This archived statute consolidation is current to July 16, 2002 and includes changes enacted and in force by that date. For the most current information, click here.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT

[RSBC 1996] CHAPTER 323

Contents

Section

Part 1— Purposes and Principles

1 

Purposes of this Act

2 

Purposes of local governments

3 

Broad powers

4 

Principles for relationship between local governments and the Provincial government

Part 1.1— Definitions and Interpretation

5 

Definitions

6 

[Repealed]

6.1 

References to local government officer

6.2 

Special rule for Mountain Time Zone

6.3 

[Repealed]

6.4 

How notices must be published in a newspaper

6.5 

Giving notice to localgovernments

6.6 

Power to make regulations

6.7 

[Repealed]

Part 2— Incorporation of Municipalities

7 

Incorporation of a new municipality

8 

Vote required for the incorporation of a new municipality

9 

Procedure and costs for vote on incorporation

10 

Incorporation of municipality in conjunction with resource development

11 

Incorporation of a mountain resort municipality

11.1 

Incorporation of island municipality in Islands Trust area

12 

Incorporation of reserve residents as village

13 

What must and may be included in letters patent

14 

Exceptions for industrial plants

15 

Publication of letters patent

16 

[Repealed]

17 

Classification of municipalities

18 

Change of municipal classification

19 

Size of council

20 

Extension of boundaries

21 

Redefinition of boundaries

22 

Collection of taxes

23 

Transfer of Provincial tax money if rural land included in municipality

24 

Bylaws extend to additional area

25 

Phased farm property tax exemption

26 

Reduction of municipal area

27 

Redefinition of adjoining municipalities

28 

Conditions on extension or reduction

29 

Disincorporation of a municipality

30 

Dissolution of improvement district

31 

Rights and liabilities not affected by surrender or revocation of letters patent

32 

Existing licences preserved

Part 3— Electors and Elections

Division 1 — Interpretation

33 

Definitions

34 

Time not extended for voting days

35 

This Act prevails in relation to use of information

Division 2— Arrangements for Elections

36 

General local elections every 3 years

36.1 

Municipal elections at large unless on a neighbourhood constituency basis

37 

By-elections

38 

Minister's order for election to be conducted

39 

Election bylaws

40 

Costs of elections

41 

Appointment of election officials

42 

Chief election officer duties and powers

43 

Presiding election official duties and powers

Division 3— Election Proceedings Generally

44 

Public notices

45 

Solemn declarations

46 

Keeping order at election proceedings

47 

Adjournment of election proceedings

48 

Exceptional assistance in election proceedings

Division 4— Electors

49 

Who may vote at an election

50 

Resident electors

51 

Non-resident property electors

52 

Rules for determining residence

53 

When a person may register as an elector

54 

Voting day registration only

55 

Application for registration

56 

How to register in advance

57 

How to register as a resident elector at the time of voting

57.1 

How to register as a non-resident property elector at the time of voting

58 

Non-resident property elector certificate

59 

Automatic registration by inclusion on Provincial list of voters

60 

Effect of registration

61 

Register of electors

62 

List of registered electors

63 

Protection of privacy

64 

Objection to registration of an elector

65 

Resolving objections

Division 5— Qualifications for Office

66 

Who may hold elected office as a member of a local government

67 

Disqualification of local government employees

68 

Only one elected office at a time in the same local government

Division 6— Nominations and Declaration of Election

69 

Nomination period

70 

Notice of nomination

71 

Who may make nominations

72 

Nomination documents

72.1 

Nomination deposits

73 

Nomination by delivery of nomination documents

74 

Declaration of candidates

75 

Challenge of nomination

76 

Declaration of election by voting or acclamation

77 

Notice of election by voting

78 

Appointment if an insufficient number of candidates are elected

Division 7— Candidates and Representatives

79 

Ballot showing candidate endorsement by elector organization

80 

Withdrawal, death or incapacity of candidate

81 

Appointment of candidate representatives

82 

Presence of candidate representatives at election proceedings

Division 8— Campaign Financing

83 

Definitions

84 

Election campaign

85 

Appointment of financial agent

85.1 

Campaign accounts

86 

Restrictions on accepting contributions and incurring expenses

87 

Restrictions on making campaign contributions

88 

Financial agent must record contributions and expenses

89 

Valuation of campaign contributions and election expenses

89.1 

Transfer of candidate's surplus campaign funds

90 

Duty to file disclosure statement

90.1 

Duty to file supplementary reports

90.2 

Late filing of disclosure statements

91 

Court order for relief from filing obligations

92 

Candidate disqualification for failure to file disclosure statement

92.1 

Elector organization disqualification for failure to file disclosure statement

92.2 

Public notice of failure to file

92.3 

Disqualification list

92.4 

Candidate disqualification for false or incomplete reports

92.5 

Elector organization disqualification for false or incomplete reports

93 

Disclosure statements and supplementary reports to be available for public inspection

Division 9— Voting Opportunities

94 

Voting opportunities for electors

95 

Required general voting opportunities

96 

Additional general voting opportunities

97 

Required advance voting opportunities

98 

Additional advance voting opportunities

99 

Special voting opportunities

100 

Mail ballot voting

Division 10— Arrangements for Voting

101 

Voting places

102 

Use of voting machines

103 

Municipal voting divisions

104 

Form of ballots

105 

What must and must not be included on a ballot

106 

Order of names on ballot

107 

Order of names on ballot determined by lot

108 

Ballot boxes

Division 11— Conduct of Voting Proceedings

109 

Persons who must be present at voting places

110 

Persons who may be present at voting places

111 

Sealing of ballot boxes containing ballots

112 

Time for voting extended

Division 12— Voting

113 

Voting to be by secret ballot

114 

Each elector may vote only once

115 

Requirements before elector may be given a ballot to vote

116 

Challenge of elector

117 

If another person has already voted under an elector's name

118 

Replacement of spoiled ballot

119 

How to vote by ballot

120 

One person to a voting compartment

121 

Persons needing assistance to mark their ballots

122 

Persons unable to enter a voting place

Division 13— Counting of the Vote

123 

When and where counting is to be done

124 

Who may be present at counting

125 

Who does the counting

126 

Opening of ballot boxes

127 

Combination of ballots for counting

128 

Procedures for counting

129 

Rules for accepting votes and rejecting ballots

130 

Objections to the acceptance of a vote or the rejection of a ballot

131 

Ballot account

132 

Packaging of ballots

133 

Delivery of election materials to chief election officer

134 

Preliminary election results

135 

Determination of official election results

136 

Declaration of official election results

137 

When elected candidates may take office

Division 14— Judicial Recount

138 

Application for judicial recount

139 

Judicial recount procedure

140 

Results of judicial recount and orders as to costs

141 

Determination of results by lot if tie vote after judicial recount

142 

Runoff election if tie vote after a judicial recount

Division 15— Declaration of Invalid Election

143 

Application to court

144 

Hearing of the application

145 

Power of the court on an application

146 

Costs of an application

147 

Status of an elected candidate

Division 16— Final Proceedings

148 

Report of election results

149 

Publication of election results

150 

Retention and destruction of election materials

Division 17— Election Offences

151 

Vote buying

152 

Intimidation

152.1 

Prohibition against certain election advertising on general voting day

153 

Other election offences

153.1 

Prosecution of organizations and their directors and agents

154 

Penalties

Division 18— General

155 

Powers of minister in relation to elections

156 

Regulations

Part 4— Other Voting and Counter Petitions

Division 1 — Interpretation

157 

Definitions

158 

Other voting to be conducted in same manner as an election

Division 2— Assent of the Electors

159 

How assent is obtained

160 

Each bylaw to be voted on must be for a distinct purpose

Division 3— Other Voting Proceedings

161 

Who may vote at other voting

162 

General voting day for other voting

163 

Arrangements for other voting

164 

Notice of other voting

165 

Ballots for other voting

166 

When counting for other voting is to be done

167 

Special procedures if voting is conducted by more than one jurisdiction

168 

Other general matters

Division 4— Scrutineers

169 

Scrutineers for other voting

170 

Notice of applications to volunteer as a scrutineer

171 

Applications to volunteer to act as scrutineer for other voting

172 

Appointment of scrutineers for other voting

Division 5 — Counter Petition Opportunities

172.1 

Application

172.2 

Process choice for local governments

172.3  

Deadline for submitting counter petitions

172.4 

Notice of counter petition opportunity

172.5 

Counter petition forms

172.6 

Requirements for signing a counter petition

172.7 

Effect of counter petition

172.8 

Prohibition against false statements

172.9 

Offences

172.91 

Regulations

Part 5— Corporate Powers and Their Use

Division 1— Corporate Status and Governing Bodies

173 

Corporations created

174 

Governing bodies

175 

Local government jurisdiction

Division 2— General Corporate Powers

176 

Corporate powers of local governments

Division 3— Agreements

177 

Disclosure of information relating to agreements

178 

Requirements for electors' assent or counter petition opportunities

179 

Amendment of agreements

180 

Approval for out-of-Province and out-of-country agreements with public authorities

Division 4— Assistance

181 

Definition of "assistance"

182 

Prohibition against assistance to business

183 

Exception for assistance under partnering agreements

183.1 

Exception for heritage conservation purposes

184 

Limitation on assistance by means of tax exemption

185 

Publication of intention to provide certain kinds of assistance

Division 5— Disposing of Land and Improvements

186 

Disposition of land and improvements

187 

Notice of proposed disposition

188 

Use of money from sale of land or improvements

189 

Disposal of assets acquired with Provincial grants

190 

Disposal of utilities and water and sewer systems

Division 6— Delegation of Local Government Authority

191 

Limitations on delegation authority

192 

How delegation must occur

193 

Delegation of hearings

194 

Reconsideration of delegate's decisions

Division 7— Incorporation of Corporations

195 

Incorporation of corporations

Part 5.1— Local Government Officers and Employees

Division 1— Officer Positions

196 

Officer positions

197 

Chief administrative officer

198 

Corporate administration

199 

Financial administration

Division 2— Officers and Employees Generally

200 

Appointment of officers and employees

201 

Oath of office for officers

202 

Termination of officer

203 

Employers' organization

Division 3— Certification of Senior Officials

204 

Board of examiners

205 

Powers of board

206 

Board may make regulations

Part 5.2— Municipal Councils and Their Proceedings

Division 1— Council Members

207 

Size of council

208 

Quorum of council

209 

Term of office for council members

210 

Oath of office for council members

211 

Disqualification from office for failure to make oath or attend meetings

212 

Resignation from office

213 

Application to court to declare council member disqualified

214 

Resolution declaring council member disqualified

215 – 217 

[Repealed]

Division 2 — Mayor

218 

Powers and duties of mayor

219 

Mayor may return bylaw for reconsideration by council

220 

Acting mayor and deputy mayor

221 

Intermunicipal questions

Division 3— Council Meetings

222 

First council meeting after general local election

222.1 

Regular and special council meetings

223 

Notice of special meeting

224 

Council members may request special meeting

225 – 226 

[Repealed]

227 

Mayor to preside at council meetings

228 

Points of order

229 

Appeal from decision of mayor or member presiding

230 

Voting at council meetings

231 

Council member declaration if not entitled to vote

Division 4— Council Proceedings

232 

Exercise of powers by bylaw or resolution

233 

General rule that matters be decided by majority of members present

234 

Requirement for 2/3 majority

235 

Procedure bylaw

236 

Minutes of council meetings

237 

Minutes of council committee meetings

238 

Appointment of select committee

239 

Appointment of standing committees

240 

Witnesses at council or committee meetings

241 

Petitions to council

242 

[Repealed]

Division 4.1— Public Access to Municipal Meetings

242.1 

General rule: meetings must be open to the public

242.2 

Meetings that may or must be closed

242.3 

Resolution required before meeting closed

242.4 

No bylaw votes in a closed meeting

242.5 

Expulsion from meeting for improper conduct

242.6 

Application to council committee meetings

242.7 

Application to other municipal bodies

242.8 

Regulations respecting open meetings

Division 5— Additional Powers

243 

Persons may be honoured with freedom of the municipality

244 

Municipal holidays

245 

Referendums to obtain electors' opinion

246 

Joint exercise of powers with other municipalities

247 

Incidental powers

248 

Further powers in relation to municipal assets

249 

Further powers for public good

250 

Emergency powers

251 

Additional powers and exceptions may be granted to municipalities

252 – 256 

[Repealed]

Part 6 — Bylaws

Division 1— General

257 

Requirements for adopting bylaws

258 

Establishment of procedures for adopting bylaws

258.1 

Power to amend or repeal

259 

When a bylaw comes into force

259.1 

Exercise of powers through municipal code

259.2 

Evidence of bylaw

259.3 

Bylaws must be available for public inspections

Division 2— Challenge of Bylaws

260 

Extended definition of "bylaw"

261 

Validity of council proceedings

262 

Application to court to set aside bylaw

263 

Assessment or rate stands unless bylaw set aside

264 

Declaratory orders

265 

Right of action on illegal bylaw

Division 3— Enforcement of Bylaws

266 

Fines and penalties

267 

Bylaw contraventions— offences and penalties

268 

Inspections to determine whether bylaws are being followed

269 

Municipal action at defaulter's expense

270 

[Repealed]

Division 4— Ticketing for Bylaw Offences

271 

Definition of person who is a "justice"

272 

Ticket offences

273 

Laying information and serving ticket

274 

Choice of paying fine or disputing ticket

275 

Effect of paying fine

276 

Hearing of dispute

277 

Failure to appear at hearing

278 

Failure to respond to ticket

279 

Time extensions if person not at fault in failing to respond or appear

280 

Regulations in relation to ticket offences

Division 5— Consolidation and Revision of Bylaws

280.1 

Consolidation of bylaws

280.2 

Revision of bylaws

280.3 

Revision may consolidate existing bylaws into municipal code

280.4 

Bylaw required to adopt revision

280.5 

Effect of revised bylaws

280.6 

Correction of revision errors

Part 7— Legal Proceedings

Division 1 — Proceedings by Municipality

281 

Actions by municipality

282 

Municipality may restrain breach of Act or bylaw

283 

Recovery of utility rates by legal remedy of distress

284 

Scale of costs on distress

Division 2— Proceedings against Municipality

285 

Limitation period for actions against municipality

286 

Immunity unless notice given to municipality after damage

287 

Immunity for individual municipal public officers

287.1 

Defence for local government financial administrator

287.2 

Indemnification against proceedings

288 

Immunity against certain nuisance actions

289 

Immunity in relation to failure to enforce building bylaws

290 

Limitation on municipal liability regarding building plan approval

291 

Proceedings against municipality in relation to actions of others

292 

[Repealed]

Division 3— Enforcement of Orders against Municipality

293 

Writ of execution against municipality

294 

Copy of writ to be left with municipal officer

295 

Tax to be imposed if amount not paid

296 

Payment of amount levied

297 

Officers of municipality as officers of court

298 

Certain municipal property exempt from seizure

Division 4— Miscellaneous

299 

Municipalities may join in litigation

300 

Self insurance by local governments

301 

Appeal from decision of registrar of land titles

301.1 

Nisga'a Final Agreement

301.11 

Orders and awards respecting drainage or reclamation works

Part 8— Special Municipal Powers Relating to Property

Division 1— Reservation and Dedication of Real Property

302 

Power to reserve municipal land for public purpose

303 

Power to dedicate municipal land for public purpose

304 

Power to cancel the dedication of a highway

305 

Effect of reservation and dedication

305.1 

Control of Crown land parks dedicated by subdivision

305.2 

Exchange of dedicated land

Division 2— Municipal Forest Reserves

306 

Establishment of municipal forest reserve

307 

Sale or lease of municipal forest reserve

308 

Cutting and removal of timber

Division 3— Expropriation and Compensation

309 

Expropriation power

309.1 

Authority in relation to services

310 

Power to expropriate water diversion licences and related works

311 

Entry on land to mitigate damage that may be caused by municipality

312 

Compensation for non-expropriation actions

313 

Funding for expropriation and mitigation

Division 4— Other Powers

314 

Power to accept property on trust

315 

Power to convey land to school board in trust

316 – 326 

[Repealed]

Part 9 — Financial Management

Division 1— Financial Planning

327 

Financial plan

327.1 

Public process

Division 2— Financial Reporting

328 

Annual financial statements

329 

Annual reporting on municipal finances

329.1 

Reporting of remuneration and expenses

330 

Right of elector to complain about accounting

Division 3— Audit

331 

Appointment of auditor

331.1 

Auditor may appeal termination

331.2 

Audit committee

331.3 

Auditor's reports

331.4 

Access to information by auditors

Division 4— Expenditures, Liabilities and Investments

332 

General revenue sources

333 

Limit on expenditures

334 

Limit on borrowing and other liabilities

334.1 

Liabilities under agreements

334.2 

Authority to incur prescribed liabilities

334.3 

Revenue anticipation borrowing

334.4 

Short term capital borrowing

335 

Loan authorization bylaws

335.1 

Counter petition opportunity required for borrowings

335.2 

Temporary borrowing under loan authorization bylaw

335.3 

Security issuing bylaws

335.4 

Regional district financing of municipal undertaking

335.5 

Appeal from inspector's decision regarding borrowing bylaws

336 

Investment of municipal funds

Division 5— Restrictions on Use of Municipal Funds

337 

Purposes for which money may be used

338 

Liabilities for use of money contrary to Act

Part 10— Assessment and Taxation

Division 1 — Exemptions

339 

General exemptions from taxation

340 

Qualifications and exceptions to the general exemptions

341 

Exemptions by council

342 

Exemptions for heritage properties

343 

Repayment requirement in relation to heritage exemptions

343.1 

Exemptions for riparian property

343.2 

Repayment requirement in relation to riparian exemptions

344 

Qualifications to the exemptions under sections 341, 342 or 343.1

344.1 

Tax exemptions under a partnering agreement

345 

Exemptions for industrial or business property

346 

Exemptions for community ports and airports

Division 2— Golf Course and Cemetery Valuation Agreements

347 

Definitions

348 

Agreements for valuation of golf course or cemetery land

349 

Covenants required for valuation agreements

350 

Further liability for 10 years after end of valuation agreement

351 

Operational details of valuation agreements

Division 3— Special Cases

352 

Forest land

353 

Taxation of certain utility company property

354 

[Repealed]

Division 4— Tax Liability of Occupiers of Land

355 

Definition of "occupier"

356 

Taxation of Crown land used by others

357 

Taxation of municipal land used by others

358 

Taxation of occupier of exempt land

Part 10.1— Taxes, Fees and Charges

Division 1 — Property Value Taxes

359 

Annual property tax bylaw

359.1 

Assessment averaging and phasing option

359.2 

Regulations respecting property tax rates

359.3 

Grouping of parcels

Division 2— Parcel Taxes

360 

Parcel tax bylaw

360.1 

Assessment roll bylaw

361 

Assessment rolls for parcel taxes

361.1 

Local court of revision required for parcel tax

361.2 

Notice of sitting by local court of revision

361.3 

Local court of revision to hear complaints and make corrections

361.4 

Application of Assessment Act provisions

361.5 

Authentication of assessment roll

361.6 

Notice of decision

361.7 

Appeal to Supreme Court from local court of revision

361.8 

Updating the assessment roll

361.9 

Validity of assessment roll

362 

Grouping of parcels

Division 3— Fees and Charges

363 

Imposition of fees and charges

364 

Special fees and charges that are liens against property

Part 11— Tax Collection

Division 1 — Due Dates and Tax Notices

365 

Options for tax due dates

366 

General tax collection scheme

367 

Alternative municipal tax collection scheme

368 

Owner may elect which scheme to use

369 

General tax notices

370 

Copies of tax notice to be sent to persons who have requested this

Division 2— Adjustments to Taxes

371 

Interest on overpayment of taxes

372 

Adjustments required if assessments are set aside or varied

373 

Taxation based on supplementary roll

374 

Apportionment of property value taxes if land subdivided

375 

Apportionment of parcel taxes if land subdivided

376 

Special fees and charges that are to be collected as taxes

377 

Charge for irrigation water rights

Division 3— Payment of Taxes

378 

Application of tax payments

379 

Taxes in arrear

380 

Delinquent taxes

381 

Treatment of taxes on subdivision or cancellation of subdivision

382 

Statements of taxes in arrear or delinquent

383 

Certificate of taxes outstanding

Divisions 4 to 6

384 – 395 

[Repealed]

Division 7 — Recovery of Taxes

396 

Taxes are a special charge on the land

397 

Liability of assessed owner and recovery by court action

398 

Recovery of taxes by the legal remedy known as "distress"

399 

Power to accept real property in place of taxes

400 

Notice of delinquent taxes on Crown land

401 

Recovery of taxes on Crown land subject to an agreement for sale

402 

Recovery of taxes on Crown land held under lease or licence

Division 8— Annual Tax Sale

403 

Annual tax sale

404 

Exemption of Crown land from tax sale

405 

Notice of tax sale

406 

Municipality may bid at tax sale

407 

Upset price and conduct of tax sale

408 

Purchaser to give authority to register tax sale title

409 

Collector to provide certificate of sale

410 

Tax sale of Crown land subject to an agreement to purchase

411 

Provincial government may accept tax sale purchaser

412 

Resale of land purchased by municipality at tax sale

413 

Notice of tax sale must be filed in land title office

414 

Owners must be given notice of tax sale and redemption period

415 

Assessment and taxes during redemption period

416 

Application of surplus from tax sale

417 

Redemption by owner

418 

Redemption payments by instalments

419 

Notice of redemption must be filed in land title office

420 

Registration of purchaser

421 

Effect of tax sale on rights of owner

422 

Action by owner to have tax sale set aside

423 

Reinstatement of taxes if sale set aside

424 

Restrictions on legal actions in relation to tax sale

425 

Repossessed tax sale land

426 

Procedure on default of purchaser under agreement

427 

Redemption by municipality of land sold for Provincial taxes

428 

Power to agree with other taxing authority

429 – 447 

[Repealed]

Part 12

448 – 479 

[Repealed]

Part 13 — Special Funds

Division 1 — Sinking Funds

480 

Requirement for separate accounts

481 

[Repealed]

482 

Savings institution account for sinking fund money

483 

Application of securities held as investments from sinking funds

484 

[Repealed]

485 

Pledging sinking fund securities for municipal borrowing

486 

[Repealed]

487 

Directions from minister as to use of sinking fund

488 

Reduction of sinking fund rates or levy

489 

Surplus in sinking fund

490 

Deficiency in sinking fund

491 

Inspector may require report on sinking fund

492 

Transfer of administration to Minister of Finance and Corporate Relations

Division 2— Debt Retirement Funds

493 

Municipal financial officer must keep accounts

494 

Debt retirement funds advance

495 

Investment of debt retirement fund

Division 3— Reserve Funds

496 

Capital works reserve funds

497 

Reserve funds for municipal enterprises

498 

Reserve fund from tax sale money

499 

Special reserve fund

Division 4— Local Improvement Fund

500 

Local improvement fund

Division 5— General

501 

Transfer between funds

502 

Use of money if original purpose has failed

503 

[Repealed]

504 

Limits on use of funds

505 – 506 

[Repealed]

Part 14

507 – 516 

[Repealed]

Part 15 — Municipal Services

Division 1— Service Powers

517 

General authority for services

517.1 

Establishing bylaws required for most services

518 

Consent required for services outside municipality

518.1 

General authorities in relation to services

519 

Regulation of works and facilities outside the municipality

Division 2— Police Services

520 

Municipal law enforcement

521 

Disposal of property in police possession

Division 3— Fire Protection

522 

Special fire protection powers

Division 4— Health

523 

Health protection authority

Division 5— Highways

524 

Possession of highways

525 

Title to highways

526 

Agreements to reserve land for highway purposes

527 

Establishing and closing highways

528 

Naming and numbering of highways

529 

Works to protect highways from water damage

530 

Special authority in relation to highways and related matters

531 

Regulation of extraordinary traffic

532 

Uses of highways and public places

533 

Wires, poles and structures on highways

534 

Gates across highway

535 

Intermunicipal boundary highways

536 

Bylaws respecting intermunicipal boundary highways

537 

Disputes respecting boundary highways

538 

Disputes respecting transecting highways

539 

Intermunicipal bridges

Division 6— Sewers, Storm Drains and Drainage

540 

Special drainage and sewerage authority

541 

Watercourse may be included in drainage system

542 

Requirements respecting drainage works

543 

Appropriation of stream channel or bed

544 

Control of drainage

545 

Appeal to minister if unable to reach agreement on construction of drains

546 

Liability for damage to works or watercourse

547 

Highway construction and dikes

548 

Intermunicipal watercourses

549 

District municipality drainage works

Division 7— Waste and Recycling

550 

Authority in relation to waste disposal and recycling services

Division 8— Miscellaneous

551 

Regulation of signs and advertising

552 

Use of highways or municipal rights of way

553 

Irrigation services

554 

Charges for cleaning and clearing highways

555 

Authority subject to Water Act

Part 16

556 – 584 

[Repealed]

Part 17 — Utilities

Divisions 1 and 2

585 – 606 

[Repealed]

Division 3 — Franchises

607 

Granting of franchises

608 

Establishing routes and other terms

609 

Enforcement of franchise

Part 18

610 – 619 

[Repealed]

Part 19— Local Improvements and Specified Areas

Division 1— Local Improvements

620 

Definitions

621 

Land that is exempt from taxation

622 

Municipal policy that works must be undertaken as local improvements

623 

Works that may be undertaken as local improvements

624 

Sidewalk canopies as local improvements

625 

Sewer, water and gas connections in relation to street paving

626 

Sidewalk crossings and driveways provided at owner's request

627 

Time limit on effect of construction bylaw

628 

General rule of separate bylaws for distinct work

629 

Local improvement proposed on council's initiative

630 

Petition against work proposed on council's initiative

631 

Petition to council for local improvement

632 

Determining whether a petition is sufficient

633 

Items that may be included in the cost of a work

634 

Charges for work must be established in advance

635 

Requirements for adoption of construction bylaw

636 

Commuting special charges

637 

Borrowing for works

638 

Payment of costs in accordance with financial plan

639 

Payment of costs from local improvement fund

640 

Assessment must be revised if scope of work reduced

641 

Duty of municipality to repair completed works

642 

Procedure to compel municipality to repair

643 

Current assessment of special charges is not an encumbrance

644 

Cost of work that is replaced, removed or destroyed

645 

Commission may be appointed to investigate assessment roll

Division 2— Specified Areas

646 

Services for specified areas

647 

Off-street parking facilities

648 

Borrowing for specified area

649 

Enlargement or reduction of specified area

650 

Merging of specified areas

650.1 

Transfer or discontinuation of joint services

651 

Application of Municipal Services Part to specified areas

Division 3— Special Improvement Areas

651.1 

Business improvement areas

651.2 

Mountain resort business improvement areas

Part 20— Business Regulation and Licensing

Division 1— General Authority

652 

Definition of "business"

653 

Authority to regulate business

654 

Regulation of business hours

655 

Restriction on authority in relation to rental accommodations

656 

Limitation on authority to require examination or certification

657 

Regulation of carriers

Division 2— Business Licensing

658 

Authority to require business licences

659 

Refusal of business licence

660 

Suspension or cancellation of business licence

661 

Right to reconsideration of delegated decisions

662 

Intermunicipal business licences

663 

Offence to carry on business without a licence

Division 3— Licensing of Commercial Vehicles

664 

Definitions

665 

Application of Division

666 

Commercial vehicle licensing bylaw

667 

Exemptions from licensing requirements

668 

Licence plate must be displayed

669 

Issue and transfer of licence plates

670 

Term of licences

671 

Fees to be paid to UBCM

672 

Offences

673 – 679 

[Repealed]

680 

Specific regulatory powers

681 – 691 

[Repealed]

Part 21 — Building Regulations

Division 1— Building Code and Other Building Regulations

692 

Provincial building code and regulations

693 

Building Code Appeal Board

Division 2— Municipal Building Regulations

694 

Municipal building regulations

694.1 

Requirement for security

695 

Requirement for certification by engineer or architect

696 

Regulating doors and emergency exits

697 

Municipality may adopt national codes

Division 3— Specific Municipal Actions

698 

Demolition or repair of unsafe buildings, structures and excavations

699 

Building inspector may require engineering report

700 

Note against land title that building regulations contravened

701 

Cancellation of note against land title

Part 22— Miscellaneous Powers

702 

[Repealed]

Division 1— Regulation of Animals

703 

Keeping of animals

704 

Regulation of animal nuisances

705 

Dog licences

706 

Compensation for injuries to livestock

707 

Animal pounds

707.1 

Dangerous dogs

Division 2— Protection of Trees

708 

General protection of trees

709 

Regulation of tree cutting and removal

710 

Significant trees

711 

Hazardous trees and shrubs

712 

Removal or replacement of trees at owner's expense

713 

Assessment and inspection of trees

714 

Limits on powers under this Division

715 

Reconsideration of delegate's decision

Division 3— Sundry Powers

716 

Bylaws regarding cemeteries

717 

[Repealed]

718 

Night patrols

719 

[Repealed]

720 

Bicycle licences

721 

Land rehabilitation assistance

722 

Wild flowers, auctions and athletic contests

722.1 

Athletic commissions

723 

Removal and deposit of sand, gravel and other soil

724 

Noise control

725 

Nuisances and disturbances

725.1 

Protection of waterways

726 

Fire and security alarm systems

727 

Removal of dangerous buildings and other structures

727.1 

Authority to require unsanitary conditions to be remedied

728 

Firearms, explosives and fireworks

Part 23— Improvement Districts

Division 1 — General

729 

Definitions

730 

[Repealed]

731 

Incorporation by letters patent

732 

Incorporation of mountain resort improvement districts

733 

Notation on title of land in a mountain improvement district

734 

Amendment or recall of letters patent

735 

Dissolution of improvement districts

736 

Improvement district trustees

737 

Election of improvement district trustees

738 

Chair

738.1 

Officer positions

738.2 

Corporate administration

738.3 

Financial administration

738.4 

Officers and employees

738.5 

Giving notice to improvement districts

739 

Meeting procedure

740 

First meeting of trustees in each year

740.1 

Appointment of select and standing committees

741 

Annual general meeting

741.1 

Annual financial statements

741.2 

Appointment of auditor

742 

Appointment of receiver

743 

Protection from legal proceedings

743.1 

Indemnification against proceedings

744 

Improvement district property exempt from taxation

Division 2— Powers and Operations

745 

General powers

746 

Powers that must be exercised by bylaw

747 

Requirements for bylaws

747.1 

Subdivision servicing requirements

747.2 

Excess or extended services and latecomer payments

748 

Power to exercise rights under certain water licences

749 

Power to expropriate water diversion licences and related works

750 

General power to expropriate land and works

751 

Renewal of works

752 

Appeal if improvement district refuses to provide services

Division 3— Taxes and Cost Recovery

753 

Assessment roll

754 

Notice of assessment

755 

Revision of assessments

756 

Tax collection on behalf of improvement district

756.1 

Municipal collection of improvement district taxes

756.2 

Payments to improvement districts

757 

Levying of taxes by improvement district

758 

Tax notices

759 

Lien for taxes and tolls

760 

Interest on taxes

Division 4— Tax Sales

761 

Definitions

762 

Tax sale for recovery of taxes

763 

Conduct of tax sale

764 

Disposal of surplus from tax sale

765 

Improvement district as purchaser of tax sale land

766 

Tax sale deed

767 

Sale of Crown land held under a mortgage or agreement for sale

768 

Disposal of tax sale land by trustees

Division 5— Borrowing and Securities

769 

Provision of sinking funds

770 

Provincial guarantee of improvement district securities

771 

Form of securities

772 

Registration of securities

Part 24— Regional Districts

Division 1 — Interpretation

773 

Definitions

774 

Application of other provisions

Division 1.1 — Continuation of Regional Districts and Services

774.1 

Continuation of regional districts

774.2 

Continuation of regional district services

Division 2— Corporate Structure

775 

[Repealed]

776 

Incorporation of regional districts

777 

Letters patent of regional districts

778 – 779.3 

[Repealed]

780 

Amalgamation and division of regional districts and alteration of boundaries

781 

Dissolution of improvement districts and local areas

782 

Creation or restructure of municipalities

Division 3— Government and Procedure

783 

Composition and voting rights

784 

Appointment and term of office of municipal directors

785 

Election and term of office of electoral area directors

786 

Alternate municipal directors

787 

Alternate electoral area directors

788 

Remuneration and expenses of directors and committee members

789 

Director benefits

790 

[Repealed]

791 

Voting on resolutions and bylaws

792 

Chair and vice chair of board

793 

Calling and conduct of meetings

794 

Procedure, bylaws and enforcement

795 

Appointment of select and standing committees

Division 4— Services and Powers

796 

General authority for services

796.1 

Consent required for services outside regional district

796.2 

General authorities in relation to services

796.3 

Regulation authority in relation to previous bylaws

797 

Part 15 powers equivalent to municipalities

797.1 

Specific regulatory and other powers

797.2 

General authority for fees, charges and recovery of amounts owed

797.3 

Referendums regarding services

797.4 

Petition for services

798 

General powers equivalent to municipalities

798.1 

Emergency powers

799 

Additional powers and exceptions

Division 4.1 — Establishing Bylaws

800 

Establishing bylaws required for most services

800.1 

Required content for establishing bylaws

800.2 

Special options for establishing bylaws

801 

Approval of establishing bylaws

801.1 

Responsibility for obtaining approval

801.2 

Approval of the electors by voting

801.3 

Approval of electors by counter petition opportunity

801.4 

Consent on behalf of municipal electors

801.5 

Consent on behalf of electoral area electors

801.6 

Other procedural rules

802 

Amendment or repeal of establishing bylaws

802.1 

Changes to participating and service areas

802.2 

Amending bylaws that are needed for authority to borrow

802.3 

Special provisions respecting service withdrawal

Division 4.2 — Cost Recovery for Services

803 

Options for cost recovery

803.1 

Costs of services

804 

Apportionment of costs

804.1 

Cost sharing for Part 26 services

804.2 

Valuation information and apportionment adjustments

804.3 

Tax base for property value taxes

Division 4.3 — Requisition and Tax Collection

805 

Requisition of funds from municipalities

805.1 

Collection in municipalities

806 

Requisition of funds for electoral areas

806.1 

Collection in electoral areas

807 

Amounts to be paid over to regional district

Division 4.4 — Tax Rates and Exemptions

808 

Variable tax rate system

809 

Property tax exemptions

810 

Exemptions for heritage properties

810.1 

Repayment requirement in relation to heritage exemptions

811 

Exemptions for riparian property

811.1 

Repayment requirement in relation to riparian exemptions

812 

Tax exemptions under a partnering agreement

Division 4.5 — Dispute Resolution in Relation to Services

813 

Definitions

813.01 

Minister may appoint facilitators

813.02 

Parties to a service review or service withdrawal

813.03 

Costs of service review or service withdrawal

813.04 

Initiating a service review

813.05 

Other issues and services may be dealt with in one service review

813.06 

Preliminary meeting

813.07 

Negotiations to resolve issues

813.08 

Initiating service withdrawal

813.09 

Minister's direction on process

813.10 

Addition of further initiating participants or further services

813.11 

Early termination of process

813.12 

Mediation

813.13 

Arbitration

813.14 

Initiating participant must respond to final resolution

813.15 

Direction to further arbitration in certain cases

813.16 

When final resolution becomes binding

813.17 

Implementation of final resolution by bylaw

813.18 

Failure to adopt required bylaws

813.19 

Regulations respecting arbitrations

Division 5— Financial Operations

814 

Accounting

815 – 818 

[Repealed]

819 

Annual budget

819.1 

Capital expenditure program

820 – 825 

[Repealed]

826 

Special funds

827 

[Repealed]

828 

Liabilities beyond the current year

829 

Revenue anticipation borrowing

830 

Short term capital borrowing

831 

Loan authorization bylaws

831.1 

Borrowing to cover judgments and awards in legal proceedings

832 

Information that must be stated in borrowing bylaw

833 

Security issuing bylaw

834 

Provisions applicable to loan and security bylaws

835 

Financing municipal undertakings

836 

Borrowing on credit

Division 6— General

837 

Services to public authorities

838 

Local community commissions

839 

[Repealed]

840 

Restriction on authority in relation to firearms

841 

Default on payment by municipality

842 – 845.3 

[Repealed]

846 

Inspection of regional districts

847 

Legal proceedings

Part 25— Regional Growth Strategies

848 

Definitions

Division 1— Application and Content of Regional Growth Strategy

849 

Purpose of regional growth strategy

850 

Content of regional growth strategy

851 

Area to which regional growth strategy applies

852 

Requirement to adopt regional growth strategy

Division 2— Preparation and Adoption Procedures

853 

Requirements for adoption

854 

Initiation of regional growth strategy process

855 

Consultation during development of regional growth strategy

856 

Facilitation of agreement during development of regional growth strategy

857 

Acceptance by affected local governments required

858 

Resolution of anticipated objections

859 

Resolution of refusal to accept

860 

Settlement of regional growth strategy

861 

Options for settlement process

862 

General provisions regarding settlement process

863 

Adoption of regional growth strategy

864 

Requirement to adopt finalized regional growth strategy

Division 3— Effect of Regional Growth Strategy

865 

Regional district must conform with regional growth strategy

866 

Requirement for regional context statements in municipal official community plans

Division 4— General

867 

Intergovernmental advisory committees

868 

Implementation agreements

869 

Regular reports and review of regional growth strategy

870 

Provincial policy guidelines

871 

Minister may require official community plans and land use bylaws

Part 26— Planning and Land Use Management

Division 1 — General

872 

Definitions

873 

Authority under Part

873.1 

Rural land use bylaws

874 

Ministerial orders

Division 2— Official Community Plans

875 

Purposes of official community plans

876 

Authority to adopt by bylaw

877 

Required content

878 

Policy statements in community plans

879 

Consultation during OCP development

879.1 and 880 

Repealed

881 

Planning of school facilities

882 

Adoption procedures

883 

Repealed

884 

Effect of official community plans

885 

Repealed

Division 3

886 – 889 

[Repealed]

Division 4— Public Hearings on Bylaws

890 

Public hearings

891 

Delegating the holding of public hearings

892 

Notice of public hearing

893 

Notice if public hearing waived

894 

Procedure after a public hearing

Division 5— Public Information and Advisory Commission

895 

Development approval procedures

896 

Information that must be available to the public

897 

Procedures manual

898 

Advisory planning commission

Division 6— Board of Variance

899 

Establishment of board of variance

900 

Chair and procedures

901 

Variance or exemption to relieve hardship

902 

Extent of damage preventing reconstruction as non-conforming use

Division 7— Zoning and Other Development Regulation

903 

Zoning bylaws

904 

Zoning for amenities and affordable housing

905 

Housing agreements for affordable and special needs housing

906 

Parking space requirements

907 

Runoff control requirement

908 

Regulation of signs

909 

Screening and landscaping to mask or separate uses

910 

Construction requirements in relation to flood plain areas

911 

Non-conforming uses and siting

912 

Effect of expropriation in relation to non-conforming use and subdivision

913 

Approval of regional district bylaws by minister

914 

No compensation in relation to adoption of bylaw or issuance of permit

Division 8— Use of Land for Agricultural Operations

915 

Intensive agriculture

916 

Provincial standards for farm bylaws

917 

Farm bylaws

918 

Application

919 

Three year review of bylaws affecting farming areas

Division 9— Permits and Fees

919.1 

Designation of development permit areas

920 

Development permits

920.1 

Development approval information

920.2 

Designation of temporary commercial and industrial use permit areas

921 

Temporary commercial and industrial permits

922 

Development variance permits

923 

Tree cutting permits

924 

Approval required for development near controlled access highway

925 

Requirement for security

926 

Lapse of permit

927 

Notice of permit on land title

928 

General matters

929 

Withholding of permits and licences that conflict with bylaws in preparation

930 

Amendment and discharge of land use contracts

931 

Fees related to applications and inspections

Division 10— Development Costs Recovery

932 

Definitions

933 

Development cost charges generally

934 

Amount of development cost charges

935 

Use of development cost charges

936 

Acquisition and development of park land

937 

Adoption procedures for development cost charge bylaw

937.1 

Development works agreements with private developers

Division 10.1 — School Site Acquisition Charges

937.2 

Definitions

937.3 

School site acquisition charge payable

937.4 

Eligible school site requirements

937.5 

Setting school site acquisition charges

937.6 

Provision of land for school sites

937.7 

No subdivision or building permit unless charge paid

937.8 

Credit for previous contributions

937.9 

Transfer to school board

937.91 

Regulations for this Division

Division 11— Subdivision and Development Requirements

938 

Subdivision servicing requirements

939 

Excess or extended services and latecomer payments

940 

Completion of works and services

941 

Provision of park land

942 

[Repealed]

943 

Bylaws adopted after application for subdivision submitted

944 

Parcel frontage on highway

945 

Highway provision and widening

946 

Subdivision to provide residence for a relative

Division 12— Contaminated Sites

946.1 

Assessment of site profiles

946.2 

Waste Management Act requirements must be met

946.3 

[Repealed]

Part 27— Heritage Conservation

Division 1 — General

947 

Definitions

948 

Limits on the use of this Part

949 

Limit on compensation

950 

Bylaw and permit procedures

951 

[Repealed]

952 

Ombudsman review of local government decisions

Division 2— Heritage Review

953 

Community heritage commissions

954 

Community heritage register

955 

Heritage recognition

956 

Heritage inspection may be ordered

957 

Entry authority for a heritage inspection

958 

Impact assessment may be required

959 

Local government requests for Provincial protection

Division 3— Temporary Protection

960 

Withholding of approvals

961 

Withholding of demolition permits until other approvals issued

962 

Orders for temporary protection

963 

Temporary protection by introduction of a continuing protection bylaw

964 

Heritage control periods for temporary protection

965 

Temporary protection

Division 4— Continuing Protection

966 

Heritage revitalization agreements

967 

Heritage designation protection

968 

Heritage designation procedure

969 

Compensation for heritage designation

970 

Heritage site maintenance standards

970.1 

Designation of heritage conservation areas

971 

Heritage conservation areas

Division 5— Heritage Alteration Permits

972 

Heritage alteration permits

973 

Requirements and conditions in a heritage alteration permit

Division 6— Notices under this Part

974 

Giving notice to owners and occupiers

975 

Posting notice on protected heritage property

976 

Notice on land titles

977 

Notice to minister responsible for the Heritage Conservation Act

978 

Regulations regarding notices

Division 7— Remedies and Offences

979 

Civil remedies in relation to heritage property

980 

Notice of contravention may be filed in land title office

981 

Offences and penalties

Part 28— Replotting Schemes

Division 1 — Interpretation

982 

Definitions

983 

Application of Part

Division 2— Preparation and Initiation of Scheme

984 

Preliminary definition of district

985 

Information included in scheme

986 

General principles of replotting

987 

Reallotment of parcels

988 

Municipality may acquire charges

989 

Notice requirements for initiation of a scheme

990 

General consent of owners to scheme

991 

Consents binding on owners once given

992 

Alterations to scheme may require new consents

993 

Initiation of scheme by registration of resolution

994 

Effect of initiation

995 

Resolution to complete or discontinue scheme

Division 3— Implementation and Completion of Scheme

996 

Registration of common mass

997 

Effect of deposit of reference plan

998 

Registration for owners of new parcels

999 

Rights of ownership and charges transferred

Division 4— Complaints Regarding Compensation

1000 

Allotments binding, although owners may complain regarding compensation

1001 

Compensation for loss and damage

1002 

Appointment of commissioner

1003 

Replacement of commissioner

1004 

Notice to owners who do not consent

1005 

Time and place to hear complaints

1006 

Hearing by commissioner

1007 

Commissioner's powers and report

1008 

Appeal to Supreme Court

1009 

Payment of compensation

Division 5— General

1010 

Removal of buildings

1011 

Accounts and apportionment

1012 

Former highways to be maintained

1013 

Limitation of claims

1014 

Disposal of municipal parcels

1015 

Taxation during proceedings

1016 

List of owners must be provided to municipality

1017 

Land title fees

1018 

Questions may be referred to Supreme Court

Part 29— Inspector of Municipalities

1019 

Inspector of municipalities

1020 

Official seal and documents

1021 

Inquiries into local government matters

1022 

Certificate of approval for money bylaws

1023 

Inquiry into application for certificate

1024 

Appeal from inspector's decision to withhold or refuse certificate

1025 

Certificate conclusive of validity

Part 30— Administration Commissioner

1026 

Definitions

1027 

Appointment of administrative commissioner

1028 

Substitution of commissioner

1029 

Acting commissioner

1030 

Powers transferred to commissioner

1031 

Power of commissioner to make bylaws

1032 

Powers of commissioner to borrow

1033 

Taxes for sinking fund

1034 

Assessment rolls

1035 

Limits on complaints against assessment

1036 

Differences between commissioner and school board

1037 

Reports to minister

1038 

Election after commissioner appointed

1039 

Restriction on legal proceedings

1040 

Power to make regulations


Copyright (c) 2002: Queen’s Printer, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada