firing lines must not be attached to the blasting machine or blasting circuit until all charges are placed, connected and ready to be fired.

 Section 21.67 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Firing lines

21.67   The firing lines must not be attached to the initiating device or electric blasting circuit until all charges are placed, connected and ready to be fired.

[am. B.C. Reg. 14/2019, App. D, s. 11.]

 Section 21.69 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to avalanche control, single underground headings, buried seismic work in isolated locations or other circumstances deemed appropriate by the Board, in which case the blaster must ensure that alternative warning procedures acceptable to the Board are used.

 Section 21.69 (1) (c) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(c) following the blast and after the area has been inspected and found safe, one prolonged whistle signal of at least 5 seconds duration must be sounded, to signify that permission is granted to return to the blasting area.

 Part 21, heading before section 21.71 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Returning to the Blast Site

 Section 21.71 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

After the blast

21.71   After a blast is detonated, the blaster must not allow any other worker to enter the blasting area until

(a) the area has been examined by the blaster for misfires and other hazards,

(b) the "all clear" has been sounded, and

(c) the blaster gives permission for work to proceed.

 Section 21.71 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

After the blast

21.71   After a blast is initiated, the blaster of record must not permit anyone to enter the blasting area until

 Section 21.71 (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(a) the area has been examined by the blaster of record for misfires and other hazards,

 Section 21.72 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Electrical blasting

21.72   After a blast is electrically detonated the blaster must not enter the blasting area until

(a) the blaster has disconnected the firing cables from the blasting machine and has short circuited the lead wires, or

(b) if the blast was detonated from a power line, the blaster has disconnected the firing lines and locked the switch open.

 Section 21.72 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Electrical blasting

21.72   After a blast is electrically initiated the blaster must not enter the blasting area until

 Part 21, Division 12 heading "Misfire Procedures" was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.73 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Misfires

21.73   (1) When a blast initiated by electrical methods cannot be verified to have completely detonated, or is suspected to have misfired, the blaster must disconnect the firing lines from the blasting machine, and wait at least 10 minutes before permitting anyone to enter the danger area.

(2) When a blast initiated by a safety fuse cannot be verified to have completely detonated, or is suspected to have misfired, the blaster must wait at least 30 minutes after the estimated time of detonation before permitting anyone to enter the danger area.

 Section 21.73 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(1) If there is evidence or suspicion of a misfire after a blast is initiated, the blaster of record must not permit anyone to enter the danger area until the later of the following:

(a) if an electric detonator or electric igniter was used to initiate the blast, 15 minutes after the blaster of record disconnects the firing lines from the initiating device and shunts the lead wires;

(b) if shock tube initiation was used to initiate the blast, 15 minutes after the blaster of record disconnects the lead-in-line from the initiating device;

(c) if an electronic detonator was used to initiate the blast, 30 minutes after the blaster of record disconnects the firing lines from the initiating device and shunts the lead wires;

(d) if a safety fuse was used to initiate the blast, 30 minutes after the estimated time of detonation;

(e) the waiting period stated in the manufacturer's instructions.

 Part 21, heading before section 21.74 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Misfire Procedures

 Section 21.74 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Blast site examination

21.74   The blaster must make a thorough examination of the blast site after charges have been fired to determine that there are no unexploded charges remaining.

 Section 21.74.1 was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.74.2 was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.75 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Unfired explosives

21.75   (1) If there is evidence or suspicion of misfired charges or undetonated explosives

(a) all loose unfired explosives must be collected and destroyed in a safe manner, and

(b) the blaster must direct the hand removal of as much broken material as possible before metallic tools or equipment are used.

(2) Metallic equipment must not be used during misfire procedures unless

(a) the blaster directs the use of the equipment,

(b) the area is adequately illuminated, and

(c) everyone, except the blaster and the equipment operator, is removed from the area.

 Section 21.76 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Removing loose material

21.76   (1) Removal of loose material must be done cautiously, with regard for possible undetonated explosive materials or misfired holes.

(2) Loose rock must be scaled from faces in the work area and the area stabilized before other work resumes.

 Section 21.76.1 was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.77 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Marking and detonating

21.77   (1) Each misfired charge must be clearly marked and the area cordoned off.

(2) No attempt must be made to remove an unexploded charge and no other work may take place within the blasting area, until the misfired charge has been successfully detonated by rewiring or repriming with a fresh primer.

 Section 21.78 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Safety fuse reblast

21.78   If a misfired charge contains a safety fuse and is reblasted, workers must not return to the blast site until 30 minutes after the detonation.

 Section 21.79 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

No relighting

21.79   Relighting a safety fuse is prohibited.

 Section 21.80 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Drilling for refiring

21.80   When drilling is necessary to expose a misfired charge the blaster must

(a) accurately determine the angle of the misfired hole,

(b) direct the angle and depth of the hole being drilled, and

(c) ensure that the hole being drilled is at least 60 cm (2 ft) from any part of the misfired charge.

 Section 21.81 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Extracting explosives

21.81   (1) It is prohibited to extract, or attempt to extract, a primer or explosive of the nitroglycerine type from a loaded hole.

(2) Only if the hole does not contain a detonator may a blaster or person authorized by the blaster remove ammonium nitrate, water gel or emulsion type explosives from a blast hole, and the removal procedure must be carried out with caution, using moderate air or water pressure or a combination thereof, with a blowpipe made of non-metallic construction.

 Part 21, heading before section 21.82 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Specialized Blasting Operations

 Section 21.82 (2) and (4) to (6) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) Whenever explosive materials are being used in underwater blasting operations, a blasting flag (international code "Bravo", a solid red flag) must be displayed.

(4) Underwater blasts must not be detonated when a diving operation or water craft is within the danger area, nor until the diving supervisor has given permission for the blaster to fire the charge.

(5) After detonating an underwater blast, the site must be examined by the blaster, or by a competent diver who

(a) has been instructed in the recognition of undetonated explosive materials and other blasting related hazards, and

(b) is under the direction of a blaster.

(6) The blaster must ensure that misfires are handled properly and that other blasting related hazards are removed.

 Section 21.82 (3.1) was added by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.84 (1) (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(a) the blaster has first ensured that all leg wires are shunted together, drill cuttings are spread out and levelled, the leg wires are coiled as close to the ground as possible while never exceeding 15 cm (6 in) above the ground level, and the holes are suitably user identified, and recorded in the blasting log, and

 Section 21.84 (2) BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) In seismic blasting, if the recorder can confirm complete detonation, the firing line may be left connected to the firing switch and disconnected at the hole.

 Section 21.84 (6) was added by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 21.85 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(1) Explosive charges must not be placed manually on site by workers or projected by any means for the purpose of avalanche control, until the proposed work procedures have been submitted to and accepted by the Board.

 Section 21.85 (2.1) was added by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Part 21, Division 14, sections 21.86 to 21.93 was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 22.1 definition of "underground working supervisor" was added by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 22.1 was renumbered as 22.1 (1) by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 22.1 (1) definition of "bootleg" BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

"bootleg" means the remnant of a blast hole which did not properly break when the blast was initiated; also called socket, butt or button;

 Section 22.1 (2) was added by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 22.7 (2) (d) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

(d) any incident required to be reported by Part 3 of the Workers Compensation Act or by this Regulation, and

 Section 22.12 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Underground supervisors

22.12   (1) The employer must ensure that every worker involved in the active excavation or rehabilitation of an underground working is under the direct supervision of the holder of an underground excavation supervisor certificate acceptable to the Board.

(2) Workers not involved in the active excavation or rehabilitation of an underground working must be under the direction of a supervisor who holds an underground supervisor certificate.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. G, s. 2.]

 Section 22.12 (2) (a) (i) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

(i) the duties of supervisors under section 117 of the Workers Compensation Act and this Part, and

 Section 22.12.1 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 22.54 (c) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(c) oil, grease and flammable liquids with a flash point below 52°C (126°F) used in an underground working are transported and stored only in metal containers or receptacles or in portable plastic containers approved for petroleum fuels, and when stored underground, unless in an approved enclosure, are restricted to a quantity sufficient for the current day's work,

 Section 22.63 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(2) The worker making the examination, before going off shift, must make a written report to the supervisor of any unusual condition found which has not been corrected.

 Section 22.63 (2.1) was added by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 22.63 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(2) The worker making the examination must, before going off shift, report to his or her supervisor any unusual condition found that has not been corrected.

 Section 22.67 (1) and (2) (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

(1) The employer must ensure that each supervisor is provided with current development plans for the supervisor's assigned area of responsibility which indicate the size, inclination and length of all development openings and drill holes, and points where openings are or will be within 8 m (25 ft) of a breakthrough.

(2) If an active heading is within 8 m (25 ft) of another underground opening or drill hole, the supervisor must, before any round is fired,

 Section 22.67 (2.1) was added by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 22.70 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) Explosives transported in a shaft conveyance must be transported separately from detonators, and not be transported with other materials.

 Section 22.71 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) Detonator products and explosives must be placed in separate, suitable locked containers, or a single container where they are separated by a barrier approved under the Explosives Act (Canada).

 Section 22.72 (2) (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) When explosives or detonators are being transported by track haulage they must

 Section 22.72 (2) (a) BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(a) be transported in a suitable type of conveyance meeting the requirements of the Explosives Act (Canada),

 Section 22.73 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(2) A magazine or storage container in an underground working must be located in a safe stabilized area where there is no possibility of being struck by a train or mobile equipment, at least 60 m (200 ft) from any shaft, hoist room, portal, refuge station or worker assembly area, transformer vault, or combustible refuse.

 Section 22.73 (3) BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(3) The magazine or storage container must meet type 4 or type 6 magazine specifications under the Explosives Act (Canada) and be conspicuously marked by a "Danger — Explosives" sign or signs.

 Section 22.80 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Work restriction

22.80   Before other work can take place in a blasting area,

 Section 22.80.1 was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 23.1, definition of "flow piping system" was added by BC Reg 142/2017, effective August 1, 2017.

 Section 23.6 (3) (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 142/2017, effective August 1, 2017.

(3) A well head may be used as a ground

 Section 23.10, Table 23-1, item "Any vehicle carrying explosives" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Any vehicle carrying explosives220-BC

 Section 23.15 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

(1)  A vessel must have a pressure relief device set to relieve at a pressure not exceeding 103 kPa (15 psi) if the vessel is

(a) not registered under the Power Engineers and Boiler and Pressure Vessel Safety Act,

(b) connected to a production facility or compressor station, and

(c) not directly open to the atmosphere.

 Section 23.15 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

 Pressure relief device — when required

23.15  (1)  A pressure vessel must have a pressure relief device set to relieve at a pressure not exceeding 103 kPa (15 psi) if

(a) the design of the pressure vessel is not registered under the Power Engineers, Boiler, Pressure Vessel and Refrigeration Safety Regulation, B.C. Reg. 104/2004,

(b) the pressure vessel is connected to a production facility or compressor station, and

(c) the pressure vessel is not directly open to the atmosphere.

(2)  A pressurized system, including any lines running from the output side of a pressure relief device which may be subject to accidental restriction, must be protected by a pressure relief device.

[am. B.C. Reg. 188/2011, App. J, s. 1.]

 Section 23.16 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

 Pressure relief device — installation

23.16  (1)  A pressure relief device must be set to discharge at a pressure not exceeding the manufacturer's recommended working pressure for the pipes and fittings in the system or as specified by a professional engineer.

(2)  Any fluid or material discharged through a pressure relief device must be piped to a place where it will not endanger workers.

(3)  The diameter of piping connected to the pressure side and the discharge side of a pressure relief device must not be smaller than the diameter of the openings to the device.

(4)  The piping on the discharge side of a pressure relief device must be

(a) secured to prevent movement, and

(b) sloped to drain fluids away from the pressure relief device if freezing could restrict the fluid flow.

(5)  A valve must not be installed in the discharge opening of a pressure relief device or the device's discharge pipe unless required by engineering design.

(6)  A pressure relief device that requires block valves by engineering design must have the block valves locked in the appropriate position.

(7)  Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. B, s. 50.]

(8)  A guard must be installed around the shear pin and spindle of a pressure relief device.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. B, s. 50.]

 Section 23.22 (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(a) be certified in the applicable Enform Canada driver training course acceptable to the Board, or

 Section 23.26.1 was enacted by BC Reg 142/2017, effective August 1, 2017.

 Section 23.63 (6) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(6) The principal contractor or owner must ensure that documentation is available on site showing that ground anchors meet the requirements of this Part, and that such documentation is signed by the person responsible for the adequacy of the anchors.

 Section 23.69 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 142/2017, effective August 1, 2017.

Flow piping

23.69   (1) Flow piping systems must be anchored during well testing or stimulation unless there is an effective quality assurance program to ensure integrity of the piping system.

(2) The quality assurance program must include routine inspections, non-destructive testing, pressure testing, identification of piping components, and piping specifications that meet the service application.

(3) If swivel joints or hoses are used in well stimulation and similar operations, the piping system must be secured at the well head and supply vehicle or pumping unit end with wire rope safety lines not less than 11 mm (7/16 in) in diameter, or chains of equal strength.

(4) Flowback lines must be anchored and restrained.

(5) If a system of piping and swivel joints with a pressure greater than 2000 kPa (300 psi) is used in well stimulation and similar operations

(a) the operation must be conducted by remote control,

(b) unauthorized workers must not enter the area between the point of discharge and the well head, and

(c) before starting operations, warning signs must be posted in the area stating "DANGER, NO UNAUTHORIZED WORKERS ALLOWED IN THIS AREA" or other similar language.

(6) Subsections (3) and (5) do not apply to well testing.

(7) In a flow piping system exceeding 3 500 kPa (500 psi),

(a) connections must be welded, flanged or hammer unions, and

(b) if there is only a threaded connection available at the well head, special precautions must be taken.

(8) A piping system must be completely depressurized before leaking connections or fittings are corrected.

(9) Hammering on a pressurized system is not permitted.

(10) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. B, s. 55.]

(11) If liquid carbon dioxide or other liquified gas is used for well stimulation, the valve controls of the supply unit must be on the side opposite to the pipe supplying the liquified gas.

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. B, s. 55.]

 Section 23.69.1 was enacted by BC Reg 142/2017, effective August 1, 2017.

 Section 23.69.2 was enacted by BC Reg 142/2017, effective August 1, 2017.

 Section 23.69.3 was enacted by BC Reg 142/2017, effective August 1, 2017.

 Section 23.70 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 142/2017, effective August 1, 2017.

Piping, hoses and valves

23.70   (1) Only metal piping, or flexible hose designed for high pressure service, may be used between a service pump and the well head, and a check valve must be installed at the well head end of the piping.

(2) A bleedoff valve must be installed between the check valve and the well head.

 Section 23.72 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 142/2017, effective August 1, 2017.

Pressure testing requirements

23.72   (1) Before commencing a service operation, piping, pumps, valves and fittings to be used in the operation must be hydraulically tested to a pressure not less than 10% above the maximum anticipated operating pressure as determined by the well owner.

(2) Before commencing well testing or flowback operation, flow line piping, valves and fittings from the well head to the first pressure control choke must be hydraulically pressure tested to a pressure not less than 10% above the maximum anticipated shut-in pressure as determined by the well owner.

(3) When nitrogen is being used in well stimulation, the piping system may be pressure tested with nitrogen provided that the nitrogen treating line is connected to the main line as close to the well as practicable.

(4) Documentation of the testing must be available on the worksite for inspection by an officer.

(5) Air must be purged from the piping system before pressurizing low flash point hydrocarbons.

 Section 23.78 (5) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(5) Other vehicles must not be started or shut off within 8 m (25 ft.) of a tank truck containing flammable vapourizing liquids while it is being connected or disconnected.

 Section 23.83 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(2)  If a lifeline is not used, 2 workers must be equipped with respiratory protective equipment and capable of effecting a rescue if required, and stationed immediately outside the entrance to the confined space.

 Section 24.1 the definition "fishing vessel" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

"fishing vessel" means any vessel used in catching fish or collecting or transporting fish for landing;

 Section 24.1 the definitions "lifejacket", "personal flotation device (PDF)" and "working alone" were added by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 24.20 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

(1) Each diver must satisfy the diving supervisor that he or she fully understands the signals and procedures in use.

 Section 24.21 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(1) Diving operations, repetitive dives, and treatment of divers, must be carried out in strict accordance with tables and procedures published or approved by the Defense and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine (Canada).

  Section 24.34 (1) (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 195/2015, effective February 1, 2016.

(1) An incident investigation report meeting the requirements of Part 3 of the Workers Compensation Act and Part 3 of this Regulation (Rights and Responsibilities) must be submitted to the Board as soon as possible if any of the following occurs during a diving operation:

 Section 24.34 (1) (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

(1) An incident investigation report meeting the requirements of Part 3 of the Workers Compensation Act must be submitted to the Board as soon as possible if any of the following occurs during a diving operation:

 Section 24.69 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Application

24.69   Sections 24.70 to 24.143 apply to all owners, masters and crewmembers of licensed commercial fishing vessels.

 Section 24.69.1 was enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 24.69.2 was enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 24.69.3 was enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 24.70 (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(b) if constructed after January 1, 1995, be built in accordance with applicable Canadian Coast Guard Regulations, or other standard acceptable to the Board.

 Section 24.128 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

Personal flotation devices (PFDs)

24.128   When in the skiff, crewmembers must wear personal flotation devices meeting the requirements of the Board.

 Section 24.96.1 was enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 24.96.2 was enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Section 24.96.3 was enacted by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

 Part 25, note under heading BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Note:

The Regional Health Boards and Community Health Services Societies administer the Industrial Camps Health Regulation.

If Board officers, in the course of their duties, find conditions in camps which may be of concern under the Industrial Camps Health Regulation, the matter will be referred to the attention of the appropriate officials.

Queries with regard to the administration of the Industrial Camps Health Regulation should be directed to the officials responsible for its administration.

 Part 26, table 26-8 item 1 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

1Grapple log and go aheadClose and go

 Section 26.1 definition of "mobile equipment" was added by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 26.1 definitions of "multiple-employer workplace" and "prime contractor" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

"multiple-employer workplace" has the same meaning as in section 118 of the Workers Compensation Act;

"prime contractor" has the same meaning as in section 118 of the Workers Compensation Act;

 Section 26.1 definitions of "qualified arborist", "trainee arborist", "tree-climbing activities" and "tree-climbing system" were added by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 26.1 definition of "binder" BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

"binder" means a wire, synthetic rope, chain or other device that is secured by a cinch and placed around logs on a logging truck or trailer to prevent the logs from spilling;

 Section 26.1 definitions of "bunk" and "log transporter" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

"bunk" means the bottom section of the cradle assembly on a logging truck or trailer onto which logs are placed;

"log transporter" means any of the following used to transport logs on roads:

(a) a truck;

(b) a trailer;

(c) a truck and trailer assembly;

 Section 26.1 definitions of "federal cargo securement standard", "highway", "log load", "log stack", "tiedown", "transportation route" and "wrapper" were added by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 26.1.1 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

Prime contractor requirements for forestry operations

26.1.1   If the owner of a forestry operation enters into an agreement referred to in section 118 (1) of the Act designating a person to be the prime contractor for a workplace, the owner must ensure that

 Section 26.2.1 was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 26.7.1 (1), (6) (part) and (7) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(1) In this section, "climber" means a worker who climbs trees or wooden spars at the workplace.

(6) If there is a possibility of a climbing rope or strap being severed in the conditions present at a climbing work site, then

(7) Climbing equipment must be maintained in good order.

 Part 26, heading "Tree-Climbing Activities" was enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Sections 26.12.0.1 to 26.12.0.6 were enacted by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 26.12.1 (3) was added by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 26.13.4 was enacted by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

 Section 26.17.1 was enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 26.18 (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

26.18  In a forestry operation where there may be a risk of a landslide or avalanche

 Section 26.54.1 was enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 26.61 (1) (b) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(b) trucks are moving at landings, load-out points, water dumps, dry land sorts or railway reloads.

 Part 26, heading "Hauling" was moved before section 26.64 by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 26.65 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

Bullboards

26.65   (1) For the protection of the driver, each logging truck must have, at the back of the cab, a substantial barrier that

(a) is at least 15 cm (6 in) higher than the cab, and

(b) is at least as wide as the cab.

(2) The barrier at the back of the cab of a self-loading logging truck may be less than the height specified in subsection (1) but must not be less than the cab height.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (1), the barrier must be capable of withstanding a horizontal forward static load equal to 40% of the weight of the cargo being transported that may shift and contact the barrier, with this load uniformly distributed over the entire barrier.

(4) The barrier of the logging truck must be

(a) designed, constructed and maintained so that it has no aperture large enough to permit any item of cargo to pass through it, and

(b) installed in a manner acceptable to the Board to ensure that the rated capacity of the barrier is not diminished.

(5) The barrier must be

(a) permanently marked with

(i) the name and address of its manufacturer,

(ii) the model number or serial number of the barrier, and

(iii) its rated capacity in terms of the cargo weight that may be transported in compliance with this section, or

(b) identified by carrying in the logging truck a copy of a letter that

(i) accurately describes the barrier,

(ii) certifies the model number or serial number of the barrier and its rated capacity in terms of the cargo weight it can carry, and

(iii) has been signed by the manufacturer or a professional engineer.

[en. B.C. Reg. 253/2001, s. 20; am. B.C. Regs. 73/2005; 18/2006, s. 1.]

 Section 26.66 (1), (3) (part) and (7) (part) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

(1) Trucks, trailers and semitrailers used for transporting logs must be equipped with bunks and stakes of adequate design and construction to safely perform their intended function.

(3) Stakes, extensions and stake lines must be installed and maintained to ensure that when the log transporter is loaded

(7) Stake lines must

 Section 26.66 table BEFORE amended by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Bunk widthStake line
minimum diameter
metresfeetmillimetresinches
up to 2.6up to 8 1/2227/8
2.6 to 3.78 1/2 to 12291 1/8
over 3.7over 12321 1/4

 Section 26.67 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Loading logs

26.67   (1) In order to control the movement of a log transporter while it is being loaded, an effective means of communication must be established between the transporter operator and any worker loading the logs.

(1.1) Logs must not be loaded on a log transporter unless all workers in the vicinity are in a safe location and clear of any moving logs or logs that might move or fall during that operation.

(1.2) While a log transporter is being loaded, a worker must not stand on the cab platform of the transporter or between the transporter cab and a log being loaded.

(1.3) Logs must be loaded on a log transporter in a manner that meets all of the following requirements:

(a) the load must be stable without the use of binders;

(b) the transporter and the load must remain stable while in transit;

(c) the strain on the binder units, bunk stake lines or stakes must not exceed the load that the units, lines or stakes are designed to bear;

(d) the free and full movement of the transporter must not be impaired.

(2) To ensure that stakes remain at a safe angle, the first tier of logs must be laid tight, and arranged to minimize slack in the stake cables.

(3) Unless securely restrained by other means to prevent logs from slipping off, the bottom tier and the side rows of the log load must extend beyond the front and rear bunks and stakes

(a) at least 30 cm (12 in.) on trucks with compensating reach type trailers, or

(b) at least 15 cm (6 in.) on other types of trailers.

(4) The log length on a log transporter must not exceed the design capacity of the road.

(5) A log whose length is not contained by the stakes must not be loaded above the level of the stakes unless the log

(a) is in a secure lay, and

(b) does not have excessive crook, sweep or deformity.

(5.1) Hazardous limbs must not be transported on a log transporter.

(5.2) A worker must not stand on any part of a load of logs on a log transporter.

(6) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 313/2001.]

[am. B.C. Regs. 313/2001; 20/2008, App. A, s. 40.]

 Section 26.68 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Binders

26.68   (1) Unless the centres of all logs lie below the level of the top of the stakes on a log transporter, at least 2 binders must be installed to restrain the logs before the transporter is moved.

(1.1) If the logs are preloaded onto a trailer, the binders required under subsection (1) must be installed immediately after the loading and before the trailer is connected to the tractor of the logging truck.

(2) A loaded log transporter may be moved within the loading area without the binders required under subsection (1) if no worker is exposed to the risk of a falling log or other falling debris.

(3) If logs or log chunks could roll or slide off the log transporter, or the logs or log chunks are not contained within stakes, at least 2 binders must be used to secure the logs regardless of the height of the load.

(3.1) All binders that must be in place before a load of logs may be transported must be put on

(a) as soon as practicable after loading, and

(b) in a location in close proximity to the loading area.

(3.2) Loads or logs must not be moved or shifted while binders are being applied or adjusted.

(3.3) A binder on a load of logs must be checked and kept tight during transportation of the logs.

(4) Each binder and attachment must have a breaking strength of at least 53 kN (12 000 lbs).

(5) Bundle straps or banding must not be used as binders to restrain logs during hauling.

(5.1) Subsection (5) does not apply in a loading area if no worker is exposed to the risk of a falling log or other falling debris.

(6) Binders must be positioned on the load so that they can be safely removed while the load restraining equipment is in position.

[am. B.C. Reg. 20/2008, App. A, s. 41.]

 Section 26.68.1 was enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 26.68.2 was enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 26.69 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Binder removal

26.69   (1) In this section, "binder removal station" means a structure that is designed to protect a worker, when releasing binders or stakes, from the maximum anticipated load of falling or sliding logs or log chunks.

(2) Written safe work procedures acceptable to the Board must be developed for

(a) removing binders, and

(b) the use of a binder removal station.

(3) The written procedures developed under subsection (2) must be

(a) posted in a visible location at any place where binders are removed, including a binder removal station, and

(b) maintained in a legible condition.

(4) Binders must not be removed when a worker is preparing to unload logs from a log transporter unless

(a) a binder removal station is being used, or

(b) the logs are otherwise restrained to prevent them from falling on the worker who is releasing the binders or stakes.

(5) Once binders have been removed from a load of logs, the unrestrained load must not be moved if any worker is exposed to the risk of a falling log or other falling debris.

(6) A binder removal station must not be used unless it is certified by a professional engineer as capable of performing its intended function.

[en. B.C. Reg. 20/2008, App. A, s. 42; am. B.C. Reg. 20/2008, App. A, s. 43.]

 Section 26.76 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 222/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

Securing trailers

26.76   (1) Empty log transporter trailers, when loaded onto tractors, must be adequately secured against dislodgment.

(2) Handholds or other suitable facilities must be installed on trailer or semi-trailer reaches if workers are required to manually assist in coupling them to tractors.

[am. B.C. Reg. 20/2008, App. A, s. 46.]

 Section 26.77 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Assistance on steep grades

26.77   If the braking power of equipment is insufficient to provide adequate control on a slope, the vehicle must be snubbed or assisted.

 Section 26.83 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

(1)  When 2 or more vehicles are using a section of a road which is too narrow to permit them to pass, an effective traffic control system must be used by all vehicles on the road.

 Section 26.83 (2) (d) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

(d) instructional signs, including kilometre and road name/number signs, and the radio frequency for traffic control if one is being used.

 Section 26.83.1 was enacted by BC Reg 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.

 Section 28.6.1 was enacted by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 28.9 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 9/2017, effective May 1, 2017.

Control of environmental tobacco smoke exception

28.9   Sections 4.81 to 4.83 (Environmental tobacco smoke) do not apply in a private residence, except when a worker, other than the occupant of the residence, is working in the residence.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004.]

 Section 28.12 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

Biohazards exception

28.12   Section 6.36 (3) does not apply to agricultural operations on farm land.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004.]

 Section 28.33 to 28.42 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Older mobile equipment exception

28.33   The requirements for emission controls, supplementary steering, safe starting and load ratings of sections 5.75, 16.14, 16.16 and 16.20 apply, in agricultural operations on farm land, only to equipment purchased for first use after January 1, 2006.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004, s. 1.]

Means of escape exception

28.34   (1) Mobile equipment that does not require window guarding as specified by section 16.21 is exempt from section 16.17 (1) for an alternate means of escape.

(2) Equipment with a single cab entrance door, that is exempt under subsection (1), must have an opening window or alternate means of escape on a surface other than the door side, satisfying the requirements of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J185, June 1988, Recommended Practice for Access Systems for Off-road Machines.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004, s. 1.]

Alternative evaluation of an attachment

28.35   Despite section 16.19, a bucket, fork, boom, hoist or other load handling equipment may be installed on mobile equipment if authorized by a person qualified to evaluate the safety of the installation.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004, s. 1.]

Alternative for design of riding station

28.36   The design of safe facilities specified under section 16.31 (2) (b) also may be done by a person qualified to design the facilities.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004, s. 1.]

Safety device on older trucks exception

28.37   Section 16.37 (4) (requirements for a mechanical device capable of supporting an empty dump box in the raised position) applies only to dump trucks with a chassis manufactured after January 1, 2006.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004, s. 1.]

Protective structures exception for mobile equipment

28.38   (1) Other than for agricultural tractors, section 16.21 (1) and (2) applies only to new equipment purchased for first use after January 1, 2006.

(2) Despite subsection (1), the Board may require a protective structure to be installed on any mobile equipment if the design of the equipment or the circumstances of use indicate the need.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004, s. 1.]

ROPS on older equipment exception

28.39   Other than for agricultural tractors, the requirements of section 16.22 (1) for rollover protective structures (ROPS) apply only to new equipment purchased for first use after January 1, 2006.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004, s. 1.]

Protective structures exception for agricultural tractors

28.40   Section 16.21 (1) and (2) does not apply to an agricultural tractor manufactured on or before January 1, 1985.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004, s. 1.]

Rollover protective structures for agricultural tractors

28.41   (1) In this section:

"risk assessment" means an assessment of the risk that an agricultural tractor will roll over while it is being operated, based on the relevant circumstances of the proposed operation including the following:

(a) the stability of the agricultural tractor, taking into account such factors as the configuration of the agricultural tractor and any attachments mounted on or pulled by the agricultural tractor during operation;

(b) the ground conditions where the agricultural tractor will be operated, including the presence of ditches, drop-offs and ground irregularities such as holes, soft spots or mounds;

(c) the grades on which the agricultural tractor will be operated;

(d) the nature of the activities to be performed with the agricultural tractor;

(e) the applicable safe work procedures established by the employer;

(f) the training and experience of the operator;

(g) the presence or absence of direct supervision of the operator by a qualified person;

"ROPS" means a rollover protective structure that meets the requirements of sections 16.23, 16.24, 16.25 and 16.26.

(2) Section 16.22 does not apply to an agricultural tractor if it is being driven or used as part of agricultural operations on farm land.

(3) Subject to subsection (4), a worker must not drive or use an agricultural tractor as part of agricultural operations on farm land unless the agricultural tractor has a ROPS.

(4) A worker may drive or use an agricultural tractor without a ROPS as part of agricultural operations on farm land if a qualified person has carried out a risk assessment and has determined that, in the circumstances, the agricultural tractor can be operated safely and with a low risk of a rollover, and any of the following apply:

(a) the agricultural tractor was manufactured on or before January 1, 1985;

(b) the agricultural tractor

(i) is a low profile tractor that is used in agricultural operations on farm land in places that have low overhead clearance, such as orchards, hop yards, farm buildings or greenhouses, where overhead clearance is not adequate to allow an agricultural tractor with a ROPS to operate, and

(ii) is being driven or used as part of those agricultural operations;

(c) the agricultural tractor is fitted with implements that are incompatible with a ROPS.

(5) The employer must permanently affix, on an agricultural tractor without a ROPS that is driven or used as part of agricultural operations on farm land, a notice that is legible and visible to a person in the operator's position, stating that the agricultural tractor

(a) does not have a rollover protective structure, and

(b) may be driven and used only in areas and for activities authorized by the employer.

[en. B.C. Reg. 188/2011, App. K, s. 1.]

Use of seat belts on agricultural tractors

28.42   Despite section 16.33 (2), a seat belt must be used at all times when operating an agricultural tractor equipped with a rollover protective structure.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004, s. 1.]

 Section 28.41 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 188/2011, effective February 1, 2012.

 ROPS exception for agricultural tractors

28.41  (1)  Section 16.22 (1) does not apply to an agricultural tractor manufactured on or before January 1, 1985.

(2)  An agricultural tractor manufactured after January 1, 1985 must be equipped with a rollover protective structure, except for

(a) a low profile tractor used in agricultural situations where there is low overhead clearance, such as orchards, hop yards, farm buildings and greenhouses where overhead clearance is not adequate to allow a tractor equipped with a rollover protective structure to operate, and when its use is incidental to the work in those situations, and

(b) an agricultural tractor fitted with implements incompatible with the rollover protective structure.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004.]

 Section 28.42 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

 Section 28.47 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 116/2022, effective August 22, 2022.

Annual inspection and certification exception

28.47   For the purposes of application of sections 13.12, 13.23 (1) (b) and 13.23 (5), a person may make the inspection and determination of safety for continued use of a mobile elevating work platform used in orchards if the person is qualified to do so, and the work platform has a maximum operational height of 3.6 m (12 ft).

 Section 28.49 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Pulling loads

28.49   When a tractor or other mobile equipment is used for pulling loads,

(a) the point of pull on the tractor or other mobile equipment must be the point specified by the manufacturer's instructions, and

(b) the weight of a load pulled must not exceed that specified by the manufacturer.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004, s. 1.]

 Section 28.50 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Transportation of workers

28.50   (1) Despite section 16.31 and Part 17 (Transportation of Workers), a worker may be transported on farm land, on mobile equipment not designed for the transportation of workers, if

(a) the worker is safely seated, and

(b) the equipment is not operated at more than 10 km/h (6 mph).

(2) A worker must not ride on

(a) a tongue or drawbar connected to equipment in tandem, or

(b) a bucket, forks or other equipment that pose a risk of injury to the worker.

[en. B.C. Reg. 312/2004, s. 1.]

 Section 29.16 (2) (a) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(a) name of the principal contractor and of the person responsible for the operation,

 Section 30.1 was renumbered to 30.1.1, and a new section 30.1 was added by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Application

30.1  This Part applies to rooms, buildings or areas in buildings equipped with apparatus, equipment, chemicals or test animals and used for research, quality control, performance of tests, experiments or measurements, photographic development, or the preparation of drugs or other products in the natural sciences.

 Section 30.12 (6) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(6)  Biological safety cabinets used for handling a biological agent that is designated as a hazardous substance in section 5.1.1 must be operated and ventilated in accordance with the Laboratory Biosafety Manual issued by the World Health Organization, as amended from time to time, and the Laboratory Biosafety Guidelines issued by Health Canada, as amended from time to time.

 Section 30.13 (5) BEFORE spent, effective January 1, 2001.

(5)  Equipment purchased before April 15, 1998 is exempt from the application of subsection (3) until January 1, 2001.

 Section 30.13 (2) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(2)  Aerosol-proof safety heads or cups or other equally effective means to prevent exposure of workers must be used where biohazardous aerosols may be generated, where carcinogens are present or where radioactive samples pose a hazard to workers.

 Section 30.14 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

30.14  Written safe work procedures must be prepared for hazardous operations, including work methods involving hazardous chemicals, spill response, and handling of biohazardous materials, and workers must be adequately instructed in and follow the procedures.

 Section 30.15 BEFORE re-enacted by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Permitted quantities

30.15  Only the minimum necessary amounts of combustible, flammable, corrosive, toxic, biohazardous or highly reactive substances may be kept in the working area of the laboratory.

 Section 30.16 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

30.16  The transport of containers of flammable, corrosive, toxic, biohazardous or highly reactive substances through a laboratory must be done in a manner that will not pose a danger of damage to the containers.

 Section 30.17 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(1)  Protective laboratory clothing used in laboratories where toxic, radioactive or biohazardous substances are handled must not be worn outside the work area and must not be stored in a manner or location whereby workers may be exposed to the hazardous substances.

 Section 30.17 (1.1) was added by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 30.19 (5) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

(5)  Biohazardous waste material must be collected in separate, tightly covered containers before disposal.

 Section 30.26 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Biohazardous materials

30.26  (1)  Adequate facilities must be readily available for personal decontamination of workers who come in contact with biohazardous materials.

(2)  Work procedures which may generate aerosols containing biohazardous materials must be performed only under controlled conditions designed to minimize creation of the aerosols and prevent worker exposure to them.

(3)  For Risk Group 2 micro-organisms, sealed centrifuge safety heads, rotors or trunnion cups must be opened within a fume hood or biological safety cabinet unless there is a means of visually determining, by use of clear safety caps or other effective means, that no breakage or leaking has occurred.

(4)  For Risk Group 3 micro-organisms, sealed centrifuge safety heads, rotors or trunnion cups must be loaded and unloaded within a biological safety cabinet.

(5)  Work involving Risk Group 4 micro-organisms must be done as required by Health Canada Laboratory Biosafety Guidelines - 2nd edition (1996).

[am. B.C. Reg. 312/2003, App. A, s. 5.]

 Section 30.26 (6) was added by BC Reg 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.

 Section 31.1 definition of "fire department" BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

"fire department" means a fire brigade operated as a public service by an employer specified in clause (c) of the definition of "worker" in section 1 of the Workers Compensation Act;

 Section 31.2 BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

Application

31.2   This Part applies to employers and to workers who are employed in firefighting activities on a full or part time basis, including volunteer firefighting in municipal service and industrial fire brigades under Part 1 of the Workers Compensation Act, but does not apply to forest fire fighting.

 Section 31.3 (1) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 279/2019, effective April 6, 2020.

(1) If an employer is required under Part 3 of the Workers Compensation Act to establish a joint committee or worker health and safety representative, then a fire department or industrial fire brigade operated by the employer must have a separate joint committee or a worker health and safety representative, as applicable.

 Section 31.30 and 31.31 BEFORE repealed by BC Reg 139/2021, effective September 1, 2021.

Stowing equipment

31.30   All equipment on a firefighting vehicle must be adequately secured.

Safe movement of vehicles

31.31   A firefighting vehicle must not be moved if the vision of the driver is obscured, except on a signal from a designated person, who must ensure that the vehicle can be moved safely.

 Part 34, Sections 34.1 to 34.16 and Schedule 34-A were enacted by BC Reg 199/2014, effective February 1, 2015.

 Section 34.2 (2) (a.1) was added by BC Reg 207/2021, effective December 1, 2021.

 Section 34.4 (1) (a) (i) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(i) International Code of Practice (2013) and General requirements for certification of personnel engaged in industrial rope access methods, Edition 6 (June 2009), published by the Industrial Rope Access Trade Association;

 Section 34.14 (d) (i) to (v) BEFORE amended by BC Reg 14/2019, effective June 3, 2019.

(d) meets the requirements of one or more of the following standards:

(i) CAN/CSA-Z94.1-05 Industrial Protective Headwear — Performance, selection, care, and use (published February, 2005);

(ii) ANSI/ISEA Z89.1-2009 American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection (published January 26, 2009);

(iii) EN 12492:2012 Mountaineering equipment. Helmets for mountaineers. Safety requirements and test methods (published August 31, 2012);

(iv) EN 397:2012+A1:2012 Industrial safety helmets (published April 30, 2013);

(v) UIAA 106 Mountaineering and Climbing Equipment — Helmets (published January, 2009).