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SCHOOL ACT — Continued
[RSBC 1996] CHAPTER 412

Part 2 — Students and Parents

Division 1 — Students

Access to educational program

2 A person is entitled to enroll in an educational program provided by the board of a school district if the person

(a) is of school age, and

(b) is resident in that school district.

Entry to educational program

3 (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a person who is resident in British Columbia must

(a) enroll in an educational program

(i) provided by a board,

(ii) in the case of an eligible child, provided by a board or a francophone education authority, and

(iii) in the case of an immigrant child, provided by a board or, if the child is permitted to enroll with a francophone education authority under section 166.24, provided by that francophone education authority,

on the first school day of a school year if, on or before December 31 of that school year, the person will have reached the age of 5 years, and

(b) participate in an educational program provided by a board or, in the case of an eligible child or an immigrant child, by a board or a francophone education authority until he or she reaches the age of 16 years.

(2) A parent of a child referred to in subsection (1) (a) may defer the enrollment of his or her child until the first school day of the next school year.

(3) This section does not apply if the person

(a) is attending an independent school, a Provincial school or an educational institution operated by the government of Canada or by a band as defined in the Indian Act (Canada), or

(b) is registered under section 13.

Consultation

4 A student is entitled to consult with a teacher or administrative officer with regard to that student's educational program.

Language of instruction

5 (1) Every student is entitled to receive an educational program that is provided in the English language.

(2) Students whose parents have the right under section 23 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to have their children receive instruction in a language other than English are entitled to receive that instruction.

(3) Subject to the approval of the minister, a board may permit an educational program to be provided in a language other than as provided under subsections (1) and (2).

(4) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations

(a) respecting the provision of educational programs in languages other than English,

(b) to give effect to section 23 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and

(c) determining the manner in which a power, duty or function of a board may be performed or exercised under this Act with respect to students referred to in subsection (2).

(5) For the purposes of subsection (4), the Lieutenant Governor in Council may make different regulations for different circumstances.

Duties of students

6 (1) A student must comply

(a) with the school rules authorized by the principal of the school or Provincial school attended by the student, and

(b) with the code of conduct and other rules and policies of the board or the Provincial school.

(2) A student attending a school or a Provincial school must participate in an educational program as directed by the board or by the principal of the Provincial school.

Division 2 — Parents

Parents' entitlements and responsibilities

7 (1) A parent of a student of school age attending a school is entitled

(a) to be informed, in accordance with the orders of the minister, of the student's attendance, behavior and progress in school,

(b) on request, to annual reports respecting general effectiveness of educational programs in the school district, and

(c) to belong to a parents' advisory council established under section 8.

(2) A parent of a student of school age attending a school may, and at the request of a teacher or administrative officer must, consult with the teacher or administrative officer with respect to the student's educational program.

Parents' advisory council

8 (1) Parents of students of school age attending a school or a Provincial school may apply to the board or to the minister, as the case may be, to establish a parents' advisory council for that school.

(2) On receipt of an application under subsection (1), the board or minister must establish a parents' advisory council for the school or the Provincial school.

(3) There must be only one parents' advisory council for each school or Provincial school.

(4) A parents' advisory council, through its elected officers, may advise the board and the principal and staff of the school or the Provincial school respecting any matter relating to the school or the Provincial school.

(5) A parents' advisory council, in consultation with the principal, must make bylaws governing its meetings and the business and conduct of its affairs, including bylaws governing the dissolution of the council.

Division 3 — Joint Rights and Duties

Examination of student records

9 (1) A student and the parents of a student of school age are entitled,

(a) on request and while accompanied by the principal or a person designated by the principal to interpret the records, to examine all student records kept by a board pertaining to that student, and

(b) on request and on payment of the fee, if any, charged under subsection (2), to receive a copy of any student record that they are entitled to examine under paragraph (a).

(2) A board may, for any copies of student records provided under subsection (1) (b), charge a fee that does not exceed the cost to the board of providing the copies.

Liability for damage to property

10 If property of a board or a francophone education authority is destroyed, damaged, lost or converted by the intentional or negligent act of a student or a francophone student, that student and that student's parents are jointly and severally liable to the board or francophone education authority in respect of the act of that student.

Appeals

11 (1) In subsections (2) and (4), "decision" includes the failure of an employee to make a decision.

(2) If a decision of an employee of a board significantly affects the education, health or safety of a student, the parent of the student or the student may, within a reasonable time from the date that the parent or student was informed of the decision, appeal that decision to the board.

(3) For the purposes of hearing appeals under this section, a board must, by bylaw, establish an appeal procedure.

(4) A board may refuse to hear an appeal under this section unless the appellant discusses the decision under appeal with one or more persons as directed by the board.

(5) A board may establish one or more committees for the purpose of investigating appeals under this section.

(6) A board may make any decision that it considers appropriate in respect of the matter that is appealed to it under this section, and the decision of the board is final.

(7) A board must

(a) make a decision under this section as soon as practicable after receiving an appeal, and

(b) promptly report that decision to the person making the appeal.

Division 4 — Home Education

Home education

12 A parent of a child who is required to enroll in an educational program under section 3

(a) may educate the child at home or elsewhere in accordance with this Division, and

(b) must provide that child with an educational program.

Registration

13 (1) A parent of a child who is required under section 12 to provide the child with an educational program must register the child on or before September 30 in each year with

(a) a school of the parent's choice that is operating in the school district in which the parent resides,

(a.1) if the child is an eligible child, a school referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), or a francophone school of the parent's choice that is operating in the francophone school district in which the parent resides,

(a.2) if the child is an immigrant child, a school referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), or a francophone school of the parent's choice that is operating in the francophone school district in which the parent resides but only if the francophone education authority responsible for that school permits the parent to register that child,

(b) a distance education school providing services to the school district in which the parent resides or with the minister if no distance education school provides services to that district, or

(c) an independent school operating in British Columbia.

(2) If, in accordance with subsection (1), a parent is entitled to register his or her child with a school or, in the case of an eligible child or immigrant child, with a francophone school,

(a) the board that has jurisdiction over the school must ensure that the administrative officer responsible for that school registers the child, or

(b) the francophone education authority that has jurisdiction over the francophone school must ensure that the francophone administrative officer of that francophone school registers the child.

(3) A school or francophone school that registers a child under this section must provide the child with access to educational services in accordance with the regulations.

(4) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence.

Power to report

14 (1) A person who believes that a child who is required to be registered under section 13 is not so registered may report that belief to the superintendent of schools for the school district in which that child resides.

(1.1) A person who believes that a child who is being educated in accordance with section 12 is not receiving an educational program may report that belief

(a) in the case of a child registered under section 13 with a francophone school, to the chief executive officer of the francophone education authority for the francophone school district in which that child resides, and

(b) in the case of a child registered under section 13 with a school, an independent school or the minister, to the superintendent of schools for the school district in which that child resides.

(2) On receipt of a report under this section, the superintendent or chief executive officer must take such action as is required by the orders of the minister.

(3) No action lies against

(a) a person making a report under subsection (1) or (1.1), or

(b) the superintendent or chief executive officer in respect of an action taken under subsection (2)

unless the report is made or the action is taken maliciously.

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Copyright (c) 2001: Queen’s Printer, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada