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B.C. Reg. 60/2021
O.C. 112/2021
Deposited March 5, 2021
effective May 1, 2021
This consolidation is current to November 22, 2022.
Link to consolidated regulation (PDF)
Link to Point in Time

Insurance (Vehicle) Act

Income Replacement and Retirement Benefits and
Benefits for Students and Minors Regulation

[Last amended May 1, 2021 by B.C. Reg. 94/2022]

Contents
Part 1 — Definitions
1Definitions and interpretation
Part 2 — Entitlement
2Entitlement amount and limits
3Alternate formula
4Full-time earners
5Temporary earners and part-time earners — first 180 days
6Temporary earners and part-time earners — after 180 days
7Non-earners — first 180 days
8Non-earners — after 180 days
9Entitlement to income replacement benefits after relapse
10Income replacement benefit for reduced income from determined employment
11Events that end or suspend entitlement
12Benefit reduction if person earns reduced income
Part 3 — Determined Employment
13Required determined employment
14Authorized determined employment
Part 4 — Gross Yearly Employment Income
15Definitions
16Maximum GYEI
17GYEI for salaried worker
18GYEI for self-employment or a Canadian-controlled private corporation
19GYEI for full-time earner, special circumstances
20GYEI for temporary earner or part-time earner — first 180 days
21GYEI for temporary earner or part-time earner — after 180 days
22GYEI for insured holding employment corresponding to determined employment for 5 years and at time of accident
23GYEI for insured holding employment corresponding to determined employment for 5 years but not at time of accident
24Insured who never held employment corresponding to determined employment
25Non-earner — after 180 days
26Classes of employment
27Part-time determined employment
Part 5 — Net Income
28Net income
29Taxable income is gross yearly employment income less deductions
30Income tax is tax on taxable income less credits
31GYEI is pensionable and insurable earnings
32Premiums payable under Employment Insurance Act (Canada)
33Contributions payable under Canada Pension Plan
Part 6 — Retirement Income Benefit
34Entitlement
Part 7 — Payments and Adjustments
35Payment of benefits
36Adjustments
37CPI adjustment — 2022 and subsequent years
Part 8 — Income Replacement Benefits — General
Division 1 — Income Adjustments
38Definition
39Adjustments under sections 20 to 25
Division 2 — Indexation
40Indexation for sections 22 and 23
Division 3 — Classes of Employment
41Definition
42Determination of level of experience
43Indexing formula
44If employment not listed in table
45Census data used to update income levels
46Table 1
Division 4 — Average Hours Worked
47Definitions
48Updates of AHW
49Employment or AHW not listed
50Labour force survey data unavailable
Part 9 — Benefits for Students
51Definitions
52Full-time basis
53Loss-of-studies benefit
54Determination of income replacement benefit — students
55Student unable to begin or continue studies
56Student able to begin or continue studies
57Student not entitled to both
58New determination of employment for student after end of current studies
Part 10 — Benefits for Minors
59Definition
60Loss-of-studies
61Determination of income replacement benefit — minors
62Benefit for minor unable to begin or continue studies
63Benefit for minor able to begin or continue studies
64Minor not entitled to both
65Determined employment
Schedule

Part 1 — Definitions

Definitions and interpretation

1   (0.1) In the Act and this regulation, "unable", in relation to the employment of an insured, means that the insured is fully or substantially unable to perform the essential duties of the employment.

(1) In this regulation:

"Act" means the Insurance (Vehicle) Act;

"determined employment" means an employment determined by the corporation under section 13 or 14;

"full-time basis", in respect of employment, means

(a) an insured is employed at one employment for not less than 28 hours, not including overtime hours, in each week of the year preceding the date of the accident, or

(b) an insured is employed at one employment

(i) for not less than 28 hours per week, not including overtime hours, and

(ii) for not less than 2 years with periods of work not less than 8 months in duration and with gaps between periods of work not more than 4 months;

"gross yearly employment income" or "GYEI", in relation to an insured, means an insured's gross income as determined under Part 4;

"industrial average wage" means the industrial aggregate average weekly earnings for all employees of British Columbia as published monthly by Statistics Canada or as determined by the corporation under subsection (2);

"maximum yearly insurable income" means the amount determined under section 2 (2) or (3), as applicable;

"part-time basis", in respect of employment, means an insured is employed for less than 28 hours per week, not including overtime hours;

"temporary basis", in respect of an insured who is a temporary earner, means the insured is employed but not on a part-time basis or full-time basis.

(1.1) In sections 138, 139, 143 and 144 of the Act, "employment", in relation to an insured, means the employment that the insured would have held but for the accident.

(2) The corporation must use the industrial aggregate average weekly earnings for all employees of British Columbia as published monthly by Statistics Canada, except where

(a) no such figure is published for a particular month, or

(b) after the coming into force of this provision, Statistics Canada uses a new method to determine the industrial aggregate average weekly earnings for all employees for British Columbia for a particular month and the new method results in a change of more than 1% when compared with the former method,

in which case the corporation must determine an amount that in its opinion represents the industrial aggregate average weekly earnings for all employees for British Columbia for that month and, under paragraph (b), for each month remaining in that year.

(3) The class of insureds who meet both of the following descriptions as of the date of the accident is excluded from the meaning of "non-earner" as defined in section 113 of the Act:

(a) the insured has not held employment in the 2 years immediately preceding the date of the accident;

(b) the corporation is not satisfied that the insured would have held employment in the future had the accident not occurred.

[am. B.C. Reg. 94/2022, s. 1.]

Part 2 — Entitlement

Entitlement amount and limits

2   (1) Subject to this regulation, the income replacement benefit to which an insured is entitled under Division 6 of Part 10 of the Act, is an amount equal to 90% of the insured's net income, determined on a yearly basis in accordance with this regulation.

(2) The maximum yearly insurable income for the period of May 1, 2021 to March 31, 2022 is $100 000.

(3) The amount referred to in subsection (2) for the fiscal year beginning on April 1, 2022 and each fiscal year after that is the result obtained by multiplying $100 000 by the ratio between

(a) the sum of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months before October 1 of the year preceding the year for which the amount of the maximum yearly insurable earnings is calculated, and

(b) the same sum for each of the 12 months before October 1, 2020.

(4) For the purpose of subsection (3), the corporation must use the most recent data available from Statistics Canada on January 1 of the year for which the amount under subsection (3) is calculated.

(5) The amount determined under subsection (3), if it is not a multiple of $500, must be rounded to the next multiple of $500.

(6) Subject to section 147 of the Act and section 10 of this Part and subsection (7) of this section, the minimum income replacement benefit to which an insured who is a full-time earner or an insured for whom the corporation determines an employment under section 13 of this regulation is entitled is the amount to which the insured would be entitled if the insured's gross yearly employment income were calculated using the minimum wage under the Employment Standards Act and, except in the case of a part-time employment, the insured worked 40 hours per week for 52 weeks of the year.

(7) The minimum income replacement benefit to which an insured, other than a student or minor, who sustains a catastrophic injury is entitled is an amount determined on the basis of a gross yearly employment income determined on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months of the calendar year preceding April 1 before the date on which the accident occurred.

(8) Despite anything else in this regulation, an income replacement benefit that is payable to an insured who has sustained a catastrophic injury is payable to the insured beginning on the eighth day after the accident.

(9) If, but for subsection (7), an insured would be entitled during the first 180 days after the accident to the caregiver benefit under section 152 of the Act and an income replacement benefit under section 133 (1) or 134 (1) (b) of the Act, the insured is entitled to the greater of

(a) the benefit determined under subsection (7) of this section, and

(b) the caregiver benefit plus the income replacement benefit under section 133 (1) or 134 (1) (b) of the Act,

but not to both.

[am. B.C. Regs. 117/2021, App. 5, s. 1; 94/2022, s. 2.]

Alternate formula

3   (1) In this section, "other disability compensation" means other compensation within the meaning of section 122 of the Act, but only from the sources prescribed by section 18 (2) (c) or (3) of the Enhanced Accident Benefits Regulation.

(2) Despite section 2 (1) but subject to this regulation, an insured who is entitled to an income replacement benefit based on the formula in section 2 (1) is entitled to the greater of

(a) an income replacement benefit determined under this regulation other than this section, and

(b) an income replacement benefit determined under subsection (3) of this section

but not to both.

(3) The amount of the income replacement benefit referred to in subsection (2) (b) is the lesser of

(a) $740 per week, and

(b) an amount per week calculated as follows:

[(.75 × Y) / W] − ODC
where
Y=the insured's gross earnings for the 12-month period immediately preceding the accident;
W=the number of weeks and fractions of weeks actually worked by the insured during that period;
ODC=the other disability compensation.

(4) An insured's gross earnings for the purposes of subsection (3) (b) may not be more than the maximum yearly insurable income.

Full-time earners

4   (1) The income replacement benefit to which a full-time earner is entitled under section 131 (1) (a) or (b) of the Act is to be determined on the basis of the following:

(a) the full-time earner's gross yearly employment income from the employment, if the full-time earner was a salaried worker at the time of the accident;

(b) the greater of the following, if the full-time earner was self-employed at the time of the accident:

(i) the gross yearly employment income for an employment of the same class of employment as set out in Table 1 in the Schedule;

(ii) the gross yearly employment income from the full-time earner's employment;

(c) the full-time earner's gross yearly employment income from all employment that the full-time earner is unable to continue because of the accident, if the full-time earner held more than one employment at the time of the accident.

(2) The income replacement benefit to which a full-time earner is entitled under section 131 (1) (c) of the Act is the amount of the benefit to which the full-time earner would have been paid under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada).

(3) If a full-time earner is entitled to a benefit referred to in subsection (2), the amount of that benefit must be included in the full-time earner's gross yearly employment income.

[am. B.C. Reg. 94/2022, s. 3.]

Temporary earners and part-time earners — first 180 days

5   (1) The income replacement benefit to which a temporary earner or a part-time earner is entitled under section 133 (1) (a) of the Act is, during the first 180 days after the accident, to be determined on the basis of the following:

(a) the gross yearly employment income that the temporary earner or part-time earner earned or would have earned from the employment, if the temporary earner or part-time earner holds or would have held employment as a salaried worker at the time of the accident;

(b) the greater of the following, if the temporary earner or part-time earner was self employed at the time of the accident:

(i) the gross yearly employment income for an employment of the same class of employment as set out in Table 1 in the Schedule;

(ii) the gross yearly employment income that the temporary earner or part-time earner earned or would have earned from the employment.

(c) if the temporary earner or part-time earner holds or would have held more than one employment at the time of the accident, the gross yearly employment income the temporary earner or part-time earner earned or would have earned from all employment that the temporary earner or part-time earner is unable to continue because of the accident.

(2) The income replacement benefit to which a temporary earner or part-time earner is entitled under section 133 (1) (b) of the Act, during the first 180 days after the accident, is the amount of the benefit to which the temporary earner or part-time earner would have been paid under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada).

(3) If a temporary earner or part-time earner is also entitled to a benefit referred to in subsection (2), the amount of that benefit must be included in the temporary earner's or part-time earner's gross yearly employment income.

Temporary earners and part-time earners — after 180 days

6   (1) For the purposes of section 133 (1) (a) of the Act, from the 181st day after the accident, the corporation must, under section 13 of this regulation, determine an employment for the temporary earner or part-time earner, and the temporary earner or part-time earner, if unable to hold the determined employment because of the bodily injury, is entitled to an income replacement benefit.

(2) If the temporary earner or part-time earner held more than one employment at the time of the accident, the corporation must determine only one employment for the insured under section 13.

(3) The minimum income replacement benefit to which a temporary earner or part-time earner is entitled from the 181st day after the accident is the amount the temporary earner or part-time earner received during the first 180 days after the accident.

(4) A person who, under section 152 (4) of the Act, elects to continue to receive a caregiver benefit is not entitled to continue to receive an income replacement benefit under this section.

Non-earners — first 180 days

7   (1) The income replacement benefit to which a non-earner is entitled under section 134 (1) (a) of the Act, during the first 180 days after the accident, is to be determined on the basis of the gross yearly employment income from the employment the non-earner would have held in the first 180 days after the accident if the accident had not occurred.

(2) The income replacement benefit to which a non-earner is entitled under section 134 (1) (b) of the Act, during the first 180 days after the accident, is the amount of the benefit to which the non-earner would have been paid under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada).

(3) If a non-earner referred to in subsection (1) was also entitled to a benefit referred to in subsection (2), the amount of that benefit must be included in the non-earner's gross yearly employment income.

Non-earners — after 180 days

8   (1) For the purposes of section 134 (1) (a) of the Act, from the 181st day after the accident, the corporation must, under section 13 of this regulation, determine an employment for the non-earner, and the non-earner, if unable to hold the determined employment because of the bodily injury, is entitled to an income replacement benefit.

(2) The minimum income replacement benefit to which a non-earner is entitled from the 181st day after the accident is the amount the non-earner received during the first 180 days after the accident.

(3) A person who, under section 152 (4) of the Act, elects to continue to receive a caregiver benefit is not entitled to continue to receive an income replacement benefit under this section.

Entitlement to income replacement benefits after relapse

9   (1) If an insured sustains a relapse of the bodily injury within 2 years

(a) after the end of the last period for which the insured received an income replacement benefit, other than an income replacement benefit under section 10 of this regulation or section 147 of the Act, or

(b) if the insured was not entitled to an income replacement benefit before the relapse, after the date of the accident,

the insured is entitled to an income replacement benefit from the date of the relapse as though the insured had been entitled to an income replacement benefit from the date of the accident to the date of the relapse.

(2) The insured is entitled to an income replacement benefit under subsection (1) calculated on the basis of the greater of

(a) the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation immediately before the end of the period referred to in subsection (1) (a), and

(b) the gross yearly employment income of the insured at the time of the relapse.

(3) An insured who sustains a relapse more than 2 years after an applicable time referred to in subsection (1) is entitled to an income replacement benefit determined as if the relapse were a second accident.

(4) Subsections (1) to (3) do not apply to a person who sustains a catastrophic injury.

(5) An insured who sustains a catastrophic injury and whose income replacement benefit is suspended because the insured holds

(a) the employment that the insured held at the time of the accident,

(b) other employment from which the insured earns a gross income that is equal to or greater than the gross yearly employment income that the insured earned from employment held at the time of the accident,

(c) an employment determined for the insured under section 13, or

(d) an employment from which the insured earns a gross yearly employment income that is equal to or greater than the gross income on the basis of which the insured's income replacement benefit is calculated

is entitled to an income replacement benefit beginning on the day the insured has a relapse of the bodily injury or on the day the insured's employment ceases, because of their bodily injury, whichever is later, and ending on the day

(e) the insured is entitled to a retirement income benefit under section 150 of the Act, or

(f) the insured dies.

(6) The corporation must calculate an income replacement benefit under subsection (5) on the basis of the greater of

(a) the income replacement benefit the insured received immediately prior to its suspension, indexed to the date of the relapse or the date the employment ceased, and

(b) the gross yearly employment income of the insured at the time the relapse occurred or the employment ceased.

(7) An insured who is receiving an income replacement benefit other than a benefit referred to in section 146 (2) or 147 of the Act or section 10 of this regulation and who becomes entitled to an income replacement benefit under this section, is entitled to whichever income replacement benefit is greater, but not both.

Income replacement benefit for reduced income from determined employment

10   (1) If an insured becomes able to hold employment determined for the insured under section 14, but because of the insured's bodily injury earns from the employment a gross yearly employment income that is less than the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation to calculate the income replacement benefit that the insured was receiving before the employment was determined, the insured is entitled, after the end of one year from the date the insured became able to hold the determined employment, to an income replacement benefit that is the lesser of the following:

(a) the difference between the income replacement benefit the insured was receiving before the employment was determined under section 14 and the net income from the determined employment as calculated under this regulation;

(b) the difference between the income replacement benefit the insured was receiving before the employment was determined under section 14 and the net income the insured earns from employment.

(2) Section 147 of the Act does not apply respecting an insured if subsection (1) of this section applies respecting the insured.

Events that end or suspend entitlement

11   (1) The following circumstances are prescribed for the purposes of section 146 (1) (c) of the Act for all insureds except those with a catastrophic injury:

(a) the insured is able to hold the employment referred to in section 132 of the Act;

(b) the insured is able to hold an employment determined for the insured under section 13 of this regulation;

(c) one year has elapsed from the date the insured is able to hold employment determined for the insured under section 14, 58 or 65 of this regulation;

(d) the insured holds an employment from which the gross yearly employment income is equal to or greater than the gross yearly employment income on which the insured's income replacement benefit is determined.

(2) The following circumstances are prescribed for the purposes of section 146 (1) (c) of the Act for insureds with a catastrophic injury:

(a) the insured holds the employment that the insured held at the time of the accident;

(b) the insured holds the employment referred to in section 132 of the Act;

(c) the insured holds an employment determined for the insured under section 13 of this regulation;

(d) the insured holds an employment from which the gross yearly employment income is equal to or greater than the gross yearly employment income on which the insured's income replacement benefit is determined.

(3) Despite section 146 (1) (a) of the Act and subsection (1) (a) and (b) of this section, a full-time earner, a part-time earner or a temporary earner, except those with a catastrophic injury, who lost the employment the insured held or would have held before receiving an income replacement benefit because of the accident, under section 146 (2) of the Act, is entitled to continue to receive the income replacement benefit from the date the insured regains the ability to hold the employment, for the following period:

(a) 30 days, if entitlement to an income replacement benefit lasted for at least 90 days and not more than 180 days;

(b) 90 days, if entitlement to an income replacement benefit lasted for more than 180 days but not more than one year;

(c) 180 days, if entitlement to an income replacement benefit lasted for more than one year but not more than 2 years;

(d) one year, if entitlement to an income replacement benefit lasted for more than 2 years.

(4) Despite subsection (3) and subject to subsection (5), a full-time earner, a part-time earner or a temporary earner, except those with a catastrophic injury, who regains the ability to hold the employment the insured held or would have held before receiving an income replacement benefit, is entitled to continue to receive an income replacement benefit calculated on the basis of the benefits the insured would have been paid under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada) if

(a) as a result of seasonal demands, that employment is no longer available, and

(b) the insured

(i) is not eligible for benefits under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada), and

(ii) continues to be available for employment.

(5) An insured is entitled to an income replacement benefit under subsection (4) until the earlier of the following:

(a) the date that the insured's benefits under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada) would have expired;

(b) the date that the insured obtains employment.

[am. B.C. Reg. 117/2021, App. 5, s. 2.]

Benefit reduction if person earns reduced income

12   The prescribed percentage for the purposes of section 147 of the Act is 75%.

Part 3 — Determined Employment

Required determined employment

13   (1) In this section and in section 14, "normally available", in relation to employment, means

(a) employment that was being performed, was about to be performed, is being performed or is about to be performed by an insured,

(b) employment or a category of employment that is the subject of an advertisement for employment, or

(c) employment or a category of employment that exists and is likely to continue as an employment or category of employment within the foreseeable future.

(2) If the corporation is required under these regulations to determine an employment for an insured, the corporation must consider

(a) Parts 4, 5, 7 and 8,

(b) the education, training, work experience and physical and intellectual abilities of the insured immediately before the accident,

(c) whether the insured could have held the determined employment, had the accident not occurred, on a full-time or part-time basis,

(d) the insured's work experience in the 5 years before the accident, and

(e) the insured's earnings in the 5 years before the accident.

(3) An employment determined by the corporation under subsection (2) must be

(a) employment that the insured could have held on a regular and full-time basis or, where that would not have been possible, on a part-time basis immediately before the accident, and

(b) normally available in the region in which the insured resides.

(4) If the insured did not hold employment on a full-time basis in the 2 years before the accident and the corporation is not satisfied that the insured would have, had the accident not occurred, held employment on a full-time basis in the future, the corporation must determine employment for the insured under this section on a part-time basis.

Authorized determined employment

14   (1) On or after the second anniversary date of an accident, the corporation may determine an employment for an insured who is able to work but who is unable because of the accident to hold the employment referred to in section 131 or 132 of the Act, or as determined under section 13 of this regulation.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an insured who has sustained a catastrophic injury in the accident.

(3) In determining an employment under subsection (1), the corporation must consider the following:

(a) Parts 4, 5, 7 and 8;

(b) the education, training, work experience and physical and intellectual abilities of the insured at the time of the determination;

(c) any knowledge or skill acquired by the insured in a rehabilitation program approved under section 124 of the Act.

(4) An employment determined by the corporation under subsection (1) must be

(a) employment that the insured is able to hold on a regular and full-time basis or, where that is not possible, on a part time basis, and

(b) normally available in the region in which the insured resides.

(5) If the insured did not hold employment on a full-time basis in the 2 years before the accident and the corporation is not satisfied that the insured would have, had the accident not occurred, held employment on a full-time basis in the future, the corporation must determine employment for the insured under this section on a part-time basis.

Part 4 — Gross Yearly Employment Income

Definitions

15   In this Part:

"employment", in respect of determined employment and self-employment, means an occupational classification set out in Table 1 in the Schedule;

"National Occupational Classification" and "NOC" means the National Occupational Classification established by Statistics Canada, as amended from time to time.

Maximum GYEI

16   An insured's gross yearly employment income may not, for the purposes of this Part, be more than the maximum yearly insurable income.

GYEI for salaried worker

17   Subject to this regulation, the gross yearly employment income of an insured who is a salaried worker at the time of the accident is the sum of the following amounts:

(a) in the case of a full-time earner, the salary or wages received or receivable for the pay period in which the accident occurred, divided by the number of weeks in the pay period and then multiplied by 52;

(b) in the case of a temporary earner or part-time earner, the salary or wages that are received or receivable with respect to employment that the temporary earner or part-time earner held or would have held, if the accident had not occurred, and that are the greater of

(i) the salary or wages received or receivable for the pay period in which the accident occurred, divided by the number of weeks in the pay period and then multiplied by 52, and

(ii) the salary or wages receivable during the first 180 days following the date of the accident divided by 180 and then multiplied by 365;

(c) in the case of a non-earner, the salary or wages from an employment that the non-earner would have held, if the accident had not occurred, during the first 180 days following the date of the accident divided by the number of days the employment would have been held, and then multiplied by 365;

(d) in all cases, any of the following benefits, to the extent that the benefit is not received as a result of the accident:

(i) a bonus received or earned in the 52 weeks before the date of the accident,

(ii) tips, in the amount that is the greater of the amount reported in the insured's personal income tax return for the calendar year before the year in which the accident occurred, and the amount reported in the insured's personal income tax return for the calendar year in which the accident occurred,

(iii) remuneration for overtime hours that is not included in paragraph (a) and that is received or earned in the 52 weeks before the date of the accident,

(iv) the cash value from a profit-sharing plan allocation received or earned in the 52 weeks before the date of accident,

(v) the value of the personal use of a motor vehicle provided by an employer at the time of the accident, in the amount reported in the insured's personal income tax return for the calendar year before the year in which the accident occurred or, where no such amount was reported, in an amount calculated under section 6 (1) (a) of the Income Tax Act (Canada) as an annualized benefit,

(vi) the value of the employer's contribution to the insured's pension plan, if lost because of the accident,

(vii) the cash value of any other benefit that the insured received, or was entitled to receive, in the 52 weeks before the date of the accident, and

(viii) the commissions that the insured had earned, or to which the insured was entitled,

(A) in the 52 weeks before the date of the accident,

(B) in the calendar year before the date of the accident, or

(C) in the three calendar years before the date of the accident, divided by 3,

whichever amount is the greatest.

GYEI for self-employment or a Canadian-controlled private corporation

18   (1) In this section:

"business income" means the income derived from self-employment or a Canadian-controlled private corporation, by way of proprietorship, partnership interest, or significant-influence shareholder interest, less any expense that relates to the income and is allowed under the Income Tax Act and the Income Tax Act (Canada) but not including the following:

(a) any capital cost allowance or allowance on eligible capital property;

(b) any capital gain or loss;

(c) any loss deductible under section 111 of the Income Tax Act (Canada);

"Canadian-controlled private corporation" means a Canadian-controlled private corporation as defined in section 125 (7) of the Income Tax Act (Canada);

"significant-influence shareholder" means a shareholder in a Canadian-controlled private corporation who

(a) holds 20% or more of the voting rights in the Canadian-controlled private corporation, and

(b) can demonstrate an active, authoritative influence over the day-to-day financial and administrative operations of the Canadian-controlled private corporation.

(2) Subject to sections 20 and 21, an insured's gross yearly employment income derived from self-employment that was carried on at the time of the accident is,

(a) if section 4 (1) (b) (i) or section 5 (1) (b) (i) apply, an amount determined in accordance with Division 3 of Part 8, and

(b) if section 4 (1) (b) (ii) or section 5 (1) (b) (ii) apply, the greatest amount of business income that the insured received or to which the insured was entitled within the following periods:

(i) for the 52 weeks before the date of the accident;

(ii) for the 52 weeks before the fiscal year end immediately preceding the date of the accident;

(iii) if the insured has operated the business for not less than two fiscal years before the date of the accident, for the 104 weeks before the fiscal year end immediately preceding the date of the accident, divided by 2;

(iv) if the insured has operated the business for not less than three fiscal years before the date of the accident, for the 156 weeks before the fiscal year end immediately preceding the date of the accident, divided by 3;

(v) the business income derived by a significant-influence shareholder in a Canadian-controlled private corporation that was declared for income tax purposes in the calendar year prior to the accident.

[am. B.C. Reg. 117/2021, App. 5, s. 3.]

GYEI for full-time earner, special circumstances

19   The gross yearly employment income of a full-time earner referred to in section 132 of the Act is the amount determined under sections 22 to 24 of this regulation, without adjustment under Division 1 of Part 8.

GYEI for temporary earner or part-time earner — first 180 days

20   The gross yearly employment income of a temporary earner or part-time earner during the first 180 days after the accident is the amount determined under section 17 and 18.

GYEI for temporary earner or part-time earner — after 180 days

21   The gross yearly employment income for a temporary earner or part-time earner from the 181st day following the date of the accident is the greater of the amounts determined under

(a) section 20, or

(b) sections 22 to 24.

GYEI for insured holding employment corresponding to
determined employment for 5 years and at time of accident

22   The gross yearly employment income of an insured who, at the time of the accident, held employment corresponding to employment determined for the insured by the corporation and who, in the 5 calendar years before the date of the accident, held such employment, is the greatest gross yearly employment income earned by the insured from the employment in any of those calendar years as determined under sections 17 and 18, indexed under Division 2 of Part 8 and then adjusted under Division 1 of Part 8.

GYEI for insured holding employment corresponding to
determined employment for 5 years but not at time of accident

23   The gross yearly employment income of an insured who, at the time of the accident, did not hold the employment determined for the insured by the corporation but who, in the 5 calendar years before the date of the accident, held such employment, is the greatest gross yearly employment income earned by the insured from the employment in any of those calendar years as determined under sections 17 and 18, indexed under Division 2 of Part 8 and then adjusted under Division 1 of Part 8 to a maximum adjustment of 50%.

Insured who never held employment corresponding to determined employment

24   The gross yearly employment income of an insured who, at the time of the accident, did not hold employment corresponding to employment determined for the insured by the corporation and who, in the 5 calendar years before the date of the accident, never held such employment is the gross yearly employment income set out in Table 1 in the Schedule for the employment determined by the corporation and adjusted under Division 1 of Part 8 to a maximum adjustment of 50%.

Non-earner — after 180 days

25   The gross yearly employment income of a non-earner from the 181st day following the date of the accident is the greater of the amounts determined under sections 23 and 24.

Classes of employment

26   The classes of employment and the corresponding gross yearly employment incomes set out in Table 1 in the Schedule apply in respect to the following:

(a) section 4 (1) (b) (i);

(b) section 5 (1) (b) (i);

(c) section 13;

(d) section 14;

(e) section 24;

(f) section 54 (1) (b) (i);

(g) section 61 (1) (b) (i).

Part-time determined employment

27   Despite sections 20 to 26, if the corporation determines that an insured can hold or would have held only part-time employment, the gross yearly employment income of the insured is reduced as follows:

RGYEI = GYEI ×AHW − N
AHW
where
RGYEI=the reduced gross yearly employment income of the determined employment;
GYEI=the gross yearly employment income of the determined employment calculated in accordance with section 20, 21, 22 to 25 or 26 (c) or (d);
AHW=the average full-time weekly hours worked in the determined employment, as determined under Division 4 of Part 8;
N=the number of hours the insured can or would work in the determined employment on a weekly basis.

[am. B.C. Reg. 117/2021, App. 5, s. 4.]

Part 5 — Net Income

Net income

28   (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (4), the net income of an insured is the gross yearly employment income of the insured, less the following:

(a) the income tax payable by the insured, as determined under section 30;

(b) the premiums payable by the insured in respect of employment insurance, as determined under section 32;

(c) the contributions payable by the insured, in respect of the Canada Pension Plan, as determined under section 33.

(2) The net income of an insured who is claiming a loss of employment insurance benefit is the gross yearly employment income of the insured less the income tax payable by the insured as determined under section 30.

(3) The corporation must make reductions under subsection (1) as the applicable enactments referred to in that subsection read on December 31 of the year preceding the year for which an insured's net income is determined for the purposes of this Part.

(4) For the purposes of determining the deductions under subsection (1), the corporation must take into account the number of dependants of the insured on the date of the accident.

Taxable income is gross yearly employment income less deductions

29   For the purpose of section 30, an insured's taxable income is the gross yearly employment income of the insured less the following:

(a) any amount allowable to the insured under section 60 (b), (c) and (c.2) of the Income Tax Act (Canada), in the calendar year before the year for which the taxable income is calculated;

(b) any amount of the gross yearly employment income that would have been exempt from the insured's income tax under section 81 (1) (a) of the Income Tax Act (Canada) as that section read at the time of the accident.

Income tax is tax on taxable income less credits

30   For the purposes of this regulation, the income tax payable by an insured is the tax payable on the taxable income of the insured calculated in accordance with the Income Tax Act and the Income Tax Act (Canada), and allowing only the following credits:

(a) the credit allowed under section 118.7 of the Income Tax Act (Canada), where "B" in the formula set out in that section is the total of

(i) the premiums payable for employment insurance, as determined under section 32 of this regulation, and

(ii) the contributions payable in respect of the Canada Pension Plan, as determined under section 33 of this regulation and as would be allowed as a credit;

(b) the credits allowed in section 118 (1) and (2) of the Income Tax Act (Canada), without any reduction in the credits in respect of the income of a dependant referred to in section 28 (4) of this regulation;

(c) any credit or deduction from tax allowed under the Income Tax Act, without any reduction in the credit or deduction in respect of the income of a dependant referred to in section 28 (4) of this regulation.

GYEI is pensionable and insurable earnings

31   For the purpose of sections 32 and 33, the gross yearly employment income of an insured is the insurable earnings of the insured for the purpose of the Employment Insurance Act (Canada) and the pensionable earnings of the insured for the purpose of the Canada Pension Plan.

Premiums payable under Employment Insurance Act (Canada)

32   For the purpose of this regulation, the premiums payable under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada) are the amounts payable by the insured as an employee's premium for the year under that Act in respect of the insured's insurable earnings, not exceeding the maximum amount payable by the insured for the year under that Act.

Contributions payable under Canada Pension Plan

33   For the purpose of this regulation, the contributions payable under the Canada Pension Plan are the amounts payable by the insured as an employee's contribution for the year under the Canada Pension Plan in respect of the insured's pensionable earnings, not exceeding the maximum amount payable by the insured for the year under the plan.

Part 6 — Retirement Income Benefit

Entitlement

34   (1) The retirement income benefit to which an insured is entitled under section 150 of the Act is an amount that is 70% of the insured's net income as determined under subsection (2) of this section, less any pension income as determined under subsection (3).

(2) An insured's net income for the purposes of subsection (1) is net income calculated under Part 5 to determine the insured's income replacement benefit, as indexed under section 36 to the last day before the calculation of the insured's retirement income benefit and before the application of any reduction under section 147 of the Act or section 10 of this regulation.

(3) An insured's pension income for the purposes of subsection (1) is the annual total of

(a) any pension or supplement under the Old Age Security Act (Canada) or a similar payment made under an enactment of any other jurisdiction,

(b) any benefit under the Canada Pension Plan, the Québec Pension Plan or any similar benefit payable under an enactment of any other jurisdiction, except for any payment resulting from the death of the insured's spouse, and

(c) the amount by which the total of

(i) all pension income, as defined by section 118 (7) of the Income Tax Act (Canada), determined without reference to any election under section 60.03 of that Act, that is received or receivable by the insured, and

(ii) all payments out of or under a registered retirement savings plan, other than a payment included in paragraph (a) (ii) of the definition of "pension income" in section 118 (7) of the Income Tax Act (Canada), that are received or receivable by the insured and included in the insured's income for the purpose of that Act,

exceeds the income tax that would be payable by the insured on the amounts referred to in subparagraphs (i) and (ii) if

(iii) no election were made under section 60.03 of the Income Tax Act (Canada), and

(iv) the tax payable were determined in accordance with section 30 of this regulation as if the amounts were taxable income for the purpose of that section.

Part 7 — Payments and Adjustments

Payment of benefits

35   (1) The corporation must pay an income replacement benefit or retirement benefit to an insured once every 14 days.

(2) The corporation must not pay an income replacement benefit in respect of the first 7 days after the date of the accident, except for an income replacement benefit payable under section 9 (3).

(3) The corporation may pay an income replacement benefit in a single payment equivalent to the capital value of the income replacement benefit if

(a) the amount to be paid every 14 days is less than $150, or

(b) the person entitled to the income replacement benefit has not been a resident of British Columbia for at least 1 year.

Adjustments

36   (1) The corporation must, under section 37, adjust the amount of the gross yearly employment income used as the basis of calculating an income replacement benefit for an insured each year on the anniversary date of the accident.

(2) The corporation must, under section 37, adjust the amount of the gross yearly employment income fixed for an employment determined under section 13 for an insured each year on the anniversary of the day on which the gross yearly employment income was fixed.

(3) The corporation must, under section 37, adjust a retirement income benefit on July 1 of each year.

(4) Section 37 applies to amounts expressed in dollars in this regulation except for the following:

(a) the maximum yearly insurable income referred to in section 2 (2) of this regulation;

(b) the amount referred to in section 3 (2) (a) of this regulation.

CPI adjustment — 2022 and subsequent years

37   (1) In this section, "British Columbia consumer price index" means the annual average All-items Consumer Price Index for British Columbia, as published by Statistics Canada.

(2) For the fiscal year beginning on April 1, 2022, and for each fiscal year after that, every amount to which this section applies must be adjusted by multiplying

(a) the amount for the immediately preceding fiscal year, and

(b) the sum of

(i) 1, and

(ii) the annual percentage change in the British Columbia consumer price index, as determined under subsection (4) and rounded to the nearest 1/10 of a percentage point.

(3) Despite subsection (2) (b) (ii), if the annual percentage change as determined under subsection (4)

(a) is a negative number, the annual percentage change is rounded up to zero, and

(b) is greater than 6%, the annual percentage change is rounded down to 6%.

(4) The annual percentage change referred to in subsection (2) (b) (ii) must be determined using the following formula:

APC =CPI1 − CPI2
CPI2
where
APC=the annual percentage change in the British Columbia consumer price index;
CPI1=the sum of the 12 individual monthly British Columbia consumer price indexes for the consecutive 12 month period ending on December 31 of the fiscal year immediately preceding the fiscal year for which the amount is being determined;
CPI2=the sum of the 12 individual monthly British Columbia consumer price indexes for the consecutive 12 month period immediately preceding the 12 month period referred to in the description of CPI1.

(5) An amount determined under subsection (2) must be rounded to the nearest dollar and an amount ending in .50 must be rounded up to the next dollar.

Part 8 — Income Replacement Benefits — General

Division 1 — Income Adjustments

Definition

38   In this Division, "reference period" means a maximum of the 60 months immediately before the date of the accident.

Adjustments under sections 20 to 25

39   (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (5), an adjustment for the purposes of sections 20 to 25 is based on the insured's ratio of presence at work during the reference period, and is the greatest of the following:

(a) the number of months the insured held employment in the 12-month period preceding the date of the accident divided by 12;

(b) the number of months the insured held employment in the 60-month period preceding the date of the accident divided by 60;

(c) the sum of the number of months that the insured held employment in each consecutive 12 month period preceding the date of the accident in which the insured held employment, to a maximum of five such periods, divided by the product resulting from multiplying the number of such periods by 12.

(2) The divisors in subsection (1) (a) to (c) must be reduced by the number of months in those periods in which the insured was a minor or student or not capable of holding employment.

(3) For the purpose of calculating an insured's ratio of presence at work, a month in which a period of employment begins or ends is to be considered to be a complete month of presence at work.

(4) For the purposes of sections 20 to 25, the adjusted gross yearly employment income of an insured referred to in those sections is the greater of the following:

(a) the amount determined by the formula:

A × B
where
A=the gross yearly employment income determined under the base rule and indexing as applicable under Division 2 before any adjustment under this Division;
B=the ratio determined under subsection (1);

(b) the minimum wage established under the Employment Standards Act determined, except in the case of a part-time employment, on the basis of 40 hours of work per week.

(5) For the purposes of sections 20 to 25, the corporation must not make an adjustment when the insured, at the time of the accident, had been unemployed for less than 12 consecutive months or had held a temporary or part-time employment for less than 12 consecutive months, and held full-time employment for the balance of the period used as a divisor in subsection (1) (b) less 12.

Division 2 — Indexation

Indexation for sections 22 and 23

40   For the purposes of indexing a gross yearly employment income under section 22 or 23, the indexation must be determined in accordance with the following formula:

C × D = Unadjusted Gross Yearly Employment Income
where
C=the gross yearly employment income as determined under sections 22 or 23 before indexation under this Division and adjustment under Division 1;
D=the ratio of the industrial average wage for the year of the accident to the industrial average wage for the terminating year of the determined employment under section 11.

Division 3 — Classes of Employment

Definition

41   In this Division, "Table 1" means Table 1 in the Schedule.

Determination of level of experience

42   (1) When using Table 1 as required by this regulation, the corporation must determine the level of experience that the insured has in the class of employment determined for the insured, as follows:

(a) "Level 1" means less than 36 months of experience;

(b) "Level 2" means 36 months or more but less than 120 months of experience;

(c) "Level 3" means 120 months or more of experience.

(2) For the purposes of calculating the number of months of experience under subsection (1), a month in which an employment begins or ends is to be considered to be a complete month of experience.

Indexing formula

43   (1) The corporation must, for the fiscal year beginning on April 1, 2022 and for each fiscal year after that, adjust the gross yearly employment income of each of the employments corresponding to the NOC code in column 1 in Table 1 having a 1-character code by an amount obtained by multiplying the gross yearly employment income by an indexing factor obtained as follows:

index factor =  average AWW of the current 5-year period  
average AWW of the previous 5-year period
where
AWW=the average weekly wages of the employments, as given in the Labour Force Survey for British Columbia published by Statistics Canada each year, corresponding to the NOC code in column 1 in Table 1 having a 1-character code;
current 5-year period=the most recent five calendar years completed before April 1 of the year for which the indexing factor is computed;
previous 5-year period=the next to last 5-year period, where the fifth year is the calendar year completed before April 1 of the year for which the indexing factor is computed, minus one year.

(2) The corporation must, for the fiscal year beginning on April 1, 2022 and for each fiscal year after that, adjust the gross yearly employment income of each of the employments corresponding to the NOC code in column 1 in Table 1 having a 2-character code by an amount obtained by multiplying the gross yearly employment income by an indexing factor obtained as follows:

index factor =  average AWW of the current 5-year period  
average AWW of the previous 5-year period
where
AWW=the average weekly wages of the employments, as given in the Labour Force Survey for British Columbia published by Statistics Canada each year, corresponding to the NOC code in column 1 in Table 1 having a 2-character code;
current 5-year period=the most recent five calendar years completed before April 1 of the year for which the indexing factor is computed;
previous 5-year period=the next to last 5-year period, where the fifth year is the calendar year completed before April 1 of the year for which the indexing factor is computed, minus one year.

(3) The index factor determined under subsection (2) applies to the employments corresponding to the NOC code in column 1 in Table 1 having a 3- or 4-character code where the first 2 characters are the same as in subsection (2).

(4) In a year in which Statistics Canada fails to publish a new Labour Force Survey for British Columbia, the corporation may revise and adjust the AWW levels set out in the table in accordance with any statistical index or other publication that provides information similar to, or comparable with, that provided by the Labour Force Survey.

If employment not listed in table

44   If an employment is not listed in Table 1, or where the table does not give an income for the employment, the corporation may determine an income for that employment using the National Occupational Classification and Table 1 as a guide.

Census data used to update income levels

45   On April 1 immediately following the publication of a new census by Statistics Canada, the corporation must revise and adjust the income levels set out in Table 1 to reflect the income levels set out in the new census.

Table 1

46   (1) In Table 1:

(a) an employment corresponds to an occupational classification designated by the code in the column headed "NOC CODE" of column 2 of the table;

(b) "n.e.c." means not elsewhere classified;

(c) the dollar figures are for full-time work for a full year, where full-time work means the average hours worked ("AHW") determined under Division 4 of this Part for the occupational classification to which the insured's employment belongs.

(2) An income level in the table falling below the minimum wage established under the Employment Standards Act must be adjusted up to the minimum wage established under that Act.

Division 4 — Average Hours Worked

Definitions

47   (1) In this Division and in Table 2, "AHW" means the average full-time weekly hours worked set out in column 4 corresponding to the NOC Code in column 2 in Table 2.

(2) In this Division, "Table 2" means Table 2 in the Schedule.

(3) In Table 2, "n.e.c." means not elsewhere classified.

Updates of AHW

48   The corporation must, for the fiscal year beginning on April 1, 2022 and for each fiscal year after that, replace the AHW of each occupation in Table 2 by an AHW figure calculated as follows:

AHW =sum of the AUHW in each year of the current 5-year period
5
where
AUHW=the average usual full-time weekly hours worked by each occupation in Table 2 given in the Labour Force Survey for British Columbia published by Statistics Canada each year;
current 5-year period=the most recent 5 calendar years completed before April 1 of the year for which the AUHW figure is computed.

Employment or AHW not listed

49   If an employment is not listed in Table 1 in the Schedule or where Table 2 does not give an AHW for the occupation to which the determined employment belongs, the corporation may determine the average full-time weekly hours worked for that employment using the National Occupational Classification and the tables as a guide.

Labour force survey data unavailable

50   In any year in which Statistics Canada does not publish a new Labour Force Survey for British Columbia, the corporation may revise and adjust the AHW levels in accordance with any statistical index or other publication that provides information similar to, or comparable with, that provided by the Labour Force Survey.

Part 9 — Benefits for Students

Definitions

51   (1) In this Part:

"category 1 student" means a student in a program of study at a post-secondary educational institution for baccalaureate degree, other than a professional degree, including an applied bachelor's degree or a red seal trade program certificate, or equivalent from another jurisdiction;

"category 2 student" means a student in a program of study for a master's degree, doctoral degree or a professional degree, or equivalent from another jurisdiction;

"category 3 students" means a student who is neither a category 1 student nor a category 2 student;

"current studies", in relation to a student, means studies that are part of a program of studies at the secondary level or post-secondary level that, at the time of the accident, the student has admission to begin or continue;

"full-time basis", in relation to a student attending a secondary school or post-secondary educational institution, means the student

(a) attends, or is admitted to or is registered in, a secondary school or post-secondary educational institution,

(b) continues to meet the requirements of the secondary school or post-secondary educational institution,

(c) is a full-time student as determined by the secondary school or post secondary educational institution,

(d) if attending the secondary school or post-secondary educational institution, is doing so on a regular basis,

(e) has not abandoned the student's current studies, and

(f) has not been suspended or expelled from the secondary school or post-secondary educational institution;

"post-secondary educational institution" means

(a) an institution established or continued under any of the following:

(i) College and Institute Act;

(ii) Royal Roads University Act;

(iii) Thompson Rivers University Act;

(iv) University Act;

(v) Private Training Act;

(b) an institution authorized to deliver degree programs in British Columbia under the Degree Authorization Act;

(c) a theological institution established or continued under any of the following:

(i) An Act to Incorporate Northwest Baptist Theological College;

(ii) Canadian Chinese School of Theology Vancouver Act;

(iii) Millar College of the Bible Act;

(iv) An Act to Confer Power upon Vancouver Bible Institute to Grant Theological Degrees;

(v) Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary Act;

(vi) Canadian Pentecostal Seminary Act;

(vii) An Act to Incorporate Carey Hall;

(viii) Columbia Bible College Act;

(ix) Vancouver School of Theology Act;

(x) An Act Respecting Okanagan Bible College;

(xi) An Act Respecting Pacific Life Bible College;

(xii) An Act to Incorporate St. Andrew's Hall;

(xiii) Seventh-Day Adventist Church (British Columbia Conference) Act;

(xiv) An Act Respecting Trinity Western University;

(xv) an Act similar to any of the Acts referred to in subparagraphs (x) to (xiv);

(d) an institution outside of British Columbia that is a specified educational institution within the meaning of the Canada Student Loans Act;

(e) an institution that is controlled or operated by an Indigenous nation that offers a program of study that is similar to a program of study offered by any of the above institutions;

(f) an institution outside of Canada that offers a program of study that is similar to a program of study offered by any of the above institutions;

"professional degree" means any of the following degrees or an equivalent in another jurisdiction:

(a) Doctor of Medicine;

(b) Doctor of Medicine and Master of Surgery;

(c) Doctor of Chiropractic;

(d) Doctor of Dental Medicine;

(e) Doctor of Dental Surgery;

(f) Doctor of Veterinary Medicine;

(g) Doctor of Optometry;

(h) Doctor of Pharmacy;

(i) Juris Doctor, Bachelor of Laws, Bachelor of Civil Law;

"red seal trade" means a trade or occupation that has been designated by the Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship for inclusion in the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program;

"secondary school" means an educational institution as defined in section 59 providing a grade 9 to 12 program of studies.

(2) For certainty, the following are not category 1 students:

(a) a student in a program that upon successful completion would receive an associate degree or an undergraduate certificate, diploma or other non-degree credential;

(b) a student who is a secondary school student registered as a youth apprentice with the Industry Training Authority or the other trades programs managed by the Industry Training Authority that are not red seal trades.

(3) For certainty, the following are not category 2 students:

(a) a student in a master's-level certificate program, a doctoral-level certificate or diploma program or any other non-degree credential program;

(b) a student who is enrolled in a program that is a prerequisite for admission to a professional degree program.

[am. B.C. Reg. 117/2021, App. 5, s. 5.]

Full-time basis

52   For the purpose of this Part, a student is considered to be attending a secondary school or post-secondary educational institution on a full-time basis from the day the student is admitted by the secondary school or educational institution as a full-time student in a program of that level until the day the student completes, abandons or is expelled from the student's current studies, or no longer meets the requirements of the secondary school or educational institution.

Loss-of-studies benefit

53   (1) The loss-of-studies benefit to which a student is entitled under section 136 of the Act is the greater of the following:

(a) an amount equal to the tuition fees paid for a course that is part of the student's current studies that the student is unable to begin or continue because of the student's bodily injury and for which the student is unable to obtain a refund or credit for the amount;

(b) a lump sum of

(i) $10 550 for each school year not completed at the secondary level until the specified date, or

(ii) $10 550 for each term not completed at the post-secondary level until the specified date, to a maximum of $21 100 per year.

(2) If a school year at the secondary level is divided into semesters or terms, a pro-rated amount of the benefit set out in subsection (1) is payable for each semester or term not completed, to a maximum of $10 550 for each school year not completed.

(3) The corporation must pay the benefit to the student at the end of the term or end of the school year the student does not complete.

Determination of income replacement benefit — students

54   (1) The income replacement benefit to which a student is entitled under section 137 (2) (a) of the Act must be determined under section 17 or 18 on the basis of the following:

(a) if at the time of the accident the student holds or would have held an employment as a salaried worker, the gross yearly employment income the student earned or would have earned from the employment;

(b) if at the time of the accident the student is or would have been self-employed, the greater of the following:

(i) the gross yearly employment income for an employment of the same class of employment as set out in Table 1 in the Schedule;

(ii) the gross yearly employment income that the student earned or would have earned from the employment;

(c) if at the time of the accident the student holds or would have held more than one employment, the gross yearly employment income the student earned or would have earned from all employment that the student is unable to hold because of the accident.

(2) The income replacement benefit to which a student is entitled under section 137 (2) (b) of the Act is the amount of the benefit to which the student would have been paid under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada).

(3) If a student is entitled to a benefit referred to in subsection (2), the amount of that benefit must be included in the student's gross yearly employment income.

[am. B.C. Regs. 117/2021, App. 5, s. 6; 94/2022, s. 4.]

Student unable to begin or continue studies

55   The benefit to which a student is entitled under section 138 of the Act must be determined on the basis of a gross yearly employment income that is

(a) for a category 1 student,

(i) during the first 2 years after the specified day, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date, and

(ii) after the period referred to in subparagraph (i), the amount calculated under subparagraph (i) multiplied by 1.15,

(b) for a category 2 student, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date multiplied by 1.5, and

(c) for a category 3 student, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date.

Student able to begin or continue studies

56   (1) The benefit to which a student whose current studies end before the date that was scheduled for their completion at the time of the accident is entitled under section 139 of the Act is the following:

(a) until the specified date,

(i) $10 550 for each year not completed at the secondary level, and if a school year at the secondary level is divided into semesters or terms, a pro-rated amount is payable for each semester or terms not completed, to a maximum of $10 550 for each school year not completed, or

(ii) $10 550 for each term not completed at the post-secondary level, to a maximum of $21 100 per year;

(b) after the specified date, an income replacement benefit as determined on the basis of gross yearly employment income that is

(i) for a category 1 student,

(A) during the first 2 years after the specified day, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date, and

(B) after the period referred to in clause (A), the amount calculated under clause (A) multiplied by 1.15,

(ii) for a category 2 student, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date multiplied by 1.5, and

(iii) for a category 3 student, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date.

(2) The benefit to which a student whose current studies end on or after the date that was scheduled for their completion at the time of the accident is entitled under section 139 of the Act is an income replacement benefit determined on the basis of gross yearly employment income that is determined as set out in subsection (1) (b) of this section.

Student not entitled to both

57   A student who is entitled to an income replacement benefit under section 137 of the Act and under section 138 or 139 of the Act is only entitled to whichever is the greater benefit, but not both.

New determination of employment for student after end of current studies

58   (1) The corporation may determine an employment, under section 14, for a student at any time from the scheduled date of the end of the student's current studies if the student is able to work but unable because of the accident to hold an employment from which the gross yearly employment income is equal to or greater than the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation to calculate an income replacement benefit under section 138 or 139 of the Act, if the student had been unable to hold employment because of the accident.

(2) If a student becomes able to hold employment determined for the insured under subsection (1), but because of the student's bodily injury earns from the employment a gross yearly employment income that is less than the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation to calculate the income replacement benefit that the student was receiving before the employment was determined, the student is entitled, after the end of one year from the date the student became able to hold the determined employment, to an income replacement benefit that is the lesser of the following:

(a) the difference between the income replacement benefit the student was receiving before the employment was determined under subsection (1) and the net income from the determined employment as calculated under this regulation;

(b) the difference between the income replacement benefit the student was receiving before the employment was determined under subsection (1) and the net income the student earns from employment.

(3) Section 147 of the Act does not apply respecting a student if subsection (2) of this section applies respecting the insured.

(4) This section does not apply to a student who has sustained a catastrophic injury.

Part 10 — Benefits for Minors

Definition

59   For the purposes of Division 8 of Part 10 of the Act, "educational institution" means any of the following providing a kindergarten to grade 12 program of studies:

(a) a school under the School Act;

(b) a provincial school under the School Act;

(c) an independent school under the Independent School Act;

(d) an educational institution operated by the government of Canada;

(e) an educational institution controlled or operated by an Indigenous nation;

(f) a school or institution outside of British Columbia that offers a program of study that is similar to a program of study offered by any of those referred to in paragraphs (a) to (e);

(g) a home of a parent who has registered a child under section 13 of the School Act or with any institution referred to in paragraphs (a) to (f).

Loss-of-studies

60   (1) The loss-of-studies benefit to which a minor is entitled under section 141 of the Act is the following:

(a) $5 693 for each school year not completed from kindergarten to grade 8;

(b) $10 550 for each school year not completed from grades 9 to 12.

(2) A loss-of-studies benefit is payable until not later than the end of the school year in which the minor reaches 18 years of age.

(3) Benefits under this section must be paid at the end of the school year that the minor did not complete.

[am. B.C. Reg. 94/2022, s. 5.]

Determination of income replacement benefit — minors

61   (1) The income replacement benefit to which a minor is entitled under section 142 (1) (a) of the Act must be determined under section 17 or 18 on the basis of the following:

(a) if at the time of the accident the minor holds or would have held an employment as a salaried worker, the gross yearly employment income the minor earned or would have earned from the employment;

(b) if at the time of the accident the minor is or would have been self-employed, the greater of the following:

(i) the gross yearly employment income for an employment of the same class of employment as set out in Table 1 in the Schedule;

(ii) the gross yearly employment income that the minor earned or would have earned from the employment;

(c) if at the time of the accident the minor holds or would have held more than one employment, the gross yearly employment income the minor earned or would have earned from all employment that the minor is unable to hold because of the accident.

(2) The income replacement benefit to which a minor is entitled under section 142 (1) (b) of the Act is the amount of the benefit to which the minor would have been paid under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada).

(3) If a minor is entitled to a benefit referred to in subsection (2), the amount of that benefit must be included in the minor's gross yearly employment income.

[am. B.C. Reg. 117/2021, App. 5, s. 6.]

Benefit for minor unable to begin or continue studies

62   (1) Subject to subsection (2), the income replacement benefit to which a minor is entitled under section 143 of the Act is based on a gross yearly employment income equal to a yearly average calculated on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the end of the school year during which the minor reaches 18 years of age.

(2) Despite section 143 of the Act, which provides that a minor is entitled to the benefit under that section from the end of the school year in which the minor reaches 18 years of age, a minor who would have had, but for the accident, a date scheduled as the date of the end of the minor's studies in a particular school year before the school year during which the minor reaches 18 years of age, is entitled to the benefit under that section from the end of that particular school year.

(3) For the purpose of subsection (2), the income replacement benefit is based on a gross yearly employment income equal to a yearly average calculated on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the end of that particular school year.

[en. B.C. Reg. 94/2022, s. 6.]

Benefit for minor able to begin or continue studies

63   (1) The benefit to which a minor whose studies end before the date scheduled, at the time of the accident, as the date of the end of the minor's studies is entitled under section 144 of the Act is the following:

(a) until the date scheduled as the date of the end of the minor's studies, to

(i) $5 693 for each school year not completed from kindergarten to grade 8, and

(ii) $10 550 for each school year not completed from grades 9 to 12;

(b) after the date scheduled as the date of the end of the minor's studies, to the income replacement benefit provided for in subsection (2).

(2) A minor whose studies end on or after the scheduled date is entitled to an income replacement benefit calculated on the basis of a gross yearly employment income equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the school year in which the minor's studies end.

[am. B.C. Reg. 94/2022, s. 7.]

Minor not entitled to both

64   A minor who is entitled to an income replacement benefit under section 142 of the Act and under section 143 or 144 of the Act is only entitled to whichever is the greater benefit, but not both.

Determined employment

65   (1) The corporation may determine an employment, under section 14, for a minor at any time on or after the date scheduled, at the time of the accident, as the date of the end of the minor's studies if the minor is able to work but unable because of the accident to hold an employment from which the gross yearly employment income is equal to or greater than the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation to calculate an income replacement benefit under section 143 or 144 of the Act, if the minor had been unable to hold employment because of the accident.

(2) If a minor becomes able to hold employment determined for the minor under subsection (1), but because of the minor's bodily injury earns from the employment a gross yearly employment income that is less than the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation to calculate the income replacement benefit that the minor was receiving before the employment was determined, the minor is entitled, after the end of one year from the date the minor became able to hold the determined employment to an income replacement benefit that is the lesser of the following:

(a) the difference between the income replacement benefit the minor was receiving before the employment was determined under subsection (1) and the net income from the determined employment as calculated under this regulation;

(b) the difference between the income replacement benefit the minor was receiving before the employment was determined under subsection (1) and the net income the minor earns from employment.

(3) Section 147 of the Act does not apply respecting a minor if subsection (2) of this section applies respecting the insured.

(4) This section does not apply to a minor who has sustained a catastrophic injury.

[am. B.C. Reg. 94/2022, s. 7.]

Schedule

Table 1 — Classes of Employment
Income by Occupational Classification

Column 1
Item
Column 2
NOC
Code
Column 3
Classes of Employment
Column 4
GYEI
 Level 1
($)
Level 2
($)
Level 3
($)
10Management occupations46 96378 553121 278
200  Senior management occupations74 399135 842224 542
3001    Legislators and senior management74 399135 842224 542
40011      Legislators51 19778 722138 434
50012      Senior government managers and officials104 562144 264184 779
60013      Senior managers — financial, communications and other business services78 732156 587272 831
70014      Senior managers — health, education, social and community services and membership organizations84 652124 990178 746
80015      Senior managers — trade, broadcasting and other services, n.e.c.59 006108 306219 745
90016      Senior managers — construction, transportation, production and utilities72 036144 726243 942
1001 − 05Specialized middle management occupations64 37994 361126 060
11011    Administrative services managers66 20793 627128 139
120111      Financial managers66 71794 216129 847
130112      Human resources managers69 94599 112131 838
140113      Purchasing managers71 62199 398132 533
150114      Other administrative services managers57 87780 835111 254
16012    Managers in financial and business services57 29583 654119 303
170121      Insurance, real estate and financial brokerage managers55 36996 442139 392
180122      Banking, credit and other investment managers65 81688 130120 729
190124      Advertising, marketing and public relations managers54 63580 330111 606
200125      Other business services managers36 21866 14599 338
21013    Managers in communication (except broadcasting)65 92293 665122 675
220131      Telecommunication carriers managers75 605101 116128 956
230132      Postal and courier services managers41 83865 71393 534
24021    Managers in engineering, architecture, science and information systems84 480115 817155 699
250211      Engineering managers95 491133 145177 845
260212      Architecture and science managers68 462102 736132 230
270213      Computer and information systems managers83 572113 513151 084
28031    Managers in health care67 18598 632122 698
290311      Managers in health care67 18598 632122 698
30041    Managers in public administration87 798106 347125 625
310411      Government managers — health and social policy development and program administration 87 600104 392121 347
320412      Government managers — economic analysis, policy development and program administration93 521109 598131 884
330413      Government managers — education policy development and program administration71 104106 458117 402
340414      Other managers in public administration83 294101 198122 764
35042    Managers in education and social and community services61 75395 827119 309
360421      Administrators — post-secondary education and vocational training 64 74488 275116 421
370422      School principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education98 990115 378124 601
380423      Managers in social, community and correctional services50 97169 26294 055
39043    Managers in public protection services83 251105 984136 142
400431      Commissioned police officers82 816135 633179 793
410432      Fire chiefs and senior firefighting officers100 816145 404169 590
420433      Commissioned officers of the Canadian Armed Forces78 362100 655123 620
43051    Managers in art, culture, recreation and sport43 53864 27394 383
440511      Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers45 43973 00699 364
450512      Managers — publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts 40 67064 20994 101
460513      Recreation, sports and fitness program and service directors44 51261 28994 065
4706  Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services36 52760 14393 366
48060    Corporate sales managers79 457112 632155 236
490601      Corporate sales managers79 457112 632155 236
50062    Retail and wholesale trade managers39 41162 36693 108
510621      Retail and wholesale trade managers39 41162 36693 108
52063    Managers in food service and accommodation28 83244 79465 796
530631      Restaurant and food service managers27 96343 08462 932
540632      Accommodation service managers35 59055 68780 777
55065    Managers in customer and personal services, n.e.c.24 63842 66366 413
560651      Managers in customer and personal services, n.e.c.24 63842 66366 413
5707 − 09  Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities39 06971 513110 109
58071    Managers in construction and facility operation and maintenance44 65072 645109 581
590711      Construction managers53 33885 117121 148
600712      Home building and renovation managers22 27844 49371 269
610714      Facility operation and maintenance managers51 96275 343108 499
62073    Managers in transportation60 15085 689119 696
630731      Managers in transportation60 15085 689119 696
64081    Managers in natural resources production and fishing90 432123 202178 411
650811      Managers in natural resources production and fishing90 432123 202178 411
66082    Managers in agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture4 95929 35260 896
670821      Managers in agriculture3 47026 06456 577
680822      Managers in horticulture20 68636 65469 099
690823      Managers in aquaculture38 29369 12191 751
70091    Managers in manufacturing and utilities56 94486 365125 288
710911      Manufacturing managers54 00682 030117 763
720912      Utilities managers80 831122 572157 735
731Business, finance and administration occupations44 30458 31378 453
7411  Professional occupations in business and finance49 69969 895100 365
75111    Auditors, accountants and investment professionals49 95370 439104 644
761111      Financial auditors and accountants49 91868 59697 008
771112      Financial and investment analysts65 02588 869140 281
781113      Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers33 61262 101120 200
791114      Other financial officers48 32070 589116 991
80112    Human resources and business service professionals49 15369 19695 167
811121      Human resources professionals56 72673 66197 792
821122      Professional occupations in business management consulting48 57977 561103 494
831123      Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations42 53559 87883 226
8412  Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations44 25257 00173 448
85121    Administrative services supervisors49 53562 52781 033
861211      Supervisors, general office and administrative support workers50 52161 29577 046
871212      Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers53 10767 13985 420
881213      Supervisors, library, correspondence and related information workers57 99266 57175 133
891214      Supervisors, mail and message distribution occupations61 15472 98186 192
901215      Supervisors, supply chain, tracking and scheduling coordination occupations46 79959 38278 110
91122    Administrative and regulatory occupations45 85760 20978 636
921221      Administrative officers44 13656 64873 571
931222      Executive assistants53 54864 93479 830
941223      Human resources and recruitment officers48 65162 87188 644
951224      Property administrators37 03554 49176 303
961225      Purchasing agents and officers53 87668 02889 830
971226      Conference and event planners40 08854 36769 459
981227      Court officers and justices of the peace59 53569 29485 109
991228      Employment insurance, immigration, border services and revenue officers61 69072 12392 513
100124    Office administrative assistants — general, legal and medical 40 63351 52361 264
1011241      Administrative assistants39 62250 88460 429
1021242      Legal administrative assistants43 01254 99066 143
1031243      Medical administrative assistants41 20548 32156 829
104125    Court reporters, transcriptionists, records management technicians and statistical officers42 54554 28773 885
1051251      Court reporters, medical transcriptionists and related occupations25 83045 43253 299
1061252      Health information management occupations52 77772 44185 320
1071253      Records management technicians50 68157 72870 697
1081254      Statistical officers and related research support occupations46 90466 89891 816
10913  Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations40 41856 59277 876
110131    Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations40 41856 59277 876
1111311      Accounting technicians and bookkeepers34 74248 22063 577
1121312      Insurance adjusters and claims examiners61 30876 09589 483
1131313      Insurance underwriters58 45774 65592 747
1141314      Assessors, valuators and appraisers49 24577 60796 734
1151315      Customs, ship and other brokers45 08158 00381 454
11614  Office support occupations38 78548 88659 856
117141    General office workers36 02546 38455 832
1181411      General office support workers38 902 48 76258 860
1191414      Receptionists32 43341 31149 580
1201415      Personnel clerks47 49954 88368 358
1211416      Court clerks48 21453 88755 952
122142    Office equipment operators36 50746 78058 826
1231422      Data entry clerks36 02846 24057 072
1241423      Desktop publishing operators and related occupations42 51062 424110 039
125143    Financial, insurance and related administrative support workers43 06152 47464 922
1261431      Accounting and related clerks41 40550 70161 891
1271432      Payroll administrators49 65859 75270 707
1281434      Banking, insurance and other financial clerks43 50052 75465 844
1291435      Collectors42 48255 63064 291
130145    Library, correspondence and other clerks45 81754 40466 278
1311451      Library assistants and clerks44 47949 64754 377
1321452      Correspondence, publication and regulatory clerks47 93558 23971 433
1331454      Survey interviewers and statistical clerks42 25755 98672 534
13415  Distribution, tracking and scheduling coordination occupations42 23057 21574 245
135151    Mail and message distribution occupations46 77366 57074 179
1361511      Mail, postal and related workers47 97064 11073 105
1371512      Letter carriers58 93670 12875 830
1381513      Couriers, messengers and door-to-door distributors28 03046 79468 624
139152    Supply chain logistics, tracking and scheduling coordination occupations41 33754 82374 339
1401521      Shippers and receivers36 47247 43661 625
1411522      Storekeepers and partspersons45 88261 14382 096
1421523      Production logistics coordinators49 12260 89590 059
1431524      Purchasing and inventory control workers41 91552 40566 755
1441525      Dispatchers47 61166 12887 143
1451526      Transportation route and crew schedulers56 16869 33292 677
1462Natural and applied sciences and related occupations62 68485 776113 067
14721  Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences70 60794 691123 840
148211    Physical science professionals71 819100 067133 471
1492111      Physicists and astronomers84 585125 034150 233
1502112      Chemists54 12281 653104 358
1512113      Geoscientists and oceanographers83 956110 007144 626
1522114      Meteorologists and climatologists89 367112 445123 466
1532115      Other professional occupations in physical sciences70 848102 554159 209
154212    Life science professionals68 20988 441111 118
1552121      Biologists and related scientists65 85686 049110 142
1562122      Forestry professionals80 98493 842116 456
1572123      Agricultural representatives, consultants and specialists48 29275 18493 728
158213    Civil, mechanical, electrical and chemical engineers77 088104 065137 874
1592131      Civil engineers78 669106 637139 484
1602132      Mechanical engineers72 59195 489125 439
1612133      Electrical and electronics engineers79 627107 911144 248
1622134      Chemical engineers84 884120 253160 189
163214    Other engineers82 877108 917142 383
1642141      Industrial and manufacturing engineers74 38198 713129 259
1652142      Metallurgical and materials engineers85 754116 449147 000
1662143      Mining engineers122 305147 453195 241
1672144      Geological engineers94 589116 553166 161
1682145      Petroleum engineers112 571127 446198 859
1692146      Aerospace engineers73 23298 100133 391
1702147      Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)80 098106 571135 123
1712148      Other professional engineers, n.e.c.81 82497 670122 182
172215    Architects, urban planners and land surveyors66 42488 641112 081
1732151      Architects62 72987 200110 477
1742152      Landscape architects57 09977 75798 809
1752153      Urban and land use planners77 58193 379113 612
1762154      Land surveyors63 54682 322114 171
177216    Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries72 80093 977121 205
1782161      Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries72 80093 977121 205
179217    Computer and information systems professionals67 00691 109117 126
1802171      Information systems analysts and consultants68 94990 085113 508
1812172      Database analysts and data administrators63 69089 636112 797
1822173      Software engineers and designers81 011105 747138 108
1832174      Computer programmers and interactive media developers67 39090 755114 205
1842175      Web designers and developers 36 92858 47579 068
18522  Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences53 56773 75296 671
186221    Technical occupations in physical sciences43 64364 10191 397
1872211      Chemical technologists and technicians42 36460 83984 896
1882212      Geological and mineral technologists and technicians48 14380 232112 984
189222    Technical occupations in life sciences48 56068 66685 285
1902221      Biological technologists and technicians46 19759 05279 162
1912222      Agricultural and fish products inspectors68 13185 17899 324
1922223      Forestry technologists and technicians57 78772 23087 770
1932224      Conservation and fishery officers64 15580 87398 839
1942225      Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists36 15058 20174 251
195223    Technical occupations in civil, mechanical and industrial engineering58 30479 845101 959
1962231      Civil engineering technologists and technicians65 84982 63297 209
1972232      Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians59 18679 803102 443
1982233      Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians51 60167 97689 418
1992234      Construction estimators58 07783 380112 245
200224    Technical occupations in electronics and electrical engineering48 76069 00891 155
2012241      Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians55 24577 63598 019
2022242      Electronic service technicians (household and business equipment)42 11259 59977 164
2032243      Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics86 779112 830140 485
2042244      Aircraft instrument, electrical and avionics mechanics, technicians and inspectors72 00686 962105 714
205225    Technical occupations in architecture, drafting, surveying, geomatics and meteorology52 52369 07585 976
2062251      Architectural technologists and technicians53 48466 26382 814
2072252      Industrial designers53 19071 427100 501
2082253      Drafting technologists and technicians49 23566 51383 050
2092254      Land survey technologists and technicians52 66870 90789 751
2102255      Technical occupations in geomatics and meteorology62 00973 69186 440
211226    Other technical inspectors and regulatory officers64 00582 543102 802
2122261      Non-destructive testers and inspection technicians53 87286 649107 506
2132262      Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers86 45598 021116 439
2142263      Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety63 78280 796103 562
2152264      Construction inspectors61 06680 02595 466
216227    Transportation officers and controllers79 867113 394156 600
2172271      Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors77 491124 040185 606
2182272      Air traffic controllers and related occupations88 984116 763195 664
2192273      Deck officers, water transport71 282101 454129 301
2202274      Engineer officers, water transport88 323106 132135 625
2212275      Railway traffic controllers and marine traffic regulators100 064110 675121 551
222228    Technical occupations in computer and information systems52 26569 28088 138
2232281      Computer network technicians54 84872 55591 808
2242282      User support technicians49 17264 83782 100
2252283      Information systems testing technicians55 20074 52391 811
2263Health occupations45 53865 43891 328
22730  Professional occupations in nursing73 74191 255102 188
228301    Professional occupations in nursing73 74191 255102 188
2293011      Nursing coordinators and supervisors76 66597 790104 948
2303012      Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses73 62190 883101 821
23131  Professional occupations in health (except nursing)68 41093 591129 448
232311    Physicians, dentists and veterinarians72 012113 547174 772
2333111      Specialist physicians83 640143 069241 929
2343112      General practitioners and family physicians69 891102 519165 870
2353113      Dentists64 070117 569160 021
2363114      Veterinarians64 76696 388127 925
237312    Optometrists, chiropractors and other health diagnosing and treating professionals42 24383 039113 702
2383121      Optometrists34 24785 413118 117
2393122      Chiropractors31 37458 07592 787
2403124      Allied primary health practitioners84 404110 733122 493
2413125      Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating35 35760 607106 905
242313    Pharmacists, dietitians and nutritionists83 480106 515124 405
2433131      Pharmacists99 236112 391129 242
2443132      Dietitians and nutritionists47 50468 92385 818
245314    Therapy and assessment professionals55 30579 90591 324
2463141      Audiologists and speech-language pathologists74 56586 70396 159
2473142      Physiotherapists60 26683 37494 064
2483143      Occupational therapists74 81086 36591 679
2493144      Other professional occupations in therapy and assessment35 99948 93665 705
25032  Technical occupations in health41 28355 55272 170
251321    Medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)41 00554 07874 166
2523211      Medical laboratory technologists65 71074 44381 812
2533212      Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists' assistants43 86449 61157 207
2543213      Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians28 92937 04446 010
2553214      Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists67 30978 88786 466
2563215      Medical radiation technologists64 57374 95884 903
2573216      Medical sonographers71 73579 23492 486
2583217      Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists, n.e.c.54 11762 88669 913
2593219      Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)35 28044 87155 042
260322    Technical occupations in dental health care50 91066 60278 122
2613221      Denturists28 03755 44786 584
2623222      Dental hygienists and dental therapists60 89271 92680 075
2633223      Dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants36 59351 94765 752
264323    Other technical occupations in health care40 07354 59066 030
2653231      Opticians32 89145 60459 554
2663232      Practitioners of natural healing12 80425 64640 913
2673233      Licensed practical nurses48 60757 74964 119
2683234      Paramedical occupations48 30367 30787 844
2693236      Massage therapists28 47149 03263 170
2703237      Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment34 41747 24056 926
27134  Assisting occupations in support of health services37 35845 94853 244
272341    Assisting occupations in support of health services37 35845 94853 244
2733411      Dental assistants40 12446 67854 260
2743413      Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates37 14845 86453 398
2753414      Other assisting occupations in support of health services36 11045 04251 416
2764Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services46 34273 95898 919
27740  Professional occupations in education services60 25284 20696 713
278401    University professors and post-secondary assistants48 23996 920131 216
2794011      University professors and lecturers86 127111 807148 825
2804012      Post-secondary teaching and research assistants9 15638 36862 334
281402    College and other vocational instructors60 61591 714103 338
2824021      College and other vocational instructors60 61591 714103 338
283403    Secondary and elementary school teachers and educational counsellors62 43281 91693 857
2844031      Secondary school teachers68 62587 58696 023
2854032      Elementary school and kindergarten teachers60 98878 47991 130
2864033      Educational counsellors50 53966 63188 207
28741  Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services55 06578 023106 933
288411    Judges, lawyers and Quebec notaries81 191134 987193 231
2894111      Judges286 841299 017354 131
2904112      Lawyers and Quebec notaries80 094132 449186 976
291415    Social and community service professionals50 49367 79183 934
2924151      Psychologists48 11182 332106 523
2934152      Social workers58 97576 68887 233
2944153      Family, marriage and other related counsellors47 06863 40482 123
2954154      Professional occupations in religion44 73562 01479 574
2964155      Probation and parole officers and related occupations67 63681 75590 075
2974156      Employment counsellors47 56557 46262 722
298416    Policy and program researchers, consultants and officers54 22976 081100 433
2994161      Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers68 65889 046113 554
3004162      Economists and economic policy researchers and analysts71 97092 744116 325
3014163      Business development officers and marketing researchers and consultants48 12371 408103 662
3024164      Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers50 71270 15091 934
3034165      Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers57 91978 034101 745
3044166      Education policy researchers, consultants and program officers49 61368 43191 416
3054167      Recreation, sports and fitness policy researchers, consultants and program officers47 59062 75377 101
3064168      Program officers unique to government64 92481 376107 134
3074169      Other professional occupations in social science, n.e.c.59 78674 44498 757
30842  Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services32 67143 52356 888
309421    Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services32 67143 52356 888
3104211      Paralegal and related occupations51 08964 22777 361
3114212      Social and community service workers37 90346 85757 512
3124214      Early childhood educators and assistants24 36234 81142 278
3134215      Instructors of persons with disabilities32 54342 74357 572
3144216      Other instructors21 12942 86865 075
3154217      Other religious occupations13 42731 19350 250
31643  Occupations in front-line public protection services99 262123 668143 394
317431    Occupations in front-line public protection services99 262123 668143 394
3184311      Police officers (except commissioned)113 609129 113146 709
3194312      Firefighters113 429134 586153 670
3204313      Non-commissioned ranks of the Canadian Armed Forces80 27891 843106 512
32144  Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations27 07543 36470 919
322441    Home care providers and educational support occupations23 45035 51349 135
3234411      Home child care providers14 14826 04933 870
3244412      Home support workers, housekeepers and related occupations29 62142 97153 599
3254413      Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants34 73043 84656 975
326442    Legal and public protection support occupations73 15984 765100 539
3274421      Sheriffs and bailiffs71 34079 47489 611
3284422      Correctional service officers77 88089 215103 981
3294423      By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.68 48179 20892 959
3305Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport29 44853 76481 372
33151  Professional occupations in art and culture22 08350 46878 503
332511    Librarians, archivists, conservators and curators63 49477 65592 199
3335111      Librarians66 52678 55895 093
3345112      Conservators and curators39 78364 97687 929
3355113      Archivists54 05678 30092 083
336512    Writing, translating and related communications professionals30 18953 32078 022
3375121      Authors and writers19 48047 76878 399
3385122      Editors34 38257 72577 353
3395123      Journalists41 05860 32381 014
3405125      Translators, terminologists and interpreters23 68850 63375 246
341513    Creative and performing artists15 17835 34769 438
3425131      Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations30 80458 65387 665
3435132      Conductors, composers and arrangers21 09034 12468 634
3445133      Musicians and singers12 26121 17734 329
3455134      Dancers10 97925 49748 493
3465135      Actors and comedians11 00222 00454 686
3475136      Painters, sculptors and other visual artists6 48925 53263 966
34852  Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport32 92555 37181 456
349521    Technical occupations in libraries, public archives, museums and art galleries43 04456 59867 734
3505211      Library and public archive technicians54 30460 74870 625
3515212      Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries25 75042 92956 676
352522    Photographers, graphic arts technicians and technical and coordinating occupations
    in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts
35 62563 88598 826
3535221      Photographers15 32333 60555 124
3545222      Film and video camera operators31 17864 19688 929
3555223      Graphic arts technicians60 82886 103125 654
3565224      Broadcast technicians56 61973 06892 234
3575225      Audio and video recording technicians49 21173 771120 136
3585226      Other technical and coordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts44 40573 018109 913
3595227      Support occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting, photography and the performing arts32 92356 53094 054
360523    Announcers and other performers, n.e.c.30 15455 71685 353
3615231      Announcers and other broadcasters44 01359 38897 523
3625232      Other performers, n.e.c.23 88645 29171 423
363524    Creative designers and craftspersons34 94457 65182 586
3645241      Graphic designers and illustrators39 91462 40187 396
3655242      Interior designers and interior decorators37 63858 46682 459
3665243      Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers35 48654 90481 423
3675244      Artisans and craftspersons12 15928 73450 579
3685245      Patternmakers — textile, leather and fur products78 214
369525    Athletes, coaches, referees and related occupations25 96643 96562 678
3705251      Athletes
3715252      Coaches35 93956 75485 490
3725253      Sports officials and referees
3735254      Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness24 76642 01459 276
3746Sales and service occupations27 22241 09860 519
37562  Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations38 22657 44488 575
376621    Retail sales supervisors32 50144 88558 132
3776211      Retail sales supervisors32 50144 88558 132
378622    Technical sales specialists in wholesale trade and retail and wholesale buyers49 82675 285114 259
3796221      Technical sales specialists — wholesale trade57 67185 272126 033
3806222      Retail and wholesale buyers33 65551 08973 716
381623    Insurance, real estate and financial sales occupations37 05656 62985 845
3826231      Insurance agents and brokers40 29154 45976 764
3836232      Real estate agents and salespersons23 63453 33195 053
3846235      Financial sales representatives47 59160 09582 719
38563  Service supervisors and specialized service occupations25 81536 65451 629
386631    Service supervisors30 66744 19160 963
3876311      Food service supervisors25 23132 01641 569
3886312      Executive housekeepers39 38050 18058 955
3896313      Accommodation, travel, tourism and related services supervisors42 85253 40264 638
3906314      Customer and information services supervisors53 89864 65883 336
3916315      Cleaning supervisors36 38750 80764 431
3926316      Other services supervisors38 63652 20372 188
393632    Chefs and cooks26 31835 92148 755
3946321      Chefs30 51742 10956 850
3956322      Cooks24 64333 19243 609
396633    Butchers and bakers28 57741 43356 144
3976331      Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers — retail and wholesale34 38650 33062 708
3986332      Bakers27 32237 68951 042
399634    Specialized occupations in personal and customer services19 75731 33044 964
4006341      Hairstylists and barbers18 66028 31940 688
4016342      Tailors, dressmakers, furriers and milliners22 71033 47043 739
4026343      Shoe repairers and shoemakers10 65431 94643 869
4036344      Jewellers, jewellery and watch repairers and related occupations16 73331 12149 175
4046345      Upholsterers30 88346 89464 390
4056346      Funeral directors and embalmers53 59862 29277 472
40664  Sales representatives and salespersons — wholesale and retail trade28 59044 78069 549
407641    Sales and account representatives — wholesale trade (non-technical)45 20367 98099 627
4086411      Sales and account representatives — wholesale trade (non-technical)45 20367 98099 627
409642    Retail salespersons26 58439 74360 168
4106421      Retail salespersons26 58439 74360 168
41165  Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations25 68939 27955 601
412651    Occupations in food and beverage service17 43923 00031 230
4136511      Maîtres d'hôtel and hosts17 25721 31630 658
4146512      Bartenders18 46624 62333 574
4156513      Food and beverage servers17 21422 76630 676
416652    Occupations in travel and accommodation33 10045 77062 108
4176521      Travel counsellors31 12744 72356 733
4186522      Pursers and flight attendants48 81464 89774 328
4196523      Airline ticket and service agents36 90453 81669 505
4206524      Ground and water transport ticket agents, cargo service representatives and related clerks38 72156 71063 102
4216525      Hotel front desk clerks30 20438 29549 196
422653    Tourism and amusement services occupations32 01343 43156 181
4236531      Tour and travel guides21 79631 58445 098
4246532      Outdoor sport and recreational guides28 55442 88559 898
4256533      Casino occupations33 82344 26656 477
426654    Security guards and related security service occupations32 03540 82758 663
4276541      Security guards and related security service occupations32 03540 82758 663
428655    Customer and information services representatives37 98349 58262 955
4296551      Customer services representatives — financial institutions36 64645 65055 637
4306552      Other customer and information services representatives38 77351 41364 628
431656    Other occupations in personal service16 99527 44239 040
4326561      Image, social and other personal consultants9 14328 86443 049
4336562      Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations18 19427 85940 199
4346563      Pet groomers and animal care workers14 95125 23535 891
4356564      Other personal service occupations11 77423 87240 592
43666  Sales support occupations24 72032 56348 444
437661    Cashiers23 27930 16142 149
4386611      Cashiers23 27930 16142 149
439662    Other sales support and related occupations26 32435 85153 572
4406621      Service station attendants22 95829 93942 056
4416622      Store shelf stockers, clerks and order fillers27 05536 28253 124
4426623      Other sales related occupations19 14842 24263 857
44367  Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c.25 80237 44752 036
444671    Food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations21 57328 87038 759
4456711      Food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations21 57328 87038 759
446672    Support occupations in accommodation, travel and amusement services32 51449 43070 142
4476721      Support occupations in accommodation, travel and facilities set-up services39 10450 25769 041
4486722      Operators and attendants in amusement, recreation and sport31 10249 39470 304
449673    Cleaners28 94741 98055 810
4506731      Light duty cleaners24 87235 17445 694
4516732      Specialized cleaners25 48435 23648 754
4526733      Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents34 53449 93363 301
453674    Other service support and related occupations, n.e.c.27 82737 70947 039
4546741      Dry cleaning, laundry and related occupations28 24038 34446 236
4556742      Other service support occupations, n.e.c.27 69737 61953 194
4567Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations41 48764 40187 866
45772  Industrial, electrical and construction trades41 40964 09988 031
458720    Contractors and supervisors, industrial, electrical and construction trades and related workers46 99273 84599 579
4597201      Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations73 67991 797111 787
4607202      Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations67 17093 626124 109
4617203      Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades62 15084 909101 284
4627204      Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades38 06460 31285 700
4637205      Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers39 91663 01989 855
464723    Machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades51 39870 97489 837
4657231      Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors55 24674 52089 602
4667232      Tool and die makers53 41267 29781 169
4677233      Sheet metal workers48 38271 04390 177
4687234      Boilermakers69 13485 495111 524
4697235      Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters53 29174 00288 000
4707236      Ironworkers45 39765 84893 884
4717237      Welders and related machine operators50 55568 85190 339
472724    Electrical trades and electrical power line and telecommunications workers57 70882 841109 063
4737241      Electricians (except industrial and power system)43 60668 88090 156
4747242      Industrial electricians86 832105 208128 175
4757243      Power system electricians97 755117 264135 392
4767244      Electrical power line and cable workers114 818158 875186 711
4777245      Telecommunications line and cable workers72 71590 780112 741
4787246      Telecommunications installation and repair workers63 04584 01599 337
4797247      Cable television service and maintenance technicians66 23191 025100 636
480725    Plumbers, pipefitters and gas fitters43 29665 43986 129
4817251      Plumbers40 64561 28378 704
4827252      Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers54 17483 822103 430
4837253      Gas fitters47 50470 475103 186
484727    Carpenters and cabinetmakers34 75152 28569 408
4857271      Carpenters34 90852 39270 249
4867272      Cabinetmakers33 70251 63864 746
487728    Masonry and plastering trades29 04747 04966 838
4887281      Bricklayers33 19652 74373 410
4897282      Concrete finishers42 80261 53577 615
4907283      Tilesetters21 68138 44356 306
4917284      Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers27 80143 79561 468
492729    Other construction trades29 77648 86667 267
4937291      Roofers and shinglers37 04650 40267 546
4947292      Glaziers40 60358 47576 536
4957293      Insulators41 73861 62783 782
4967294      Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)23 44543 29861 085
4977295      Floor covering installers26 05242 14761 621
49873  Maintenance and equipment operation trades55 58980 662106 039
499730    Contractors and supervisors, maintenance trades and heavy equipment and transport operators64 06489 940116 996
5007301      Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades69 28896 377123 961
5017302      Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews65 45690 215117 939
5027303      Supervisors, printing and related occupations41 46062 92080 571
5037304      Supervisors, railway transport operations96 016107 217128 668
5047305      Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators58 19679 828105 314
505731    Machinery and transportation equipment mechanics (except motor vehicles)72 17494 122120 952
5067311      Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics78 56899 974123 737
5077312      Heavy-duty equipment mechanics69 89493 285125 408
5087313      Heating, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics57 02684 158113 579
5097314      Railway carperson80 83488 73299 154
5107315      Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors67 84187 061103 585
5117316      Machine fitters58 78875 73792 969
5127318      Elevator constructors and mechanics92 154126 104145 575
513732    Automotive service technicians45 56566 88587 962
5147321      Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers45 96467 81388 829
5157322      Motor vehicle body repairers44 68263 63883 971
516733    Other mechanics and related repairers42 82361 41083 999
5177331      Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics57 748
5187332      Appliance servicers and repairers33 06552 43579 127
5197333      Electrical mechanics68 97096 183115 138
5207334      Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics42 86962 68082 312
5217335      Other small engine and small equipment repairers44 65360 12772 527
522736    Train crew operating occupations83 929105 073131 338
5237361      Railway and yard locomotive engineers95 749118 705144 117
5247362      Railway conductors and brakeperson75 85992 867115 392
525737    Crane operators, drillers and blasters63 52486 674119 060
5267371      Crane operators60 98886 984122 518
5277372      Drillers and blasters — surface mining, quarrying and construction69 10689 154109 157
5287373      Water well drillers72 319
529738    Printing press operators and other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.47 67666 87589 344
5307381      Printing press operators44 92260 78375 211
5317384      Other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.53 01870 52596 525
53274  Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers36 60852 64373 465
533744    Other installers, repairers and servicers34 70450 12068 917
5347441      Residential and commercial installers and servicers32 91347 09464 977
5357442      Waterworks and gas maintenance workers62 61073 08591 134
5367444      Pest controllers and fumigators41 45755 66972 101
5377445      Other repairers and servicers34 27747 89268 914
538745    Longshore workers and material handlers37 15353 73275 640
5397451      Longshore workers89 564122 118152 175
5407452      Material handlers35 90650 43468 254
54175  Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations38 69261 59380 967
542751    Motor vehicle and transit drivers35 83658 32177 712
5437511      Transport truck drivers43 42363 72683 117
5447512      Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators55 16968 45977 767
5457513      Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs16 57924 41635 169
5467514      Delivery and courier service drivers27 59341 05161 571
547752    Heavy equipment operators59 23476 56999 225
5487521      Heavy equipment operators (except crane)60 51780 576105 034
5497522      Public works maintenance equipment operators and related workers56 06869 28180 623
550753    Other transport equipment operators and related maintenance workers40 55459 70676 438
5517531      Railway yard and track maintenance workers69 85685 406102 567
5527532      Water transport deck and engine room crew61 98769 25580 148
5537533      Boat and cable ferry operators and related occupations48 10462 58179 460
5547534      Air transport ramp attendants32 82048 01660 749
5557535      Other automotive mechanical installers and servicers33 83646 36166 509
55676  Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations28 81747 21866 671
557761    Trades helpers and labourers27 08043 74863 374
5587611      Construction trades helpers and labourers26 86843 54163 066
5597612      Other trades helpers and labourers31 72549 57975 610
560762    Public works and other labourers, n.e.c.49 91264 45373 231
5617621      Public works and maintenance labourers51 28764 50872 493
5627622      Railway and motor transport labourers40 45962 11377 220
5638Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations30 57455 22688 584
56482  Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production44 54879 021116 885
565821    Supervisors, logging and forestry61 914104 353126 126
5668211      Supervisors, logging and forestry61 914104 353126 126
567822    Contractors and supervisors, mining, oil and gas86 234135 944172 817
5688221      Supervisors, mining and quarrying96 408153 386177 354
5698222      Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling and services71 661123 578162 780
570823    Underground miners, oil and gas drillers and related occupations79 639110 891133 113
5718231      Underground production and development miners90 410117 489133 568
5728232      Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers65 47595 272127 663
573824    Logging machinery operators69 59690 358110 767
5748241      Logging machinery operators69 59690 358110 767
575825    Contractors and supervisors, agriculture, horticulture and related operations and services25 27748 68372 978
5768252      Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers18 22141 26566 629
5778255      Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services31 11150 56774 937
578826    Fishing vessel masters and fishers16 84628 93369 014
5798261      Fishing masters and officers69 059
5808262      Fishers12 65326 09165 693
58184  Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production23 66742 50569 097
582841    Mine service workers and operators in oil and gas drilling85 493110 315136 476
5838411      Underground mine service and support workers87 878108 492118 506
5848412      Oil and gas well drilling and related workers and services operators85 400120 921141 266
585842    Logging and forestry workers39 82772 375100 470
5868421      Chain saw and skidder operators37 00070 37299 842
5878422      Silviculture and forestry workers46 51274 432101 872
588843    Agriculture and horticulture workers19 48535 89053 872
5898431      General farm workers17 58138 00756 654
5908432      Nursery and greenhouse workers23 61230 57144 973
591844    Other workers in fishing and trapping and hunting occupations35 38757 73567 618
5928441      Fishing vessel deckhands57 886
5938442      Trappers and hunters
59486  Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers24 75741 51461 485
595861    Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers24 75741 51461 485
5968611      Harvesting labourers12 53820 47232 000
5978612      Landscaping and grounds maintenance labourers24 67439 16457 922
5988613      Aquaculture and marine harvest labourers28 68139 07255 136
5998614      Mine labourers55 49885 423101 820
6008615      Oil and gas drilling, servicing and related labourers42 16264 36978 912
6018616      Logging and forestry labourers45 88865 39485 691
6029Occupations in manufacturing and utilities40 45360 91588 035
60392  Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators70 71596 828127 543
604921    Supervisors, processing and manufacturing occupations65 14293 723123 119
6059211      Supervisors, mineral and metal processing77 34698 524126 056
6069212      Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities77 060102 651141 165
6079213      Supervisors, food and beverage processing53 01670 38489 362
6089214      Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing53 01663 60476 760
6099215      Supervisors, forest products processing87 006112 869130 764
6109217      Supervisors, textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing44 70570 53897 522
611922    Supervisors, assembly and fabrication56 49675 39897 346
6129221      Supervisors, motor vehicle assembling82 437
6139222      Supervisors, electronics manufacturing60 65481 953102 698
6149223      Supervisors, electrical products manufacturing97 505
6159224      Supervisors, furniture and fixtures manufacturing48 82665 33677 768
6169226      Supervisors, other mechanical and metal products manufacturing62 78686 469101 920
6179227      Supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly47 35571 07894 427
618923    Central control and process operators in processing and manufacturing94 550123 837156 531
6199231      Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing90 897111 499128 465
6209232      Central control and process operators, petroleum, gas and chemical processing101 607148 724193 382
6219235      Pulping, papermaking and coating control operators88 992106 099127 326
622924    Utilities equipment operators and controllers75 94797 124127 062
6239241      Power engineers and power systems operators81 628108 685136 929
6249243      Water and waste treatment plant operators64 08782 73796 546
62594  Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers38 11556 13379 346
626941    Machine operators and related workers in mineral and metal products processing and manufacturing42 82157 70679 561
6279411      Machine operators, mineral and metal processing65 93093 091117 665
6289412      Foundry workers54 11380 357104 225
6299413      Glass forming and finishing machine operators and glass cutters30 72440 56451 792
6309414      Concrete, clay and stone forming operators36 95849 44162 434
6319415      Inspectors and testers, mineral and metal processing43 79164 04269 629
6329416      Metalworking and forging machine operators44 41259 03074 814
6339417      Machining tool operators41 26556 06776 143
6349418      Other metal products machine operators43 49759 29675 031
635942    Machine operators and related workers in chemical, plastic and rubber processing36 75451 57867 305
6369421      Chemical plant machine operators33 31443 27868 828
6379422      Plastics processing machine operators37 55848 29366 053
6389423      Rubber processing machine operators and related workers45 67959 52668 168
639943    Machine operators and related workers in pulp and paper production and wood processing and manufacturing53 13674 80592 568
6409431      Sawmill machine operators54 08174 64089 410
6419432      Pulp mill machine operators83 004103 724124 509
6429433      Papermaking and finishing machine operators68 76689 079108 315
6439434      Other wood processing machine operators52 23075 54689 344
6449435      Paper converting machine operators38 47458 87374 611
6459436      Lumber graders and other wood processing inspectors and graders59 00375 22790 176
6469437      Woodworking machine operators35 54349 81170 536
647944    Machine operators and related workers in textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing24 73934 28744 709
6489441      Textile fibre and yarn, hide and pelt processing machine operators and workers26 46334 72364 762
6499442      Weavers, knitters and other fabric making occupations18 83830 98138 413
6509445      Fabric, fur and leather cutters43 117
6519446      Industrial sewing machine operators24 73634 27843 411
6529447      Inspectors and graders, textile, fabric, fur and leather products manufacturing27 85736 04047 962
653946    Machine operators and related workers in food, beverage and associated products processing34 68348 58065 888
6549461      Process control and machine operators, food and beverage processing35 02450 21771 994
6559462      Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers37 90149 60065 705
6569463      Fish and seafood plant workers29 09235 71547 040
6579465      Testers and graders, food and beverage processing37 61552 25575 908
658947    Printing equipment operators and related occupations35 46546 42863 050
6599471      Plateless printing equipment operators35 15646 42060 772
6609472      Camera, platemaking and other prepress occupations40 24251 02364 913
6619473      Binding and finishing machine operators33 64942 61963 371
6629474      Photographic and film processors30 62143 07657 046
66395  Assemblers in manufacturing35 85248 31864 739
664952    Mechanical, electrical and electronics assemblers37 97749 52169 270
6659521      Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors65 36174 50995 464
6669522      Motor vehicle assemblers, inspectors and testers37 99448 46868 423
6679523      Electronics assemblers, fabricators, inspectors and testers35 20545 37256 980
6689524      Assemblers and inspectors, electrical appliance, apparatus and equipment manufacturing34 96147 11277 753
6699525      Assemblers, fabricators and inspectors, industrial electrical motors and transformers38 17650 03974 276
6709526      Mechanical assemblers and inspectors43 43958 97875 452
6719527      Machine operators and inspectors, electrical apparatus manufacturing37 43449 05156 338
672953    Other assembly and related occupations34 75247 47463 086
6739531      Boat assemblers and inspectors43 19057 60385 428
6749532      Furniture and fixture assemblers and inspectors29 88941 05751 369
6759533      Other wood products assemblers and inspectors38 27351 94367 263
6769534      Furniture finishers and refinishers32 01542 41254 626
6779535      Plastic products assemblers, finishers and inspectors32 62945 77557 619
6789536      Industrial painters, coaters and metal finishing process operators42 36756 69579 387
6799537      Other products assemblers, finishers and inspectors32 92843 63456 859
68096  Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities32 36146 75969 401
681961    Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities32 36146 75969 401
6829611      Labourers in mineral and metal processing38 58260 12083 712
6839612      Labourers in metal fabrication34 76452 59668 887
6849613      Labourers in chemical products processing and utilities32 28347 46769 700
6859614      Labourers in wood, pulp and paper processing50 01471 77086 884
6869615      Labourers in rubber and plastic products manufacturing35 10245 11059 079
6879616      Labourers in textile processing27 82041 35646 131
6889617      Labourers in food and beverage processing30 14941 13154 615
6899618      Labourers in fish and seafood processing29 33132 79039 884
6909619      Other labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities29 32739 23155 134

Table 2 — Average Hours Worked (BC)
Average Hours Worked by Occupational Classification

Column 1
Item
Column 2
NOC
Code
Column 3
Occupations
Column 4
Average
Hours
Worked
10Management occupations39.9
200  Senior management occupations39.8
301 − 05  Specialized middle management occupations39.0
406  Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services40.0
507 − 09  Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities40.5
61Business, finance and administration occupations34.4
711  Professional occupations in business and finance36.7
812  Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations35.2
913  Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations29.3
1014  Office support occupations32.1
1115  Distribution, tracking and scheduling coordination occupations36.3
122Natural and applied sciences and related occupations38.1
1321  Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences38.4
1422  Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences37.8
153Health occupations34.1
1630  Professional occupations in nursing33.9
1731  Professional occupations in health (except nursing)37.9
1832  Technical occupations in health32.6
1934  Assisting occupations in support of health services32.6
204Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services33.1
2140  Professional occupations in education services32.9
2241  Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services35.0
2342  Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services31.1
2443  Occupations in front-line public protection services40.7
2544  Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations30.1
265Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport31.0
2751  Professional occupations in art and culture30.3
2852  Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport31.4
296Sales and service occupations31.0
3062  Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations38.1
3163  Service supervisors and specialized service occupations34.0
3264  Sales representatives and salespersons — wholesale and retail trade31.6
3365  Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations30.2
3466  Sales support occupations25.9
3567  Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c.27.2
367Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations40.0
3772  Industrial, electrical and construction trades39.9
3873  Maintenance and equipment operation trades41.7
3974  Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers36.6
4075  Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations41.1
4176  Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations36.3
428Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations40.0
4382  Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production46.2
4484  Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production37.6
4586  Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers33.3
469Occupations in manufacturing and utilities39.2
4792  Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators41.8
4894  Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers38.3
4995  Assemblers in manufacturing38.3
5096  Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities37.4

[Provisions relevant to the enactment of this regulation: Insurance (Vehicle) Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 231, ss. 169 and 181.]