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Volume 64, No. 5
60/2021
The British Columbia Gazette, Part II
March 9, 2021

B.C. Reg. 60/2021, deposited March 5, 2021, under the INSURANCE (VEHICLE) ACT [sections 169 and 181]. Order in Council 112/2021, approved and ordered March 5, 2021.

On the recommendation of the undersigned, the Lieutenant Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Executive Council, orders that, effective May 1, 2021, the attached Income Replacement and Retirement Benefits and Benefits for Students and Minors Regulation is made.

— M. FARNWORTH, Minister of Public Safety and Solicitor General; J. WHITESIDE, Presiding Member of the Executive Council.

INCOME REPLACEMENT AND RETIREMENT BENEFITS
AND BENEFITS FOR STUDENTS AND MINORS
REGULATION

Contents 
Part 1 – Definitions  
  1 Definitions and interpretation 
Part 2 – Entitlement  
  2 Entitlement amount and limits 
  3 Alternate formula 
  4 Full-time earners 
  5 Temporary earners and part-time earners – first 180 days 
  6 Temporary earners and part-time earners – after 180 days 
  7 Non-earners – first 180 days 
  8 Non-earners – after 180 days 
  9 Entitlement to income replacement benefits after relapse 
  10 Income replacement benefit for reduced income from determined employment 
  11 Events that end or suspend entitlement 
  12 Benefit reduction if person earns reduced income 
Part 3 –Determined Employment  
  13 Required determined employment 
  14 Authorized determined employment 
Part 4 – Gross Yearly Employment Income 
  15 Definitions 
  16 Maximum GYEI 
  17 GYEI for salaried worker 
  18 GYEI for self-employment or a Canadian-controlled private corporation 
  19 GYEI for full-time earner, special circumstances 
  20 GYEI for temporary earner or part-time earner – first 180 days 
  21 GYEI for temporary earner or part-time earner – after 180 days 
  22 GYEI for insured holding employment corresponding to determined employment
for 5 years and at time of accident
 
  23 GYEI for insured holding employment corresponding to determined employment
for 5 years but not at time of accident
 
  24 Insured who never held employment corresponding to determined employment 
  25 Non-earner – after 180 days 
  26 Classes of employment 
  27 Part-time determined employment 
Part 5 – Net Income 
  28 Net income 
  29 Taxable income is gross yearly employment income less deductions 
  30 Income tax is tax on taxable income less credits 
  31 GYEI is pensionable and insurable earnings 
  32 Premiums payable under Employment Insurance Act (Canada) 
  33 Contributions payable under Canada Pension Plan 
Part 6 – Retirement Income Benefit 
  34 Entitlement 
Part 7 – Payments and Adjustments 
  35 Payments of benefits 
  36 Adjustments 
  37 CPI adjustment – 2022 and subsequent years 
Part 8 – Income Replacement Benefits – General 
  Division 1 – Income Adjustments 
  38 Definition 
  39 Adjustments under sections 20 to 25 
  Division 2 – Indexation  
  40 Indexation for sections 22 and 23 
  Division 3 – Classes of Employment 
  41 Definition 
  42 Determination of level of experience 
  43 Indexing formula 
  44 If employment not listed in table 
  45 Census data used to update income levels 
  46 Table 1 
  Division 4 – Average Hours Worked 
  47 Definitions  
  48 Updates of AHW 
  49 Employment or AHW not listed 
  50 Labour force survey data unavailable 
Part 9 – Benefits for Students 
  51 Definitions 
  52  Full-time basis 
  53 Loss-of-studies benefit 
  54 Determination of income replacement benefit – students 
  55 Student unable to begin or continue studies 
  56 Student able to begin or continue studies 
  57 Student not entitled to both 
  58 New determination of employment for student after end of current studies 
Part 10 – Benefits for Minors 
  59 Definition 
  60 Loss-of-studies 
  61 Determination of income replacement benefit – minors 
  62 Benefit for minor unable to begin or continue studies 
  63 Benefit for minor able to begin or continue studies 
  64 Minor not entitled to both 
  65 Determined employment 
  Schedule 

Part 1 – Definitions

Definitions and interpretation

1 (1) In this regulation:

"Act" means the Insurance (Vehicle) Act;

"determined employment" means an employment determined by the corporation under section 13 or 14;

"full-time basis", in respect of employment, means

(a) an insured is employed at one employment for not less than 28 hours, not including overtime hours, in each week of the year preceding the date of the accident, or

(b) an insured is employed at one employment

(i) for not less than 28 hours per week, not including overtime hours, and

(ii) for not less than 2 years with periods of work not less than 8 months in duration and with gaps between periods of work not more than 4 months;

"gross yearly employment income" or "GYEI", in relation to an insured, means an insured's gross income as determined under Part 4;

"industrial average wage" means the industrial aggregate average weekly earnings for all employees of British Columbia as published monthly by Statistics Canada or as determined by the corporation under subsection (2);

"maximum yearly insurable income" means the amount determined under section 2 (2) or (3), as applicable;

"part-time basis", in respect of employment, means an insured is employed for less than 28 hours per week, not including overtime hours;

"temporary basis", in respect of an insured who is a temporary earner, means the insured is employed but not on a part-time basis or full-time basis.

(2) The corporation must use the industrial aggregate average weekly earnings for all employees of British Columbia as published monthly by Statistics Canada, except where

(a) no such figure is published for a particular month, or

(b) after the coming into force of this provision, Statistics Canada uses a new method to determine the industrial aggregate average weekly earnings for all employees for British Columbia for a particular month and the new method results in a change of more than 1% when compared with the former method,

in which case the corporation must determine an amount that in its opinion represents the industrial aggregate average weekly earnings for all employees for British Columbia for that month and, under paragraph (b), for each month remaining in that year.

(3) The class of insureds who meet both of the following descriptions as of the date of the accident is excluded from the meaning of "non-earner" as defined in section 113 of the Act:

(a) the insured has not held employment in the 2 years immediately preceding the date of the accident;

(b) the corporation is not satisfied that the insured would have held employment in the future had the accident not occurred.

Part 2 – Entitlement

Entitlement amount and limits

2 (1) Subject to this regulation, the income replacement benefit to which an insured is entitled under Division 6 of Part 10 of the Act, is an amount equal to 90% of the insured's net income, determined on a yearly basis in accordance with this regulation.

(2) The maximum yearly insurable income for the period of May 1, 2021 to March 31, 2022 is $100 000.

(3) The amount referred to in subsection (2) for the fiscal year beginning on April 1, 2022 and each fiscal year after that is the result obtained by multiplying $100 000 by the ratio between

(a) the sum of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months before October 1 of the year preceding the year for which the amount of the maximum yearly insurable earnings is calculated, and

(b) the same sum for each of the 12 months before October 1, 2020.

(4) For the purpose of subsection (3), the corporation must use the most recent data available from Statistics Canada on January 1 of the year for which the amount under subsection (3) is calculated.

(5) The amount determined under subsection (3), if it is not a multiple of $500, must be rounded to the next multiple of $500.

(6) Subject to section 147 of the Act and section 10 of this Part and subsection (7) of this section, the minimum income replacement benefit to which an insured who is a full-time earner or an insured for whom the corporation determines an employment under section 13 of this regulation is entitled is the amount to which the insured would be entitled if the insured's gross yearly employment income were calculated using the minimum wage under the Employment Standards Act and, except in the case of a part-time employment, the insured worked 40 hours per week for 52 weeks of the year.

(7) The minimum income replacement benefit to which an insured, other than a student or minor, who sustains a catastrophic injury is entitled is an amount determined on the basis of a gross yearly employment income determined on the basis of the industrial average wage.

(8) Despite anything else in this regulation, an income replacement benefit that is payable to an insured who has sustained a catastrophic injury is payable to the insured beginning on the eighth day after the accident.

(9) If, but for subsection (7), an insured would be entitled during the first 180 days after the accident to the caregiver benefit under section 152 of the Act and an income replacement benefit under section 133 (1) or 134 (1) (b) of the Act, the insured is entitled to the greater of

(a) the benefit determined under subsection (7) of this section, and

(b) the caregiver benefit plus the income replacement benefit under 133 (1) or 134 (1) (b) of the Act,

but not to both.

Alternate formula

3 (1) In this section, "other disability compensation" means other compensation within the meaning of section 122 of the Act, but only from the sources prescribed by section 18 (2) (c) or (3) of the Enhanced Accident Benefits Regulation.

(2) Despite section 2 (1) but subject to this regulation, an insured who is entitled to an income replacement benefit based on the formula in section 2 (1) is entitled to the greater of

(a) an income replacement benefit determined under this regulation other than this section, and

(b) an income replacement benefit determined under subsection (3) of this section

but not to both.

(3) The amount of the income replacement benefit referred to in subsection (2) (b) is the lesser of

(a) $740 per week, and

(b) an amount per week calculated as follows:

[(.75 × Y) / W] − ODC 
where 
the insured's gross earnings for the 12-month period immediately preceding the accident; 
the number of weeks and fractions of weeks actually worked by the insured during that period; 
ODC  the other disability compensation. 

(4) An insured's gross earnings for the purposes of subsection (3) (b) may not be more than the maximum yearly insurable income.

Full-time earners

4 (1) The income replacement benefit to which a full-time earner is entitled under section 131 (1) (a) or (b) of the Act is to be determined on the basis of the following:

(a) the full-time earner's gross yearly employment income from the employment, if the full-time earner was a salaried worker at the time of the accident;

(b) the greater of the following, if the full-time earner was self-employed at the time of the accident:

(i) the gross yearly employment income for an employment of the same class of employment as set out in Table 1 in the Schedule;

(ii) the gross yearly employment income from the full-time earner's employment;

(c) the full-time earner's gross yearly employment income from all employments that the full-time earner is unable to continue because of the accident, if the full-time earner held more than one employment at the time of the accident.

(2) The income replacement benefit to which a full-time earner is entitled under section 131 (1) (c) of the Act is the amount of the benefit to which the full-time earner would have been paid under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada).

(3) If a full-time earner is entitled to a benefit referred to in subsection (2), the amount of that benefit must be included in the full-time earner's gross yearly employment income.

Temporary earners and part-time earners – first 180 days

5 (1) The income replacement benefit to which a temporary earner or a part-time earner is entitled under section 133 (1) (a) of the Act is, during the first 180 days after the accident, to be determined on the basis of the following:

(a) the gross yearly employment income that the temporary earner or part-time earner earned or would have earned from the employment, if the temporary earner or part-time earner holds or would have held employment as a salaried worker at the time of the accident;

(b) the greater of the following, if the temporary earner or part-time earner was self employed at the time of the accident:

(i) the gross yearly employment income for an employment of the same class of employment as set out in Table 1 in the Schedule;

(ii) the gross yearly employment income that the temporary earner or part-time earner earned or would have earned from the employment.

(c) if the temporary earner or part-time earner holds or would have held more than one employment at the time of the accident, the gross yearly employment income the temporary earner or part-time earner earned or would have earned from all employment that the temporary earner or part-time earner is unable to continue because of the accident.

(2) The income replacement benefit to which a temporary earner or part-time earner is entitled under section 133 (1) (b) of the Act, during the first 180 days after the accident, is the amount of the benefit to which the temporary earner or part-time earner would have been paid under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada).

(3) If a temporary earner or part-time earner is also entitled to a benefit referred to in subsection (2), the amount of that benefit must be included in the temporary earner's or part-time earner's gross yearly employment income.

Temporary earners and part-time earners – after 180 days

6 (1) For the purposes of section 133 (1) (a) of the Act, from the 181st day after the accident, the corporation must, under section 13 of this regulation, determine an employment for the temporary earner or part-time earner, and the temporary earner or part-time earner, if unable to hold the determined employment because of the bodily injury, is entitled to an income replacement benefit.

(2) If the temporary earner or part-time earner held more than one employment at the time of the accident, the corporation must determine only one employment for the insured under section 13.

(3) The minimum income replacement benefit to which a temporary earner or part-time earner is entitled from the 181st day after the accident is the amount the temporary earner or part-time earner received during the first 180 days after the accident.

(4) A person who, under section 152 (4) of the Act, elects to continue to receive a caregiver benefit is not entitled to continue to receive an income replacement benefit under this section.

Non-earners – first 180 days

7 (1) The income replacement benefit to which a non-earner is entitled under section 134 (1) (a) of the Act, during the first 180 days after the accident, is to be determined on the basis of the gross yearly employment income from the employment the non-earner would have held in the first 180 days after the accident if the accident had not occurred.

(2) The income replacement benefit to which a non-earner is entitled under section 134 (1) (b) of the Act, during the first 180 days after the accident, is the amount of the benefit to which the non-earner would have been paid under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada).

(3) If a non-earner referred to in subsection (1) was also entitled to a benefit referred to in subsection (2), the amount of that benefit must be included in the non-earner's gross yearly employment income.

Non-earners – after 180 days

8 (1) For the purposes of section 134 (1) (a) of the Act, from the 181st day after the accident, the corporation must, under section 13 of this regulation, determine an employment for the non-earner, and the non-earner, if unable to hold the determined employment because of the bodily injury, is entitled to an income replacement benefit.

(2) The minimum income replacement benefit to which a non-earner is entitled from the 181st day after the accident is the amount the non-earner received during the first 180 days after the accident.

(3) A person who, under section 152 (4) of the Act, elects to continue to receive a caregiver benefit is not entitled to continue to receive an income replacement benefit under this section.

Entitlement to income replacement benefits after relapse

9 (1) If an insured sustains a relapse of the bodily injury within 2 years

(a) after the end of the last period for which the insured received an income replacement benefit, other than an income replacement benefit under section 10 of this regulation or section 147 of the Act, or

(b) if the insured was not entitled to an income replacement benefit before the relapse, after the date of the accident,

the insured is entitled to an income replacement benefit from the date of the relapse as though the insured had been entitled to an income replacement benefit from the date of the accident to the date of the relapse.

(2) The insured is entitled to an income replacement benefit under subsection (1) calculated on the basis of the greater of

(a) the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation immediately before the end of the period referred to in subsection (1) (a), and

(b) the gross yearly employment income of the insured at the time of the relapse.

(3) An insured who sustains a relapse more than 2 years after an applicable time referred to in subsection (1) is entitled to an income replacement benefit determined as if the relapse were a second accident.

(4) Subsections (1) to (3) do not apply to a person who sustains a catastrophic injury.

(5) An insured who sustains a catastrophic injury and whose income replacement benefit is suspended because the insured holds

(a) the employment that the insured held at the time of the accident,

(b) other employment from which the insured earns a gross income that is equal to or greater than the gross yearly employment income that the insured earned from employment held at the time of the accident,

(c) an employment determined for the insured under section 13, or

(d) an employment from which the insured earns a gross yearly employment income that is equal to or greater than the gross income on the basis of which the insured's income replacement benefit is calculated

is entitled to an income replacement benefit beginning on the day the insured has a relapse of the bodily injury or on the day the insured's employment ceases, because of their bodily injury, whichever is later, and ending on the day

(e) the insured is entitled to a retirement income benefit under section 150 of the Act, or

(f) the insured dies.

(6) The corporation must calculate an income replacement benefit under subsection (5) on the basis of the greater of

(a) the income replacement benefit the insured received immediately prior to its suspension, indexed to the date of the relapse or the date the employment ceased, and

(b) the gross yearly employment income of the insured at the time the relapse occurred or the employment ceased.

(7) An insured who is receiving an income replacement benefit other than a benefit referred to in section 146 (2) or 147 of the Act or section 10 of this regulation and who becomes entitled to an income replacement benefit under this section, is entitled to whichever income replacement benefit is greater, but not both.

Income replacement benefit for reduced income from determined employment

10 (1) If an insured becomes able to hold employment determined for the insured under section 14, but because of the insured's bodily injury earns from the employment a gross yearly employment income that is less than the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation to calculate the income replacement benefit that the insured was receiving before the employment was determined, the insured is entitled, after the end of one year from the date the insured became able to hold the determined employment, to an income replacement benefit that is the lesser of the following:

(a) the difference between the income replacement benefit the insured was receiving before the employment was determined under section 14 and the net income from the determined employment as calculated under this regulation;

(b) the difference between the income replacement benefit the insured was receiving before the employment was determined under section 14 and the net income the insured earns from employment.

(2) Section 147 of the Act does not apply respecting an insured if subsection (1) of this section applies respecting the insured.

Events that end or suspend entitlement

11 (1) The following circumstances are prescribed for the purposes of section 146 (1) (c) of the Act for all insureds except those with a catastrophic injury:

(a) the insured is able to hold the employment referred to in section 132 of the Act;

(b) the insured is able to hold an employment determined for the insured under section 13 of this regulation;

(c) one year has elapsed from the date the insured is able to hold employment determined for the insured under section 14, 58 or 65 of this regulation;

(d) the insured holds an employment from which the gross yearly employment income is equal to or greater than the gross yearly employment income on which insured's income replacement benefit is determined.

(2) The following circumstances are prescribed for the purposes of section 146 (1) (c) of the Act for insureds with a catastrophic injury:

(a) the insured holds the employment that the insured held at the time of the accident;

(b) the insured holds the employment referred to in section 132 of the Act;

(c) the insured holds an employment determined for the insured under section 13 of this regulation;

(d) the insured holds an employment from which the gross yearly employment income is equal to or greater than the gross yearly employment income on which insured's income replacement benefit is determined.

(3) Despite section 146 (1) (a) of the Act and subsection (1) (a) and (b) of this section, the following periods of time, in the corresponding following circumstances, are prescribed for the purposes of section 146 (2) of the Act for all insureds except those with a catastrophic injury:

(a) 30 days, if entitlement to an income replacement benefit lasted for at least 90 days and not more than 180 days;

(b) 90 days, if entitlement to an income replacement benefit lasted for more than 180 days but not more than one year;

(c) 180 days, if entitlement to an income replacement benefit lasted for more than one year but not more than 2 years;

(d) one year, if entitlement to an income replacement benefit lasted for more than 2 years.

Benefit reduction if person earns reduced income

12 The prescribed percentage for the purposes of section 147 of the Act is 75%.

Part 3 – Determined Employment

Required determined employment

13 (1) In this section and in section 14, "normally available", in relation to employment, means

(a) employment that was being performed, was about to be performed, is being performed or is about to be performed by an insured,

(b) employment or a category of employment that is the subject of an advertisement for employment, or

(c) employment or a category of employment that exists and is likely to continue as an employment or category of employment within the foreseeable future.

(2) If the corporation is required under these regulations to determine an employment for an insured, the corporation must consider

(a) Parts 4, 5, 7 and 8,

(b) the education, training, work experience and physical and intellectual abilities of the insured immediately before the accident,

(c) whether the insured could have held the determined employment, had the accident not occurred, on a full-time or part-time basis,

(d) the insured's work experience in the 5 years before the accident, and

(e) the insured's earnings in the 5 years before the accident.

(3) An employment determined by the corporation under subsection (2) must be

(a) employment that the insured could have held on a regular and full-time basis or, where that would not have been possible, on a part-time basis immediately before the accident, and

(b) normally available in the region in which the insured resides.

(4) If the insured did not hold employment on a full-time basis in the 2 years before the accident and the corporation is not satisfied that the insured would have, had the accident not occurred, held employment on a full-time basis in the future, the corporation must determine employment for the insured under this section on a part-time basis.

Authorized determined employment

14 (1) On or after the second anniversary date of an accident, the corporation may determine an employment for an insured who is able to work but who is unable because of the accident to hold the employment referred to in section 131 or 132 of the Act, or as determined under section 13 of this regulation.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an insured who has sustained a catastrophic injury in the accident.

(3) In determining an employment under subsection (1), the corporation must consider the following:

(a) Parts 4, 5, 7 and 8;

(b) the education, training, work experience and physical and intellectual abilities of the insured at the time of the determination;

(c) any knowledge or skill acquired by the insured in a rehabilitation program approved under section 124 of the Act.

(4) An employment determined by the corporation under subsection (1) must be

(a) employment that the insured is able to hold on a regular and full-time basis or, where that is not possible, on a part time basis, and

(b) normally available in the region in which the insured resides.

(5) If the insured did not hold employment on a full-time basis in the 2 years before the accident and the corporation is not satisfied that the insured would have, had the accident not occurred, held employment on a full-time basis in the future, the corporation must determine employment for the insured under this section on a part-time basis.

Part 4 – Gross Yearly Employment Income

Definitions

15 In this Part:

"employment", in respect of determined employment and self-employment, means an occupational classification set out in Table 1 in the Schedule;

"National Occupational Classification" and "NOC" means the National Occupational Classification established by Statistics Canada, as amended from time to time.

Maximum GYEI

16 An insured's gross yearly employment income may not, for the purposes of this Part, be more than the maximum yearly insurable income.

GYEI for salaried worker

17 Subject to this regulation, the gross yearly employment income of an insured who is a salaried worker at the time of the accident is the sum of the following amounts:

(a) in the case of a full-time earner, the salary or wages received or receivable for the pay period in which the accident occurred, divided by the number of weeks in the pay period and then multiplied by 52;

(b) in the case of a temporary earner or part-time earner, the salary or wages that are received or receivable with respect to employment that the temporary earner or part-time earner held or would have held, if the accident had not occurred, and that are the greater of

(i) the salary or wages received or receivable for the pay period in which the accident occurred, divided by the number of weeks in the pay period and then multiplied by 52, and

(ii) the salary or wages receivable during the first 180 days following the date of the accident divided by 180 and then multiplied by 365;

(c) in the case of a non-earner, the salary or wages from an employment that the non-earner would have held, if the accident had not occurred, during the first 180 days following the date of the accident divided by the number of days the employment would have been held, and then multiplied by 365;

(d) in all cases, any of the following benefits, to the extent that the benefit is not received as a result of the accident:

(i) a bonus received or earned in the 52 weeks before the date of the accident,

(ii) tips, in the amount that is the greater of the amount reported in the insured's personal income tax return for the calendar year before the year in which the accident occurred, and the amount reported in the insured's personal income tax return for the calendar year in which the accident occurred,

(iii) remuneration for overtime hours that is not included in paragraph (a) and that is received or earned in the 52 weeks before the date of the accident,

(iv) the cash value from a profit-sharing plan allocation received or earned in the 52 weeks before the date of accident,

(v) the value of the personal use of a motor vehicle provided by an employer at the time of the accident, in the amount reported in the insured's personal income tax return for the calendar year before the year in which the accident occurred or, where no such amount was reported, in an amount calculated under section 6 (1) (a) of the Income Tax Act (Canada) as an annualized benefit,

(vi) the value of the employer's contribution to the insured's pension plan, if lost because of the accident,

(vii) the cash value of any other benefit that the insured received, or was entitled to receive, in the 52 weeks before the date of the accident, and

(viii) the commissions that the insured had earned, or to which the insured was entitled,

(A) in the 52 weeks before the date of the accident,

(B) in the calendar year before the date of the accident, or

(C) in the three calendar years before the date of the accident, divided by 3,

whichever amount is the greatest.

GYEI for self-employment or a Canadian-controlled private corporation

18 (1) In this section:

"business income" means the income derived from self-employment or a Canadian-controlled private corporation, by way of proprietorship, partnership interest, or significant influence shareholder interest, less any expense that relates to the income and is allowed under the Income Tax Act and the Income Tax Act (Canada) but not including the following:

(a) any capital cost allowance or allowance on eligible capital property;

(b) any capital gain or loss;

(c) any loss deductible under section 111 of the Income Tax Act (Canada);

"Canadian-controlled private corporation" means a Canadian-controlled private corporation as defined in section 125 (7) of the Income Tax Act (Canada);

"significant-influence shareholder" means a shareholder in a Canadian-controlled private corporation who

(a) holds 20% or more of the voting rights in the Canadian-controlled private corporation, and

(b) can demonstrate an active, authoritative influence over the day-to-day financial and administrative operations of the Canadian-controlled private corporation.

(2) Subject to sections 20 and 21, an insured's gross yearly employment income derived from self-employment that was carried on at the time of the accident is,

(a) if section 4 (1) (b) (i) or section 5 (1) (b) (i) apply, an amount determined in accordance with Division 3 of Part 8, and

(b) if section 4 (1) (b) (ii) or section 5 (1) (b) (ii) apply, the greatest amount of business income that the insured received or to which the insured was entitled within the following periods:

(i) for the 52 weeks before the date of the accident;

(ii) for the 52 weeks before the fiscal year end immediately preceding the date of the accident;

(iii) if the insured has operated the business for not less than two fiscal years before the date of the accident, for the 104 weeks before the fiscal year end immediately preceding the date of the accident, divided by 2;

(iv) if the insured has operated the business for not less than three fiscal years before the date of the accident, for the 156 weeks before the fiscal year end immediately preceding the date of the accident, divided by 3;

(v) the business income derived by a significant-influence shareholder in a Canadian-controlled private corporation that was declared for income tax purposes in the calendar year prior to the accident.

GYEI for full-time earner, special circumstances

19 The gross yearly employment income of a full-time earner referred to in section 132 of the Act is the amount determined under sections 22 to 24 of this regulation, without adjustment under Division 1 of Part 8.

GYEI for temporary earner or part-time earner – first 180 days

20 The gross yearly employment income of a temporary earner or part-time earner during the first 180 days after the accident is the amount determined under section 17 and 18.

GYEI for temporary earner or part-time earner – after 180 days

21 The gross yearly employment income for a temporary earner or part-time earner from the 181st day following the date of the accident is the greater of the amounts determined under

(a) section 20, or

(b) sections 22 to 24.

GYEI for insured holding employment corresponding to determined employment for 5 years and at time of accident

22 The gross yearly employment income of an insured who, at the time of the accident, held employment corresponding to employment determined for the insured by the corporation and who, in the 5 calendar years before the date of the accident, held such employment, is the greatest gross yearly employment income earned by the insured from the employment in any of those calendar years as determined under sections 17 and 18, indexed under Division 2 of Part 8 and then adjusted under Division 1 of Part 8.

GYEI for insured holding employment corresponding to determined employment for 5 years but not at time of accident

23 The gross yearly employment income of an insured who, at the time of the accident, did not hold the employment determined for the insured by the corporation but who, in the 5 calendar years before the date of the accident, held such employment, is the greatest gross yearly employment income earned by the insured from the employment in any of those calendar years as determined under sections 17 and 18, indexed under Division 2 of Part 8 and then adjusted under Division 1 of Part 8 to a maximum adjustment of 50%.

Insured who never held employment corresponding to determined employment

24 The gross yearly employment income of an insured who, at the time of the accident, did not hold employment corresponding to employment determined for the insured by the corporation and who, in the 5 calendar years before the date of the accident, never held such employment is the gross yearly employment income set out in Table 1 in the Schedule for the employment determined by the corporation and adjusted under Division 1 of Part 8 to a maximum adjustment of 50%.

Non-earner – after 180 days

25 The gross yearly employment income of a non-earner from the 181st day following the date of the accident is the greater of the amounts determined under sections 23 and 24.

Classes of employment

26 The classes of employment and the corresponding gross yearly employment incomes set out in Table 1 in the Schedule apply in respect to the following:

(a) section 4 (1) (b) (i);

(b) section 5 (1) (b) (i);

(c) section 13;

(d) section 14;

(e) section 24;

(f) section 54 (1) (b) (i);

(g) section 61 (1) (b) (i).

Part-time determined employment

27 Despite sections 20 to 26, if the corporation determines that an insured can hold or would have held only part-time employment, the gross yearly employment income of the insured is reduced as follows:

  left bracketleft parenthesisAHW − N  right parenthesisright bracket 
RGYEI = GYEI × 
  AHW 
where 
RGYEI  the reduced gross yearly employment income of the determined employment; 
GYEI  the gross yearly employment income of the determined employment calculated in accordance with sections 20, 21, 22 to 25 or 26 (c) or (d); 
AHW  the average full-time weekly hours worked in the determined employment, as determined under Division 4 of Part 8; 
the number of hours the insured can or would work in the determined employment on a weekly basis. 

Part 5 – Net Income

Net income

28 (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (4), the net income of an insured is the gross yearly employment income of the insured, less the following:

(a) the income tax payable by the insured, as determined under section 30;

(b) the premiums payable by the insured in respect of employment insurance, as determined under section 32;

(c) the contributions payable by the insured, in respect of the Canada Pension Plan, as determined under section 33.

(2) The net income of an insured who is claiming a loss of employment insurance benefit is the gross yearly employment income of the insured less the income tax payable by the insured as determined under section 30.

(3) The corporation must make reductions under subsection (1) as the applicable enactments referred to in that subsection read on December 31 of the year preceding the year for which an insured's net income is determined for the purposes of this Part.

(4) For the purposes of determining the deductions under subsection (1), the corporation must take into account the number of dependants of the insured on the date of the accident.

Taxable income is gross yearly employment income less deductions

29 For the purpose of section 30, an insured's taxable income is the gross yearly employment income of the insured less the following:

(a) any amount allowable to the insured under section 60 (b), (c) and (c.2) of the Income Tax Act (Canada), in the calendar year before the year for which the taxable income is calculated;

(b) any amount of the gross yearly employment income that would have been exempt from the insured's income tax under section 81 (1)(a) of the Income Tax Act (Canada) as that section read at the time of the accident.

Income tax is tax on taxable income less credits

30 For the purposes of this regulation, the income tax payable by an insured is the tax payable on the taxable income of the insured calculated in accordance with the Income Tax Act and the Income Tax Act (Canada), and allowing only the following credits:

(a) the credit allowed under section 118.7 of the Income Tax Act (Canada), where "B" in the formula set out in that section is the total of

(i) the premiums payable for employment insurance, as determined under section 32 of this regulation, and

(ii) the contributions payable in respect of the Canada Pension Plan, as determined under section 33 of this regulation and as would be allowed as a credit;

(b) the credits allowed in section 118 (1) and (2) of the Income Tax Act (Canada), without any reduction in the credits in respect of the income of a dependant referred to in section 28 (4) of this regulation;

(c) any credit or deduction from tax allowed under the Income Tax Act, without any reduction in the credit or deduction in respect of the income of a dependant referred to in section 28 (4) of this regulation.

GYEI is pensionable and insurable earnings

31 For the purpose of sections 32 and 33, the gross yearly employment income of an insured is the insurable earnings of the insured for the purpose of the Employment Insurance Act (Canada) and the pensionable earnings of the insured for the purpose of the Canada Pension Plan.

Premiums payable under Employment Insurance Act (Canada)

32 For the purpose of this regulation, the premiums payable under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada) are the amounts payable by the insured as an employee's premium for the year under that Act in respect of the insured's insurable earnings, not exceeding the maximum amount payable by the insured for the year under that Act.

Contributions payable under Canada Pension Plan

33 For the purpose of this regulation, the contributions payable under the Canada Pension Plan are the amounts payable by the insured as an employee's contribution for the year under the Canada Pension Plan in respect of the insured's pensionable earnings, not exceeding the maximum amount payable by the insured for the year under the plan.

Part 6 – Retirement Income Benefit

Entitlement

34 (1) The retirement income benefit to which an insured is entitled under section 150 of the Act is an amount that is 70% of the insured's net income as determined under subsection (2) of this section, less any pension income as determined under subsection (3).

(2) An insured's net income for the purposes of subsection (1) is net income calculated under Part 5 to determine the insured's income replacement benefit, as indexed under section 36 to the last day before the calculation of the insured's retirement income benefit and before the application of any reduction under section 147 of the Act or section 10 of this regulation.

(3) An insured's pension income for the purposes of subsection (1) is the annual total of

(a) any pension or supplement under the Old Age Security Act (Canada) or a similar payment made under an enactment of any other jurisdiction,

(b) any benefit under the Canada Pension Plan, the Québec Pension Plan or any similar benefit payable under an enactment of any other jurisdiction, except for any payment resulting from the death of the insured's spouse, and

(c) the amount by which the total of

(i) all pension income, as defined by section 118 (7) of the Income Tax Act (Canada), determined without reference to any election under section 60.03 of that Act, that is received or receivable by the insured, and

(ii) all payments out of or under a registered retirement savings plan, other than a payment included in paragraph (a) (ii) of the definition of "pension income" in section 118 (7) of the Income Tax Act (Canada), that are received or receivable by the insured and included in the insured's income for the purpose of that Act,

exceeds the income tax that would be payable by the insured on the amounts referred to in subparagraphs (i) and (ii) if

(iii) no election were made under section 60.03 of the Income Tax Act (Canada), and

(iv) the tax payable were determined in accordance with section 30 of this regulation as if the amounts were taxable income for the purpose of that section.

Part 7 – Payments and Adjustments

Payment of benefits

35 (1) The corporation must pay an income replacement benefit or retirement benefit to an insured once every 14 days.

(2) The corporation must not pay an income replacement benefit in respect of the first 7 days after the date of the accident, except for an income replacement benefit payable under section 9 (3).

(3) The corporation may pay an income replacement benefit in a single payment equivalent to the capital value of the income replacement benefit if

(a) the amount to be paid every 14 days is less than $150, or

(b) the person entitled to the income replacement benefit has not been a resident of British Columbia for at least 1 year.

Adjustments

36 (1) The corporation must, under section 37, adjust the amount of the gross yearly employment income used as the basis of calculating an income replacement benefit for an insured each year on the anniversary date of the accident.

(2) The corporation must, under section 37, adjust the amount of the gross yearly employment income fixed for an employment determined under section 13 for an insured each year on the anniversary of the day on which the gross yearly employment income was fixed.

(3) The corporation must, under section 37, adjust a retirement income benefit on July 1 of each year.

(4) Section 37 applies to amounts expressed in dollars in this regulation except for the following:

(a) the maximum yearly insurable income referred to in section 2 (2) of this regulation;

(b) the amount referred to in section 3 (2) (a) of this regulation.

CPI adjustment – 2022 and subsequent years

37 (1) In this section, "British Columbia consumer price index" means the annual average All-items Consumer Price Index for British Columbia, as published by Statistics Canada.

(2) For the fiscal year beginning on April 1, 2022, and for each fiscal year after that, every amount to which this section applies must be adjusted by multiplying

(a) the amount for the immediately preceding fiscal year, and

(b) the sum of

(i) 1, and

(ii) the annual percentage change in the British Columbia consumer price index, as determined under subsection (4) and rounded to the nearest 1/10 of a percentage point.

(3) Despite subsection (2) (b) (ii), if the annual percentage change as determined under subsection (4)

(a) is a negative number, the annual percentage change is rounded up to zero, and

(b) is greater than 6%, the annual percentage change is rounded down to 6%.

(4) The annual percentage change referred to in subsection (2) (b) (ii) must be determined using the following formula:

    CPI1 − CPI2 
APC 
    CPI2 
where 
APC  the annual percentage change in the British Columbia consumer price index; 
CPI1  the sum of the 12 individual monthly British Columbia consumer price indexes for the consecutive 12 month period ending on December 31 of the fiscal year immediately preceding the fiscal year for which the amount is being determined; 
CPI2  the sum of the 12 individual monthly British Columbia consumer price indexes for the consecutive 12 month period immediately preceding the 12 month period referred to in the description of CPI1. 

(5) An amount determined under subsection (2) must be rounded to the nearest dollar and an amount ending in .50 must be rounded up to the next dollar.

Part 8 – Income Replacement Benefits – General

Division 1 – Income Adjustments

Definition

38 In this Division, "reference period" means a maximum of the 60 months immediately before the date of the accident.

Adjustments under sections 20 to 25

39 (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (5), an adjustment for the purposes of sections 20 to 25 is based on the insured's ratio of presence at work during the reference period, and is the greatest of the following:

(a) the number of months the insured held employment in the 12-month period preceding the date of the accident divided by 12;

(b) the number of months the insured held employment in the 60-month period preceding the date of the accident divided by 60;

(c) the sum of the number of months that the insured held employment in each consecutive 12 month period preceding the date of the accident in which the insured held employment, to a maximum of five such periods, divided by the product resulting from multiplying the number of such periods by 12.

(2) The divisors in subsection (1) (a) to (c) must be reduced by the number of months in those periods in which the insured was a minor or student or not capable of holding employment.

(3) For the purpose of calculating an insured's ratio of presence at work, a month in which a period of employment begins or ends is to be considered to be a complete month of presence at work.

(4) For the purposes of sections 20 to 25, the adjusted gross yearly employment income of an insured referred to in those sections is the greater of the following:

(a) the amount determined by the formula:

A × B 
where 
the gross yearly employment income determined under the base rule and indexing as applicable under Division 2 before any adjustment under this Division; 
the ratio determined under subsection (1); 

(b) the minimum wage established under the Employment Standards Act determined, except in the case of a part-time employment, on the basis of 40 hours of work per week.

(5) For the purposes of sections 20 to 25, the corporation must not make an adjustment when the insured, at the time of the accident, had been unemployed for less than 12 consecutive months or had held a temporary or part-time employment for less than 12 consecutive months, and held full-time employment for the balance of the period used as a divisor in subsection (1) (b) less 12.

Division 2 – Indexation

Indexation for sections 22 and 23

40 For the purposes of indexing a gross yearly employment income under section 22 or 23, the indexation must be determined in accordance with the following formula:

C × D = Unadjusted Gross Yearly Employment Income 
where 
the gross yearly employment income as determined under sections 22 or 23 before indexation under this Division and adjustment under Division 1; 
the ratio of the industrial average wage for the year of the accident to the industrial average wage for the terminating year of the determined employment under section 11. 

Division 3 – Classes of Employment

Definition

41 In this Division, "Table 1" means Table 1 in the Schedule.

Determination of level of experience

42 (1) When using Table 1 as required by this regulation, the corporation must determine the level of experience that the insured has in the class of employment determined for the insured, as follows:

(a) "Level 1" means less than 36 months of experience;

(b) "Level 2" means 36 months or more but less than 120 months of experience;

(c) "Level 3" means 120 months or more of experience.

(2) For the purposes of calculating the number of months of experience under subsection (1), a month in which an employment begins or ends is to be considered to be a complete month of experience.

Indexing formula

43 (1) The corporation must, for the fiscal year beginning on April 1, 2022 and for each fiscal year after that, adjust the gross yearly employment income of each of the employments corresponding to the NOC code in column 1 in Table 1 having a 1-character code by an amount obtained by multiplying the gross yearly employment income by an indexing factor obtained as follows:

    average AWW of the current 5-year period 
index factor 
    average AWW of the previous 5-year period 
where 
AWW  the average weekly wages of the employments, as given in the Labour Force Survey for British Columbia published by Statistics Canada each year, corresponding to the NOC code in column 1 in Table 1 having a 1-character code; 
current
5-year
period 
the most recent five calendar years completed before April 1 of the year for which the indexing factor is computed; 
previous
5-year period 
the next to last 5-year period, where the fifth year is the calendar year completed before April 1 of the year for which the indexing factor is computed, minus one year. 

(2) The corporation must, for the fiscal year beginning on April 1, 2022 and for each fiscal year after that, adjust the gross yearly employment income of each of the employments corresponding to the NOC code in column 1 in Table 1 having a 2-character code by an amount obtained by multiplying the gross yearly employment income by an indexing factor obtained as follows:

    average AWW of the current 5-year period 
index factor 
    average AWW of the previous 5-year period 
where 
AWW  the average weekly wages of the employments, as given in the Labour Force Survey for British Columbia published by Statistics Canada each year, corresponding to the NOC code in column 1 in Table 1 having a 2-character code; 
current
5-year
period 
the most recent five calendar years completed before April 1 of the year for which the indexing factor is computed; 
previous
5-year
period 
the next to last 5-year period, where the fifth year is the calendar year completed before April 1 of the year for which the indexing factor is computed, minus one year. 

(3) The index factor determined under subsection (2) applies to the employments corresponding to the NOC code in column 1 in Table 1 having a 3- or 4-character code where the first 2 characters are the same as in subsection (2).

(4) In a year in which Statistics Canada fails to publish a new Labour Force Survey for British Columbia, the corporation may revise and adjust the AWW levels set out in the table in accordance with any statistical index or other publication that provides information similar to, or comparable with, that provided by the Labour Force Survey.

If employment not listed in table

44 If an employment is not listed in Table 1, or where the table does not give an income for the employment, the corporation may determine an income for that employment using the National Occupational Classification and Table 1 as a guide.

Census data used to update income levels

45 On April 1 immediately following the publication of a new census by Statistics Canada, the corporation must revise and adjust the income levels set out in Table 1 to reflect the income levels set out in the new census.

Table 1

46 (1) In Table 1:

(a) an employment corresponds to an occupational classification designated by the code in the column headed "NOC CODE" of column 2 of the table;

(b) "n.e.c." means not elsewhere classified;

(c) the dollar figures are for full-time work for a full year, where full-time work means the average hours worked ("AHW") determined under Division 4 of this Part for the occupational classification to which the insured's employment belongs.

(2) An income level in the table falling below the minimum wage established under the Employment Standards Act must be adjusted up to the minimum wage established under that Act.

Division 4 – Average Hours Worked

Definitions

47 (1) In this Division and in Table 2, "AHW" means the average full-time weekly hours worked set out in column 4 corresponding to the NOC Code in column 2 in Table 2.

(2) In this Division, "Table 2" means Table 2 in the Schedule.

(3) In Table 2, "n.e.c." means not elsewhere classified.

Updates of AHW

48 The corporation must, for the fiscal year beginning on April 1, 2022 and for each fiscal year after that, replace the AHW of each occupation in Table 2 by an AHW figure calculated as follows:

    sum of the AUHW in each year of the current 5-year period 
AHW 
   
where 
AUHW  the average usual full-time weekly hours worked by each occupation in Table 2 given in the Labour Force Survey for British Columbia published by Statistics Canada each year; 
current
5-year
period 
the most recent 5 calendar years completed before April 1 of the year for which the AUHW figure is computed. 

Employment or AHW not listed

49 If an employment is not listed in Table 1 in the Schedule or where Table 2 does not give an AHW for the occupation to which the determined employment belongs, the corporation may determine the average full-time weekly hours worked for that employment using the National Occupational Classification and the tables as a guide.

Labour force survey data unavailable

50 In any year in which Statistics Canada does not publish a new Labour Force Survey for British Columbia, the corporation may revise and adjust the AHW levels in accordance with any statistical index or other publication that provides information similar to, or comparable with, that provided by the Labour Force Survey.

Part 9 – Benefits for Students

Definitions

51 (1) In this Part:

"category 1 student" means a student in a program of study at a post-secondary educational institution for baccalaureate degree, other than a professional degree, including an applied bachelor's degree or a red seal trade program certificate, or equivalent from another jurisdiction;

"category 2 student" means a student in a program of study for a master's degree, doctoral degree or a professional degree, or equivalent from another jurisdiction;

"category 3 students" means a student who is neither a category 1 student nor a category 2 student;

"current studies", in relation to a student, means studies that are part of a program of studies at the secondary level or post-secondary level that, at the time of the accident, the student has admission to begin or continue;

"full-time basis", in relation to a student attending a secondary school or post-secondary educational institution, means the student

(a) attends, or is admitted to or is registered in, a secondary school or post-secondary educational institution,

(b) continues to meet the requirements of the secondary school or post-secondary educational institution,

(c) is a full-time student as determined by the secondary school or post secondary educational institution,

(d) is attending classes at the secondary school or post-secondary educational institution on a regular basis,

(e) has not abandoned the student's current studies, and

(f) has not been suspended or expelled from the secondary school or post-secondary educational institution;

"post-secondary educational institution" means

(a) an institution established or continued under any of the following:

(i) College and Institute Act;

(ii) Royal Roads University Act;

(iii) Thompson Rivers University Act;

(iv) University Act;

(v) Private Training Act;

(b) an institution authorized to deliver degree programs in British Columbia under the Degree Authorization Act;

(c) a theological institution established or continued under any of the following:

(i) An Act to Incorporate Northwest Baptist Theological College;

(ii) Canadian Chinese School of Theology Vancouver Act;

(iii) Millar College of the Bible Act;

(iv) An Act to Confer Power upon Vancouver Bible Institute to Grant Theological Degrees;

(v) Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary Act;

(vi) Canadian Pentecostal Seminary Act;

(vii) An Act to Incorporate Carey Hall;

(viii) Columbia Bible College Act;

(ix) Vancouver School of Theology Act;

(x) An Act Respecting Okanagan Bible College;

(xi) An Act Respecting Pacific Life Bible College;

(xii) An Act to Incorporate St. Andrew's Hall;

(xiii) Seventh-Day Adventist Church (British Columbia Conference) Act;

(xiv) An Act Respecting Trinity Western University;

(xv) an Act similar to any of the Acts referred to in subparagraphs (x) to (xiv);

(d) an institution outside of British Columbia that is a specified educational institution within the meaning of the Canada Student Loans Act;

(e) an institution that is controlled or operated by an Indigenous nation that offers a program of study that is similar to a program of study offered by any of the above institutions;

(f) an institution outside of Canada that offers a program of study that is similar to a program of study offered by any of the above institutions;

"professional degree" means any of the following degrees or an equivalent in another jurisdiction:

(a) Doctor of Medicine;

(b) Doctor of Medicine and Master of Surgery;

(c) Doctor of Chiropractic;

(d) Doctor of Dental Medicine;

(e) Doctor of Dental Surgery;

(f) Doctor of Veterinary Medicine;

(g) Doctor of Optometry;

(h) Doctor of Pharmacy;

(i) Juris Doctor, Bachelor of Laws, Bachelor of Civil Law;

"red seal trade" means a trade or occupation that has been designated by the Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship for inclusion in the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program;

"secondary school" means an educational institution as defined in section 59 providing a grade 9 to 12 program of studies.

(2) For certainty, the following are not category 1 students:

(a) a student in a program that upon successful completion would receive an associate degree or an undergraduate certificate, diploma or other non-degree credential;

(b) a student who is a secondary school student registered as a youth apprentice with the Industry Training Authority or the other trades programs managed by the Industry Training Authority that are not red seal trades.

(3) For certainty, the following are not category 2 students:

(a) a student in a master's-level certificate program, a doctoral-level certificate or diploma program or any other non-degree credential program;

(b) a student who is enrolled in a program that is a prerequisite for admission to a professional degree program.

Full-time basis

52 For the purpose of this Part, a student is considered to be attending a secondary school or post-secondary educational institution on a full-time basis from the day the student is admitted by the secondary school or educational institution as a full-time student in a program of that level until the day the student completes, abandons or is expelled from the student's current studies, or no longer meets the requirements of the secondary school or educational institution.

Loss-of-studies benefit

53 (1) The loss-of-studies benefit to which a student is entitled under section 136 of the Act is the greater of the following:

(a) an amount equal to the tuition fees paid for a course that is part of the student's current studies that the student is unable to begin or continue because of the student's bodily injury and for which the student is unable to obtain a refund or credit for the amount;

(b) a lump sum of

(i) $10 550 for each school year not completed at the secondary level until the specified date, or

(ii) $10 550 for each term not completed at the post-secondary level until the specified date, to a maximum of $21 100 per year.

(2) If a school year at the secondary level is divided into semesters or terms, a pro-rated amount of the benefit set out in subsection (1) is payable for each semester or term not completed, to a maximum of $10 550 for each school year not completed.

(3) The corporation must pay the benefit to the student at the end of the term or end of the school year the student does not complete.

Determination of income replacement benefit – students

54 (1) The income replacement benefit to which a student is entitled under section 137 (2) (a) of the Act must be determined on the basis of the following:

(a) if at the time of the accident the student holds or would have held an employment as a salaried worker, the gross yearly employment income the student earned or would have earned from the employment;

(b) if at the time of the accident the student is or would have been self-employed, the greater of the following:

(i) the gross yearly employment income for an employment of the same class of employment as set out in Table 1 in the Schedule;

(ii) the gross yearly employment income that the student earned or would have earned from the employment;

(c) if at the time of the accident the student holds or would have held more than one employment, the gross yearly employment income the student earned or would have earned from all employment that student is unable to hold because of the accident.

(2) The income replacement benefit to which a student is entitled under section 137 (2) (b) of the Act is the amount of the benefit to which the student would have been paid under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada).

(3) If a student is entitled to a benefit referred to in subsection (2), the amount of that benefit must be included in the student's gross yearly employment income.

Student unable to begin or continue studies

55 The benefit to which a student is entitled under section 138 of the Act must be determined on the basis of a gross yearly employment income that is

(a) for a category 1 student,

(i) during the first 2 years after the specified day, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date, and

(ii) after the period referred to in subparagraph (i), the amount calculated under subparagraph (i) multiplied by 1.15,

(b) for a category 2 student, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date multiplied by 1.5, and

(c) for a category 3 student, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date.

Student able to begin or continue studies

56 (1) The benefit to which a student whose current studies end before the date that was scheduled for their completion at the time of the accident is entitled under section 139 of the Act is the following:

(a) until the specified date,

(i) $10 550 for each year not completed at the secondary level, and if a school year at the secondary level is divided into semesters or terms, a pro-rated amount is payable for each semester or terms not completed, to a maximum of $10 550 for each school year not completed, or

(ii) $10 550 for each term not completed at the post-secondary level, to a maximum of $21 100 per year;

(b) after the specified date, an income replacement benefit as determined on the basis of gross yearly employment income that is

(i) for a category 1 student,

(A) during the first 2 years after the specified day, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date, and

(B) after the period referred to in clause (A), the amount calculated under clause (A) multiplied by 1.15,

(ii) for a category 2 student, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date multiplied by 1.5, and

(iii) for a category 3 student, equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the specified date.

(2) The benefit to which a student whose current studies end on or after the date that was scheduled for their completion at the time of the accident is entitled under section 139 of the Act is an income replacement benefit determined on the basis of gross yearly employment income that is determined as set out in subsection (1) (b) of this section.

Student not entitled to both

57 A student who is entitled to an income replacement benefit under section 137 of the Act and under section 138 or 139 of the Act is only entitled to whichever is the greater benefit, but not both.

New determination of employment for student after end of current studies

58 (1) The corporation may determine an employment, under section 14, for a student at any time from the scheduled date of the end of the student's current studies if the student is able to work but unable because of the accident to hold an employment from which the gross yearly employment income is equal to or greater than the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation to calculate an income replacement benefit under section 138 or 139 of the Act, if the student had been unable to hold employment because of the accident.

(2) If a student becomes able to hold employment determined for the insured under subsection (1), but because of the student's bodily injury earns from the employment a gross yearly employment income that is less than the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation to calculate the income replacement benefit that the student was receiving before the employment was determined, the student is entitled, after the end of one year from the date the student became able to hold the determined employment, to an income replacement benefit that is the lesser of the following:

(a) the difference between the income replacement benefit the student was receiving before the employment was determined under subsection (1) and the net income from the determined employment as calculated under this regulation;

(b) the difference between the income replacement benefit the student was receiving before the employment was determined under subsection (1) and the net income the student earns from employment.

(3) Section 147 of the Act does not apply respecting a student if subsection (2) of this section applies respecting the insured.

(4) This section does not apply to a student who has sustained a catastrophic injury.

Part 10 – Benefits for Minors

Definition

59 For the purposes of Division 8 of Part 10 of the Act, "educational institution" means any of the following providing a kindergarten to grade 12 program of studies:

(a) a school under the School Act;

(b) a provincial school under the School Act;

(c) an independent school under the Independent School Act;

(d) an educational institution operated by the government of Canada;

(e) an educational institution controlled or operated by an Indigenous nation;

(f) a school or institution outside of British Columbia that offers a program of study that is similar to a program of study offered by any of those referred to in paragraphs (a) to (e);

(g) a home of a parent who has registered a child under section 13 of the School Act or with any institution referred to in paragraphs (a) to (f).

Loss-of-studies

60 (1) The loss-of-studies benefit to which a minor is entitled under section 141 of the Act is the following:

(a) $5 693 for each school year not completed from kindergarten to grade 8;

(b) $10 550 for each school year not completed from grades 9 to 12.

(2) A loss-of-studies benefit is payable until not later than the end of the school year in which the minor reaches 19 years of age.

(3) Benefits under this section must be paid at the end of the school year that the minor did not complete.

Determination of income replacement benefit – minors

61 (1) The income replacement benefit to which a minor is entitled under section 142 (1) (a) of the Act must be determined on the basis of the following:

(a) if at the time of the accident the minor holds or would have held an employment as a salaried worker, the gross yearly employment income the minor earned or would have earned from the employment;

(b) if at the time of the accident the minor is or would have been self-employed, the greater of the following:

(i) the gross yearly employment income for an employment of the same class of employment as set out in Table 1 in the Schedule;

(ii) the gross yearly employment income that the minor earned or would have earned from the employment;

(c) if at the time of the accident the minor holds or would have held more than one employment, the gross yearly employment income the minor earned or would have earned from all employment that the minor is unable to hold because of the accident.

(2) The income replacement benefit to which a minor is entitled under section 142 (1) (b) of the Act is the amount of the benefit to which the minor would have been paid under the Employment Insurance Act (Canada).

(3) If a minor is entitled to a benefit referred to in subsection (2), the amount of that benefit must be included in the minor's gross yearly employment income.

Benefit for minor unable to begin or continue studies

62 The income replacement benefit to which a minor is entitled under section 143 of the Act is based on a gross yearly employment income equal to a yearly average calculated on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the year before the end of the school year during which the minor reaches 19 years of age.

Benefit for minor able to begin or continue studies

63 (1) The benefit to which a minor whose studies end before July 1 of the year in which the minor reaches 19 years of age is entitled under section 144 of the Act is the following:

(a) until the date scheduled as the date of the end of the minor's studies, to

(i) $5 693 for each school year not completed from kindergarten to grade 8, and

(ii) $10 550 for each school year not completed from grades 9 to 12;

(b) after the date scheduled as the date of the end of the minor's studies, to the income replacement benefit provided for in subsection (2).

(2) A minor whose studies end on or after the scheduled date is entitled to an income replacement benefit calculated on the basis of a gross yearly employment income equal to a yearly average computed on the basis of the industrial average wage for each of the 12 months preceding July 1 of the school year in which the minor's studies end.

Minor not entitled to both

64 A minor who is entitled to an income replacement benefit under section 142 of the Act and under section 143 or 144 of the Act is only entitled to whichever is the greater benefit, but not both.

Determined employment

65 (1) The corporation may determine an employment, under section 14, for a minor at any time on or after July 1 of the year in which the minor reaches 19 years of age if the minor is able to work but unable because of the accident to hold an employment from which the gross yearly employment income is equal to or greater than the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation to calculate an income replacement benefit under section 143 or 144 of the Act, if the minor had been unable to hold employment because of the accident.

(2) If a minor becomes able to hold employment determined for the minor under subsection (1), but because of the minor's bodily injury earns from the employment a gross yearly employment income that is less than the gross yearly employment income used by the corporation to calculate the income replacement benefit that the minor was receiving before the employment was determined, the minor is entitled, after the end of one year from the date the minor became able to hold the determined employment to an income replacement benefit that is the lesser of the following:

(a) the difference between the income replacement benefit the minor was receiving before the employment was determined under subsection (1) and the net income from the determined employment as calculated under this regulation;

(b) the difference between the income replacement benefit the minor was receiving before the employment was determined under subsection (1) and the net income the minor earns from employment.

(3) Section 147 of the Act does not apply respecting a minor if subsection (2) of this section applies respecting the insured.

(4) This section does not apply to a minor who has sustained a catastrophic injury.

Schedule

Table 1 – Classes of Employment
Income by Occupational Classification

Column 1
Item 
Column 2
NOC
Code
 
Column 3
Classes of Employment 
Column 4
GYEI 
  Level 1 ($)   Level 2 ($)   Level 3 ($)  
  Management occupations   46 963  78 553  121 278 
00     Senior management occupations   74 399  135 842  224 542 
001      Legislators and senior management  74 399  135 842  224 542 
0011        Legislators  51 197  78 722  138 434 
0012        Senior government managers and officials  104 562  144 264  184 779 
0013        Senior managers – financial, communications and other business services  78 732  156 587  272 831 
0014        Senior managers – health, education, social and community services and membership organizations  84 652  124 990  178 746 
0015        Senior managers – trade, broadcasting and other services, n.e.c.  59 006  108 306  219 745 
0016        Senior managers – construction, transportation, production and utilities  72 036  144 726  243 942 
10  01 - 05     Specialized middle management occupations   64 379  94 361  126 060 
11  011      Administrative services managers  66 207  93 627  128 139 
12  0111        Financial managers  66 717  94 216  129 847 
13  0112        Human resources managers  69 945  99 112  131 838 
14  0113        Purchasing managers  71 621  99 398  132 533 
15  0114        Other administrative services managers  57 877  80 835  111 254 
16  012      Managers in financial and business services  57 295  83 654  119 303 
17  0121        Insurance, real estate and financial brokerage managers  55 369  96 442  139 392 
18  0122        Banking, credit and other investment managers  65 816  88 130  120 729 
19  0124        Advertising, marketing and public relations managers  54 635  80 330  111 606 
20  0125        Other business services managers  36 218  66 145  99 338 
21  013      Managers in communication (except broadcasting)  65 922  93 665  122 675 
22  0131        Telecommunication carriers managers  75 605  101 116  128 956 
23  0132        Postal and courier services managers  41 838  65 713  93 534 
24  021      Managers in engineering, architecture, science and information systems  84 480  115 817  155 699 
25  0211        Engineering managers  95 491  133 145  177 845 
26  0212        Architecture and science managers  68 462  102 736  132 230 
27  0213        Computer and information systems managers  83 572  113 513  151 084 
28  031      Managers in health care  67 185  98 632  122 698 
29  0311        Managers in health care  67 185  98 632  122 698 
30  041      Managers in public administration  87 798  106 347  125 625 
31  0411        Government managers – health and social policy development and program administration  87 600  104 392  121 347 
32  0412        Government managers – economic analysis, policy development and program administration  93 521  109 598  131 884 
33  0413        Government managers – education policy development and program administration  71 104  106 458  117 402 
34  0414        Other managers in public administration  83 294  101 198  122 764 
35  042      Managers in education and social and community services  61 753  95 827  119 309 
36  0421        Administrators – post-secondary education and vocational training  64 744  88 275  116 421 
37  0422        School principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education  98 990  115 378  124 601 
38  0423        Managers in social, community and correctional services  50 971  69 262  94 055 
39  043      Managers in public protection services  83 251  105 984  136 142 
40  0431        Commissioned police officers  82 816  135 633  179 793 
41  0432        Fire chiefs and senior firefighting officers  100 816  145 404  169 590 
42  0433        Commissioned officers of the Canadian Armed Forces  78 362  100 655  123 620 
43  051      Managers in art, culture, recreation and sport  43 538  64 273  94 383 
44  0511        Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers  45 439  73 006  99 364 
45  0512        Managers – publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts  40 670  64 209  94 101 
46  0513        Recreation, sports and fitness program and service directors  44 512  61 289  94 065 
47  06     Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services   36 527  60 143  93 366 
48  060      Corporate sales managers  79 457  112 632  155 236 
49  0601        Corporate sales managers  79 457  112 632  155 236 
50  062      Retail and wholesale trade managers  39 411  62 366  93 108 
51  0621        Retail and wholesale trade managers  39 411  62 366  93 108 
52  063      Managers in food service and accommodation  28 832  44 794  65 796 
53  0631        Restaurant and food service managers  27 963  43 084  62 932 
54  0632        Accommodation service managers  35 590  55 687  80 777 
55  065      Managers in customer and personal services, n.e.c.  24 638  42 663  66 413 
56  0651        Managers in customer and personal services, n.e.c.  24 638  42 663  66 413 
57  07 - 09     Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities   39 069  71 513  110 109 
58  071      Managers in construction and facility operation and maintenance  44 650  72 645  109 581 
59  0711        Construction managers  53 338  85 117  121 148 
60  0712        Home building and renovation managers  22 278  44 493  71 269 
61  0714        Facility operation and maintenance managers  51 962  75 343  108 499 
62  073      Managers in transportation  60 150  85 689  119 696 
63  0731        Managers in transportation  60 150  85 689  119 696 
64  081      Managers in natural resources production and fishing  90 432  123 202  178 411 
65  0811        Managers in natural resources production and fishing  90 432  123 202  178 411 
66  082      Managers in agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture  4 959  29 352  60 896 
67  0821        Managers in agriculture  3 470  26 064  56 577 
68  0822        Managers in horticulture  20 686  36 654  69 099 
69  0823        Managers in aquaculture  38 293  69 121  91 751 
70  091      Managers in manufacturing and utilities  56 944  86 365  125 288 
71  0911        Manufacturing managers  54 006  82 030  117 763 
72  0912        Utilities managers  80 831  122 572  157 735 
73    Business, finance and administration occupations   44 304  58 313  78 453 
74  11     Professional occupations in business and finance   49 699  69 895  100 365 
75  111      Auditors, accountants and investment professionals  49 953  70 439  104 644 
76  1111        Financial auditors and accountants  49 918  68 596  97 008 
77  1112        Financial and investment analysts  65 025  88 869  140 281 
78  1113        Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers  33 612  62 101  120 200 
79  1114        Other financial officers  48 320  70 589  116 991 
80  112      Human resources and business service professionals  49 153  69 196  95 167 
81  1121        Human resources professionals  56 726  73 661  97 792 
82  1122        Professional occupations in business management consulting  48 579  77 561  103 494 
83  1123        Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations  42 535  59 878  83 226 
84  12     Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations   44 252  57 001  73 448 
85  121      Administrative services supervisors  49 535  62 527  81 033 
86  1211        Supervisors, general office and administrative support workers  50 521  61 295  77 046 
87  1212        Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers  53 107  67 139  85 420 
88  1213        Supervisors, library, correspondence and related information workers  57 992  66 571  75 133 
89  1214        Supervisors, mail and message distribution occupations  61 154  72 981  86 192 
90  1215        Supervisors, supply chain, tracking and scheduling coordination occupations  46 799  59 382  78 110 
91  122      Administrative and regulatory occupations  45 857  60 209  78 636 
92  1221        Administrative officers  44 136  56 648  73 571 
93  1222        Executive assistants  53 548  64 934  79 830 
94  1223        Human resources and recruitment officers  48 651  62 871  88 644 
95  1224        Property administrators  37 035  54 491  76 303 
96  1225        Purchasing agents and officers  53 876  68 028  89 830 
97  1226        Conference and event planners  40 088  54 367  69 459 
98  1227        Court officers and justices of the peace  59 535  69 294  85 109 
99  1228        Employment insurance, immigration, border services and revenue officers  61 690  72 123  92 513 
100  124      Office administrative assistants – general, legal and medical  40 633  51 523  61 264 
101  1241        Administrative assistants  39 622  50 884  60 429 
102  1242        Legal administrative assistants  43 012  54 990  66 143 
103  1243        Medical administrative assistants  41 205  48 321  56 829 
104  125      Court reporters, transcriptionists, records management technicians and statistical officers  42 545  54 287  73 885 
105  1251        Court reporters, medical transcriptionists and related occupations  25 830  45 432  53 299 
106  1252        Health information management occupations  52 777  72 441  85 320 
107  1253        Records management technicians  50 681  57 728  70 697 
108  1254        Statistical officers and related research support occupations  46 904  66 898  91 816 
109  13     Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations   40 418  56 592  77 876 
110  131      Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations  40 418  56 592  77 876 
111  1311        Accounting technicians and bookkeepers  34 742  48 220  63 577 
112  1312        Insurance adjusters and claims examiners  61 308  76 095  89 483 
113  1313        Insurance underwriters  58 457  74 655  92 747 
114  1314        Assessors, valuators and appraisers  49 245  77 607  96 734 
115  1315        Customs, ship and other brokers  45 081  58 003  81 454 
116  14     Office support occupations   38 785  48 886  59 856 
117  141      General office workers  36 025  46 384  55 832 
118  1411        General office support workers  38 902  48 762  58 860 
119  1414        Receptionists  32 433  41 311  49 580 
120  1415        Personnel clerks  47 499  54 883  68 358 
121  1416        Court clerks  48 214  53 887  55 952 
122  142      Office equipment operators  36 507  46 780  58 826 
123  1422        Data entry clerks  36 028  46 240  57 072 
124  1423        Desktop publishing operators and related occupations  42 510  62 424  110 039 
125  143      Financial, insurance and related administrative support workers  43 061  52 474  64 922 
126  1431        Accounting and related clerks  41 405  50 701  61 891 
127  1432        Payroll administrators  49 658  59 752  70 707 
128  1434        Banking, insurance and other financial clerks  43 500  52 754  65 844 
129  1435        Collectors  42 482  55 630  64 291 
130  145      Library, correspondence and other clerks  45 817  54 404  66 278 
131  1451        Library assistants and clerks  44 479  49 647  54 377 
132  1452        Correspondence, publication and regulatory clerks  47 935  58 239  71 433 
133  1454        Survey interviewers and statistical clerks  42 257  55 986  72 534 
134  15     Distribution, tracking and scheduling coordination occupations   42 230  57 215  74 245 
135  151      Mail and message distribution occupations  46 773  66 570  74 179 
136  1511        Mail, postal and related workers  47 970  64 110  73 105 
137  1512        Letter carriers  58 936  70 128  75 830 
138  1513        Couriers, messengers and door-to-door distributors  28 030  46 794  68 624 
139  152      Supply chain logistics, tracking and scheduling coordination occupations  41 337  54 823  74 339 
140  1521        Shippers and receivers  36 472  47 436  61 625 
141  1522        Storekeepers and partspersons  45 882  61 143  82 096 
142  1523        Production logistics coordinators  49 122  60 895  90 059 
143  1524        Purchasing and inventory control workers  41 915  52 405  66 755 
144  1525        Dispatchers  47 611  66 128  87 143 
145  1526        Transportation route and crew schedulers  56 168  69 332  92 677 
146    Natural and applied sciences and related occupations   62 684  85 776  113 067 
147  21     Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences   70 607  94 691  123 840 
148  211      Physical science professionals  71 819  100 067  133 471 
149  2111        Physicists and astronomers  84 585  125 034  150 233 
150  2112        Chemists  54 122  81 653  104 358 
151  2113        Geoscientists and oceanographers  83 956  110 007  144 626 
152  2114        Meteorologists and climatologists  89 367  112 445  123 466 
153  2115        Other professional occupations in physical sciences  70 848  102 554  159 209 
154  212      Life science professionals  68 209  88 441  111 118 
155  2121        Biologists and related scientists  65 856  86 049  110 142 
156  2122        Forestry professionals  80 984  93 842  116 456 
157  2123        Agricultural representatives, consultants and specialists  48 292  75 184  93 728 
158  213      Civil, mechanical, electrical and chemical engineers  77 088  104 065  137 874 
159  2131        Civil engineers  78 669  106 637  139 484 
160  2132        Mechanical engineers  72 591  95 489  125 439 
161  2133        Electrical and electronics engineers  79 627  107 911  144 248 
162  2134        Chemical engineers  84 884  120 253  160 189 
163  214      Other engineers  82 877  108 917  142 383 
164  2141        Industrial and manufacturing engineers  74 381  98 713  129 259 
165  2142        Metallurgical and materials engineers  85 754  116 449  147 000 
166  2143        Mining engineers  122 305  147 453  195 241 
167  2144        Geological engineers  94 589  116 553  166 161 
168  2145        Petroleum engineers  112 571  127 446  198 859 
169  2146        Aerospace engineers  73 232  98 100  133 391 
170  2147        Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)  80 098  106 571  135 123 
171  2148        Other professional engineers, n.e.c.  81 824  97 670  122 182 
172  215      Architects, urban planners and land surveyors  66 424  88 641  112 081 
173  2151        Architects  62 729  87 200  110 477 
174  2152        Landscape architects  57 099  77 757  98 809 
175  2153        Urban and land use planners  77 581  93 379  113 612 
176  2154        Land surveyors  63 546  82 322  114 171 
177  216      Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries  72 800  93 977  121 205 
178  2161        Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries  72 800  93 977  121 205 
179  217      Computer and information systems professionals  67 006  91 109  117 126 
180  2171        Information systems analysts and consultants  68 949  90 085  113 508 
181  2172        Database analysts and data administrators  63 690  89 636  112 797 
182  2173        Software engineers and designers  81 011  105 747  138 108 
183  2174        Computer programmers and interactive media developers  67 390  90 755  114 205 
184  2175        Web designers and developers  36 928  58 475  79 068 
185  22     Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences   53 567  73 752  96 671 
186  221      Technical occupations in physical sciences  43 643  64 101  91 397 
187  2211        Chemical technologists and technicians  42 364  60 839  84 896 
188  2212        Geological and mineral technologists and technicians  48 143  80 232  112 984 
189  222      Technical occupations in life sciences  48 560  68 666  85 285 
190  2221        Biological technologists and technicians  46 197  59 052  79 162 
191  2222        Agricultural and fish products inspectors  68 131  85 178  99 324 
192  2223        Forestry technologists and technicians  57 787  72 230  87 770 
193  2224        Conservation and fishery officers  64 155  80 873  98 839 
194  2225        Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists  36 150  58 201  74 251 
195  223      Technical occupations in civil, mechanical and industrial engineering  58 304  79 845  101 959 
196  2231        Civil engineering technologists and technicians  65 849  82 632  97 209 
197  2232        Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians  59 186  79 803  102 443 
198  2233        Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians  51 601  67 976  89 418 
199  2234        Construction estimators  58 077  83 380  112 245 
200  224      Technical occupations in electronics and electrical engineering  48 760  69 008  91 155 
201  2241        Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians  55 245  77 635  98 019 
202  2242        Electronic service technicians (household and business equipment)  42 112  59 599  77 164 
203  2243        Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics  86 779  112 830  140 485 
204  2244        Aircraft instrument, electrical and avionics mechanics, technicians and inspectors  72 006  86 962  105 714 
205  225      Technical occupations in architecture, drafting, surveying, geomatics and meteorology  52 523  69 075  85 976 
206  2251        Architectural technologists and technicians  53 484  66 263  82 814 
207  2252        Industrial designers  53 190  71 427  100 501 
208  2253        Drafting technologists and technicians  49 235  66 513  83 050 
209  2254        Land survey technologists and technicians  52 668  70 907  89 751 
210  2255        Technical occupations in geomatics and meteorology  62 009  73 691  86 440 
211  226      Other technical inspectors and regulatory officers  64 005  82 543  102 802 
212  2261        Non-destructive testers and inspection technicians  53 872  86 649  107 506 
213  2262        Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers  86 455  98 021  116 439 
214  2263        Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety  63 782  80 796  103 562 
215  2264        Construction inspectors  61 066  80 025  95 466 
216  227      Transportation officers and controllers  79 867  113 394  156 600 
217  2271        Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors  77 491  124 040  185 606 
218  2272        Air traffic controllers and related occupations  88 984  116 763  195 664 
219  2273        Deck officers, water transport  71 282  101 454  129 301 
220  2274        Engineer officers, water transport  88 323  106 132  135 625 
221  2275        Railway traffic controllers and marine traffic regulators  100 064  110 675  121 551 
222  228      Technical occupations in computer and information systems  52 265  69 280  88 138 
223  2281        Computer network technicians  54 848  72 555  91 808 
224  2282        User support technicians  49 172  64 837  82 100 
225  2283        Information systems testing technicians  55 200  74 523  91 811 
226    Health occupations   45 538  65 438  91 328 
227  30     Professional occupations in nursing   73 741  91 255  102 188 
228  301      Professional occupations in nursing  73 741  91 255  102 188 
229  3011        Nursing coordinators and supervisors  76 665  97 790  104 948 
230  3012        Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses  73 621  90 883  101 821 
231  31     Professional occupations in health (except nursing)   68 410  93 591  129 448 
232  311      Physicians, dentists and veterinarians  72 012  113 547  174 772 
233  3111        Specialist physicians  83 640  143 069  241 929 
234  3112        General practitioners and family physicians  69 891  102 519  165 870 
235  3113        Dentists  64 070  117 569  160 021 
236  3114        Veterinarians  64 766  96 388  127 925 
237  312      Optometrists, chiropractors and other health diagnosing and treating professionals  42 243  83 039  113 702 
238  3121        Optometrists  34 247  85 413  118 117 
239  3122        Chiropractors  31 374  58 075  92 787 
240  3124        Allied primary health practitioners  84 404  110 733  122 493 
241  3125        Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating  35 357  60 607  106 905 
242  313      Pharmacists, dietitians and nutritionists  83 480  106 515  124 405 
243  3131        Pharmacists  99 236  112 391  129 242 
244  3132        Dietitians and nutritionists  47 504  68 923  85 818 
245  314      Therapy and assessment professionals  55 305  79 905  91 324 
246  3141        Audiologists and speech-language pathologists  74 565  86 703  96 159 
247  3142        Physiotherapists  60 266  83 374  94 064 
248  3143        Occupational therapists  74 810  86 365  91 679 
249  3144        Other professional occupations in therapy and assessment  35 999  48 936  65 705 
250  32    Technical occupations in health  41 283  55 552  72 170 
251  321      Medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)  41 005  54 078  74 166 
252  3211        Medical laboratory technologists  65 710  74 443  81 812 
253  3212        Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists' assistants  43 864  49 611  57 207 
254  3213        Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians  28 929  37 044  46 010 
255  3214        Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists  67 309  78 887  86 466 
256  3215        Medical radiation technologists  64 573  74 958  84 903 
257  3216        Medical sonographers  71 735  79 234  92 486 
258  3217        Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists, n.e.c.  54 117  62 886  69 913 
259  3219        Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)  35 280  44 871  55 042 
260  322      Technical occupations in dental health care  50 910  66 602  78 122 
261  3221        Denturists  28 037  55 447  86 584 
262  3222        Dental hygienists and dental therapists  60 892  71 926  80 075 
263  3223        Dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants  36 593  51 947  65 752 
264  323      Other technical occupations in health care  40 073  54 590  66 030 
265  3231        Opticians  32 891  45 604  59 554 
266  3232        Practitioners of natural healing  12 804  25 646  40 913 
267  3233        Licensed practical nurses  48 607  57 749  64 119 
268  3234        Paramedical occupations  48 303  67 307  87 844 
269  3236        Massage therapists  28 471  49 032  63 170 
270  3237        Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment  34 417  47 240  56 926 
271  34     Assisting occupations in support of health services   37 358  45 948  53 244 
272  341      Assisting occupations in support of health services  37 358  45 948  53 244 
273  3411        Dental assistants  40 124  46 678  54 260 
274  3413        Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates  37 148  45 864  53 398 
275  3414        Other assisting occupations in support of health services  36 110  45 042  51 416 
276    Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services    46 342  73 958  98 919 
277  40     Professional occupations in education services   60 252  84 206  96 713 
278  401      University professors and post-secondary assistants  48 239  96 920  131 216 
279  4011        University professors and lecturers  86 127  111 807  148 825 
280  4012        Post-secondary teaching and research assistants  9 156  38 368  62 334 
281  402      College and other vocational instructors  60 615  91 714  103 338 
282  4021        College and other vocational instructors  60 615  91 714  103 338 
283  403      Secondary and elementary school teachers and educational counsellors  62 432  81 916  93 857 
284  4031        Secondary school teachers  68 625  87 586  96 023 
285  4032        Elementary school and kindergarten teachers  60 988  78 479  91 130 
286  4033        Educational counsellors  50 539  66 631  88 207 
287  41     Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services   55 065  78 023  106 933 
288  411      Judges, lawyers and Quebec notaries  81 191  134 987  193 231 
289  4111        Judges  286 841  299 017  354 131 
290  4112        Lawyers and Quebec notaries  80 094  132 449  186 976 
291  415      Social and community service professionals  50 493  67 791  83 934 
292  4151        Psychologists  48 111  82 332  106 523 
293  4152        Social workers  58 975  76 688  87 233 
294  4153        Family, marriage and other related counsellors  47 068  63 404  82 123 
295  4154        Professional occupations in religion  44 735  62 014  79 574 
296  4155        Probation and parole officers and related occupations  67 636  81 755  90 075 
297  4156        Employment counsellors  47 565  57 462  62 722 
298  416      Policy and program researchers, consultants and officers  54 229  76 081  100 433 
299  4161        Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers  68 658  89 046  113 554 
300  4162        Economists and economic policy researchers and analysts  71 970  92 744  116 325 
301  4163        Business development officers and marketing researchers and consultants  48 123  71 408  103 662 
302  4164        Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers  50 712  70 150  91 934 
303  4165        Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers  57 919  78 034  101 745 
304  4166        Education policy researchers, consultants and program officers  49 613  68 431  91 416 
305  4167        Recreation, sports and fitness policy researchers, consultants and program officers  47 590  62 753  77 101 
306  4168        Program officers unique to government  64 924  81 376  107 134 
307  4169        Other professional occupations in social science, n.e.c.  59 786  74 444  98 757 
308  42     Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services   32 671  43 523  56 888 
309  421      Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services  32 671  43 523  56 888 
310  4211        Paralegal and related occupations  51 089  64 227  77 361 
311  4212        Social and community service workers  37 903  46 857  57 512 
312  4214        Early childhood educators and assistants  24 362  34 811  42 278 
313  4215        Instructors of persons with disabilities  32 543  42 743  57 572 
314  4216        Other instructors  21 129  42 868  65 075 
315  4217        Other religious occupations  13 427  31 193  50 250 
316  43     Occupations in front-line public protection services   99 262  123 668  143 394 
317  431      Occupations in front-line public protection services  99 262  123 668  143 394 
318  4311        Police officers (except commissioned)  113 609  129 113  146 709 
319  4312        Firefighters  113 429  134 586  153 670 
320  4313        Non-commissioned ranks of the Canadian Armed Forces  80 278  91 843  106 512 
321  44     Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations   27 075  43 364  70 919 
322  441      Home care providers and educational support occupations  23 450  35 513  49 135 
323  4411        Home child care providers  14 148  26 049  33 870 
324  4412        Home support workers, housekeepers and related occupations  29 621  42 971  53 599 
325  4413        Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants  34 730  43 846  56 975 
326  442      Legal and public protection support occupations  73 159  84 765  100 539 
327  4421        Sheriffs and bailiffs  71 340  79 474  89 611 
328  4422        Correctional service officers  77 880  89 215  103 981 
329  4423        By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.  68 481  79 208  92 959 
330    Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport   29 448  53 764  81 372 
331  51     Professional occupations in art and culture   22 083  50 468  78 503 
332  511      Librarians, archivists, conservators and curators  63 494  77 655  92 199 
333  5111        Librarians  66 526  78 558  95 093 
334  5112        Conservators and curators  39 783  64 976  87 929 
335  5113        Archivists  54 056  78 300  92 083 
336  512      Writing, translating and related communications professionals  30 189  53 320  78 022 
337  5121        Authors and writers  19 480  47 768  78 399 
338  5122        Editors  34 382  57 725  77 353 
339  5123        Journalists  41 058  60 323  81 014 
340  5125        Translators, terminologists and interpreters  23 688  50 633  75 246 
341  513      Creative and performing artists  15 178  35 347  69 438 
342  5131        Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations  30 804  58 653  87 665 
343  5132        Conductors, composers and arrangers  21 090  34 124  68 634 
344  5133        Musicians and singers  12 261  21 177  34 329 
345  5134        Dancers  10 979  25 497  48 493 
346  5135        Actors and comedians  11 002  22 004  54 686 
347  5136        Painters, sculptors and other visual artists  6 489  25 532  63 966 
348  52     Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport   32 925  55 371  81 456 
349  521      Technical occupations in libraries, public archives, museums and art galleries  43 044  56 598  67 734 
350  5211        Library and public archive technicians  54 304  60 748  70 625 
351  5212        Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries  25 750  42 929  56 676 
352  522      Photographers, graphic arts technicians and technical and coordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts  35 625  63 885  98 826 
353  5221        Photographers  15 323  33 605  55 124 
354  5222        Film and video camera operators  31 178  64 196  88 929 
355  5223        Graphic arts technicians  60 828  86 103  125 654 
356  5224        Broadcast technicians  56 619  73 068  92 234 
357  5225        Audio and video recording technicians  49 211  73 771  120 136 
358  5226        Other technical and coordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts  44 405  73 018  109 913 
359  5227        Support occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting, photography and the performing arts  32 923  56 530  94 054 
360  523      Announcers and other performers, n.e.c.  30 154  55 716  85 353 
361  5231        Announcers and other broadcasters  44 013  59 388  97 523 
362  5232        Other performers, n.e.c.  23 886  45 291  71 423 
363  524      Creative designers and craftspersons  34 944  57 651  82 586 
364  5241        Graphic designers and illustrators  39 914  62 401  87 396 
365  5242        Interior designers and interior decorators  37 638  58 466  82 459 
366  5243        Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers  35 486  54 904  81 423 
367  5244        Artisans and craftspersons  12 159  28 734  50 579 
368  5245        Patternmakers – textile, leather and fur products  78 214 
369  525      Athletes, coaches, referees and related occupations  25 966  43 965  62 678 
370  5251        Athletes 
371  5252        Coaches  35 939  56 754  85 490 
372  5253        Sports officials and referees 
373  5254        Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness  24 766  42 014  59 276 
374    Sales and service occupations   27 222  41 098  60 519 
375  62     Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations   38 226  57 444  88 575 
376  621      Retail sales supervisors  32 501  44 885  58 132 
377  6211        Retail sales supervisors  32 501  44 885  58 132 
378  622      Technical sales specialists in wholesale trade and retail and wholesale buyers  49 826  75 285  114 259 
379  6221        Technical sales specialists – wholesale trade  57 671  85 272  126 033 
380  6222        Retail and wholesale buyers  33 655  51 089  73 716 
381  623      Insurance, real estate and financial sales occupations  37 056  56 629  85 845 
382  6231        Insurance agents and brokers  40 291  54 459  76 764 
383  6232        Real estate agents and salespersons  23 634  53 331  95 053 
384  6235        Financial sales representatives  47 591  60 095  82 719 
385  63     Service supervisors and specialized service occupations   25 815  36 654  51 629 
386  631      Service supervisors  30 667  44 191  60 963 
387  6311        Food service supervisors  25 231  32 016  41 569 
388  6312        Executive housekeepers  39 380  50 180  58 955 
389  6313        Accommodation, travel, tourism and related services supervisors  42 852  53 402  64 638 
390  6314        Customer and information services supervisors  53 898  64 658  83 336 
391  6315        Cleaning supervisors  36 387  50 807  64 431 
392  6316        Other services supervisors  38 636  52 203  72 188 
393  632      Chefs and cooks  26 318  35 921  48 755 
394  6321        Chefs  30 517  42 109  56 850 
395  6322        Cooks  24 643  33 192  43 609 
396  633      Butchers and bakers  28 577  41 433  56 144 
397  6331        Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers – retail and wholesale  34 386  50 330  62 708 
398  6332        Bakers  27 322  37 689  51 042 
399  634      Specialized occupations in personal and customer services  19 757  31 330  44 964 
400  6341        Hairstylists and barbers  18 660  28 319  40 688 
401  6342        Tailors, dressmakers, furriers and milliners  22 710  33 470  43 739 
402  6343        Shoe repairers and shoemakers  10 654  31 946  43 869 
403  6344        Jewellers, jewellery and watch repairers and related occupations  16 733  31 121  49 175 
404  6345        Upholsterers  30 883  46 894  64 390 
405  6346        Funeral directors and embalmers  53 598  62 292  77 472 
406  64     Sales representatives and salespersons – wholesale and retail trade   28 590  44 780  69 549 
407  641      Sales and account representatives – wholesale trade (non-technical)  45 203  67 980  99 627 
408  6411        Sales and account representatives – wholesale trade (non-technical)  45 203  67 980  99 627 
409  642      Retail salespersons  26 584  39 743  60 168 
410  6421        Retail salespersons  26 584  39 743  60 168 
411  65     Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations   25 689  39 279  55 601 
412  651      Occupations in food and beverage service  17 439  23 000  31 230 
413  6511        Maîtres d'hôtel and hosts  17 257  21 316  30 658 
414  6512        Bartenders  18 466  24 623  33 574 
415  6513        Food and beverage servers  17 214  22 766  30 676 
416  652      Occupations in travel and accommodation  33 100  45 770  62 108 
417  6521        Travel counsellors  31 127  44 723  56 733 
418  6522        Pursers and flight attendants  48 814  64 897  74 328 
419  6523        Airline ticket and service agents  36 904  53 816  69 505 
420  6524        Ground and water transport ticket agents, cargo service representatives and related clerks  38 721  56 710  63 102 
421  6525        Hotel front desk clerks  30 204  38 295  49 196 
422  653      Tourism and amusement services occupations  32 013  43 431  56 181 
423  6531        Tour and travel guides  21 796  31 584  45 098 
424  6532        Outdoor sport and recreational guides  28 554  42 885  59 898 
425  6533        Casino occupations  33 823  44 266  56 477 
426  654      Security guards and related security service occupations  32 035  40 827  58 663 
427  6541        Security guards and related security service occupations  32 035  40 827  58 663 
428  655      Customer and information services representatives  37 983  49 582  62 955 
429  6551        Customer services representatives – financial institutions  36 646  45 650  55 637 
430  6552        Other customer and information services representatives  38 773  51 413  64 628 
431  656      Other occupations in personal service  16 995  27 442  39 040 
432  6561        Image, social and other personal consultants  9 143  28 864  43 049 
433  6562        Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations  18 194  27 859  40 199 
434  6563        Pet groomers and animal care workers  14 951  25 235  35 891 
435  6564        Other personal service occupations  11 774  23 872  40 592 
436  66     Sales support occupations   24 720  32 563  48 444 
437  661      Cashiers  23 279  30 161  42 149 
438  6611        Cashiers  23 279  30 161  42 149 
439  662      Other sales support and related occupations  26 324  35 851  53 572 
440  6621        Service station attendants  22 958  29 939  42 056 
441  6622        Store shelf stockers, clerks and order fillers  27 055  36 282  53 124 
442  6623        Other sales related occupations  19 148  42 242  63 857 
443  67     Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c.   25 802  37 447  52 036 
444  671      Food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations  21 573  28 870  38 759 
445  6711        Food counter attendants, kitchen helpers and related support occupations  21 573  28 870  38 759 
446  672      Support occupations in accommodation, travel and amusement services  32 514  49 430  70 142 
447  6721        Support occupations in accommodation, travel and facilities set-up services  39 104  50 257  69 041 
448  6722        Operators and attendants in amusement, recreation and sport  31 102  49 394  70 304 
449  673      Cleaners  28 947  41 980  55 810 
450  6731        Light duty cleaners  24 872  35 174  45 694 
451  6732        Specialized cleaners  25 484  35 236  48 754 
452  6733        Janitors, caretakers and building superintendents  34 534  49 933  63 301 
453  674      Other service support and related occupations, n.e.c.  27 827  37 709  47 039 
454  6741        Dry cleaning, laundry and related occupations  28 240  38 344  46 236 
455  6742        Other service support occupations, n.e.c.  27 697  37 619  53 194 
456    Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations   41 487  64 401  87 866 
457  72     Industrial, electrical and construction trades   41 409  64 099  88 031 
458  720      Contractors and supervisors, industrial, electrical and construction trades and related workers  46 992  73 845  99 579 
459  7201        Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations  73 679  91 797  111 787 
460  7202        Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations  67 170  93 626  124 109 
461  7203        Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades  62 150  84 909  101 284 
462  7204        Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades  38 064  60 312  85 700 
463  7205        Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers  39 916  63 019  89 855 
464  723      Machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades  51 398  70 974  89 837 
465  7231        Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors  55 246  74 520  89 602 
466  7232        Tool and die makers  53 412  67 297  81 169 
467  7233        Sheet metal workers  48 382  71 043  90 177 
468  7234        Boilermakers  69 134  85 495  111 524 
469  7235        Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters  53 291  74 002  88 000 
470  7236        Ironworkers  45 397  65 848  93 884 
471  7237        Welders and related machine operators  50 555  68 851  90 339 
472  724      Electrical trades and electrical power line and telecommunications workers  57 708  82 841  109 063 
473  7241        Electricians (except industrial and power system)  43 606  68 880  90 156 
474  7242        Industrial electricians  86 832  105 208  128 175 
475  7243        Power system electricians  97 755  117 264  135 392 
476  7244        Electrical power line and cable workers  114 818  158 875  186 711 
477  7245        Telecommunications line and cable workers  72 715  90 780  112 741 
478  7246        Telecommunications installation and repair workers  63 045  84 015  99 337 
479  7247        Cable television service and maintenance technicians  66 231  91 025  100 636 
480  725      Plumbers, pipefitters and gas fitters  43 296  65 439  86 129 
481  7251        Plumbers  40 645  61 283  78 704 
482  7252        Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers  54 174  83 822  103 430 
483  7253        Gas fitters  47 504  70 475  103 186 
484  727      Carpenters and cabinetmakers  34 751  52 285  69 408 
485  7271        Carpenters  34 908  52 392  70 249 
486  7272        Cabinetmakers  33 702  51 638  64 746 
487  728      Masonry and plastering trades  29 047  47 049  66 838 
488  7281        Bricklayers  33 196  52 743  73 410 
489  7282        Concrete finishers  42 802  61 535  77 615 
490  7283        Tilesetters  21 681  38 443  56 306 
491  7284        Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers  27 801  43 795  61 468 
492  729      Other construction trades  29 776  48 866  67 267 
493  7291        Roofers and shinglers  37 046  50 402  67 546 
494  7292        Glaziers  40 603  58 475  76 536 
495  7293        Insulators  41 738  61 627  83 782 
496  7294        Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)  23 445  43 298  61 085 
497  7295        Floor covering installers  26 052  42 147  61 621 
498  73     Maintenance and equipment operation trades   55 589  80 662  106 039 
499  730      Contractors and supervisors, maintenance trades and heavy equipment and transport operators  64 064  89 940  116 996 
500  7301        Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades  69 288  96 377  123 961 
501  7302        Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews  65 456  90 215  117 939 
502  7303        Supervisors, printing and related occupations  41 460  62 920  80 571 
503  7304        Supervisors, railway transport operations  96 016  107 217  128 668 
504  7305        Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators  58 196  79 828  105 314 
505  731      Machinery and transportation equipment mechanics (except motor vehicles)  72 174  94 122  120 952 
506  7311        Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics  78 568  99 974  123 737 
507  7312        Heavy-duty equipment mechanics  69 894  93 285  125 408 
508  7313        Heating, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics  57 026  84 158  113 579 
509  7314        Railway carperson  80 834  88 732  99 154 
510  7315        Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors  67 841  87 061  103 585 
511  7316        Machine fitters  58 788  75 737  92 969 
512  7318        Elevator constructors and mechanics  92 154  126 104  145 575 
513  732      Automotive service technicians  45 565  66 885  87 962 
514  7321        Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers  45 964  67 813  88 829 
515  7322        Motor vehicle body repairers  44 682  63 638  83 971 
516  733      Other mechanics and related repairers  42 823  61 410  83 999 
517  7331        Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics  57 748 
518  7332        Appliance servicers and repairers  33 065  52 435  79 127 
519  7333        Electrical mechanics  68 970  96 183  115 138 
520  7334        Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics  42 869  62 680  82 312 
521  7335        Other small engine and small equipment repairers  44 653  60 127  72 527 
522  736      Train crew operating occupations  83 929  105 073  131 338 
523  7361        Railway and yard locomotive engineers  95 749  118 705  144 117 
524  7362        Railway conductors and brakeperson  75 859  92 867  115 392 
525  737      Crane operators, drillers and blasters  63 524  86 674  119 060 
526  7371        Crane operators  60 988  86 984  122 518 
527  7372        Drillers and blasters – surface mining, quarrying and construction  69 106  89 154  109 157 
528  7373        Water well drillers  72 319 
529  738      Printing press operators and other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.  47 676  66 875  89 344 
530  7381        Printing press operators  44 922  60 783  75 211 
531  7384        Other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.  53 018  70 525  96 525 
532  74     Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers   36 608  52 643  73 465 
533  744      Other installers, repairers and servicers  34 704  50 120  68 917 
534  7441        Residential and commercial installers and servicers  32 913  47 094  64 977 
535  7442        Waterworks and gas maintenance workers  62 610  73 085  91 134 
536  7444        Pest controllers and fumigators  41 457  55 669  72 101 
537  7445        Other repairers and servicers  34 277  47 892  68 914 
538  745      Longshore workers and material handlers  37 153  53 732  75 640 
539  7451        Longshore workers  89 564  122 118  152 175 
540  7452        Material handlers  35 906  50 434  68 254 
541  75     Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations   38 692  61 593  80 967 
542  751      Motor vehicle and transit drivers  35 836  58 321  77 712 
543  7511        Transport truck drivers  43 423  63 726  83 117 
544  7512        Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators  55 169  68 459  77 767 
545  7513        Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs  16 579  24 416  35 169 
546  7514        Delivery and courier service drivers  27 593  41 051  61 571 
547  752      Heavy equipment operators  59 234  76 569  99 225 
548  7521        Heavy equipment operators (except crane)  60 517  80 576  105 034 
549  7522        Public works maintenance equipment operators and related workers  56 068  69 281  80 623 
550  753      Other transport equipment operators and related maintenance workers  40 554  59 706  76 438 
551  7531        Railway yard and track maintenance workers  69 856  85 406  102 567 
552  7532        Water transport deck and engine room crew  61 987  69 255  80 148 
553  7533        Boat and cable ferry operators and related occupations  48 104  62 581  79 460 
554  7534        Air transport ramp attendants  32 820  48 016  60 749 
555  7535        Other automotive mechanical installers and servicers  33 836  46 361  66 509 
556  76     Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations   28 817  47 218  66 671 
557  761      Trades helpers and labourers  27 080  43 748  63 374 
558  7611        Construction trades helpers and labourers  26 868  43 541  63 066 
559  7612        Other trades helpers and labourers  31 725  49 579  75 610 
560  762      Public works and other labourers, n.e.c.  49 912  64 453  73 231 
561  7621        Public works and maintenance labourers  51 287  64 508  72 493 
562  7622        Railway and motor transport labourers  40 459  62 113  77 220 
563    Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations   30 574  55 226  88 584 
564  82     Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production    44 548  79 021  116 885 
565  821      Supervisors, logging and forestry  61 914  104 353  126 126 
566  8211        Supervisors, logging and forestry  61 914  104 353  126 126 
567  822      Contractors and supervisors, mining, oil and gas  86 234  135 944  172 817 
568  8221        Supervisors, mining and quarrying  96 408  153 386  177 354 
569  8222        Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling and services  71 661  123 578  162 780 
570  823      Underground miners, oil and gas drillers and related occupations  79 639  110 891  133 113 
571  8231        Underground production and development miners  90 410  117 489  133 568 
572  8232        Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers  65 475  95 272  127 663 
573  824      Logging machinery operators  69 596  90 358  110 767 
574  8241        Logging machinery operators  69 596  90 358  110 767 
575  825      Contractors and supervisors, agriculture, horticulture and related operations and services  25 277  48 683  72 978 
576  8252        Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers  18 221  41 265  66 629 
577  8255        Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services  31 111  50 567  74 937 
578  826      Fishing vessel masters and fishers  16 846  28 933  69 014 
579  8261        Fishing masters and officers  69 059 
580  8262        Fishers  12 653  26 091  65 693 
581  84     Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production   23 667  42 505  69 097 
582  841      Mine service workers and operators in oil and gas drilling  85 493  110 315  136 476 
583  8411        Underground mine service and support workers  87 878  108 492  118 506 
584  8412        Oil and gas well drilling and related workers and services operators  85 400  120 921  141 266 
585  842      Logging and forestry workers  39 827  72 375  100 470 
586  8421        Chain saw and skidder operators  37 000  70 372  99 842 
587  8422        Silviculture and forestry workers  46 512  74 432  101 872 
588  843      Agriculture and horticulture workers  19 485  35 890  53 872 
589  8431        General farm workers  17 581  38 007  56 654 
590  8432        Nursery and greenhouse workers  23 612  30 571  44 973 
591  844      Other workers in fishing and trapping and hunting occupations  35 387  57 735  67 618 
592  8441        Fishing vessel deckhands  57 886 
593  8442        Trappers and hunters 
594  86     Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers   24 757  41 514  61 485 
595  861      Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers  24 757  41 514  61 485 
596  8611        Harvesting labourers  12 538  20 472  32 000 
597  8612        Landscaping and grounds maintenance labourers  24 674  39 164  57 922 
598  8613        Aquaculture and marine harvest labourers  28 681  39 072  55 136 
599  8614        Mine labourers  55 498  85 423  101 820 
600  8615        Oil and gas drilling, servicing and related labourers  42 162  64 369  78 912 
601  8616        Logging and forestry labourers  45 888  65 394  85 691 
602    Occupations in manufacturing and utilities   40 453  60 915  88 035 
603  92     Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators   70 715  96 828  127 543 
604  921      Supervisors, processing and manufacturing occupations  65 142  93 723  123 119 
605  9211        Supervisors, mineral and metal processing  77 346  98 524  126 056 
606  9212        Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities  77 060  102 651  141 165 
607  9213        Supervisors, food and beverage processing  53 016  70 384  89 362 
608  9214        Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing  53 016  63 604  76 760 
609  9215        Supervisors, forest products processing  87 006  112 869  130 764 
610  9217        Supervisors, textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing  44 705  70 538  97 522 
611  922      Supervisors, assembly and fabrication  56 496  75 398  97 346 
612  9221        Supervisors, motor vehicle assembling  82 437 
613  9222        Supervisors, electronics manufacturing  60 654  81 953  102 698 
614  9223        Supervisors, electrical products manufacturing  97 505 
615  9224        Supervisors, furniture and fixtures manufacturing  48 826  65 336  77 768 
616  9226        Supervisors, other mechanical and metal products manufacturing  62 786  86 469  101 920 
617  9227        Supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly  47 355  71 078  94 427 
618  923      Central control and process operators in processing and manufacturing  94 550  123 837  156 531 
619  9231        Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing  90 897  111 499  128 465 
620  9232        Central control and process operators, petroleum, gas and chemical processing  101 607  148 724  193 382 
621  9235        Pulping, papermaking and coating control operators  88 992  106 099  127 326 
622  924      Utilities equipment operators and controllers  75 947  97 124  127 062 
623  9241        Power engineers and power systems operators  81 628  108 685  136 929 
624  9243        Water and waste treatment plant operators  64 087  82 737  96 546 
625  94     Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers   38 115  56 133  79 346 
626  941      Machine operators and related workers in mineral and metal products processing and manufacturing  42 821  57 706  79 561 
627  9411        Machine operators, mineral and metal processing  65 930  93 091  117 665 
628  9412        Foundry workers  54 113  80 357  104 225 
629  9413        Glass forming and finishing machine operators and glass cutters  30 724  40 564  51 792 
630  9414        Concrete, clay and stone forming operators  36 958  49 441  62 434 
631  9415        Inspectors and testers, mineral and metal processing  43 791  64 042  69 629 
632  9416        Metalworking and forging machine operators  44 412  59 030  74 814 
633  9417        Machining tool operators  41 265  56 067  76 143 
634  9418        Other metal products machine operators  43 497  59 296  75 031 
635  942      Machine operators and related workers in chemical, plastic and rubber processing  36 754  51 578  67 305 
636  9421        Chemical plant machine operators  33 314  43 278  68 828 
637  9422        Plastics processing machine operators  37 558  48 293  66 053 
638  9423        Rubber processing machine operators and related workers  45 679  59 526  68 168 
639  943      Machine operators and related workers in pulp and paper production and wood processing and manufacturing  53 136  74 805  92 568 
640  9431        Sawmill machine operators  54 081  74 640  89 410 
641  9432        Pulp mill machine operators  83 004  103 724  124 509 
642  9433        Papermaking and finishing machine operators  68 766  89 079  108 315 
643  9434        Other wood processing machine operators  52 230  75 546  89 344 
644  9435        Paper converting machine operators  38 474  58 873  74 611 
645  9436        Lumber graders and other wood processing inspectors and graders  59 003  75 227  90 176 
646  9437        Woodworking machine operators  35 543  49 811  70 536 
647  944      Machine operators and related workers in textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing  24 739  34 287  44 709 
648  9441        Textile fibre and yarn, hide and pelt processing machine operators and workers  26 463  34 723  64 762 
649  9442        Weavers, knitters and other fabric making occupations  18 838  30 981  38 413 
650  9445        Fabric, fur and leather cutters  43 117 
651  9446        Industrial sewing machine operators  24 736  34 278  43 411 
652  9447        Inspectors and graders, textile, fabric, fur and leather products manufacturing  27 857  36 040  47 962 
653  946      Machine operators and related workers in food, beverage and associated products processing  34 683  48 580  65 888 
654  9461        Process control and machine operators, food and beverage processing  35 024  50 217  71 994 
655  9462        Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers  37 901  49 600  65 705 
656  9463        Fish and seafood plant workers  29 092  35 715  47 040 
657  9465        Testers and graders, food and beverage processing  37 615  52 255  75 908 
658  947      Printing equipment operators and related occupations  35 465  46 428  63 050 
659  9471        Plateless printing equipment operators  35 156  46 420  60 772 
660  9472        Camera, platemaking and other prepress occupations  40 242  51 023  64 913 
661  9473        Binding and finishing machine operators  33 649  42 619  63 371 
662  9474        Photographic and film processors  30 621  43 076  57 046 
663  95     Assemblers in manufacturing   35 852  48 318  64 739 
664  952      Mechanical, electrical and electronics assemblers  37 977  49 521  69 270 
665  9521        Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors  65 361  74 509  95 464 
666  9522        Motor vehicle assemblers, inspectors and testers  37 994  48 468  68 423 
667  9523        Electronics assemblers, fabricators, inspectors and testers  35 205  45 372  56 980 
668  9524        Assemblers and inspectors, electrical appliance, apparatus and equipment manufacturing  34 961  47 112  77 753 
669  9525        Assemblers, fabricators and inspectors, industrial electrical motors and transformers  38 176  50 039  74 276 
670  9526        Mechanical assemblers and inspectors  43 439  58 978  75 452 
671  9527        Machine operators and inspectors, electrical apparatus manufacturing  37 434  49 051  56 338 
672  953      Other assembly and related occupations  34 752  47 474  63 086 
673  9531        Boat assemblers and inspectors  43 190  57 603  85 428 
674  9532        Furniture and fixture assemblers and inspectors  29 889  41 057  51 369 
675  9533        Other wood products assemblers and inspectors  38 273  51 943  67 263 
676  9534        Furniture finishers and refinishers  32 015  42 412  54 626 
677  9535        Plastic products assemblers, finishers and inspectors  32 629  45 775  57 619 
678  9536        Industrial painters, coaters and metal finishing process operators  42 367  56 695  79 387 
679  9537        Other products assemblers, finishers and inspectors  32 928  43 634  56 859 
680  96     Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities   32 361  46 759  69 401 
681  961      Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities  32 361  46 759  69 401 
682  9611        Labourers in mineral and metal processing  38 582  60 120  83 712 
683  9612        Labourers in metal fabrication  34 764  52 596  68 887 
684  9613        Labourers in chemical products processing and utilities  32 283  47 467  69 700 
685  9614        Labourers in wood, pulp and paper processing  50 014  71 770  86 884 
686  9615        Labourers in rubber and plastic products manufacturing  35 102  45 110  59 079 
687  9616        Labourers in textile processing  27 820  41 356  46 131 
688  9617        Labourers in food and beverage processing  30 149  41 131  54 615 
689  9618        Labourers in fish and seafood processing  29 331  32 790  39 884 
690  9619        Other labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities  29 327  39 231  55 134 

Table 2 – Average Hours Worked (BC)
Average Hours Worked by Occupational Classification

Column 1
Item  
Column 2
NOC
Code
 
Column 3
Occupations 
Column 4
Average
Hours
Worked
 
  Management occupations   39.9 
00     Senior management occupations   39.8 
01 - 05    Specialized middle management occupations  39.0 
06    Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services  40.0 
07 - 09    Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities  40.5 
  Business, finance and administration occupations   34.4 
11    Professional occupations in business and finance  36.7 
12    Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations  35.2 
13    Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations  29.3 
10  14    Office support occupations  32.1 
11  15    Distribution, tracking and scheduling coordination occupations  36.3 
12    Natural and applied sciences and related occupations   38.1 
13  21    Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences  38.4 
14  22    Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences  37.8 
15    Health occupations   34.1 
16  30    Professional occupations in nursing  33.9 
17  31    Professional occupations in health (except nursing)  37.9 
18  32    Technical occupations in health  32.6 
19  34    Assisting occupations in support of health services  32.6 
20    Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services   33.1 
21  40    Professional occupations in education services  32.9 
22  41    Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services  35.0 
23  42    Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services  31.1 
24  43    Occupations in front-line public protection services  40.7 
25  44    Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations  30.1 
26    Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport   31.0 
27  51    Professional occupations in art and culture  30.3 
28  52    Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport  31.4 
29    Sales and service occupations   31.0 
30  62    Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations  38.1 
31  63    Service supervisors and specialized service occupations  34.0 
32  64    Sales representatives and salespersons – wholesale and retail trade  31.6 
33  65    Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations  30.2 
34  66    Sales support occupations  25.9 
35  67    Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c.  27.2 
36    Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations   40.0 
37  72    Industrial, electrical and construction trades  39.9 
38  73    Maintenance and equipment operation trades  41.7 
39  74    Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers  36.6 
40  75    Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations  41.1 
41  76    Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations  36.3 
42    Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations   40.0 
43  82    Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production  46.2 
44  84    Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production  37.6 
45  86    Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers  33.3 
46    Occupations in manufacturing and utilities   39.2 
47  92    Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators  41.8 
48  94    Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers  38.3 
49  95    Assemblers in manufacturing  38.3 
50  96    Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities  37.4 

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